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Ionospheric response to a geomagnetic storm during November 8\textendash10, 2004

AuthorSimi, K.; Manju, G.; Haridas, M.; Nayar, S.; Pant, Tarun; Alex, S.;
KeywordsEquatorial Electrojet; Equatorial ionization anomaly; geomagnetic storm; O/N2 ratio

This paper investigates the response of the equatorial, and near equatorial, ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the period November 8-10, 2004. Ionosonde data from Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN 77\textdegreeE and dip 0.5\textdegreeN) and SHAR (13.5\textdegreeN, 80.2\textdegreeE, dip \~5.5\textdegreeN), magnetic field data from Tirunelveli (8.7\textdegreeN, 76.9\textdegreeE, dip latitude 0.5\textdegreeS) and Alibag (18.64\textdegreeN, 72.87\textdegreeE), and GUVI O/N2 data in the Indian longitude sector, are used for the study. The behavior of interplanetary parameters is also examined in conjunction with the ionospheric data. On 8 November, the EIA around noontime is not fully inhibited even though the electrojet strength an indicates inhibition of EIA due to a disturbance dynamo electric field effect. It is the enhanced O/N2 over TRV and SHAR, with a larger increase over SHAR, which results in a larger (than expected) value of the EIA proxy parameter. On 9 November, the comparable values of foF2 at TRV and SHAR around noon time is due to the combined effect of a weakened anomaly in the presence disturbance dynamo electric field effects leading to the EIA crest being near SHAR, and increased O/N2 values at TRV and SHAR with a larger increase at TRV. On 10 November, the very strong values of the EIA proxy-SHAR parameter is attributed to the combined effects of prompt penetration electric field related modulations of EIA, and significant O/N2 changes at the equatorial, and near equatorial, latitude. Thus, the study reveals the important role of storm-induced O/N2 changes, along with prompt penetration electric fields and disturbance dynamo electric fields in modulating the ionization distribution in the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) region during this period.

Year of Publication2013
JournalEarth, Planets and Space
Number of Pages343-350
Date Published05/2013