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Empirical relationship between electron precipitation and far-ultraviolet auroral emissions from DMSP observations



AuthorSotirelis, Thomas; Korth, Haje; Hsieh, Syau-Yun; Zhang, Yongliang; Morrison, Daniel; Paxton, Larry;
KeywordsDMSP; electron aurora; electron precipitation; FUV Aurora
Abstract

Auroral emissions observed in the far-ultraviolet wavelength range are compared with measurements of the coincident precipitating electrons and ions that produce the emissions in a large-scale correlative study. The auroral emissions and particle precipitation are observed with the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager and SSJ5 detectors, respectively, both onboard the DMSP F16 satellite. Coincident observations along the same magnetic field line in the Northern Hemisphere are assembled from two consecutive winters (during 2005\textendash2007). A numerical fit to 27,922 coincident observations provides an empirical relationship between the electron energy flux and the intensity of Lyman-Birge-Hopfield long emissions, JEe = 4.90 .108 (eV s\textendash1 sr\textendash1 cm\textendash2)/R ILBHL (valid in the absence of significant ion fluxes: JEe \> 10 JEion). A fit to 1308 coincident observations provides the relationship between the average electron energy and the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield short to Lyman-Birge-Hopfield long emission ratio, \<Ee \> = 19.6 keV exp(\textendash2.34 ILBHS / ILBHL) (valid from 3 to 19.6 keV). These resulting empirical relationships permit the energy flux and average energy of precipitating electrons to be inferred from far-ultraviolet imagery, in the absence of significant ion precipitation.

Year of Publication2013
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume118
Number of Pages1203-1209
Section
Date Published03/2013
ISBN
URLhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jgra.50157
DOI10.1002/jgra.50157