GUVI Biblio


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Found 665 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 251 through 300


GPS L1-Frequency Observations of Equatorial Scintillations and Irregularity Zonal Velocities

In this work, the climatology of ionospheric scintillations at global positioning system (GPS) L-band frequency and the zonal drift velocities of scintillation-producing irregularities were depicted for the equatorial observatory of S\~ao Luis (2.33\textdegreeS; 44.21\textdegreeW; dip latitude 1.3\textdegreeS), Brazil. This is the first time that the hourly, monthly, and seasonal variations of scintillations and irregularity zonal drifts at S\~ao Luis were characterized during periods of different solar activity levels (f ...

Muella, Marcio; de Paula, Eurico; Jonah, Olusegun;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1007/s10712-013-9252-0

GPS; Ionospheric drifts; ionospheric irregularities; Ionospheric scintillation

Height-integrated Pedersen conductivity in both E and F regions from COSMIC observations

Altitudinal distribution of Joule heating is very important to the thermosphere and ionosphere, which is roughly proportional to the Pedersen conductance at high latitudes. Based on the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) satellites observations from 2008 to 2011, the height-integrated Pedersen conductivities in both E (100\textendash150\ km) and F (150\textendash600\ km) regions and their ratio γPγP (PE/< ...

Sheng, Cheng; Deng, Yue; Yue, Xinan; Huang, Yanshi;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.12.013

COSMIC; Interhemispheric asymmetry; Joule heating; Pedersen conductivity

Interplanetary magnetic field By control of prompt total electron content increases during superstorms

Large magnitude increases in ionospheric total electron content (TEC) that occur over 1\textendash3\ h on the dayside are a significant manifestation of the main phases of superstorms. For the largest superstorms of solar cycle 23 (based on the Dst index), ground networks of GPS receivers measured peak total electron content increases greater than a factor of 2 relative to quiet time TEC averaged over the broad latitude band \textpm40\textdegree for local times 1200\textendash1600\ LT. Near 30\textdegre ...

Mannucci, A.J.; Crowley, G.; Tsurutani, B.T.; Verkhoglyadova, O.P.; Komjathy, A.; Stephens, P.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.01.001

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere

Ionospheric response to magnetic activity at low and mid-latitude stations

The F2-layer response to the moderate storm of 5\textendash7 April 2010 was investigated using data from two equatorial stations (Ilorin: lat. 8.5\textdegreeN, 4.5\textdegreeE; Kwajalein: lat. 9\textdegreeN, long. 167.2\textdegreeE) and mid-latitude (San Vito: lat. 40.6\textdegreeN, long. 17.8\textdegreeE; Pruhonice: lat. 50\textdegreeN, long. 14.6\textdegreeE). Before storm commencement, enhancement, and depletion of NmF2 values were observed in the equatorial and mid-latitude stations, respectively, in ...

Adebiyi, Shola; Adimula, Isaac; Oladipo, Olusola; Joshua, Benjamin; Adebesin, Babatunde; Ikubanni, Stephen;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.2478/s11600-014-0205-x

Electric field; equatorial station; Ionosphere; mid-latitude; moderate storm; positive phase

Ionospheric TEC, thermospheric cooling and Σ[O/N2] compositional changes during the 6\textendash17 March 2012 magnetic storm interval (CAWSES II)

A series of four geomagnetic storms (the minimum SYM-H~-148\ nT) occurred during the March 6\textendash17, 2012 in the ascending phase of the solar cycle 24. This interval was selected by CAWSES II for its campaign. The GPS total electron content (TEC) database and JPL\textquoterights Global Ionospheric Maps (GIM) were used to study vertical TEC (VTEC) for different local times and latitude ranges. The largest response to geomagnetic activity is shown in increases of the low-latitude dayside VTEC. Several GPS sites f ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.P.; Tsurutani, B.T.; Mannucci, A.J.; Mlynczak, M.G.; Hunt, L.A.; Paxton, L.J.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.11.009

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere; thermosphere

Limb Viewing Hyper Spectral Imager (LiVHySI) for airglow measurements onboard YOUTHSAT-1

Bisht, R.S.; Hait, A.K.; Babu, P.N.; Sarkar, S.S.; Benerji, A.; Biswas, A.; Saji, A.K.; Samudraiah, D.R.M.; Kirankumar, A.S.; Pant, T.K.; Parimalarangan, T.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2014.01.016

airglow; Electron density; Ionosphere; Rayleigh; thermosphere; Volume emission

Meteor radar wind over Chung-Li (24.9\textdegreeN, 121\textdegreeE), Taiwan, for the period 10-25 November 2012 which includes Leonid meteor shower: Comparison with empirical model and satellite measurements

The neutral winds in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region are measured by a newly installed meteor trail detection system (or meteor radar) at Chung-Li, Taiwan, for the period 10\textendash25 November 2012, which includes the Leonid meteor shower period. In this study, we use the 3 m field-aligned plasma irregularities in the sporadic E (Es) region in combination with the International Geomagnetic Reference Field model to calibrate the system phase biases such that the true posit ...

Su, C.; Chen, H.; Chu, Y.; Chung, M.; Kuong, R.; Lin, T.; Tzeng, K.; . Y. Wang, C; Wu, K.; Yang, K.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013RS005273

HWM07; radar meteor wind; tide

The responses of ionospheric topside diffusive fluxes to two geomagnetic storms in October 2002

O+ field-aligned ambipolar diffusive velocities Vd and fluxes Фd in the topside ionosphere have been calculated from the observed profiles of electron density, ion, and electron temperatures during a 30 day incoherent scatter radar experiment conducted at Millstone Hill (288.5\textdegreeE, 42.6\textdegreeN) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. Two geomagnetic storms took place during this period. During the negative phases (depleted electron densities) of these two storms, ...

Chen, Guang-Ming; Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020013

diffusion; geomagnetic storm; scale height; topside ionosphere

Seasonal trends of nighttime plasma density enhancements in the topside ionosphere

In situ registrations of electron density from the Langmuir probe on board Detection of Electro-Magnetic Emissions Transmitted from Earthquake Regions satellite are used to study spatial and temporal evolution of nighttime plasma density enhancements (NPDEs). The study introduces the normalized density difference index INDD in order to provide global estimates of the phenomenon. In the validation test, in situ data are compared with synthetic data set generated with the International Reference Ionosphe ...

Slominska, Ewa; Blecki, Jan; Lebreton, Jean-Pierre; Parrot, Michel; Slominski, Jan;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020181

Electron density; Ionosphere; Langmuir probe; Weddell Sea Anomaly

Simulations of the equatorial thermosphere anomaly: Geomagnetic activity modulation

The modulation of geomagnetic activity on the equatorial thermosphere anomaly (ETA) in thermospheric temperature under the high solar activity condition is investigated using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model simulations. The model simulations during the geomagnetically disturbed interval, when the north-south component of the interplanetary magnetic field (Bz) oscillates between southward and northward directions, are analyzed and also compared with those under the ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Wang, Wenbin; Thayer, Jeffrey; Luan, Xiaoli; Dou, Xiankang; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020152

equatorial thermosphere anomaly; geomagnetic activity; ion-neutral coupling; positive ionospheric storm

Effects of prolonged southward interplanetary magnetic field on low-latitude ionospheric electron density

The present work describes the low-latitude ionospheric variability during an unusually prolonged (~33 h) geomagnetically disturbed condition that prevailed during 15\textendash16 July 2012. The low-latitude electron density in summer hemisphere, investigated using ground- and satellite-based observations, responded to this by generating strong negative ionospheric storm on 16 July. The maximum electron density on 16 July over Indian low latitudes was reduced by more than 50\% compared to that on a geomagnetically quiet d ...

Bagiya, Mala; Hazarika, Rumajyoti; Laskar, Fazlul; Sunda, Surendra; Gurubaran, S.; Chakrabarty, D.; Bhuyan, P.; Sridharan, R.; Veenadhari, B.; Pallamraju, D.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020156

low-latitude ionosphere; neutral winds; prolonged southward IMF Bz; thermospheric neutral composition

Predictions of HF system performance for propagation through disturbed ionospheres measured using low-Earth-orbit satellite radio beacon tomography

The CERTO radio beacon on the C/NOFS satellite sends VHF/UHF radio signals at 150 and 400 MHz to provide measurements of integrated electron density or Total Electron Content (TEC) by an east-west chain of ground receivers in Peru. Computerized Ionospheric Tomography (CIT) is used to convert the TEC data into two-dimensional images of electron densities with maximum 5 \texttimes 5 km resolution in Longitude-Altitude space. These images are updated every 95 min as the C/NOFS satellite passes over the receiver network in it ...

Bernhardt, Paul; Hei, Matthew; Siefring, Carl; Wilkens, Matthew;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014RS005409

HF communications; HF radar; radio beacon tomography

Solar filament impact on 21 January 2005: Geospace consequences

On 21 January 2005, a moderate magnetic storm produced a number of anomalous features, some seen more typically during superstorms. The aim of this study is to establish the differences in the space environment from what we expect (and normally observe) for a storm of this intensity, which make it behave in some ways like a superstorm. The storm was driven by one of the fastest interplanetary coronal mass ejections in solar cycle 23, containing a piece of the dense erupting solar filament material. The momentum of the mas ...

Kozyra, J.; Liemohn, M.; Cattell, C.; De Zeeuw, D.; Escoubet, C.; Evans, D.; Fang, X.; Fok, M.-C.; Frey, H.; Gonzalez, W.; Hairston, M.; Heelis, R.; Lu, G.; Manchester, W.; Mende, S.; Paxton, L.; Rastaetter, L.; Ridley, A.; Sandanger, M.; Soraas, F.; Sotirelis, T.; Thomsen, M.; Tsurutani, B.; Verkhoglyadova, O.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019748

cold dense plasma sheet; Equatorial anomaly; magnetotail; precipitation; prompt penetration electric field; solar filament

Storm-time behaviors of O/N2 and NO variations

Algorithms have been developed to extract net nitric oxide (NO) radiances in the wavelength range of 172\textendash182\ nm from the dayside TIMED/GUVI spectrograph data and convert them to NO column density (100\textendash150\ km). The thermospheric O/N2 column density ratios (referenced from an altitude ~135\ km with a N2column density of 1017\ cm-2) are also obtained from the spectrograph data. The spatial resolution of the NO and O/N2 products a ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Morrison, D.; Marsh, D.; Kil, H.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.04.003

geomagnetic storm; Thermospheric nitric oxide; Thermospheric O/N2 ratio

The global morphology of the plasmaspheric electron content during Northern winter 2009 based on GPS/COSMIC observation and GSM TIP model results

We studied the contribution of the global plasmaspheric and ionospheric electron content (PEC and IEC) into total electron content (TEC). The experimental PEC was estimated by comparison of GPS TECobservations and FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC radio occultation IEC measurements. Results are retrieved for the winter solstice (January and December 2009) conditions. Global maps of COSMIC-derived IEC, PECand GPS TEC were compared with Global Self-consistent ...

Klimenko, M.V.; Klimenko, V.V.; Zakharenkova, I.E.; Cherniak, Iu.V.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2014.06.027

FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; GPS; Numerical modeling; Plasmasphere; total electron content

OVATION Prime-2013: Extension of auroral precipitation model to higher disturbance levels

OVATION Prime (OP) is an auroral precipitation model parameterized by solar wind driving. Distinguishing features of the model include an optimized solar wind-magnetosphere coupling function (dΦMP/dt) which predicts auroral power significantly better than\ Kp\ or other traditional parameters, the separation of aurora into categories (diffuse aurora, monoenergetic, broadband, and ion), the inclusion of seasonal variations, and separate parameter fits for each magnetic latitu ...

Newell, P.; Liou, K.; Zhang, Y.; Sotirelis, T.; Paxton, L.; Mitchell, E.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v12.610.1002/2014SW001056

AURORA; precipitation; forecasting

Quasi two day wave-related variability in the background dynamics and composition of the mesosphere/thermosphere and the ionosphere

Dissipating planetary waves in the mesosphere/lower thermosphere (MLT) region may cause changes in the background dynamics of that region, subsequently driving variability throughout the broader thermosphere/ionosphere system via mixing due to the induced circulation changes. We report the results of case studies examining the possibility of such coupling during the northern winter in the context of the quasi two day wave (QTDW)\textemdasha planetary wave that recurrently grows to large amplitudes from the summer MLT duri ...

Chang, Loren; Yue, Jia; Wang, Wenbin; Wu, Qian; Meier, R.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2014JA019936

composition; Ionosphere; mesosphere; quasi two day wave; thermosphere

Responses of the lower thermospheric temperature to the 9 day and 13.5 day oscillations of recurrent geomagnetic activity

Responses of the lower thermospheric temperature to the 9 day and 13.5 day oscillations of recurrent geomagnetic activity and solar EUV radiation have been investigated using neutral temperature data observed by the TIMED/SABER (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry) instrument and numerical experiments by the NCAR-TIME-GCM (National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashthermosphere-ionosphere-mesosphere electrodynamics\textendashgene ...

Jiang, Guoying; Wang, Wenbin; Xu, JiYao; Yue, Jia; Burns, Alan; Lei, Jiuhou; Mlynczak, Martin; Rusell, James;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2013JA019406

13.5 day variation; 9 day variation; Joule heating; lower thermospheric temperature; recurrent geomagnetic activity; solar EUV radiation

On the solar cycle variation of the winter anomaly

Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate, Ionosonde, and Global Ultraviolet Imager data have been used to investigate the solar cycle changes in the winter anomaly (the winter anomaly is defined as the enhancement of the F2 peak electron density in the winter hemisphere over that in the summer hemisphere) in the last solar cycle. There is no winter anomaly in solar minimum, and an enhancement of about 50\% in winter over summer ones on the same day of the year at solar max ...

Burns, A.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Solomon, S.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2013JA019552

Anomaly; Cycle; Ionosphere

Climatology of global gravity wave activity and dissipation revealed by SABER/TIMED temperature observations

Gravity wave activity and dissipation in the height range from the low stratosphere to the low thermosphere (25\textendash115 km) covering latitudes between 50\textdegreeS and 50\textdegreeN are statistically studied by using 9-year (January 22, 2002\textendashDecember 31, 2010) SABER/TIMED temperature data. We propose a method to extract realistic gravity wave fluctuations from the temperature profiles and treat square temperature fluctuations as GW activity. Overall, the gravity wave activity generally increases with he ...

Shuai, Jing; Zhang, ShaoDong; Huang, ChunMing; YI, Fan; Huang, KaiMing; Gan, Quan; Gong, Yun;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1007/s11431-014-5527-z

climatology; dissipation; gravity wave; middle and high atmosphere; SABER; TIMED

Strong ionospheric field-aligned currents for radial interplanetary magnetic fields

The present work has investigated the configuration of field-aligned currents (FACs) during a long period of radial interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) on 19 May 2002 by using high-resolution and precise vector magnetic field measurements of CHAMP satellite. During the interest period IMF By and Bz are weakly positive and Bx keeps pointing to the Earth for almost 10 h. The geomagnetic indices Dst is about -40 ...

Wang, Hui; Lühr, Hermann; Shue, Jih-Hong; Frey, Harald.; Kervalishvili, Guram; Huang, Tao; Cao, Xue; Pi, Gilbert; Ridley, Aaron;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA019951

air upwelling; field-aligned currents; radial interplanetary magnetic field

An analysis of the quiet time day-to-day variability in the formation of postsunset equatorial plasma bubbles in the Southeast Asian region

Presented is an analysis of the occurrence of postsunset Equatorial Plasma Bubbles (EPBs) detected using a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver at Vanimo. The three year data set shows that the EPB occurrence maximizes (minimizes) during the equinoxes (solstices), in good agreement with previous findings. The Vanimo ionosonde station is used with the GPS receiver in an analysis of the day-to-day EPB occurrence variability during the 2000 equinox period. A superposed epoch analysis (SEA) reveals that the altitude, and ...

Carter, B.; Yizengaw, E.; Retterer, J.; Francis, M.; Terkildsen, M.; Marshall, R.; Norman, R.; Zhang, K.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.410.1002/2013JA019570

equatorial plasma bubbles; GPS scintillation; Ionosphere

Ionization due to electron and proton precipitation during the August 2011 storm

The parameterizations of monoenergetic particle impact ionization in Fang et al. (2010) (Fang2010) and Fang et al. (2013) (Fang2013) are applied to the complex energy spectra measured by DMSP F16 satellite to calculate the ionization rates from electron and ion precipitations for a Northern Hemisphere pass from 0030 UT to 0106 UT on 6 August 2011. Clear enhancement of electron flux is found in the polar cap. The mean electron energy in the polar cap is mostly above 100 eV, while the mean energy in the auroral zone is typi ...

Huang, Yanshi; Huang, Cheryl; Su, Yi-Jiun; Deng, Yue; Fang, Xiaohua;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019671

Fang 2010 parameterization; Fang 2013 parameterization; particle impact ionization; polar cap

Space shuttle exhaust plumes in the lower thermosphere: Advective transport and diffusive spreading

The space shuttle main engine plume deposited between 100 and 115\ km altitude is a valuable tracer for global-scale dynamical processes. Several studies have shown that this plume can reach the Arctic or Antarctic to form bursts of polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) within a few days. The rapid transport of the shuttle plume is currently not reproduced by general circulation models and is not well understood. To help delineate the issues, we present the complete satellite datasets of shuttle plume observations by the S ...

Stevens, Michael; Lossow, Stefan; Siskind, David; Meier, R.R.; Randall, Cora; Russell, James; Urban, Jo; Murtagh, Donal;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.12.004

Atmospheric dynamics; Lower thermosphere; Polar mesospheric clouds; Space shuttle exhaust

A study on ionospheric scintillation near the EIA crest in relation to equatorial electrodynamics

Equatorial electrojet (EEJ) data, which are considered as a proxy index of equatorial electric field, are analyzed in conjunction with equatorial ionosonde, total electron content (TEC) and scintillation data near the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crest for the equinoctial months of high solar activity years (2011\textendash2012) to identify any precursor index of postsunset evolution of equatorial electron density irregularities and subsequent occurrence of scintillation near the northern EIA crest. Only geomagneti ...

Chatterjee, S.; Chakraborty, S.; Veenadhari, B.; Banola, S.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019466

scintillations in relation to equatorial electrodynamics

Correction of astigmatism and coma using analytic theory of aberrations in imaging spectrometer based on concentric off-axis dual reflector system

A specific imaging spectrometer based on a concentric off-axis dual reflector system is proposed, free of astigmatism and coma. The described imaging spectrometer consists of four spherical mirrors and a plane grating. The analytic theory of aberrations and the optical path-length concept are used to derive the astigmatism elimination and coma removal. It is shown that the astigmatism in these imaging spectrometers is eliminated by characterizing three angles, and the coma is corrected when unequal mirror radii are config ...

Chen, Ting; Tang, Yi; Zhang, Li; Chang, Yue; Zheng, Cheng;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1364/AO.53.000565

The International Reference Ionosphere: Rawer\textquoterights IRI and its status today

When the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) initiated the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) project in 1968 it wisely selected K. Rawer as its first Chairperson. With a solid footing and good contacts in both the ground-based and space-based ionospheric communities he was ideally suited to pull together colleagues and data from both communities to help build the first version of the IRI. He assembled a team of 20+ international ionospheric experts in the IRI Working Group and chaired and directed the group from 1 ...

Bilitza, D.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.5194/ars-12-231-2014


Spherical cap harmonic analysis of the Arctic ionospheric TEC for one solar cycle

Precise knowledge of the Arctic ionosphere total electron content (TEC) and its variations has scientific relevance due to the unique characteristics of the polar ionosphere. Understanding the Arctic TEC is also important for precise positioning and navigation in the Arctic. This study utilized the spherical cap harmonic analysis (SCHA) method to map the Arctic TEC for the most recent solar cycle from 2000 to 2013 and analyzed the distributions and variations of the Arctic TEC at different temporal and spatial scales. Eve ...

Liu, Jingbin; Chen, Ruizhi; An, Jiachun; Wang, Zemin; Hyyppa, Juha;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019501

Arctic navigation; ionosphere mapping and prediction; polar ionosphere; regional ionosphere model; spherical cap harmonic analysis

Traveling ionospheric disturbances observed at South African midlatitudes during the 29\textendash31 October 2003 geomagnetically disturbed period

This paper presents traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs) observations from GPS measurements over the South African region during the geomagnetically disturbed period of 29\textendash31 October 2003. Two receiver arrays, which were along two distinct longitudinal sectors of about 18\textdegree-20\textdegree and 27\textdegree-28\textdegree were used in order to investigate the amplitude, periods and virtual propagation characteristics of the storm induced ionospheric disturbances. The study revealed a large sudden TEC ...

Katamzi, Zama; Habarulema, John;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2013.10.019

geomagnetic storm; Substorm; Total electron content (TEC); Traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs)

Variations of the neutral temperature and sodium density between 80 and 107 km above Troms\o during the winter of 2010-2011 by a new solid-state sodium lidar

A new solid-state sodium lidar installed at Ramfjordmoen, Troms\o (69.6\textdegreeN, 19.2\textdegreeE), started observations of neutral temperature together with sodium density in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) region on 1 October 2010. The new lidar provided temperature data with a time resolution of 10 min and with good quality between \~80 and \~105 km from October 2010 to March 2011. This paper aims at introducing the new lidar with its observational results obtained over the first 6 months of observations. W ...

Nozawa, S.; Kawahara, T.; Saito, N.; Hall, C.; Tsuda, T.; Kawabata, T.; Wada, S.; Brekke, A.; Takahashi, T.; Fujiwara, H.; Ogawa, Y.; Fujii, R.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019520

Joule heating; neutral temperature; polar MLT; sodium lidar

Earthquake Prediction Research Using Radio Tomography of the Ionosphere

Under development since its invention in 1990 as an ancillary application of ionospheric radio-tomography (RT), a new earthquake (EQ) prediction system is being evaluated. It has already been deployed along the United States West Coast, from Vancouver in Canada to San Diego in Southern California, and is currently undergoing Beta testing. This Chapter addresses RT\textendashEQ prediction concepts, the underlying RT theory, evolution and implementation, and a few examples of the Beta test system\textquoterights performance ...

Kunitsyn, Vyacheslav; Andreeva, Elena; Nesterov, Ivan; Padokhin, Artem; Gribkov, Dmitrii; Rekenthaler, Douglas;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-02207-9_15

Energetics and Composition in the Thermosphere

Burns, AG; Wang, W; Solomon, SC; Qian, L;

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Ionospheric imaging using merged ultraviolet airglow and radio occultation data

The Limb-imaging Ionospheric and Thermospheric Extreme-ultraviolet Spectrograph (LITES) and GPS Radio Occultation and Ultraviolet Photometry-Colocated (GROUP-C) experiments are being considered for flight aboard the Space Test Program Houston 5 (STP-H5) experiment pallet to the International Space Station (ISS). LITES is a compact imaging spectrograph that makes one-dimensional images of atmospheric and ionospheric ultraviolet (60-140 nm) airglow above the limb of the Earth. The LITES optical design is advantageous in tha ...

Stephan, Andrew; Budzien, Scott; Finn, Susanna; Cook, Timothy; Chakrabarti, Supriya; Powell, Steven; Psiaki, Mark;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1117/12.2061420

Modelling ionospheric effects for L band GNSS receivers at high latitudes

The main objective of this study was to figure out a relationship between space weather environment phenomena (linked to solar and geomagnetic activity) and ionospheric events that impact L-band operating satellite systems (scintillations, electron content gradients), especially satellite navigation services, in the Nordic European area. A simple empirical model to forecast index of rate of change of the total electron content (ROTI) at high latitude has been developed associated with Kp geomagnetic prediction and the use ...

Boscher, D.; Carvalho, F.; Fabbro, V.; Lemorton, J.; Fleury, R.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1109/EuCAP.2014.6902380

high latitude; Ionosphere; radiowave propagation; scintillation; solar and geomagnetic activity

Polar cap arcs correlated with solar wind entry at the high latitude magnetosphere

Polar cap arcs are sun-aligned aurora structures occurring during northward turnings of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) Bz component. At the same time, a new region of solar wind entry at the high latitude magnetosphere, tailward of the cusp region, was found recently at the periods of northward IMF Bz. We propose a study to see the relationship of these entry events with the transpolar arc formation. Data of Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard TIMED mission is examined to see the transp ...

Mailyan, B.; Shi, Q.; Gou, X.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1109/URSIGASS.2014.6929926

aurora interplanetary; GUVI; magnetic fields; magnetosphere; solar wind; TIMED

Statistical relationship between large-scale upward field-aligned currents and electron precipitation

Simultaneous observations of Birkeland currents by the constellation of Iridium satellites and N2 Lyman\textendashBirge\textendashHopfield (LBH) auroral emissions measured by the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, and Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite are used to establish relationships between large-scale upward field-aligned currents and electron precipitation during stable current configurations. The electron precipitation was inferred from GUVI data using a statis ...

Korth, Haje; Zhang, Yongliang; Anderson, Brian; Sotirelis, Thomas; Waters, Colin;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA019961

Birkeland Currents; Auroral Emissions; electron precipitation; Current-Precipitation Relationship; Current-Voltage Relationship


Lyman α airglow emission: Implications for atomic hydrogen geocorona variability with solar cycle

Satellite-based measurements of geocoronal Lyman α (Lyα) emission at 121.6 nm, created through multiple scattering of solar Lyαphotons by atomic hydrogen, offer a valuable means of inferring the hydrogen abundance, [H], in the terrestrial thermosphere and exosphere on a global, long-term basis. We present initial results from an analysis of Lyα radiance measurements acquired across the Earth\textquoterights limb from 2002 to 2007 by the Global UltraV ...

Waldrop, L.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50496

atmospheric escape; hydrogen geocorona; radiative transport

On the fast zonal transport of the STS-121 space shuttle exhaust plume in the lower thermosphere

Meier et al. (2011) reported rapid eastward transport of the STS-121 space shuttle (launch: July 4, 2006) main engine plume in the lower thermosphere, observed in hydrogen Lyman α images by the GUVI instrument onboard the TIMED satellite. In ord ...

Yue, Jia; Liu, Han-Li; Meier, R.R.; Chang, Loren; Gu, Sheng-Yang; , Russell;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.12.017

Modeling; thermosphere; Transport; Wind jet

The effect of the 135.6 nm emission originated from the ionosphere on the TIMED/GUVI O/N 2 ratio

The column number density ratio of atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen (O/N2\ ratio) provided by the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite has been used as a diagnostic of the thermospheric neutral composition. However, a recent study claimed that the GUVI O/N2\ ratio is not a pure thermospheric parameter in low latitudes during periods of low geomagnetic activity. This study quantifies the O/N2 ...

Kil, H.; Lee, W.; Shim, J.; Paxton, L.J.; Zhang, Y.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018112

The effect of geomagnetic-storm-induced enhancements to ionospheric emissions on the interpretation of the TIMED/GUVI O/N 2 ratio

[1]\ We examine the consequence of enhanced atomic oxygen (OI) 135.6 nm emissions due to the recombination of O+ with electrons on the column number density ratio of atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen (O/N2 ratio) provided by Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) on board the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite. GUVI O/N2 ratio is derived from the measurements of OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield airglow emissions. The OI 135.6 nm emissi ...

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Shim, Ja;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019132

geomagnetic storm; GUVI O/N2 ratio; ionospheric effect

Estimating the propagation characteristics of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances using ground-based and satellite data

In this article, the propagation characteristics of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LS TIDs) are estimated during the geomagnetic storm periods of 14\textendash16 May 2005 and 25\textendash27 September 2011 over South Africa. One and two GPS arrays have been independently considered for the storms of 15 May 2005 and 26 September 2011, respectively. The average periods of dominant modes (≈ 2.5\textendash3.5h) in the time series data were determined by applying wavelet analysis on both ionosonde and GPS da ...

Habarulema, John; Katamzi, Zama; McKinnell, Lee-Anne;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA018997

characteristics of large scale TIDs; Geomagnetic storms; ionospheric irregularities

The Ionospheric Bubble Index deduced from magnetic field and plasma observations onboard Swarm

In the post-sunset tropical ionospheric F-region plasma density often exhibits depletions, which are usually called equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs). In this paper we give an overview of the Swarm Level 2 Ionospheric Bubble Index (IBI), which is a standard scientific data of the Swarm mission. This product called L2-IBI is generated from magnetic field and plasma observations onboard Swarm, and gives information as to whether a Swarm magnetic field observation is affected by EPBs. We validate the performance of the L2-IBI ...

Park, J.; Noja, M.; Stolle, C.; Lühr, H.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.5047/eps.2013.08.005

Equatorial ionosphere; Plasma irregularity; topside ionosphere

Aerodynamic Analysis Based on Challenging Minisatellite Payload Satellite Lift-to-Drag Measurements

A lift-to-drag ratio analysis is performed based on accelerometer measurements made by the Challenging Minisatellite Payload satellite to investigate the nature of gas-surface interactions taking place in orbit. The results described are for the November\ 2002 satellite yaw maneuver. At this time, the satellite flew at a mean altitude of 407\ km. Two types of gas\textendashsurface interaction are considered in the analysis. The first is a cosine (fully diffuse) reflection model with incomplete energy acc ...

Pilinski, Marcin; Argrow, Brian;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.2514/1.A32394

Equatorial ionization anomaly development as studied by GPS TEC and foF2 over Brazil: A comparison of observations with model results from SUPIM and IRI-2012

The equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) development is studied using the total electron content (TEC) observed by the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites, the F2-layer critical frequency (foF2) as measured by digisondes operated in the Brazilian sector, and by model simulation using the SUPIM (Sheffield University Plasmasphere Ionosphere Model). We have used two indices based on foF2 and TEC to represent the strength of the EIA Southern Anomaly Crest (SAC), which are denoted, respectively, by SAC( ...

Nogueira, P.A.B.; Abdu, M.A.; Souza, J.R.; Batista, I.S.; Bailey, G.J.; Santos, A.M.; Takahashi, H.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.08.013

Equatorial anomaly; foF2; Ionospheric modeling; TEC

Ionospheric symmetry caused by geomagnetic declination over North America

We describe variations in total electron content (TEC) in the North American sector exhibiting pronounced longitudinal progression and symmetry with respect to zero magnetic declination. Patterns were uncovered by applying an empirical orthogonal function (EOF) decomposition procedure to a 12 year ground-based American longitude sector GPS TEC data set. The first EOF mode describes overall average TEC, while the strong influence of geomagnetic declination on the midlatitude ionosphere is found in the second EOF mode (or t ...

Zhang, Shun-Rong; Chen, Ziwei; Coster, Anthea; Erickson, Philip; Foster, John;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/grl.v40.2010.1002/2013GL057933

geomagnetic field; midlatitude ionosphere; thermospheric winds; total electron content

The anomalous ionosphere between solar cycles 23 and 24

The solar minimum period during 2008\textendash2009 was characterized by lower thermospheric density than the previous solar minimum and lower than any previously measured. Recent work used the NCAR Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to show that the primary cause of density changes from 1996 to 2008 was a small reduction in solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) irradiance, causing a decrease in thermospheric temperature and hence a contracted thermosphere. There are similar effects in the ionosph ...

Solomon, Stanley; Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v118.1010.1002/jgra.50561

climate; Ionosphere; irradiance; solar; thermosphere; ultraviolet

GPS TEC near the crest of the EIA at 95\textdegreeE during the ascending half of solar cycle 24 and comparison with IRI simulations

Total electron content (TEC) data obtained from GPS dual frequency measurements during the ascending half of the solar cycle 24 from 2009 to 2012 over Dibrugarh (27.5\textdegreeN, 94.9\textdegreeE; 17.6\textdegreeN MLAT) have been used to study the diurnal, seasonal, annual and solar cycle variation of TEC. The measurements reported here are for the first time from the location situated at the poleward edge of the northern equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) and within the peak region of the longitudinal wave number 4 (WN ...

Bhuyan, Pradip; Hazarika, Rumajyoti;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2013.06.029

Equatorial ionosphere; GPS; Ionosphere; IRI; TEC

Ion-neutral coupling during deep solar minimum

The equatorial ionosphere under conditions of deep solar minimum exhibits structuring due to tidal forces. Data from instruments carried by the Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System (C/NOFS) which was launched in April 2008 have been analyzed for the first 2 years following launch. The Planar Langmuir Probe (PLP), Ion Velocity Meter (IVM) and Vector Electric Field Investigation (VEFI) all detect periodic structures during the 2008\textendash2010 period which appear to be tides. However when the tidal features ...

Huang, Cheryl; Roddy, Patrick; Sutton, Eric; Stoneback, Russell; Pfaff, Robert; Gentile, Louise; Delay, Susan;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.11.009

Equatorial ionosphere; Nonmigrating tides; Plasma depletions; thermosphere

Auroral Precipitation Model and its applications to ionospheric and magnetospheric studies

Based on statistical treatment of DMSP F6 and F7 spacecraft observations, an interactive Auroral Precipitation Model (APM) parameterized by magnetic activity has been created (available at For a given level of magnetic activity the model yields a global distribution of elect ...

Vorobjev, V.G.; Yagodkina, O.I.; Katkalov, Yu.V.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.05.007

AL and Dst indexes; Auroral Precipitation Model; Dayside aurorae; Magnetic storm

A comparative study of TEC response for the African equatorial and mid-latitudes during storm conditions

The solar wind effects on the Earth\textquoterights environment are studied for their basic scientific values and crucial practical impacts on technological systems. This paper reports results of Total Electron Content (TEC) changes during two successive ionospheric storms of 7\textendash12 November 2004 using GPS data derived from dual frequency receivers located at African equatorial and midlatitudes. In the geographic coordinate system, equatorial TEC variability is considered over Libreville (0.36\textdegreeN, 9.67\te ...

Habarulema, John; McKinnell, Lee-Anne; a, Dalia; Zhang, Yongliang; Seemala, Gopi; Ngwira, Chigomezyo; Chum, Jaroslav; Opperman, Ben;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.05.008

African equatorial and midlatitude TEC dynamics; Magnetic storms; TIDs

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