GUVI Biblio


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Found 748 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 151 through 200


Effect of MgF2 deposition temperature on Al mirrors in vacuum ultraviolet

High reflectivity of mirrors is very important for many applications in the vacuum ultraviolet, such as for space observation, synchrotron radiation. This paper focuses on the substrate temperature\textquoterights effect on the performance of Al mirrors when depositing the upper MgF2 layer. Al films are deposited on the substrates at room temperature by thermal evaporation, and a 5 nm MgF2 film is deposited on Al coating at room temperature immediately. Heating the substrate to various temperatures r ...

Wang, Fengli; Li, Shuangying; Zhang, Zhuangzhuang; Wang, Zhanshan; Zhou, Hongjun; Huo, Tonglin;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1117/12.2540004


Latitudinal variation of F-region ionospheric response during three strongest geomagnetic storms of 2015

The latitudinal ionospheric response of the three strongest geomagnetic storms of 2015 of the current solar cycle 24 during 16\textendash19 March 2015, 21\textendash24 June 2015 and 19\textendash22 December 2015 is investigated using the total electron content data derived from a latitudinal chain of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers extending from 70\textdegreeN to 70\textdegreeS. The storm time perturbations of the ionosphere during main and recovery phase is presented by the GPS derived vertical total electron ...

Paul, Bapan; De, Barin; Guha, Anirban;

Published by: Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica      Published on: 12/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s40328-018-0221-4

Observation of equatorial plasma bubbles by the airglow imager on ISS-IMAP

Using 630 nm airglow data observed by an airglow imager on the International Space Station (ISS), the occurrence of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) is studied. In order to examine the physical mechanisms in the boundary region between the Earth and the outer space, an ionosphere, mesosphere, upper atmosphere, and plasmasphere mapping (IMAP) mission had been conducted onboard the ISS since October 2012. The visible light and infrared spectrum imager (VISI) is utilized in the ISS-IMAP mission for nadir-looking observation ...

Nakata, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Akira; Takano, Toshiaki; Saito, Akinori; Sakanoi, Takeshi;

Published by: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science      Published on: 12/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1186/s40645-018-0227-0

Space Weather Events, Hurricanes, and Earthquakes in Mexico in September 2017

In the interval of 4\textendash10 September 2017, the Sun presented multiple solar flares from active region AR 2673. There were also coronal mass ejections that interacted with the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere. This solar activity produced several space weather events. These events were observed with ground-based instruments of the Mexican Space Weather Service. The Mexican Array RadioTelescope detected highly perturbed solar transits associated with Type I radio emissions from active regions. The Compact Astronom ...

Gonzalez-Esparza, J.; Sergeeva, M.; Corona-Romero, P.; Mejia-Ambriz, J.; Gonzalez, L.; De la Luz, V.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Rodriguez, M.; andez, Romero-Hern\;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 12/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001995

First Time Estimation of Thermospheric Neutral Density Profiles From Seed Perturbations of ESF Triggering: A Novel Evidence for Ionosphere Thermosphere Coupling

The present study reveals the coupling between the neutral densities, derived from the Global Ultraviolet Imager satellite and the requisite gravity wave seed perturbations for equatorial spread F occurrence (Manju et al., 2016,, derived from the ionosonde data at Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN, 77\textdegreeE). Further, the relation between the above two parameters is found to have solar flux depe ...

Manju, G.; Aswathy, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025967

The ionosphere response to severe geomagnetic storm in March 2015 on the base of the data from Eurasian high-middle latitudes ionosonde chain

Shpynev, B.G.; Zolotukhina, N.A.; Polekh, N.M.; Ratovsky, K.G.; Chernigovskaya, M.A.; Belinskaya, A.Yu.; Stepanov, A.E.; Bychkov, V.V.; Grigorieva, S.A.; Panchenko, V.A.; Korenkova, N.A.; Mielich, J.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.10.014

The pattern of ionospheric disturbances caused by complex interplanetary structure on 19\textendash22 December 2015

The pattern of the ionospheric storm that was observed during the severe two-step geomagnetic storm on 19\textendash22 December 2015 in ...

Kurkin, V.I.; Polekh, N.M.; Zolotukhina, N.A.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.07.003

Transition of Interhemispheric Asymmetry of Equatorial Ionization Anomaly During Solstices

The magnitudes of the two crests of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) vary with local time. During the solstices, EIA crest in the winter hemisphere is larger than that in the summer hemisphere before noon/early afternoon. Whereafter, the crest in the summer hemisphere becomes intensified, and the stronger EIA crest transits to the summer hemisphere. Using Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate ionospheric radio occultation data, we examine the longitudinal and altitudinal variations of ...

Huang, He; Lu, Xian; Liu, Libo; Wang, Wenbin; Li, Qiaoling;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026055

Tropical Ionization Trough in the Ionosphere Seen by Swarm-A Satellite

A new type of ionization trough, the tropical ionization trough, is identified in the tropical F region from the Swarm-A satellite observations in December 2013 to January 2017. The trough is formed around midnight near 25\textdegree magnetic latitudes in the winter hemisphere during the solstices. The trough is pronounced around 330\textdegreeE longitude in the Southern Hemisphere (negative magnetic declination) during the June solstices and around 210\textdegreeE longitude in the Northern Hemisphere (p ...

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL080286

A case study comparing citizen science aurora data with global auroral boundaries derived from satellite imagery and empirical models

Kosar, Burcu; MacDonald, Elizabeth; Case, Nathan; Zhang, Yongliang; Mitchell, Elizabeth; Viereck, Rodney;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.05.006

Comparison of the Thermospheric Nitric Oxide Emission Observations and the GITM Simulations: Sensitivity to Solar and Geomagnetic Activities

An accurate estimate of the energy budget (heating and cooling) of the ionosphere and thermosphere, especially during space weather events, has been a challenge. The abundance of Nitric Oxide (NO), a minor species in the thermosphere, is an important component of energy balance here because its production comes from energy sources able to break the strong bond of molecular nitrogen, and infrared emissions from NO play an important role in thermospheric cooling. Recent studies have significantly improved our understanding ...

Lin, Cissi; Deng, Yue; Venkataramani, Karthik; Yonker, Justin; Bailey, Scott;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025310

Ionospheric and Thermospheric Responses to the Recent Strong Solar Flares on 6 September 2017

Two solar flares X2.2 and X9.3 erupted over the active region 2673 on 6 September 2017, and the second flare is the strongest since 2005. In order to investigate the ionospheric and thermospheric responses to the two solar flares, the global total electron content and the critical frequency of F2 layer obtained from GPS stations and ionosondes are used. The results indicate that the ionosphere in the sunlit hemisphere increased significantly with magnitudes of 0.1 and 0.5 total electron content units for the X2.2 and X9.3 ...

Li, Wang; Yue, Jianping; Yang, Yang; He, Changyong; Hu, Andong; Zhang, Kefei;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025700

Local Time Hemispheric Asymmetry in Nitric Oxide Radiative Emission During Geomagnetic Activity

The nitric oxide (NO) radiative emission at 5.3\ μm cools the thermosphere by conversion of solar energy into infrared radiation subsequently exiting thermosphere. It correctly serves as a natural thermostat. The NO 5.3-μm emission is even more important during geomagnetic storm events due to huge deposition of heat energy and momentum in the Earth\textquoterights atmosphere. The Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics, and Dynamics-Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry obs ...

Bag, Tikemani;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025731

Ionospheric response to solar EUV variations: Preliminary results

We investigate the ionospheric response to solar Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) variations using different proxies, based on solar EUV spectra observed from the Solar Extreme Ultraviolet Experiment (SEE) onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite, the F10.7 index (solar irradiance at 10.7cm), and the Bremen composite Mg-II index during January 2003 to December 2016. The daily mean solar proxies are compared with global mean Total Electron Content (GTEC) values calculated from globa ...

Vaishnav, Rajesh; Jacobi, Christoph; Berdermann, Jens; Schmölter, Erik; Codrescu, Mihail;

Published by: Advances in Radio Science      Published on: 09/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.5194/ars-16-157-2018

Nonparametric H Density Estimation Based on Regularized Nonlinear Inversion of the Lyman Alpha Emission in Planetary Atmospheres

Inversion of space-borne remote sensing measurements of the resonantly scattered solar Lyman alpha (121.6-nm) emission in planetary atmospheres is the most promising means of quantifying the H density in a vast volume of space near terrestrial planets. Owing to the highly nonlinear nature of the inverse problem and the lack of sufficient data constraints over the large volume of space where H atoms are present, previous inversion methods relied on physics-based parametric formulations of the H density distributions to gua ...

Qin, Jianqi; Harding, Brian; Waldrop, Lara;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 09/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025954

On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes

Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large neutral temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region during geomagnetic storms. Here we undertake first-principles simulations of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperature responses to storms using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to elucidate the nature and causes of these changes. Temperature variations were not uniform; instead, ni ...

Li, Jingyuan; Wang, Wenbin; Lu, Jianyong; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Liu, Xiao; Zhang, Kedeng; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Li, Zheng;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078968

Changes in the middle and upper atmosphere parameters during the January 2013 sudden stratospheric warming

We present the results of complex obser-vationsof various parameters of the middle and upper atmosphere over Siberia in December 2012 \textendashJanuary 2013, during a major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event. We analyze variations in ozone concentra-tion from microwave measurements, in stratosphere and lower mesosphere temperatures from lidar and satellite measurements, in the F2-layer critical frequency (foF2), in the total electron content (TEC), as well as in the ra-tio of concentrations of atomic oxygen to mole ...

Ясюкевич, Анна; Yasyukevich, Anna; Клименко, Максим; Klimenko, Maksim; Куликов, Юрий; Kulikov, Yury; Клименко, Владимир; Klimenko, Vladimir; Бессараб, Федор; Bessarab, Fedor; Кореньков, Юрий; Korenkov, Yuriy; Маричев, Валерий; Marichev, Valery; Ратовский, Константин; Ratovsky, Konstantin; Колесник, Сергей; Kolesnik, Sergey;

Published by: Solnechno-Zemnaya Fizika      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.12737/issue_5c1b83b913d443.7589563310.12737/szf-44201807

Investigation of the Causes of the Longitudinal and Solar Cycle Variation of the Electron Density in the Bering Sea and Weddell Sea Anomalies

This paper investigates and quantifies the longitudinal, solar cyclical, and diurnal variation of the ionosphere peak electron density observed by six ionosondes located between 18 and 151\textdegreeE near 60\textdegreeN. Embedded within this region is the Bering Sea anomaly (BSA) where the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. The BSA is a region West of Alaska extending from approximately 100\textdegree to 200\textdegree east geographic longitude and 55\textdegree to 70\textd ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shihping; Dandenault, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025413

IPIM Modeling of the Ionospheric F 2 Layer Depletion at High Latitudes During a High-Speed Stream Event

Our aim is to understand the effect of high-speed stream events on the high-latitude ionosphere and more specifically the decrease of the foF2 frequency during the entire day following the impact. First, we have selected one summertime event, for which a large data set was available: Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) and European Incoherent SCATter (EISCAT) radars, Troms\o and Sodankylä ionosondes, and the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) satellite. We ...

Marchaudon, A.; Blelly, P.-L.; Grandin, M.; Aikio, A.; Kozlovsky, A.; Virtanen, I.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025744

Nighttime Enhancements in the Midlatitude Ionosphere and Their Relation to the Plasmasphere

In situ electron density measurements by the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload and the Defense Meteorological Satellites Program F17 satellites show that the midlatitude ionization at altitudes of \~350 and 850\ km is enhanced in the late evening. The enhancements increase to maximum around midnight and are clearly observed till early morning as the equatorial ionization decays to minimal level. They appear in the winter hemisphere during June and December solstices and in both hemispheres during equinox. The enhance ...

Li, Quanhan; Hao, Yongqiang; Zhang, Donghe; Xiao, Zuo;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025422

Signatures of the Solar Transient Disturbances Over the Low Latitude Ionosphere During 6 to 8 September 2017

Low latitude ionospheric behavior during solar transient disturbances of solar flares and storm time penetrating electric fields comprises an important part of the Earth\textquoterights space weather. The flares enhance the electron density of the sunlit ionosphere by supplying excess solar radiation. However, the degree of these density changes is subjective if a geomagnetic storm persists simultaneously. The present case study addresses the ionospheric variations over the Indian longitudes under the combined effects of ...

Bagiya, Mala; Thampi, Smitha; Hui, Debrup; Sunil, A.; Chakrabarty, D.; Choudhary, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025496

Statistical Relations Between Field-Aligned Currents and Precipitating Electron Energy Flux

Measurements of field-aligned currents from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment are combined with measurements of far ultraviolet emissions from the Global Ultraviolet Imager on the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite to examine the correlation between parallel currents and auroral electron energy flux. The energy flux is derived from the far ultraviolet emissions in the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands. We find that energy flux correlates wit ...

Robinson, R.; Zhang, Y.; Anderson, B.; Zanetti, L.; Korth, H.; Fitzmaurice, A.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078718

An Empirical Dayglow Model for the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield-Long Band Derived From the Polar Ultraviolet Imager Data

The Lyman-Birge-Hopfield-long band dayglow emissions near 1,700\ \r A, which were observed by the ultraviolet imager on board Polar satellite, are characterized as a cosine-like function of the solar zenith angle. These emissions are mainly excited by the solar extreme ultraviolet produced photoelectrons acting on the nitrogen molecules. The amplitude and phase factors are used to quantify the cosine-like function and subsequently develop a dayglow model. In this study, a model is developed by considering broader day ...

Wang, Lingmin; Luan, Xiaoli; Lei, Jiuhou; Dou, Xiankang;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 07/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001954

Observations of Spatial Variations in O/N 2 During an Auroral Substorm Using the Multichannel Downlooking Camera on the VISIONS Rocket

At 0821 UT on 7 February 2013, during an auroral substorm, the NASA VISIONS rocket was launched northward from Poker Flat Research Range on a flight to approximately 750-km altitude that terminated in the Arctic Ocean. A subpayload jettisoned on the up leg carried a multichannel optical imager that looked downward and observed the auroral emission through four narrow passband filters. Three of the channels had sufficiently strong signal to allow a measure of the time evolution of the horizontal extent of the electron auro ...

Hecht, J.; Clemmons, J.; Conde, M.; Hampton, D.; Michell, R.; Rowland, D.; Pfaff, R.; Walterscheid, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025288

Auroral Ionospheric E Region Parameters Obtained From Satellite-Based Far Ultraviolet and Ground-Based Ionosonde Observations: Data, Methods, and Comparisons

A large number (~1,000) of coincident auroral far ultraviolet (FUV) and ground-based ionosonde observations are compared. This is the largest study to date of coincident satellite-based FUV and ground-based observations of the auroral E region. FUV radiance values from the NASA Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics Global Ultraviolet Imager and the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F16 and F18 Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager are included in the study. A method is des ...

Knight, H.; Galkin, I.; Reinisch, B.; Zhang, Y.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA024822

Modeling study of the ionospheric responses to the quasi-biennial oscillations of the sun and stratosphere

Wang, Jack; Tsai-Lin, Rong; Chang, Loren; Wu, Qian; Lin, Charles; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 06/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.024

ROTI Maps: a new IGS ionospheric product characterizing the ionospheric irregularities occurrence

The International GNSS Service (IGS) has recently accepted for official release a new ionospheric product to characterize ionospheric irregularity and intensity as derived from multi-site ground-based GPS observations. This product was developed and implemented in the Space Radio-Diagnostic Research Center (SRRC), University of Warmia and Mazury. The SRRC has implemented this approach using in-house software for multi-step processing and interpretation of carrier phase delays in dual-frequency GPS signals and provides the ...

Cherniak, Iurii; Krankowski, Andrzej; Zakharenkova, Irina;

Published by: GPS Solutions      Published on: 06/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s10291-018-0730-1

Effect of geomagnetic storms on the daytime low-latitude thermospheric wave dynamics

Karan, Deepak; Pallamraju, Duggirala;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 05/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.02.003

High-Latitude Observations of a Localized Wind Wall and Its Coupling to the Lower Thermosphere

Reversals in the thermospheric zonal winds at altitudes of 140 to 250\ km from eastward to westward have been found at southern geographic latitudes between 60\textdegree and 70\textdegree. These are confined to a narrow region between 100\textdegree and 200\textdegree in longitude with zonal velocities regularly of -400\ m/s, sometimes reaching -600\ m/s, so sharply defined that the authors describe it as a \textquotedblleftwind wall.\textquotedblright The observations were made by the Wind Imaging Interfe ...

Shepherd, Gordon; Shepherd, Marianna;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 05/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL077722

Solar activity variations of equatorial spread F occurrence and sustenance during different seasons over Indian longitudes: Empirical model and causative mechanisms

A comprehensive analysis using nearly two decades of ionosonde data is carried out on the seasonal and solar cycle variations of Equatorial Spread F (ESF) irregularities over magnetic equatorial location Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN, 77\textdegreeE). The corresponding Rayleigh Taylor (RT) instability growth rates (γ) are also estimated. A seasonal pattern of ESF occurrence and the corresponding γ is established for low solar (LSA), medium solar (MSA) and high solar (HSA) activity p ...

Haridas, M.K.; Manju, G.; Arunamani, T.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 05/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2018.02.040

Multivariable Comprehensive Analysis of Two Great Geomagnetic Storms of 2015

During the year 2015 two great geomagnetic storms (Dst\ \<\ -200\ nT) occurred on 17 March and 22 June. These two geomagnetic storms have similarities. They occurred during the same decreasing phase of the sunspot cycle 24. The interplanetary and magnetospheric environments were calm before the beginning of the storms. Both events were due to Coronal Mass Ejections and High-Speed Solar Wind. Variations of the solar wind velocity and the Bz component of the interplanetary magnetic field were also similar. ...

Kashcheyev, A.; e, Migoya-Oru\; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Fleury, R.; Nava, B.; Alazo-Cuartas, K.; Radicella, S.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA024900

Storm-time variations of atomic nitrogen 149.3 nm emission

Net radiances of atomic nitrogen emission line (N-149.3 nm) from the thermosphere are extracted from the FUV spectra observed by TIMED/GUVI on dayside at ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Morrison, D.; Schaefer, B.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.023

Variations in Ionospheric Peak Electron Density During Sudden Stratospheric Warmings in the Arctic Region

The focus of the paper is the ionospheric disturbances during sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events in the Arctic region. This study examines the ionospheric behavior during 12 SSW events, which occurred in the Northern Hemisphere over 2006\textendash2013, based on vertical sounding data from DPS-4 ionosonde located in Norilsk (88.0\textdegreeE, 69.2\textdegreeN). Most of the addressed events show that despite generally quiet geomagnetic conditions, notable changes in the ionospheric behavior are observed during SSWs. ...

Yasyukevich, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v123.410.1002/2017JA024739

Was Magnetic Storm the Only Driver of the Long-Duration Enhancements of Daytime Total Electron Content in the Asian-Australian Sector Between 7 and 12 September 2017?

In this study, multiple data sets from Beidou geostationary orbit satellites total electron contents (TECs), ionosonde, meteor radar, magnetometer, and model simulations have been used to investigate the ionospheric responses in the Asian-Australian sector during the September 2017 geomagnetic storm. It was found that long-duration daytime TEC enhancements that lasted from 7 to 12 September 2017 were observed by the Beidou geostationary orbit satellite constellation. This is a unique event as the prominent TEC enhancement ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Huang, Fuqing; Chen, Xuetao; Zhong, Jiahao; Ren, Dexin; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Luan, Xiaoli; Jia, Mingjiao; Dou, Xiankang; Hu, Lianhuan; Ning, Baiqi; Owolabi, Charles; Chen, Jinsong; Li, Guozhu; Xue, Xianghui;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA025166

Ionospheric Response to the Magnetic Storm of 22 June 2015

A global study is made of the response of the total electron content of the ionosphere (TEC) to the geomagnetic storm occurred on 22 June 2015 (one of the strongest geomagnetic storms of the current Solar Cycle 24). Using data from 44 sites, a hemispheric comparison is made by considering high latitudes (\>\ 50\textdegree), middle latitudes (30\textdegree\textendash50\textdegree) and low latitudes (30\textdegreeN\textendash30\textdegreeS). The main features observed were: increases in TEC at high latitudes prior t ...

Mansilla, Gustavo;

Published by: Pure and Applied Geophysics      Published on: 03/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s00024-017-1741-5

Study of the Equatorial and Low-Latitude Electrodynamic and Ionospheric Disturbances During the 22\textendash23 June 2015 Geomagnetic Storm Using Ground-Based and Spaceborne Techniques

We use a set of ground-based instruments (Global Positioning System receivers, ionosondes, magnetometers) along with data of multiple satellite missions (Swarm, C/NOFS, DMSP, GUVI) to analyze the equatorial and low-latitude electrodynamic and ionospheric disturbances caused by the geomagnetic storm of 22\textendash23 June 2015, which is the second largest storm in the current solar cycle. Our results show that at the beginning of the storm, the equatorial electrojet (EEJ) and the equatorial zonal electric fields were larg ...

Astafyeva, E.; Zakharenkova, I.; Hozumi, K.; Alken, P.; isson, Co; Hairston, M.; Coley, W.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v123.310.1002/2017JA024981

Four-peak longitudinal distribution of the equatorial plasma bubbles observed in the topside ionosphere: Possible troposphere tide influence

In this paper we consider an idea of the troposphere tide influence on the character of the longitudinal variations in the distribution of the equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) observed in the topside ionosphere. For this purpose, the obtained EPB longitudinal patterns were compared with the thermosphere and ionosphere characteristics having the prominent “wave-like” longitudinal structures with wave number 4, which are uniquely associated with the influence of the troposphere DE3 tides. The characteristics of the equator ...

Sidorova, L.N.; Filippov, S.V.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 03/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.12.035

Conjugate Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Arcs in Both Hemispheres

We report results from the analysis of a case of conjugate polar cap arcs (PCAs) observed on 5 February 2006 in the Northern Hemisphere by the ground-based Yellow River Station all-sky imager (Svalbard) and in both hemispheres by the space-based DMSP/SSUSI and TIMED/GUVI instruments. The PCA\textquoterights motion in dawn-dusk direction shows a clear dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component and presents a clear asymmetry between Southern and Northern Hemispheres, that ...

Xing, Zanyang; Zhang, Qinghe; Han, Desheng; Zhang, Yongliang; Sato, Natsuo; Zhang, Shunrong; Hu, Zejun; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yuzhang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024272

A Comparative Study of Spectral Auroral Intensity Predictions From Multiple Electron Transport Models

It is important to routinely examine and update models used to predict auroral emissions resulting from precipitating electrons in Earth\textquoterights magnetotail. These models are commonly used to invert spectral auroral ground-based images to infer characteristics about incident electron populations when in situ measurements are unavailable. In this work, we examine and compare auroral emission intensities predicted by three commonly used electron transport models using varying electron population characteristics. We ...

Grubbs, Guy; Michell, Robert; Samara, Marilia; Hampton, Donald; Hecht, James; Solomon, Stanley; Jahn, Jörg-Micha;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA025026

Daytime O/N2 Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Far-Ultraviolet spectrometer, ICON FUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime far-ultraviolet (FUV) OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions that are used to determine thermospheric density profiles and state parameters related to thermospheric composition; specifically the thermospheric column O/N2 ratio (symbolized as ΣO/N2). This paper describes the algorithm concept that has been adapted and updated from one previous ...

Stephan, Andrew; Meier, R.; England, Scott; Mende, Stephen; Frey, Harald; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0477-6

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Impacts of Intense Geomagnetic Storms on NavIC / IRNSS System

The Total Electron Content (TEC) of Navigation with the Indian Constellation (NavIC)/ Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) was examined under the influence of an intense geomagnetic storm occurred on 8 September, 2017, in the low latitudes of the Indian re- gion. One week (3 September, 2017 to 9 September, 2017) data from five stations located in the equatorial region and in the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) area in India are collected from Accord NavIC/IRNSS dual-frequency (L5 and S-band) receivers f ...

Desai, Mehulkumar; Shah, Shweta;

Published by: Annals of GeophysicsAnnals of Geophysics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.4401/ag-7856

Storm Time Variation of Radiative Cooling by Nitric Oxide as Observed by TIMED-SABER and GUVI

The variation of O/N2 (reference to N2 column density 1017\ cm-2) and nitric oxide radiative emission flux exiting the thermosphere have been studied over the Northern Hemisphere during the superstorm event of 7\textendash12 November 2004. The data have been obtained from Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) and Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) on board the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)\textquoterights Thermosphere, I ...

Bharti, Gaurav; Sunil~Krishna, M.; Bag, T.; Jain, Puneet;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024576

Temporal Variability of Atomic Hydrogen From the Mesopause to the Upper Thermosphere

We investigate atomic hydrogen (H) variability from the mesopause to the upper thermosphere, on time scales of solar cycle, seasonal, and diurnal, using measurements made by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, and simulations by the National Center for Atmospheric Research Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model-eXtended (WACCM-X). In the mesopause region (85 to 95\ km), the seasonal and solar c ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stan; Smith, Anne; McInerney, Joseph; Hunt, Linda; Marsh, Daniel; Liu, Hanli; Mlynczak, Martin; Vitt, Francis;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024998

Features of High-Lat Ionospheric Irregularities Development as Revealed by Ground-Based GPS Observations, Satellite-Borne GPS Observations and Satellite In Situ Measurements over the Territory of Russia during the Geomagnetic Storm on March 17-18, 2015

The dynamic picture of the response of the high- and mid-latitude ionosphere to the strong geomagnetic disturbances on March 17-18, 2015, has been studied with ground-based and satellite observations, mainly, by transionospheric measurements of delays of GPS (Global Positioning System) signals. The advantages of the joint use of ground-based GPS measurements and GPS measurements on board of the Swarm Low-Earth-Orbit satellite mission for monitoring of the appearance of ionospheric irregularities over the territory of Russ ...

Zakharenkova, I.; Cherniak, Iu.; Shagimuratov, I.; Klimenko, M.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793217050176

Changes in the Stratosphere and Ionosphere Parameters During the 2013 Major Stratospheric Warming

The paper presents the results of the complex experiment (lidar and ozonometric observations), carried out during the period of the 2013 major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) in the North Asia region. The data of this experiment were supplemented by the ionospheric parameters observations. We considered variations in the critical frequency and peak height of the ionospheric F2-layer (foF2) from ionosonde measurements in Tomsk and Irkutsk, as well as the behavior of the total electron content (TEC) based on the phase du ...

Yasyukevich, Anna; Kulikov, Yury; Klimenko, Maxim; Klimenko, Vladimir; Bessarab, Fedor; Korenkov, Yury; Marichev, Valery; Ratovsky, Konstantin; Kolesnik, Sergey;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.23919/URSI-AT-RASC.2018.8471322

Photo-counting detector for ionosphere far ultraviolet night airglow remote sensing

Far ultraviolet earth night airglow is related to total electron content(TEC) of Ionosphere. Observing the night airglow nadir at OI 135.6nm emission produced by ionospheric O+ and e recombination can get the distribution of ionosphere TEC. In this paper, a compact of ionospheric FUV photometer developed for micro satellite will be introduced. The instrument works in photo-counting mode to achieve high sensitivity for weak night airglow radiation detection. The design of this photo-counting detector will be described in d ...

Peng, Jilong; Wang, Shanshan; Yu, Qian; Yi, Zhong; Tian, Dongbo;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1117/12.2315060


Detection of ionospheric anomalies during intense space weather over a low-latitude GNSS station

The operational availability of Global Navigation Satellite System is affected by large-scale irregularities of the ionosphere. The space weather events induce several intense irregularities and cause the non-linear distribution of ionospheric electron density. Monitoring of ionospheric responses due to extreme space weather events plays a key role in trans-ionospheric radio wave propagation. In the present analysis, a novel technique based on wavelet transform has been implemented for the analysis and detection of ionosp ...

Sivavaraprasad, G.; Ratnam, Venkata; Padmaja, Sree; Sharvani, V.; Saiteja, G.; Mounika, Y.; Harsha, Babu;

Published by: Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica      Published on: 12/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0190-4

Dynamics of ionospheric disturbances during the 17\textendash19 March 2015 geomagnetic storm over East Asia

Polekh, N.; Zolotukhina, N.; Kurkin, V.; Zherebtsov, G.; Shi, J.; Wang, G.; Wang, Z.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 12/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.09.030

Vertical Thermospheric Density Profiles From EUV Solar Occultations Made by PROBA2 LYRA for Solar Cycle 24

A new data set of summed neutral N2 and O number density profiles, spanning altitudes between 150 and 400\ km, and observed during Northern Winter from 2010 to 2016 is presented. The neutral density profiles are derived from solar occultation measurements made by the 0.1\textendash20\ nm Zr channel on the Large Yield Radiometer (LYRA) instrument on board Project for Onboard Autonomy 2 (PROBA2). The climatology derived from the vertical profiles is consistent with that predicted by the NRLMSISE-00 mode ...

Thiemann, E.; Dominique, M.; Pilinski, M.; Eparvier, F.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 12/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017SW001719

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