GUVI Biblio


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Found 665 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 101 through 150


Was Magnetic Storm the Only Driver of the Long-Duration Enhancements of Daytime Total Electron Content in the Asian-Australian Sector Between 7 and 12 September 2017?

In this study, multiple data sets from Beidou geostationary orbit satellites total electron contents (TECs), ionosonde, meteor radar, magnetometer, and model simulations have been used to investigate the ionospheric responses in the Asian-Australian sector during the September 2017 geomagnetic storm. It was found that long-duration daytime TEC enhancements that lasted from 7 to 12 September 2017 were observed by the Beidou geostationary orbit satellite constellation. This is a unique event as the prominent TEC enhancement ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Huang, Fuqing; Chen, Xuetao; Zhong, Jiahao; Ren, Dexin; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Luan, Xiaoli; Jia, Mingjiao; Dou, Xiankang; Hu, Lianhuan; Ning, Baiqi; Owolabi, Charles; Chen, Jinsong; Li, Guozhu; Xue, Xianghui;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA025166

Four-peak longitudinal distribution of the equatorial plasma bubbles observed in the topside ionosphere: Possible troposphere tide influence

In this paper we consider an idea of the troposphere tide influence on the character of the longitudinal variations in the distribution of the equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) observed in the topside ionosphere. For this purpose, the obtained EPB longitudinal patterns were compared with the thermosphere and ionosphere characteristics having the prominent "wave-like" longitudinal structures with wave number 4, which are uniquely associated with the influence of the troposphere DE3 tides. The characteristics of the equatori ...

Sidorova, L.N.; Filippov, S.V.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.12.035

Ionospheric Response to the Magnetic Storm of 22 June 2015

A global study is made of the response of the total electron content of the ionosphere (TEC) to the geomagnetic storm occurred on 22 June 2015 (one of the strongest geomagnetic storms of the current Solar Cycle 24). Using data from 44 sites, a hemispheric comparison is made by considering high latitudes (\>\ 50\textdegree), middle latitudes (30\textdegree\textendash50\textdegree) and low latitudes (30\textdegreeN\textendash30\textdegreeS). The main features observed were: increases in TEC at high latitudes prior t ...

Mansilla, Gustavo;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s00024-017-1741-5

Study of the Equatorial and Low-Latitude Electrodynamic and Ionospheric Disturbances During the 22\textendash23 June 2015 Geomagnetic Storm Using Ground-Based and Spaceborne Techniques

We use a set of ground-based instruments (Global Positioning System receivers, ionosondes, magnetometers) along with data of multiple satellite missions (Swarm, C/NOFS, DMSP, GUVI) to analyze the equatorial and low-latitude electrodynamic and ionospheric disturbances caused by the geomagnetic storm of 22\textendash23 June 2015, which is the second largest storm in the current solar cycle. Our results show that at the beginning of the storm, the equatorial electrojet (EEJ) and the equatorial zonal electric fields were larg ...

Astafyeva, E.; Zakharenkova, I.; Hozumi, K.; Alken, P.; isson, Co; Hairston, M.; Coley, W.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v123.310.1002/2017JA024981

Conjugate Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Arcs in Both Hemispheres

We report results from the analysis of a case of conjugate polar cap arcs (PCAs) observed on 5 February 2006 in the Northern Hemisphere by the ground-based Yellow River Station all-sky imager (Svalbard) and in both hemispheres by the space-based DMSP/SSUSI and TIMED/GUVI instruments. The PCA\textquoterights motion in dawn-dusk direction shows a clear dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component and presents a clear asymmetry between Southern and Northern Hemispheres, that ...

Xing, Zanyang; Zhang, Qinghe; Han, Desheng; Zhang, Yongliang; Sato, Natsuo; Zhang, Shunrong; Hu, Zejun; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yuzhang;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024272

A Comparative Study of Spectral Auroral Intensity Predictions From Multiple Electron Transport Models

It is important to routinely examine and update models used to predict auroral emissions resulting from precipitating electrons in Earth\textquoterights magnetotail. These models are commonly used to invert spectral auroral ground-based images to infer characteristics about incident electron populations when in situ measurements are unavailable. In this work, we examine and compare auroral emission intensities predicted by three commonly used electron transport models using varying electron population characteristics. We ...

Grubbs, Guy; Michell, Robert; Samara, Marilia; Hampton, Donald; Hecht, James; Solomon, Stanley; Jahn, Jörg-Micha;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA025026

Daytime O/N2 Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Far-Ultraviolet spectrometer, ICON FUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime far-ultraviolet (FUV) OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions that are used to determine thermospheric density profiles and state parameters related to thermospheric composition; specifically the thermospheric column O/N2 ratio (symbolized as ΣO/N2). This paper describes the algorithm concept that has been adapted and updated from one previous ...

Stephan, Andrew; Meier, R.; England, Scott; Mende, Stephen; Frey, Harald; Immel, Thomas;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0477-6

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Impacts of Intense Geomagnetic Storms on NavIC / IRNSS System

The Total Electron Content (TEC) of Navigation with the Indian Constellation (NavIC)/ Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) was examined under the influence of an intense geomagnetic storm occurred on 8 September, 2017, in the low latitudes of the Indian re- gion. One week (3 September, 2017 to 9 September, 2017) data from five stations located in the equatorial region and in the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) area in India are collected from Accord NavIC/IRNSS dual-frequency (L5 and S-band) receivers f ...

Desai, Mehulkumar; Shah, Shweta;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.4401/ag-7856

Storm Time Variation of Radiative Cooling by Nitric Oxide as Observed by TIMED-SABER and GUVI

The variation of O/N2 (reference to N2 column density 1017\ cm-2) and nitric oxide radiative emission flux exiting the thermosphere have been studied over the Northern Hemisphere during the superstorm event of 7\textendash12 November 2004. The data have been obtained from Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) and Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) on board the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)\textquoterights Thermosphere, I ...

Bharti, Gaurav; Sunil~Krishna, M.; Bag, T.; Jain, Puneet;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024576

Temporal Variability of Atomic Hydrogen From the Mesopause to the Upper Thermosphere

We investigate atomic hydrogen (H) variability from the mesopause to the upper thermosphere, on time scales of solar cycle, seasonal, and diurnal, using measurements made by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, and simulations by the National Center for Atmospheric Research Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model-eXtended (WACCM-X). In the mesopause region (85 to 95\ km), the seasonal and solar c ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stan; Smith, Anne; McInerney, Joseph; Hunt, Linda; Marsh, Daniel; Liu, Hanli; Mlynczak, Martin; Vitt, Francis;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024998

Features of High-Lat Ionospheric Irregularities Development as Revealed by Ground-Based GPS Observations, Satellite-Borne GPS Observations and Satellite In Situ Measurements over the Territory of Russia during the Geomagnetic Storm on March 17-18, 2015

The dynamic picture of the response of the high- and mid-latitude ionosphere to the strong geomagnetic disturbances on March 17-18, 2015, has been studied with ground-based and satellite observations, mainly, by transionospheric measurements of delays of GPS (Global Positioning System) signals. The advantages of the joint use of ground-based GPS measurements and GPS measurements on board of the Swarm Low-Earth-Orbit satellite mission for monitoring of the appearance of ionospheric irregularities over the territory of Russ ...

Zakharenkova, I.; Cherniak, Iu.; Shagimuratov, I.; Klimenko, M.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793217050176

Changes in the Stratosphere and Ionosphere Parameters During the 2013 Major Stratospheric Warming

The paper presents the results of the complex experiment (lidar and ozonometric observations), carried out during the period of the 2013 major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) in the North Asia region. The data of this experiment were supplemented by the ionospheric parameters observations. We considered variations in the critical frequency and peak height of the ionospheric F2-layer (foF2) from ionosonde measurements in Tomsk and Irkutsk, as well as the behavior of the total electron content (TEC) based on the phase du ...

Yasyukevich, Anna; Kulikov, Yury; Klimenko, Maxim; Klimenko, Vladimir; Bessarab, Fedor; Korenkov, Yury; Marichev, Valery; Ratovsky, Konstantin; Kolesnik, Sergey;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.23919/URSI-AT-RASC.2018.8471322

Photo-counting detector for ionosphere far ultraviolet night airglow remote sensing

Far ultraviolet earth night airglow is related to total electron content(TEC) of Ionosphere. Observing the night airglow nadir at OI 135.6nm emission produced by ionospheric O+ and e recombination can get the distribution of ionosphere TEC. In this paper, a compact of ionospheric FUV photometer developed for micro satellite will be introduced. The instrument works in photo-counting mode to achieve high sensitivity for weak night airglow radiation detection. The design of this photo-counting detector will be described in d ...

Peng, Jilong; Wang, Shanshan; Yu, Qian; Yi, Zhong; Tian, Dongbo;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1117/12.2315060


Detection of ionospheric anomalies during intense space weather over a low-latitude GNSS station

The operational availability of Global Navigation Satellite System is affected by large-scale irregularities of the ionosphere. The space weather events induce several intense irregularities and cause the non-linear distribution of ionospheric electron density. Monitoring of ionospheric responses due to extreme space weather events plays a key role in trans-ionospheric radio wave propagation. In the present analysis, a novel technique based on wavelet transform has been implemented for the analysis and detection of ionosp ...

Sivavaraprasad, G.; Ratnam, Venkata; Padmaja, Sree; Sharvani, V.; Saiteja, G.; Mounika, Y.; Harsha, Babu;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0190-4

Dynamics of ionospheric disturbances during the 17\textendash19 March 2015 geomagnetic storm over East Asia

Vertical Thermospheric Density Profiles From EUV Solar Occultations Made by PROBA2 LYRA for Solar Cycle 24

A new data set of summed neutral N2 and O number density profiles, spanning altitudes between 150 and 400\ km, and observed during Northern Winter from 2010 to 2016 is presented. The neutral density profiles are derived from solar occultation measurements made by the 0.1\textendash20\ nm Zr channel on the Large Yield Radiometer (LYRA) instrument on board Project for Onboard Autonomy 2 (PROBA2). The climatology derived from the vertical profiles is consistent with that predicted by the NRLMSISE-00 mode ...

Thiemann, E.; Dominique, M.; Pilinski, M.; Eparvier, F.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017SW001719

Daytime Ionosphere Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Extreme Ultraviolet spectrograph, ICON EUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) OII emission near 83.4 and 61.7\ nm that are used to determine density profiles and state parameters of the ionosphere. This paper describes the algorithm concept and approach to inverting these measured OII emission profiles to derive the associated O+ density profile from 150\textendash450\ km as a proxy for the electron content in the F-region of the iono ...

Stephan, Andrew; Korpela, Eric; Sirk, Martin; England, Scott; Immel, Thomas;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0385-1

Equatorial ionospheric disturbances over the East African sector during the 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights day storm

The Far Ultra-Violet Imager on the Icon Mission

ICON Far UltraViolet (FUV) imager contributes to the ICON science objectives by providing remote sensing measurements of the daytime and nighttime atmosphere/ionosphere. During sunlit atmospheric conditions, ICON FUV images the limb altitude profile in the shortwave (SW) band at 135.6 nm and the longwave (LW) band at 157 nm perpendicular to the satellite motion to retrieve the atmospheric O/N2 ratio. In conditions of atmospheric darkness, ICON FUV measures the 135.6 nm recombination emission of O+ ions used to ...

Mende, S.; Frey, H.; Rider, K.; Chou, C.; Harris, S.; Siegmund, O.; England, S.; Wilkins, C.; Craig, W.; Immel, T.; Turin, P.; Darling, N.; Loicq, J.; Blain, P.; Syrstad, E.; Thompson, B.; Burt, R.; Champagne, J.; Sevilla, P.; Ellis, S.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0386-0

The Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Earth\textquoterights thermosphere and ionosphere constitute a dynamic system that varies daily in response to energy inputs from above and from below. This system can exhibit a significant response within an hour to changes in those inputs, as plasma and fluid processes compete to control its temperature, composition, and structure. Within this system, short wavelength solar radiation and charged particles from the magnetosphere deposit energy, and waves propagating from the lower atmosphere dissipate. Understand ...

Eastes, R.; McClintock, W.; Burns, A.; Anderson, D.; Andersson, L.; Codrescu, M.; Correira, J.; Daniell, R.; England, S.; Evans, J.; Harvey, J.; Krywonos, A.; Lumpe, J.; Richmond, A.; Rusch, D.; Siegmund, O.; Solomon, S.; Strickland, D.; Woods, T.; Aksnes, A.; Budzien, S.; Dymond, K.; Eparvier, F.; Martinis, C.; Oberheide, J.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0392-2

Impact of Oscillating IMF B z During 17 March 2013 Storm on the Distribution of Plasma Over Indian Low-Latitude and Mid-Latitude Ionospheric Regions

We show evidence of a positive ionospheric storm occurring simultaneously at the equatorial, low-latitude and mid-latitude ionospheric regions in the Indian sector in response to an intense geomagnetic storm on 17 March 2013. The storm had its onset time coinciding with the local noon. An on-site digisonde at Trivandrum (dip equator) recorded a sharp decrease in the height of F\ region peak in the afternoon, which is a signature of westward electric field associated with a counter electrojet (CEJ). Coupled w ...

Shreedevi, P.; Choudhary, R.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA023980

Ionosphere VHF scintillations over Vaddeswaram (Geographic Latitude 16.31\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 80.30\textdegreeE, Dip 18\textdegreeN), a latitude Indian station \textendash A case study

This research reports the 250\ MHz amplitude ionosphere scintillations recorded at Vaddeswaram (Geographic Latitude 16.31\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 80.30\textdegreeE, Dip 18\textdegreeN), a low-latitude station in India. Though amplitude scintillations were recorded for four continuous days (05\textendash08 November 2011), the presence of intense and long-duration scintillations on 06 November 2011 instigated us to verify the ionosphere background conditions. This research, therefore, is also used important d ...

Brahmanandam, P.S.; Uma, G.; Pant, T.K.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.06.051

Revisiting Ionosphere-Thermosphere Responses to Solar Wind Driving in Superstorms of November 2003 and 2004

We revisit three complex superstorms of 19\textendash20 November 2003, 7\textendash8 November 2004, and 9\textendash11 November 2004 to analyze ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) effects driven by different solar wind structures associated with complex interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) and their upstream sheaths. The efficiency of the solar wind-magnetosphere connection throughout the storms is estimated by coupling functions. The daytime IT responses to the complex driving are characterized by combining and colloca ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.; Komjathy, A.; Mannucci, A.; Mlynczak, M.; Hunt, L.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.1010.1002/2017JA024542

The Storm Time Evolution of the Ionospheric Disturbance Plasma Drifts

In this paper, we use the C/NOFS and ROCSAT-1 satellites observations to analyze the storm time evolution of the disturbance plasma drifts in a 24\ h local time scale during three magnetic storms driven by long-lasting southward IMF Bz. The disturbance plasma drifts during the three storms present some common features in the periods dominated by the disturbance dynamo. The newly formed disturbance plasma drifts are upward and westward at night, and downward and eastward during daytime. Fu ...

Zhang, Ruilong; Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Kuai, Jiawei;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024637

Winter anomaly of the E-layer critical frequency in the nighttime auroral zone

Analysis of the annual variation of the E-layer critical frequency median foE in the nighttime (22-02 LT) auroral zone by the data of several stations of the Northern Hemisphere has shown the median maximum in winter and minimum in summer, even though the summer contribution of solar radiation to foE is greater. Thus, a new phenomenon was discovered\textemdashan foE median winter anomaly in the nighttime auroral zone. Its amplitude (ratio of winter to summer foE figures) can re ...

Deminov, M.; Deminova, G.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793217050061

Ionosphere-thermosphere energy budgets for the ICME storms of March 2013 and 2015 estimated with GITM and observational proxies

The ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) energy partitioning for the interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) storms of 16\textendash19 March 2013 and 2015 is estimated with the Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model (GITM), empirical models and proxies derived from in situ measurements. We focus on auroral heating, Joule heating, and thermospheric cooling. Solar wind data, F10.7, OVATION Prime model and the Weimer 2005 model are used to drive GITM from above. Thermospheric nitric oxide and carbon dioxide coo ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.; Meng, X.; Mannucci, A.; Mlynczak, M.; Hunt, L.; Lu, G.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v15.910.1002/2017SW001650

Redistribution of H atoms in the upper atmosphere during geomagnetic storms

Geocoronal H emission data acquired by NASA\textquoterights Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics mission are analyzed to quantify the H density distribution over the entire magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere region in order to investigate the response of the atmospheric system as a whole to geomagnetic storms. It is shown that at low and middle latitudes the H density averaged over storm times in the thermosphere-exosphere transition region decreases by \~30\%, while the H density at exospheric al ...

Qin, Jianqi; Waldrop, Lara; Makela, Jonathan;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.1010.1002/2017JA024489

Ionospheric-thermospheric UV tomography: 3. A multisensor technique for creating full-orbit reconstructions of atmospheric UV emission

We present the Volume Emission Rate Tomography (VERT) technique for inverting satellite-based, multisensor limb and nadir measurements of atmospheric ultraviolet emission to create whole-orbit reconstructions of atmospheric volume emission rate. The VERT approach is more general than previous ionospheric tomography methods because it can reconstruct the volume emission rate field irrespective of the particular excitation mechanisms (e.g., radiative recombination, photoelectron impact excitation, and energetic particle pre ...

Hei, Matthew; Budzien, Scott; Dymond, Kenneth; Nicholas, Andrew; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert; Groves, Keith;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2015RS005887

Seasonal and solar cycle effects on TEC at 95\textdegreeE in the ascending half (2009\textendash2014) of the subdued solar cycle 24: Consistent underestimation by IRI 2012

TEC measured at Dibrugarh (27.5\textdegreeN, 94.9\textdegreeE, 17.5\textdegreeN Geomag.) from 2009 to 2014 is used to study its temporal characteristics during the ascending half of solar cycle 24. The measurements provide an opportunity to assess the diurnal, seasonal and longterm predictability of the IRI 2012 (with IRI Nequick, IRI01-corr, IRI 2001topside options) during this solar cycle which is distinctively low in magnitude compared to the previous cycles. The low latitude station Dibrugarh is normally located at th ...

Kakoti, Geetashree; Bhuyan, Pradip; Hazarika, Rumajyoti;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.09.002

Dual E~\texttimes~B flow responses in the dayside ionosphere to a sudden IMF By rotation

We report for the first time a dual transition state in the dayside ionosphere following a sudden rotation of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) in the upstream magnetosheath from IMF By\ \<\ 0 to By\ \>\ 0 during Bz\ \<\ 0. E\ \texttimes\ B drifts respond with different time delays in the dayside auroral zone and high-latitude polar cap with an init ...

Eriksson, S.; Maimaiti, M.; Baker, J.; Trattner, K.; Knipp, D.; Wilder, F.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073374

Global modeling of thermospheric airglow in the far ultraviolet

The Global Airglow (GLOW) model has been updated and extended to calculate thermospheric emissions in the far ultraviolet, including sources from daytime photoelectron-driven processes, nighttime recombination radiation, and auroral excitation. It can be run using inputs from empirical models of the neutral atmosphere and ionosphere or from numerical general circulation models of the coupled ionosphere-thermosphere system. It uses a solar flux module, photoelectron generation routine, and the Nagy-Banks two-stream electro ...

Solomon, Stanley;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.710.1002/2017JA024314

The non-storm time corrugated upper thermosphere: What is beyond MSIS?

Observations in the recent decade have revealed many thermospheric density corrugations/perturbations under nonstorm conditions (Kp \< 2). They are generally not captured by empirical models like Mass Spectrometer Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) but are operationally important for long-term orbital evolution of Low Earth Orbiting satellites and theoretically for coupling processes in the atmosphere-ionosphere system. We review these density corrugations by classifying them into three types which are driven ...

Liu, Huixin; Thayer, Jeff; Zhang, Yongliang; Lee, Woo;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v15.610.1002/2017SW001618

Total electron content responses to HILDCAAs and geomagnetic storms over South America

Total electron content (TEC) is extensively used to monitor the ionospheric behavior under geomagnetically quiet and disturbed conditions. This subject is of greatest importance for space weather applications. Under disturbed conditions the two main sources of electric fields, which are responsible for changes in the plasma drifts and for current perturbations, are the short-lived prompt penetration electric fields (PPEFs) and the longer-lasting ionospheric disturbance dynamo (DD) electric fields. Both mechanisms modulate ...

Negreti, Patricia; de Paula, Eurico; Candido, Claudia;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-35-1309-2017

Geospace system responses to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms in 2013 and 2015

This special collection includes 31 research papers investigating geospace system responses to the geomagnetic storms during the St. Patrick\textquoterights Days of 17 March 2013 and 2015. It covers observation, data assimilation, and modeling aspects of the storm time phenomena and their associated physical processes. The ionosphere and thermosphere as well as their coupling to the magnetosphere are clearly the main subject areas addressed. This collection provides a comprehensive picture of the geospace response to thes ...

Zhang, Shun-Rong; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Verkhoglyadova, Olga;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024232

Impact of the lower thermospheric winter-to-summer residual circulation on thermospheric composition

Gravity wave forcing near the mesopause drives a summer-to-winter residual circulation in the mesosphere and a reversed, lower thermospheric winter-to-summer residual circulation. We conducted modeling studies to investigate how this lower thermospheric residual circulation impacts thermospheric composition (O/N2). We found that the upwelling associated with the residual circulation significantly decreases O/N2 in winter and the downwelling in summer slightly increases O/N2. Consequently, ...

Qian, Liying; Yue, Jia;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073361

Investigation of the causes of the longitudinal variation of the electron density in the Weddell Sea Anomaly

This paper investigates and quantifies the causes of the Weddell Sea Anomaly (WSA), a region near the tip of South America extending from approximately 30\textdegree to 120\textdegreeW geographic longitude and 50\textdegree to 75\textdegreeS geographic latitude at solar minimum between 2007 and 2010. This region is unusual because the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. This study is far more quantitative than previous studies because, unlike other models, it assimilates sele ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shih-Ping; Drob, D.; Dandenault, P.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023565

A severe negative response of the ionosphere to the intense geomagnetic storm on March 17, 2015 observed at mid- and low-latitude stations in the China zone

In this paper, the critical frequency of F2 layer of the ionosphere (foF2) and the total electron content (TEC) recorded at mid- and low-latitude observation sites near 120\textdegreeE in the China zone were used to investigate the response to a severe geomagnetic storm on March 17, 2015 (the minimum Dst -223 nT at 23 UT). The results showed that the strong geomagnetic storm caused a massive effect on the ionosphere. The characteristics of foF2 and TEC did not show obvious perturbation during the mai ...

Liu, Guoqi; Shen, Hua;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.02.021

The effect of ring current electron scattering rates on magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling

This simulation study investigated the electrodynamic impact of varying descriptions of the diffuse aurora on the magnetosphere-ionosphere (M-I) system. Pitch angle diffusion caused by waves in the inner magnetosphere is the primary source term for the diffuse aurora, especially during storm time. The magnetic local time (MLT) and storm-dependent electrodynamic impacts of the diffuse aurora were analyzed using a comparison between a new self-consistent version of the Hot Electron Ion Drift Integrator with varying electron ...

Perlongo, N.; Ridley, A.; Liemohn, M.; Katus, R.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023679

Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm

The July 2012 geomagnetic storm is an extreme space weather event in solar cycle 24, which is characterized by a southward interplanetary geomagnetic field lasting for about 30\ h below -10\ nT. In this work, multiple instrumental observations, including electron density from ionosondes, total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System, Jason-2, and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and the topside ion concentration observed by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft are used to ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wang, Yungang; Hu, Lianhuan;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023844

Solar cycle variations of thermospheric O/N 2 longitudinal pattern from TIMED/GUVI

Thermospheric composition (O/N2 ratio) is well known to have a great impact on the variation of daytime ionospheric electron density. This study aims to investigate the local time, seasonal, and solar cycle variations of the O/N2 longitudinal pattern in both hemispheres during daytime in solstices. The O/N2 data used are from TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager observations made over a solar cycle for geomagnetically quiet conditions. The main findings are as follows: (1) The O/N2 l ...

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Dou, Xiankang;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023696

The quasi-6~day wave and its interactions with solar tides

Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (TIMED/SABER) temperature measurements between 20 and 110\ km altitude and \textpm50\textdegree latitude during 2002\textendash2015 are employed to reveal the climatological characteristics of the quasi-6\ day wave (Q6DW) and evidence for secondary waves (SW) resulting from its nonlinear interactions with solar tides. The mean period is 6.14d with a standard deviation (σ) of 0.26d. ...

Forbes, Jeffrey; Zhang, Xiaoli;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA023954

Far ultraviolet instrument technology

The far ultraviolet (FUV) spectral range (from about 115 nm to 180 nm) is one of the most useful spectral regions for characterizing the upper atmosphere (thermosphere and ionosphere). The principal advantages are that there are FUV signatures of the major constituents of the upper atmosphere as well as the signatures of the high-latitude energy inputs. Because of the absorption by thermospheric O2, the FUV signatures are seen against a \textquotedblleftblack\textquotedblright background, i.e., one that is not ...

Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang; Kil, Hyosub;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023578

Multiinstrument observations of a geomagnetic storm and its effects on the Arctic ionosphere: A case study of the 19 February 2014 storm

We present a multiinstrumented approach for the analysis of the Arctic ionosphere during the 19 February 2014 highly complex, multiphase geomagnetic storm, which had the largest impact on the disturbance storm-time index that year. The geomagnetic storm was the result of two powerful Earth-directed coronal mass ejections (CMEs). It produced a strong long lasting negative storm phase over Greenland with a dominant energy input in the polar cap. We employed global navigation satellite system (GNSS) networks, geomagnetic obs ...

Durgonics, Tibor; Komjathy, Attila; Verkhoglyadova, Olga; Shume, Esayas; Benzon, Hans-Henrik; Mannucci, Anthony; Butala, Mark; H\oeg, Per; Langley, Richard;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016RS006106

A new auroral boundary determination algorithm based on observations from TIMED/GUVI and DMSP/SSUSI

An automatic auroral boundary determination algorithm is proposed in this study based on the partial auroral oval images from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) aboard the Thermosphere\textendashIonosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite and the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F16). This algorithm based on the fuzzy local information C-means clustering segmentation can be used to extract the auroral oval poleward and equatorw ...

Ding, Guang-Xing; He, Fei; Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023295

Positive and negative ionospheric responses to the March 2015 geomagnetic storm from BDS observations

The most intense geomagnetic storm in solar cycle 24 occurred on March 17, 2015, and the detailed ionospheric storm morphologies are difficultly obtained from traditional observations. In this paper, the Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) observations of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) are for the first time used to investigate the ionospheric responses to the geomagnetic storm. Using BDS GEO and GIMs TEC series, negative and positive responses to the March 2015 storm are found at local and global scales. During the ...

Jin, Shuanggen; Jin, Rui; Kutoglu, H.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s00190-016-0988-4

Stationary depletions in thermospheric atomic oxygen concentration and mass density observed with WINDII, GUVI, GOCE and simulated by NRLMSISE-00

Analysis and design of the ultraviolet warning optical system based on interference imaging

Ultraviolet warning technology is one of the important methods for missile warning. It provides a very effective way to detect the target for missile approaching alarm. With the development of modern technology, especially the development of information technology at high speed, the ultraviolet early warning system plays an increasingly important role. Compared to infrared warning, the ultraviolet warning has high efficiency and low false alarm rate. In the modern warfare, how to detect the threats earlier, prevent and re ...

Wencong, Wang; Jin, Dong-dong; Chu, Xin-bo; Shi, Yu-feng; Song, Juan; Liu, Jin-sheng; Shao, Si-pei; Hu, Hui-jun; Xiao, Ting;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1117/12.2285832

Springer Proceedings in Physics3rd International Symposium of Space Optical Instruments and ApplicationsA Novel Study on the Technique for Deriving O/N2 from Thermospheric Far Ultraviolet Dayglow Emissions

Zhang, Yongchao; Zhu, Jun; Yin, Huan; Zhang, Xiaoxin;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-49184-410.1007/978-3-319-49184-4_29

The TIMED Spacecraft Mission Orbital Performance Fifteen Years in LEO

The Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) spacecraft is a NASAspacecraft designed, built and operated by The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. The spacecraft was launched on December 7, 2001 for a two-yearmission. The TIMED instruments continue to provide global coverage of the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Ionosphere(MLTI)region of the atmosphere (60 km to 180 km). The TIMED mission has observedthe effects of the sun on the MLTI region over a full solar cycle. TIMED ...

Butler, Michael;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.2514/MIECEC1710.2514/6.2017-4871

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