GUVI Biblio





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Found 202 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 51 through 100


2019

Storm-time variations in the thermsopheric density, composition and temperature.

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Advances in Auroral Studies I

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Robinson, Robert; MacDonald, Elizabeth; Mitchell, Elizabeth;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Effect of MgF2 deposition temperature on Al mirrors in vacuum ultraviolet

High reflectivity of mirrors is very important for many applications in the vacuum ultraviolet, such as for space observation, synchrotron radiation. This paper focuses on the substrate temperature\textquoterights effect on the performance of Al mirrors when depositing the upper MgF2 layer. Al films are deposited on the substrates at room temperature by thermal evaporation, and a 5 nm MgF2 film is deposited on Al coating at room temperature immediately. Heating the substrate to various temperatures r ...

Wang, Fengli; Li, Shuangying; Zhang, Zhuangzhuang; Wang, Zhanshan; Zhou, Hongjun; Huo, Tonglin;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1117/12.2540004

2018

A case study comparing citizen science aurora data with global auroral boundaries derived from satellite imagery and empirical models

Kosar, Burcu; MacDonald, Elizabeth; Case, Nathan; Zhang, Yongliang; Mitchell, Elizabeth; Viereck, Rodney;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.05.006

Ionospheric and Thermospheric Responses to the Recent Strong Solar Flares on 6 September 2017

Two solar flares X2.2 and X9.3 erupted over the active region 2673 on 6 September 2017, and the second flare is the strongest since 2005. In order to investigate the ionospheric and thermospheric responses to the two solar flares, the global total electron content and the critical frequency of F2 layer obtained from GPS stations and ionosondes are used. The results indicate that the ionosphere in the sunlit hemisphere increased significantly with magnitudes of 0.1 and 0.5 total electron content units for the X2.2 and X9.3 ...

Li, Wang; Yue, Jianping; Yang, Yang; He, Changyong; Hu, Andong; Zhang, Kefei;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025700

On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes

Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large neutral temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region during geomagnetic storms. Here we undertake first-principles simulations of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperature responses to storms using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to elucidate the nature and causes of these changes. Temperature variations were not uniform; instead, ni ...

Li, Jingyuan; Wang, Wenbin; Lu, Jianyong; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Liu, Xiao; Zhang, Kedeng; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Li, Zheng;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078968

On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes

Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large neutral temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region during geomagnetic storms. Here we undertake first-principles simulations of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperature responses to storms using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to elucidate the nature and causes of these changes. Temperature variations were not uniform; instead, ni ...

Li, Jingyuan; Wang, Wenbin; Lu, Jianyong; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Liu, Xiao; Zhang, Kedeng; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Li, Zheng;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078968

Nighttime Enhancements in the Midlatitude Ionosphere and Their Relation to the Plasmasphere

In situ electron density measurements by the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload and the Defense Meteorological Satellites Program F17 satellites show that the midlatitude ionization at altitudes of \~350 and 850\ km is enhanced in the late evening. The enhancements increase to maximum around midnight and are clearly observed till early morning as the equatorial ionization decays to minimal level. They appear in the winter hemisphere during June and December solstices and in both hemispheres during equinox. The enhance ...

Li, Quanhan; Hao, Yongqiang; Zhang, Donghe; Xiao, Zuo;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025422

Statistical Relations Between Field-Aligned Currents and Precipitating Electron Energy Flux

Measurements of field-aligned currents from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment are combined with measurements of far ultraviolet emissions from the Global Ultraviolet Imager on the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite to examine the correlation between parallel currents and auroral electron energy flux. The energy flux is derived from the far ultraviolet emissions in the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands. We find that energy flux correlates wit ...

Robinson, R.; Zhang, Y.; Anderson, B.; Zanetti, L.; Korth, H.; Fitzmaurice, A.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078718

Auroral Ionospheric E Region Parameters Obtained From Satellite-Based Far Ultraviolet and Ground-Based Ionosonde Observations: Data, Methods, and Comparisons

A large number (~1,000) of coincident auroral far ultraviolet (FUV) and ground-based ionosonde observations are compared. This is the largest study to date of coincident satellite-based FUV and ground-based observations of the auroral E region. FUV radiance values from the NASA Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics Global Ultraviolet Imager and the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F16 and F18 Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager are included in the study. A method is des ...

Knight, H.; Galkin, I.; Reinisch, B.; Zhang, Y.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA024822

Modeling study of the ionospheric responses to the quasi-biennial oscillations of the sun and stratosphere

Wang, Jack; Tsai-Lin, Rong; Chang, Loren; Wu, Qian; Lin, Charles; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 06/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.024

Storm-time variations of atomic nitrogen 149.3 nm emission

Net radiances of atomic nitrogen emission line (N-149.3 nm) from the thermosphere are extracted from the FUV spectra observed by TIMED/GUVI on dayside at ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Morrison, D.; Schaefer, B.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.023

Conjugate Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Arcs in Both Hemispheres

We report results from the analysis of a case of conjugate polar cap arcs (PCAs) observed on 5 February 2006 in the Northern Hemisphere by the ground-based Yellow River Station all-sky imager (Svalbard) and in both hemispheres by the space-based DMSP/SSUSI and TIMED/GUVI instruments. The PCA\textquoterights motion in dawn-dusk direction shows a clear dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component and presents a clear asymmetry between Southern and Northern Hemispheres, that ...

Xing, Zanyang; Zhang, Qinghe; Han, Desheng; Zhang, Yongliang; Sato, Natsuo; Zhang, Shunrong; Hu, Zejun; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yuzhang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024272

Conjugate Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Arcs in Both Hemispheres

We report results from the analysis of a case of conjugate polar cap arcs (PCAs) observed on 5 February 2006 in the Northern Hemisphere by the ground-based Yellow River Station all-sky imager (Svalbard) and in both hemispheres by the space-based DMSP/SSUSI and TIMED/GUVI instruments. The PCA\textquoterights motion in dawn-dusk direction shows a clear dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component and presents a clear asymmetry between Southern and Northern Hemispheres, that ...

Xing, Zanyang; Zhang, Qinghe; Han, Desheng; Zhang, Yongliang; Sato, Natsuo; Zhang, Shunrong; Hu, Zejun; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yuzhang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024272

Conjugate Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Arcs in Both Hemispheres

We report results from the analysis of a case of conjugate polar cap arcs (PCAs) observed on 5 February 2006 in the Northern Hemisphere by the ground-based Yellow River Station all-sky imager (Svalbard) and in both hemispheres by the space-based DMSP/SSUSI and TIMED/GUVI instruments. The PCA\textquoterights motion in dawn-dusk direction shows a clear dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component and presents a clear asymmetry between Southern and Northern Hemispheres, that ...

Xing, Zanyang; Zhang, Qinghe; Han, Desheng; Zhang, Yongliang; Sato, Natsuo; Zhang, Shunrong; Hu, Zejun; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yuzhang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024272

Conjugate Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Arcs in Both Hemispheres

We report results from the analysis of a case of conjugate polar cap arcs (PCAs) observed on 5 February 2006 in the Northern Hemisphere by the ground-based Yellow River Station all-sky imager (Svalbard) and in both hemispheres by the space-based DMSP/SSUSI and TIMED/GUVI instruments. The PCA\textquoterights motion in dawn-dusk direction shows a clear dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component and presents a clear asymmetry between Southern and Northern Hemispheres, that ...

Xing, Zanyang; Zhang, Qinghe; Han, Desheng; Zhang, Yongliang; Sato, Natsuo; Zhang, Shunrong; Hu, Zejun; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yuzhang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024272

Daytime O/N2 Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Far-Ultraviolet spectrometer, ICON FUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime far-ultraviolet (FUV) OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions that are used to determine thermospheric density profiles and state parameters related to thermospheric composition; specifically the thermospheric column O/N2 ratio (symbolized as ΣO/N2). This paper describes the algorithm concept that has been adapted and updated from one previous ...

Stephan, Andrew; Meier, R.; England, Scott; Mende, Stephen; Frey, Harald; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0477-6

2017

Daytime Ionosphere Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Extreme Ultraviolet spectrograph, ICON EUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) OII emission near 83.4 and 61.7\ nm that are used to determine density profiles and state parameters of the ionosphere. This paper describes the algorithm concept and approach to inverting these measured OII emission profiles to derive the associated O+ density profile from 150\textendash450\ km as a proxy for the electron content in the F-region of the iono ...

Stephan, Andrew; Korpela, Eric; Sirk, Martin; England, Scott; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0385-1

The Storm Time Evolution of the Ionospheric Disturbance Plasma Drifts

In this paper, we use the C/NOFS and ROCSAT-1 satellites observations to analyze the storm time evolution of the disturbance plasma drifts in a 24\ h local time scale during three magnetic storms driven by long-lasting southward IMF Bz. The disturbance plasma drifts during the three storms present some common features in the periods dominated by the disturbance dynamo. The newly formed disturbance plasma drifts are upward and westward at night, and downward and eastward during daytime. Fu ...

Zhang, Ruilong; Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Kuai, Jiawei;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024637

The non-storm time corrugated upper thermosphere: What is beyond MSIS?

Observations in the recent decade have revealed many thermospheric density corrugations/perturbations under nonstorm conditions (Kp \< 2). They are generally not captured by empirical models like Mass Spectrometer Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) but are operationally important for long-term orbital evolution of Low Earth Orbiting satellites and theoretically for coupling processes in the atmosphere-ionosphere system. We review these density corrugations by classifying them into three types which are driven ...

Liu, Huixin; Thayer, Jeff; Zhang, Yongliang; Lee, Woo;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 06/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v15.610.1002/2017SW001618

Geospace system responses to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms in 2013 and 2015

This special collection includes 31 research papers investigating geospace system responses to the geomagnetic storms during the St. Patrick\textquoterights Days of 17 March 2013 and 2015. It covers observation, data assimilation, and modeling aspects of the storm time phenomena and their associated physical processes. The ionosphere and thermosphere as well as their coupling to the magnetosphere are clearly the main subject areas addressed. This collection provides a comprehensive picture of the geospace response to thes ...

Zhang, Shun-Rong; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Verkhoglyadova, Olga;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024232

Geospace system responses to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms in 2013 and 2015

This special collection includes 31 research papers investigating geospace system responses to the geomagnetic storms during the St. Patrick\textquoterights Days of 17 March 2013 and 2015. It covers observation, data assimilation, and modeling aspects of the storm time phenomena and their associated physical processes. The ionosphere and thermosphere as well as their coupling to the magnetosphere are clearly the main subject areas addressed. This collection provides a comprehensive picture of the geospace response to thes ...

Zhang, Shun-Rong; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Verkhoglyadova, Olga;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024232

The quasi-6~day wave and its interactions with solar tides

Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (TIMED/SABER) temperature measurements between 20 and 110\ km altitude and \textpm50\textdegree latitude during 2002\textendash2015 are employed to reveal the climatological characteristics of the quasi-6\ day wave (Q6DW) and evidence for secondary waves (SW) resulting from its nonlinear interactions with solar tides. The mean period is 6.14d with a standard deviation (σ) of 0.26d. ...

Forbes, Jeffrey; Zhang, Xiaoli;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA023954

Far ultraviolet instrument technology

The far ultraviolet (FUV) spectral range (from about 115 nm to 180 nm) is one of the most useful spectral regions for characterizing the upper atmosphere (thermosphere and ionosphere). The principal advantages are that there are FUV signatures of the major constituents of the upper atmosphere as well as the signatures of the high-latitude energy inputs. Because of the absorption by thermospheric O2, the FUV signatures are seen against a \textquotedblleftblack\textquotedblright background, i.e., one that is not ...

Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang; Kil, Hyosub;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023578

A new auroral boundary determination algorithm based on observations from TIMED/GUVI and DMSP/SSUSI

An automatic auroral boundary determination algorithm is proposed in this study based on the partial auroral oval images from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) aboard the Thermosphere\textendashIonosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite and the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F16). This algorithm based on the fuzzy local information C-means clustering segmentation can be used to extract the auroral oval poleward and equatorw ...

Ding, Guang-Xing; He, Fei; Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023295

Springer Proceedings in Physics3rd International Symposium of Space Optical Instruments and ApplicationsA Novel Study on the Technique for Deriving O/N2 from Thermospheric Far Ultraviolet Dayglow Emissions

Zhang, Yongchao; Zhu, Jun; Yin, Huan; Zhang, Xiaoxin;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-49184-410.1007/978-3-319-49184-4_29

Springer Proceedings in Physics3rd International Symposium of Space Optical Instruments and ApplicationsA Novel Study on the Technique for Deriving O/N2 from Thermospheric Far Ultraviolet Dayglow Emissions

Zhang, Yongchao; Zhu, Jun; Yin, Huan; Zhang, Xiaoxin;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-49184-410.1007/978-3-319-49184-4_29

2016

Impacts of SABER CO 2 -based eddy diffusion coefficients in the lower thermosphere on the ionosphere/thermosphere

This work estimates global-mean Kzz using Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry/Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics monthly global-mean CO2 profiles and a one-dimensional transport model. It is then specified as a lower boundary into the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). Results first show that global-mean CO2 in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region has annual and semiannual oscillat ...

Salinas, Cornelius; Chang, Loren; Liang, Mao-Chang; Yue, Jia; Russell, James; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023161

Long-lasting negative ionospheric storm effects in low and middle latitudes during the recovery phase of the 17 March 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this paper, an ionospheric electron density reanalysis algorithm was used to generate global optimized electron density during the 17\textendash18 March 2013 geomagnetic storm by assimilating ~10 low Earth orbit satellites based and ~450 ground global navigation satellite system receiver-based total electron content into a background ionospheric model. The reanalyzed electron density could identify the large-scale ionospheric features quite well during storm time, including the storm-enhanced density, the positive iono ...

Yue, Xinan; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Wan, Weixing; Liu, Libo; Hu, Lianhuan; Zhao, Biqiang; Schreiner, William;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022984

Polar cap arcs: Sun-aligned or cusp-aligned?

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Zhang, Qinghe; Xing, Zanyang;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 08/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.06.001

Polar cap arcs Cusp Reconnection Kelvin Helmholtz Instability Velocity shear Field aligned current

Polar cap arcs: Sun-aligned or cusp-aligned?

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Zhang, Qinghe; Xing, Zanyang;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 08/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.06.001

Polar cap arcs Cusp Reconnection Kelvin Helmholtz Instability Velocity shear Field aligned current

Coherent seasonal, annual, and quasi-biennial variations in ionospheric tidal/SPW amplitudes

In this study, we examine the coherent spatial and temporal modes dominating the variation of selected ionospheric tidal and stationary planetary wave (SPW) signatures from 2007 to 2013 FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate) total electron content observations using multidimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD) from the Hilbert-Huang Transform. We examine the DW1, SW2, DE3, and SPW4 components, which are driven by a variety of in situ and vertical coupl ...

Chang, Loren; Sun, Yan-Yi; Yue, Jia; Wang, Jack; Chien, Shih-Han;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022249

Equatorial ionospheric plasma drifts and O + concentration enhancements associated with disturbance dynamo during the 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights Day magnetic storm

Disturbance dynamo is an important dynamic process during magnetic storms. However, very few direct observations of dynamo-induced plasma drifts and ion composition changes in the equatorial ionosphere are available. In this study, we use measurements of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites to identify the characteristics of the disturbance dynamo process in the topside equatorial ionosphere near dawn during the magnetic storm with a minimum Dst of -223 nT on 17 March 2015. Data from fou ...

Huang, Chao-Song; Wilson, Gordon; Hairston, Marc; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Liu, Jing;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023072

Longitudinal variations of thermospheric composition at the solstices

O/N2, measured by the Global Ultraviolet Imager on board the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, has large longitudinal variations at the solstices, which are simulated well in upper atmosphere general circulation models. These longitudinal variations are caused by the displacement of the Earth\textquoterights magnetic poles from the geographic ones. The location of a magnetic pole affects the latitude at which the winds, driven by heating in summer, converge in the subauroral regi ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022898

Solar cycle variations of thermospheric composition at the solstices

We examine the solar cycle variability of thermospheric composition (O/N2) at the solstices. Our observational and modeling studies show that the summer-to-winter latitudinal gradient of O/N2 is small at solar minimum but large at solar maximum; O/N2 is larger at solar maximum than at solar minimum on a global-mean basis; there is a seasonal asymmetry in the solar cycle variability of O/N2, with large solar cycle variations in the winter hemisphere and small solar cycle variatio ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022390

Effects of the Equatorial Ionosphere Anomaly on the Inter-Hemispheric Circulation in the Thermosphere

We investigate the interhemispheric circulation at the solstices, in order to understand why O/N2\ is larger in the northern hemisphere winter than in the southern hemisphere winter. Our studies reveal that the equatorial ionosphere anomaly (EIA) significantly impacts the summer-to-winter wind through plasma-neutral collisional heating, which changes the summer-to-winter pressure gradient, and ion drag. Consequently, the wind is suppressed in the summer hemisphere as it encounters the EIA but accelerates a ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Hsu, V.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022169

Equatorial ionization anomaly; interhemispheric circulation; ionosphere winter anomaly; plasma-neutral collisional heating; thermosphere composition; vertical advection

SPIE ProceedingsThe reconnaissance and early-warning optical system design for dual field of space-based "solar blind ultraviolet"

With the development of modern technology, especially the development of information technology at high speed, the ultraviolet early warning system plays an increasingly important role. In the modern warfare, how to detect the threats earlier, prevent and reduce the attack of precision-guided missile has become a new challenge. Because the ultraviolet warning technology has high environmental adaptability, the low false alarm rate, small volume and other advantages, in the military field applications it has been developed ...

Wang, Wen-cong; Jin, Dong-dong; Shao, Fei; Hu, Hui-jun; Shi, Yu-feng; Song, Juan; Zhang, Yu-tu; Yong, Liu;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1117/12.2236440

2015

Impacts of CME-induced geomagnetic storms on the midlatitude mesosphere and lower thermosphere observed by a sodium lidar and TIMED/GUVI

In this paper, we report our findings on the correlation between the neutral temperature (around the mesopause) and thermospheric column density O/N2\ ratio, along with their response to geomagnetic storms above midlatitude of North America. A temperature/wind Doppler Na lidar, operating at Fort Collins, CO (41\textdegreeN, 105\textdegreeW), and later at Logan, UT (42\textdegreeN and 112\textdegreeW), observed significant temperature increases (temperature anomaly) above 95 km (as much as 55 K at 105 km al ...

Yuan, T.; Zhang, Y.; Cai, X.; She, C.-Y.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 09/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064860

Explaining solar cycle effects on composition as it relates to the winter anomaly

The solar cycle variation of\ F2\ region winter anomaly is related to solar cycle changes in the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2. Here we use the National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashGlobal Mean Model to develop a concept of why the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2\ varies with solar cycle. The main driver for these seasonal changes in composition is vertical advection, which is expressed most simply in pressure coordinat ...

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.; Thayer, J.; Liu, H.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021220

composition; solar cycle; upper atmosphere

Multiday thermospheric density oscillations associated with variations in solar radiation and geomagnetic activity

Thermospheric densities observed by Challenging Minisatellite Payload and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment satellites during 2002\textendash2010 and the globally averaged thermospheric densities from 1967 to 2007 have been used to investigate latitudinal, longitudinal, and height dependences of the multiday oscillations of thermospheric densities. The data show that the main multiday oscillations in thermospheric densities are 27, 13.5, 9, and 7 day oscillations. The high-correlation coefficients between the densit ...

Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Shunrong; Liu, Xiao; Yuan, Wei;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020830

oscillation; thermospheric density

Transpolar arc observation after solar wind entry into the high-latitude magnetosphere

Recently, Cluster observations have revealed the presence of new regions of solar wind plasma entry at the high-latitude magnetospheric lobes tailward of the cusp region, mostly during periods of northward interplanetary magnetic field. In this study, observations from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) experiment on board the TIMED spacecraft and Wideband Imaging Camera imager on board the IMAGE satellite are used to investigate a possible link between solar wind entry and the formation of transpolar arcs in the polar ...

Mailyan, B.; Shi, Q.; Kullen, A.; Maggiolo, R.; Zhang, Y.; Fear, R.; Zong, Q.-G.; Fu, S; Gou, X.; Cao, X.; Yao, Z.; Sun, W.; Wei, Y.; Pu, Z;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020912

magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; transpolar arcs; in situ measurements

Electron precipitation models in global magnetosphere simulations

General methods for improving the specification of electron precipitation in global simulations are described and implemented in the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry (LFM) global simulation model, and the quality of its predictions for precipitation is assessed. LFM\textquoterights existing diffuse and monoenergetic electron precipitation models are improved, and new models are developed for lower energy, broadband, and direct-entry cusp precipitation. The LFM simulation results for combined diffuse plus monoenergetic electron precipi ...

Zhang, B.; Lotko, W.; Brambles, O.; Wiltberger, M.; Lyon, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020615

electron precipitation; global magnetosphere simulation; magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling

A new technique for remote sensing of O 2 density from 140 to 180 km

Observations of molecular oxygen are difficult to make in the Earth\textquoterights atmosphere between 140 and 200 km altitude. Perhaps the most accurate measurements to date have been obtained from satellite instruments that measure solar occultations of the limb. These do provide height-resolved O2 density measurements, but the nature of this technique is such that the temporal/spatial distribution of the measurements is uneven. Here a new space-based technique is described that utilizes two bright dayglow em ...

Hecht, James; Christensen, Andrew; Yee, Jeng-Hwa; Crowley, Geoff; Bishop, Rebeeca; Budzien, Scott; Stephan, Andrew; Evans, Scott;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062355

composition; technique; thermosphere

Observations of thermosphere and ionosphere changes due to the dissipative 6.5-day wave in the lower thermosphere

In the current work, temperature and wind data from the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite during the years 2002\textendash2007 were used to describe the seasonal variations of the westward propagating 6.5-day planetary wave in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT). Thermospheric composition data from the TIMED satellite and ionospheric total electron content (TEC) from the International Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Service were then employed to carry out two ca ...

Gan, Q.; Yue, J.; Chang, L.; Wang, W.; Zhang, S.; Du, J.;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-913-2015

Observations of thermosphere and ionosphere changes due to the dissipative 6.5-day wave in the lower thermosphere

In the current work, temperature and wind data from the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite during the years 2002\textendash2007 were used to describe the seasonal variations of the westward propagating 6.5-day planetary wave in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT). Thermospheric composition data from the TIMED satellite and ionospheric total electron content (TEC) from the International Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Service were then employed to carry out two ca ...

Gan, Q.; Yue, J.; Chang, L.; Wang, W.; Zhang, S.; Du, J.;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-913-2015

Remote Sensing of Earth\textquoterights Limb by TIMED/GUVI: Retrieval of thermospheric composition and temperature

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite senses far ultraviolet emissions from O and N2 in the thermosphere. Transformation of far ultraviolet radiances measured on the Earth limb into O, N2, and O2 number densities and temperature quantifies these responses and demonstrates the value of simultaneous altitude and geographic information. Composition and temperature variations are available from 2002 to 2007 ...

Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Drob, D.; Bishop, J.; Emmert, J.; Lean, J.; Stephan, A.; Strickland, D.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Kil, H.; Wolven, B.; Woods, Thomas; Crowley, G.; Gibson, S.;

Published by: Earth and Space Science      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014EA000035

airglow and aurora; remote sensing; thermosphere: composition and chemistry; thermosphere: energy deposition

Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceIntelligence Science and Big Data Engineering. Big Data and Machine Learning TechniquesAuroral Oval Boundary Modeling Based on Deep Learning Method

Research on the location of the auroral oval is important to understand the coupling processes of the Sun-Earth system. The equatorward boundary and poleward boundary of the auroral oval are significant parameters of the auroral oval location. Thus auroral oval boundary modeling is an efficient way to study the location of auroral oval. As the location of the auroral oval boundary is subject to a variety of geomagnetic factors, there are some limitations on traditional methods, which express the auroral oval boundary as a ...

Han, Bing; Gao, Xinbo; Liu, Hui; Wang, Ping;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23862-310.1007/978-3-319-23862-3_10

2014

E-region ionospheric storm on May 1\textendash3, 2010: GSM TIP model representation and suggestions for IRI improvement

his paper presents the model simulation results of ionospheric E-region parameters during geomagnetic storm on May 2\textendash3, 2010. For this investigation we used the Global Self-consistent Model of the Thermosphere, Ionosphere and Protonosphere (GSM TIP) developed in West Department of IZMIRAN. GSM TIP model simulations were performed using empirical model of high-energy electron precipitation. The temporal and spatial distributions of the lower ionosphere parameters and minor neutral species are presented. GSM TIP m ...

Bessarab, F.S.; Korenkov, Yu.N.; Klimenko, V.V.; Klimenko, M.V.; Zhang, Y.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2014.08.003

E-region; Electric field; geomagnetic storm; Ionospheric modeling; IRI-2012; Nitric oxide density

Geomagnetic control of equatorial plasma bubble activity modeled by the TIEGCM with Kp

Describing the day-to-day variability of Equatorial Plasma Bubble (EPB) occurrence remains a significant challenge. In this study we use the Thermosphere-Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIEGCM), driven by solar (F10.7) and geomagnetic (Kp) activity indices, to study daily variations of the linear Rayleigh-Taylor (R-T) instability growth rate in relation to the measured scintillation strength at five longitudinally distributed stations. For locations characterized ...

Carter, B.; Retterer, J.; Yizengaw, E.; Groves, K.; Caton, R.; McNamara, L.; Bridgwood, C.; Francis, M.; Terkildsen, M.; Norman, R.; Zhang, K.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060953

Equatorial ionosphere; plasma bubbles; TIEGCM

The responses of ionospheric topside diffusive fluxes to two geomagnetic storms in October 2002

O+ field-aligned ambipolar diffusive velocities Vd and fluxes Фd in the topside ionosphere have been calculated from the observed profiles of electron density, ion, and electron temperatures during a 30 day incoherent scatter radar experiment conducted at Millstone Hill (288.5\textdegreeE, 42.6\textdegreeN) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. Two geomagnetic storms took place during this period. During the negative phases (depleted electron densities) of these two storms, ...

Chen, Guang-Ming; Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020013

diffusion; geomagnetic storm; scale height; topside ionosphere



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