GUVI Biblio





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Found 27 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 27


2022

New method for Earth neutral atmospheric density retrieval based on energy spectrum fitting during occultation with LE/Insight-HXMT

We propose a new method for retrieving the atmospheric number density profile in the lower thermosphere, based on the X-ray Earth occultation of the Crab Nebula with the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (Insight-HXMT) Satellite. The absorption and scattering of X-rays by the atmosphere result in changes in the X-ray energy, and the Earth’s neutral atmospheric number density can be directly retrieved by fitting the observed spectrum and spectrum model at different altitude ranges during the occultation process. The pointing ...

Yu, Daochun; Li, Haitao; Li, Baoquan; Ge, Mingyu; Tuo, Youli; Li, Xiaobo; Xue, Wangchen; Liu, Yaning;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.02.030

Atmospheric density vertical profile; Energy spectrum fitting; X-ray occultation

Measurement of the vertical atmospheric density profile from the X-ray Earth occultation of the Crab Nebula with Insight-HXMT

\textlessp\textgreater\textlessstrong class="journal-contentHeaderColor"\textgreaterAbstract.\textless/strong\textgreater X-ray Earth occultation sounding (XEOS) is an emerging method for measuring the neutral density in the lower thermosphere. In this paper, the X-ray Earth occultation (XEO) of the Crab Nebula is investigated using the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (Insight-HXMT). The pointing observation data on the 30 September 2018 recorded by the low-energy X-ray telescope (LE) of Insight-HXMT are selected and analyse ...

Yu, Daochun; Li, Haitao; Li, Baoquan; Ge, Mingyu; Tuo, Youli; Li, Xiaobo; Xue, Wangchen; Liu, Yaning; Wang, Aoying; Zhu, Yajun; Luo, Bingxian;

Published by: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.5194/amt-15-3141-2022

Significant Variations of Thermospheric Nitric Oxide Cooling during the Minor Geomagnetic Storm on 6 May 2015

Using observations by the SABER (Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry) instrument on board the TIMED (Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics) satellite and simulations by the TIEGCM (Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model), we investigate the daytime variations of thermospheric nitric oxide (NO) cooling during the geomagnetic storm on 6 May 2015. The geomagnetic storm was minor, as the minimum Dst was −28 nT, the maximum Kp was 5+ and the maximum AE w ...

Li, Zheng; Sun, Meng; Li, Jingyuan; Zhang, Kedeng; Zhang, Hua; Xu, Xiaojun; Zhao, Xinhua;

Published by: Universe      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/universe8040236

geomagnetic storm; thermosphere; nitric oxide cooling

Geomagnetic and Solar Dependencies of Midlatitude E-Region Irregularity Occurrence Rate: A Climatology Based on Wuhan VHF Radar Observations

By using Wuhan VHF radar, we show the morphological features of E-region field-aligned irregularity (FAI) occurrence at Wuhan during 2015–2020. Statistical results present that E-region FAI occurrence reaches a maximum after sunset in summer season. According to Doppler spectrum features, type-2 irregularity is predominantly observed at Wuhan. In addition, we observed a remarkable correlation between E-region FAI occurrence and geomagnetic activity, which includes periods of positive correlation and negative correlation de ...

Liu, Yi; Zhou, Chen; Xu, Tong; Deng, Zhongxin; Du, Zhitao; Lan, Ting; Tang, Qiong; Zhu, Yunzhou; Wang, Zhuangkai; Zhao, Zhengyu;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029597

2021

Features of topside ionospheric background over China and its adjacent areas obtained by the ZH-1 satellite

\textlessp\textgreaterTopside ionospheric background distribution and its seasonal variations over China and its adjacent areas, e.g. 0°-54°N and 70°-140°E, are studied using the in situ electron density (Ne) measurements obtained by the LAP payload on board the ZH-1 (CSES) satellite. Results are as followings:(1) Regularities consistent with results from previous studies are shown on the latitudinal extension, longitudinal distribution, and seasonal variations of the EIA (Equatorial Ionization Anomaly) phenomenon in the ...

XiuYing, Wang; DeHe, Yang; ZiHan, Zhou; Jing, C.; Na, Zhou; XuHui, Shen;

Published by: Chinese Journal of Geophysics      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.6038/cjg2021O0152

First Look at a Geomagnetic Storm With Santa Maria Digisonde Data: F Region Responses and Comparisons Over the American Sector

Santa Maria Digisonde data are used for the first time to investigate the F region behavior during a geomagnetic storm. The August 25, 2018 storm is considered complex due to the incidence of two Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections and a High-Speed Solar Wind Stream (HSS). The F 2 layer critical frequency (f o F 2) and its peak height (h m F 2) collected over Santa Maria, near the center of the South American Magnetic Anomaly (SAMA), are compared with data collected from Digisondes installed in the Northern (NH) and Southe ...

Moro, J.; Xu, J.; Denardini, C.; Resende, L.; Neto, P.; Da Silva, L.; Silva, R.; Chen, S.; Picanço, G.; Carmo, C.; Liu, Z.; Yan, C.; Wang, C.; Schuch, N.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028663

Digisonde; Equatorial ionization anomaly; F-region; Ionospheric storm; SAMA; space weather

Interaction Between an EMSTID and an EPB in the EIA Crest Region Over China

Few observations investigated the interaction between an electrical medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbance (EMSTID) and an equatorial plasma bubble (EPB). This paper presents another interaction between a southwestward propagating EMSTID and an eastward drifting EPB in the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crest region of China. When the EMSTID and the EPB touched each other, several depletions of the EMSTID (EPB) showed the eastward (westward) velocity disturbances of the EPB (EMSTID) depletions. Besides, phase el ...

Sun, Longchang; Xu, JiYao; Zhu, Yajun; Xiong, Chao; Yuan, Wei; Wu, Kun; Hao, Yongqiang; Chen, Gang; Yan, Chunxiao; Wang, Zhihua; Zhao, Xiukuan; Luo, Xiaomin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA029005

airglow; EIA crest region; Interaction between MSTID and EPB; Nighttime plasma density enhancement; Polarization of postmidnight EPB; VHF radar echoes and range spread F

2019

Analyses of geospace response to the geomagnetic storm in May 2017

HUANG, WeiQuan; Wan, Weixing; XUE, BingSen;

Published by: SCIENTIA SINICA Technologica      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

Was Magnetic Storm the Only Driver of the Long-Duration Enhancements of Daytime Total Electron Content in the Asian-Australian Sector Between 7 and 12 September 2017?

In this study, multiple data sets from Beidou geostationary orbit satellites total electron contents (TECs), ionosonde, meteor radar, magnetometer, and model simulations have been used to investigate the ionospheric responses in the Asian-Australian sector during the September 2017 geomagnetic storm. It was found that long-duration daytime TEC enhancements that lasted from 7 to 12 September 2017 were observed by the Beidou geostationary orbit satellite constellation. This is a unique event as the prominent TEC enhancement ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Huang, Fuqing; Chen, Xuetao; Zhong, Jiahao; Ren, Dexin; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Luan, Xiaoli; Jia, Mingjiao; Dou, Xiankang; Hu, Lianhuan; Ning, Baiqi; Owolabi, Charles; Chen, Jinsong; Li, Guozhu; Xue, Xianghui;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA025166

2016

Sparse Hierarchical Nonparametric Bayesian learning for light field representation and denoising

In this paper, we present a sparse hierarchical non-parametric Bayesian (SHNB) model, which is used to represent the data captured by the light field cameras. Specifically, a light field can be represented as a set of sub-aperture views. In order to capture the visual variations of these viewpoints, we propose the so-called \textquotedblleftdepth flow\textquotedblright features. Then based on the depth flow features, we model these views statistically with a sparse representation in a fully unsupervised manner. While loca ...

Sun, Xing; Meng, Nan; Xu, Zhimin; Lam, Edmund; So, Hayden;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1109/IJCNN.2016.7727617

2015

SPIE ProceedingsSpace-borne imager of mesospheric gravity waves

Mesospheric gravity waves play important roles in atmospheric circulation and variability. It is meaningful to obtain the features of the mesospheric gravity waves on a global scale, such as the distribution and the sources. However, limited by the field of view, the ground-based instrument can only access some local information. We developed a space-borne imager to observe the global gravity waves by collecting the O2 airglow with TDI (Time Delayed and Integration) method. The function of the imager was testified in our ...

Tu, Cui; Hu, Xiong; Xu, Qingchen; Song, Liang; Li, Hui;

Published by:       Published on: 10/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1117/12.2197894

airglow imaging; gravity wave; mesosphere; space borne; TDI

Multiday thermospheric density oscillations associated with variations in solar radiation and geomagnetic activity

Thermospheric densities observed by Challenging Minisatellite Payload and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment satellites during 2002\textendash2010 and the globally averaged thermospheric densities from 1967 to 2007 have been used to investigate latitudinal, longitudinal, and height dependences of the multiday oscillations of thermospheric densities. The data show that the main multiday oscillations in thermospheric densities are 27, 13.5, 9, and 7 day oscillations. The high-correlation coefficients between the densit ...

Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Shunrong; Liu, Xiao; Yuan, Wei;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020830

oscillation; thermospheric density

Characteristics and mechanisms of the annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density

In this paper, globally-averaged, thermospheric total mass density, derived from the orbits of \~5000 objects at 250, 400, and 550 km that were tracked from 1967 to 2006, has been used to quantitatively study the annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density and its mechanism(s). The results show that thermospheric mass density had a significant annual asymmetry, which changed from year to year. The annual asymmetry at the three altitudes varied synchronously and its absolute value increased with altitudes. The results s ...

Ma, RuiPing; Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Chen, GuangMing; Yuan, Wei; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Jiang, Guoying;

Published by: Science China Earth Sciences      Published on: 04/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s11430-014-5020-3

annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density; solar EUV radiation; Sun-Earth distance

2014

Recent investigation on the coupling between the ionosphere and upper atmosphere

Scientific attention has recently been focused on the coupling of the earth\textquoterights upper atmosphere and ionosphere. In the present work, we review the advances in this field, emphasizing the studies and contributions of Chinese scholars. This work first introduces new developments in the observation instruments of the upper atmosphere. Two kinds of instruments are involved: optical instruments (lidars, FP interferometers and all-sky airglow imagers) and radio instruments (MST radars and all-sky meteor radars). Ba ...

Wan, Weixing; Xu, JiYao;

Published by: Science China Earth Sciences      Published on: 09/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1007/s11430-014-4923-3

Ionosphere; upper atmosphere; vertical coupling

The responses of ionospheric topside diffusive fluxes to two geomagnetic storms in October 2002

O+ field-aligned ambipolar diffusive velocities Vd and fluxes Фd in the topside ionosphere have been calculated from the observed profiles of electron density, ion, and electron temperatures during a 30 day incoherent scatter radar experiment conducted at Millstone Hill (288.5\textdegreeE, 42.6\textdegreeN) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. Two geomagnetic storms took place during this period. During the negative phases (depleted electron densities) of these two storms, ...

Chen, Guang-Ming; Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020013

diffusion; geomagnetic storm; scale height; topside ionosphere

Responses of the lower thermospheric temperature to the 9 day and 13.5 day oscillations of recurrent geomagnetic activity

Responses of the lower thermospheric temperature to the 9 day and 13.5 day oscillations of recurrent geomagnetic activity and solar EUV radiation have been investigated using neutral temperature data observed by the TIMED/SABER (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry) instrument and numerical experiments by the NCAR-TIME-GCM (National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashthermosphere-ionosphere-mesosphere electrodynamics\textendashgene ...

Jiang, Guoying; Wang, Wenbin; Xu, JiYao; Yue, Jia; Burns, Alan; Lei, Jiuhou; Mlynczak, Martin; Rusell, James;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2013JA019406

13.5 day variation; 9 day variation; Joule heating; lower thermospheric temperature; recurrent geomagnetic activity; solar EUV radiation

2013

Annual asymmetry in thermospheric density: Observations and simulations

[1]\ In this paper, the Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) observations during 2002\textendash2010 are utilized to study the variation of the annual asymmetry in thermospheric density at 400 km under low solar activity condition (F10.7 = 80) based on the method of empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). The derived asymmetry index (AI) in thermospheric density from the EOF analysis shows a strong latitudinal variation at night but varies a little with ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Dou, Xiankang; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Luan, Xiaoli; Zeng, Zhen; Xu, JiYao;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50253

Annual asymmetry; Empirical orthogonal functions; Sun-Earth distance; Upper thermosphere

Determination of the Ionospheric Electron Density Profile from FUV Remote Sensing Measurements

A limb viewing model is established in this paper based on GUVI measurements of OI 135.6 nm nightglow and a method with Chapman function describing the distribution of ionospheric electron density is presented to obtain the ionospheric electron density profile. We apply the regularization and Newton iteration method to calculate ionospheric peak electron density and peak height with GUVI measurements, eliminating the ill condition of the weighted matrix. The ionospheric electron density profile is obtained using the calcu ...

Jing, Wang; Yi, TANG; Zhi-Ge, ZHANG; Xu-Li, ZHENG; Guo-Qiang, NI;

Published by: Chinese Journal of Geophysics      Published on: 03/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/cjg2.20011

Electron density profile; Far ultraviolet spectrum remote sensing; GUVI; Ionosphere

Geomagnetic and auroral activity driven by corotating interaction regions during the declining phase of Solar Cycle 23

A superposed epoch analysis is performed to investigate the relative impact of the solar wind/interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) on geomagnetic activity, auroral hemispheric power, and auroral morphology during corotating interaction regions (CIRs) events between 2002 and 2007, when auroral images from Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Global Ultraviolet Imager were available. Four categories of CIRs have been compared. These were classified by the averaged IMF Bz and the time of maximum solar wi ...

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Dou, Xiankang; Xu, JiYao;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50195

auroral morphology; corotating interaction regions; solar wind/IMF forcing

Empirical STORM-E model: II. Geomagnetic corrections to nighttime ionospheric E-region electron densities

Auroral nighttime infrared emission observed by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument onboard the Thermosphere\textendashIonosphere\textendashMesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite is used to develop an empirical model of geomagnetic storm enhancements to E-region electron densities. The empirical model is called STORM-E and will be incorporated into the 2012 release of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI). The proxy for characterizing the E-region resp ...

Mertens, Christopher; Xu, Xiaojing; Bilitza, Dieter; Mlynczak, Martin; Russell, James;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 02/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2012.09.014

AURORA; Auroral particle precipitation; E-region; Infrared remote sensing; Ionosphere; Magnetic storm; TIMED

Conjugate High Latitude Measurements along the 40 degree magnetic meridian: Autonomous Adaptive Low-Power Instrument Platforms on the East Antarctic Plateau

Clauer, Robert; Kim, Hyomin; Deshpande, Kshitija; Xu, Zhonghua; Fish, Chad; Musko, Steve; Crowley, Geoff; Humphreys, Todd; Bhatti, Jahshan; Bust, Grary;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

2011

Global distributions of OH and O2 (1.27 μm) nightglow emissions observed by TIMED satellite

Gao, Hong; Xu, JiYao; Chen, GuangMing; Yuan, Wei; Beletsky, A.;

Published by: Science China Technological Sciences      Published on: Jan-02-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1007/s11431-010-4236-5

Longitudinal variations of nighttime electron auroral precipitation in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres from the TIMED global ultraviolet imager

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Xu, JiYao;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016051

Global distributions of OH and O2 (1.27 $\mu$m) nightglow emissions observed by TIMED satellite

In order to investigate the global distributions of temporal variations of OH and O 2 nightglow emissions, we statistically analyzed their variations with altitude, local time, and season

Gao, Hong; Xu, JiYao; Chen, GuangMing; Yuan, Wei; Beletsky, AB;

Published by: Science China Technological Sciences      Published on:

YEAR: 2011     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-010-4236-5

2010

Ionospheric response to the initial phase of geomagnetic storms: Common features

Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wiltberger, Michael; Xu, JiYao; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Coster, Anthea;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014461

2009

Influence of solar-geomagnetic disturbances on SABER measurements of 4.3 Micrometer emission and the retrieval of kinetic temperature and carbon dioxide

Thermospheric infrared radiance at 4.3 μm is susceptible to the influence of solar-geomagnetic disturbances. Ionization processes followed by ion-neutral chemical reactions lead to vibrationally excited NO+ (i.e., NO+(v)) and subsequent 4.3 μm emission in the ionospheric E-region. Large enhancements of nighttime 4.3 μm emission were observed by the TIMED/SABER instrument during the April 2002 and October\textendashNovember 2003 solar storms. Global measurements of infrared 4.3 μm emission provide an excellent proxy to ...

Mertens, Christopher; Winick, Jeremy; Picard, Richard; Evans, David; opez-Puertas, Manuel; Wintersteiner, Peter; Xu, Xiaojing; Mlynczak, Martin; Russell, James;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2008.10.029

Spectral analysis of ionospheric electron density and mesospheric neutral wind diurnal nonmigrating tides observed by COSMIC and TIMED satellites

Wu, Quian; Solomon, SC; Kuo, Y-H; Killeen, TL; Xu, JiYao;

Published by: Geophysical research letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:



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