GUVI Biblio





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Found 84 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2020

Multi-wavelength coordinated observations of ionospheric irregularity structures from an anomaly crest location during unusual solar minimum of the 24th cycle

The present paper reports coordinated ionospheric irregularity measurements at optical as well as GPS wavelengths. Optical measurements were obtained from Tiny Ionospheric Photometer (TIP) sensors installed onboard the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) satellites. GPS radio signals were obtained from a dual frequency GPS receiver operational at Calcutta (22.58\textdegreeN, 88.38\textdegreeE geographic; geomagnetic dip: 32.96\textdegree; 13.00\textdegreeN, 161.63\textdegreeE g ...

Paul, Ashik; Sur, Dibyendu; Haralambous, Haris;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.11.035

GPS radio measurements; ionospheric irregularities; Northern crest of EIA; Optical measurements; solar minimum; TIP

The physics of space weather/solar-terrestrial physics (STP): what we know now and what the current and future challenges are

Major geomagnetic storms are caused by un-usually intense solar wind southward magnetic fields thatimpinge upon the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere (Dungey, 1961).How can we predict the occurrence of future interplanetary events? Do we currently know enough of t ...

Tsurutani, Bruce; Lakhina, Gurbax; Hajra, Rajkumar;

Published by: Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics      Published on: 01/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.5194/npg-27-75-2020

Effects of CME and CIR induced geomagnetic storms on low-latitude ionization over Indian longitudes in terms of neutral dynamics

Chakraborty, Sumanjit; Ray, Sarbani; Sur, Dibyendu; Datta, Abhirup; Paul, Ashik;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

2019

The dependence of four-peak longitudinal structure of the tropical electric field on the processes in the lower atmosphere and geomagnetic field configuration

Klimenko, V.V.; Klimenko, M.V.; Bessarab, F.S.; Sukhodolov, T.V.; Rozanov, E.V.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 11/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.06.029

Upper Atmosphere Radiance Data Assimilation: A Feasibility Study for GOLD Far Ultraviolet Observations

Far ultraviolet observations of Earth\textquoterights dayglow from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission presents an unparalleled opportunity for upper atmosphere radiance data assimilation. Assimilation of the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions can be formulated in a similar fashion to lower atmosphere radiance data assimilation approaches. To provide a proof-of-concept for such an approach, this paper presents assimilation experiment ...

Cantrall, Clayton; Matsuo, Tomoko; Solomon, Stanley;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026910

Characteristics of GNSS total electron content enhancements over the mid-latitudes during a geomagnetic storm on November 7 and 8, 2004

The characteristics of global electron density variations in the ionosphere during a geomagnetic storm on November 7 and 8, 2004, were investigated using total electron content (TEC) obtained from the global navigation satellite system (GNSS). The regions of enhanced TEC over North America, Europe, and Japan first appeared in the mid-latitude regions. The TEC enhancements over North America showed a rapid longitudinal expansion and reached a wide longitudinal extent during the initial and main phases of the geomagnetic st ...

Sori, T.; Shinbori, A.; Otsuka, Y.; Tsugawa, T.; Nishioka, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026713

Characteristics of GNSS total electron content enhancements over the mid-latitudes during a geomagnetic storm on November 7 and 8, 2004

The characteristics of global electron density variations in the ionosphere during a geomagnetic storm on November 7 and 8, 2004, were investigated using total electron content (TEC) obtained from the global navigation satellite system (GNSS). The regions of enhanced TEC over North America, Europe, and Japan first appeared in the mid-latitude regions. The TEC enhancements over North America showed a rapid longitudinal expansion and reached a wide longitudinal extent during the initial and main phases of the geomagnetic st ...

Sori, T.; Shinbori, A.; Otsuka, Y.; Tsugawa, T.; Nishioka, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026713

Effects of CME and CIR induced geomagnetic storms on low-latitude ionization over Indian longitudes in terms of neutral dynamics

This paper presents the response of the ionosphere during the intense geomagnetic storms of October 12\textendash20, 2016 and May 26\textendash31, 2017 which occurred during the declining phase of the solar cycle 24. Total Electron Content (TEC) from GPS measured at Indore, Calcutta and Siliguri having geomagnetic dips varying from 32.23\textdegreeN, 32\textdegreeN and 39.49\textdegreeN respectively and at the International GNSS Service (IGS) stations at Lucknow (beyond anomaly crest), Hyderabad (between geomagnetic equat ...

Chakraborty, S.; Ray, S.; Sur, D.; Datta, A.; Paul, A.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 10/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.09.047

Signatures of Sudden Storm Commencement on the equatorial thermospheric dayglow

It has been observed that the OI 630.0\ nm dayglow emission over a dip equatorial station, Trivandrum (8.5\textdegree\ N, 77\textdegree\ E, dip 0.5\textdegree\ N), India registered an abrupt increase of\ ~\ 2000\ R during the compression phase of the magnetosphere as dictated by a sudden increase in solar wind ram pressure. Furthermore, an unusual depletion of these emissions has been observed during the eastward interplanetary electric field (IEF), concomitant with southward excursion o ...

Sumod, Sukumarn; Pant, Tarun; Ajesh, Asokan;

Published by: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate      Published on: 06/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2019026

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

Published by: Light: Science \& Applications      Published on: 05/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

L-band scintillation and TEC variations on St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storm of 17 March 2015 over Indian longitudes using GPS and GLONASS observations

The aim of the present study is to investigate the response of ionospheric total electron content (TEC), Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) scintillations during 17 March 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storm over Visakhapatnam, which is popularly known as Waltair (WALT) in the literature. GPS TEC observations obtained from five IGS stations (SGOC, IISC, HYDE, LCK4 and LHAZ) and WALT during the storm have been compared. The TEC derived from GPS, GLONASS conste ...

Srinivasu, K; Prasad, D; Niranjan, K; Seemala, Gopi; Venkatesh, K;

Published by: Journal of Earth System Science      Published on: 03/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1007/s12040-019-1097-6

2018

Signatures of the Solar Transient Disturbances Over the Low Latitude Ionosphere During 6 to 8 September 2017

Low latitude ionospheric behavior during solar transient disturbances of solar flares and storm time penetrating electric fields comprises an important part of the Earth\textquoterights space weather. The flares enhance the electron density of the sunlit ionosphere by supplying excess solar radiation. However, the degree of these density changes is subjective if a geomagnetic storm persists simultaneously. The present case study addresses the ionospheric variations over the Indian longitudes under the combined effects of ...

Bagiya, Mala; Thampi, Smitha; Hui, Debrup; Sunil, A.; Chakrabarty, D.; Choudhary, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025496

Storm Time Variation of Radiative Cooling by Nitric Oxide as Observed by TIMED-SABER and GUVI

The variation of O/N2 (reference to N2 column density 1017\ cm-2) and nitric oxide radiative emission flux exiting the thermosphere have been studied over the Northern Hemisphere during the superstorm event of 7\textendash12 November 2004. The data have been obtained from Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) and Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) on board the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)\textquoterights Thermosphere, I ...

Bharti, Gaurav; Sunil~Krishna, M.; Bag, T.; Jain, Puneet;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024576

2016

Conjugate hemisphere ionospheric response to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms of 2013 and 2015 in the 100\textdegreeE longitude sector

The effects of the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storms of 2013 and 2015 in the equatorial and low-latitude regions of both hemispheres in the 100\textdegreeE longitude sector is investigated and compared with the response in the Indian sector at 77\textdegreeE. The data from a chain of ionosondes and GPS/Global Navigation Satellite Systems receivers at magnetic conjugate locations in the 100\textdegreeE sector have been used. The perturbation in the equatorial zonal electric field due to the prompt penetrat ...

Kalita, Bitap; Hazarika, Rumajyoti; Kakoti, Geetashree; Bhuyan, P.; Chakrabarty, D.; Seemala, G.; Wang, K.; Sharma, S.; Yokoyama, T.; Supnithi, P.; Komolmis, T.; Yatini, C; Le Huy, M.; Roy, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023119

Direct observational evidence for disturbance dynamo on the daytime low-latitude ionosphere: A case study based on the 28 June 2013 space weather event

A case of the westward disturbance dynamo (DD) electric field, influencing the daytime equatorial and low-latitude ionosphere, during a geomagnetic storm that occurred on 28\textendash29 June 2013 is presented. The GPS total electron content (TEC) observations from a network of stations in the Indian equatorial, low and middle latitude regions along with the radio beacon TEC, ionosonde, and magnetic field observations are used to study the storm time behavior of the ionosphere. Negative ionospheric storm effects were seen ...

Thampi, Smitha; Shreedevi, P.; Choudhary, R.; Pant, Tarun; Chakrabarty, D.; Sunda, S.; Mukherjee, S.; Bhardwaj, Anil;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 09/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023037

Coherent seasonal, annual, and quasi-biennial variations in ionospheric tidal/SPW amplitudes

In this study, we examine the coherent spatial and temporal modes dominating the variation of selected ionospheric tidal and stationary planetary wave (SPW) signatures from 2007 to 2013 FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate) total electron content observations using multidimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD) from the Hilbert-Huang Transform. We examine the DW1, SW2, DE3, and SPW4 components, which are driven by a variety of in situ and vertical coupl ...

Chang, Loren; Sun, Yan-Yi; Yue, Jia; Wang, Jack; Chien, Shih-Han;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022249

Peculiar features of the low-latitude and midlatitude ionospheric response to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storm of 17 March 2015

The current study aims at investigating and identifying the ionospheric effects of the geomagnetic storm that occurred during 17\textendash19 March 2015. Incidentally, with SYM-H hitting a minimum of -232\ nT, this was the strongest storm of the current solar cycle 24. The study investigates how the storm has affected the equatorial, low-latitude, and midlatitude ionosphere in the American and the European sectors using available ground-based ionosonde and GPS TEC (total electron content) data. The possible ...

Nayak, Chinmaya; Tsai, L.-C.; Su, S.-Y.; Galkin, I.; Tan, Adrian; Nofri, Ed; Jamjareegulgarn, Punyawi;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022489

Solar wind driving of ionosphere-thermosphere responses in three storms near St. Patrick\textquoterights Day in 2012, 2013, and 2015

We identify interplanetary plasma regions associated with three intense interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs)-driven geomagnetic storm intervals which occurred around the same time of the year: day of year 74\textendash79 (March) of 2012, 2013, and 2015. We show that differences in solar wind drivers lead to different dynamical ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) responses and to different preconditioning of the IT system. We introduce a new hourly based global metric for average low-latitude and northern middle-latitude ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.; Tsurutani, B.; Mannucci, A.; Mlynczak, M.; Hunt, L.; Paxton, L.; Komjathy, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022883

Ionospheric data assimilation with thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model and GPS-TEC during geomagnetic storm conditions

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of rapid assimilation-forecast cycling on the performance of ionospheric data assimilation during geomagnetic storm conditions. An ensemble Kalman filter software developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), called Data Assimilation Research Testbed, is applied to assimilate ground-based GPS total electron content (TEC) observations into a theoretical numerical model of the thermosphere and ionosphere (NCAR thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodyn ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Matsuo, T.; Chen, W.; Lee, I.; Liu, J; Lin, J.; Hsu, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021787

Ionospheric data assimilation with thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model and GPS-TEC during geomagnetic storm conditions

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of rapid assimilation-forecast cycling on the performance of ionospheric data assimilation during geomagnetic storm conditions. An ensemble Kalman filter software developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), called Data Assimilation Research Testbed, is applied to assimilate ground-based GPS total electron content (TEC) observations into a theoretical numerical model of the thermosphere and ionosphere (NCAR thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodyn ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Matsuo, T.; Chen, W.; Lee, I.; Liu, J; Lin, J.; Hsu, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021787

Effects of the Equatorial Ionosphere Anomaly on the Inter-Hemispheric Circulation in the Thermosphere

We investigate the interhemispheric circulation at the solstices, in order to understand why O/N2\ is larger in the northern hemisphere winter than in the southern hemisphere winter. Our studies reveal that the equatorial ionosphere anomaly (EIA) significantly impacts the summer-to-winter wind through plasma-neutral collisional heating, which changes the summer-to-winter pressure gradient, and ion drag. Consequently, the wind is suppressed in the summer hemisphere as it encounters the EIA but accelerates a ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Hsu, V.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022169

Equatorial ionization anomaly; interhemispheric circulation; ionosphere winter anomaly; plasma-neutral collisional heating; thermosphere composition; vertical advection

Ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) response to solar wind forcing during magnetic storms

During magnetic storms, there is a strong response in the ionosphere and thermosphere which occurs at polar latitudes. Energy input in the form of Poynting flux and energetic particle precipitation, and energy output in the form of heated ions and neutrals have been detected at different altitudes and all local times. We have analyzed a number of storms, using satellite data from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP), the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE), Gravity field and steady-state Ocean C ...

Huang, Cheryl; Huang, Yanshi; Su, Yi-Jiun; Sutton, Eric; Hairston, Marc; Coley, William;

Published by: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate      Published on: 01/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2015041

Energy distribution; Ionosphere; polar cap; solar wind; thermosphere

Ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) response to solar wind forcing during magnetic storms

During magnetic storms, there is a strong response in the ionosphere and thermosphere which occurs at polar latitudes. Energy input in the form of Poynting flux and energetic particle precipitation, and energy output in the form of heated ions and neutrals have been detected at different altitudes and all local times. We have analyzed a number of storms, using satellite data from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP), the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE), Gravity field and steady-state Ocean C ...

Huang, Cheryl; Huang, Yanshi; Su, Yi-Jiun; Sutton, Eric; Hairston, Marc; Coley, William;

Published by: Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate      Published on: 01/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2015041

Energy distribution; Ionosphere; polar cap; solar wind; thermosphere

Sparse Hierarchical Nonparametric Bayesian learning for light field representation and denoising

In this paper, we present a sparse hierarchical non-parametric Bayesian (SHNB) model, which is used to represent the data captured by the light field cameras. Specifically, a light field can be represented as a set of sub-aperture views. In order to capture the visual variations of these viewpoints, we propose the so-called \textquotedblleftdepth flow\textquotedblright features. Then based on the depth flow features, we model these views statistically with a sparse representation in a fully unsupervised manner. While loca ...

Sun, Xing; Meng, Nan; Xu, Zhimin; Lam, Edmund; So, Hayden;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1109/IJCNN.2016.7727617

2015

Climatology of equatorial plasma bubble observed by MyRTKnet over the years 2008\textendash2013

Malaysia Real-Time Kinematics GNSS Network (MyRTKnet) which consists of 78 GPS receivers was used to investigate the occurrence of equatorial plasma bubble (EPB) along 96\textdegreeE-120\textdegreeE longitude. In this study, we present the monthly occurrence rate of EPB along the geographical longitudes of 96\textdegreeE-120\textdegreeE for a half of solar cycle period (2008-2013). A 2D map of rate of TEC change index (ROTI) projected at 300 km altitude was derived from the signal paths between GPS satellites and the rece ...

Buhari, S.; Abdullah, M.; Yokoyama, T.; Hasbi, A.; Otsuka, Y.; Nishioka, M.; Bahari, S.A.; Tsugawa, T.;

Published by:       Published on: 08/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1109/IconSpace.2015.7283752

Climatology of equatorial plasma bubble observed by MyRTKnet over the years 2008\textendash2013

Malaysia Real-Time Kinematics GNSS Network (MyRTKnet) which consists of 78 GPS receivers was used to investigate the occurrence of equatorial plasma bubble (EPB) along 96\textdegreeE-120\textdegreeE longitude. In this study, we present the monthly occurrence rate of EPB along the geographical longitudes of 96\textdegreeE-120\textdegreeE for a half of solar cycle period (2008-2013). A 2D map of rate of TEC change index (ROTI) projected at 300 km altitude was derived from the signal paths between GPS satellites and the rece ...

Buhari, S.; Abdullah, M.; Yokoyama, T.; Hasbi, A.; Otsuka, Y.; Nishioka, M.; Bahari, S.A.; Tsugawa, T.;

Published by:       Published on: 08/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1109/IconSpace.2015.7283752

Use of radio occultation to probe the high-latitude ionosphere

We have explored the use of COSMIC data to provide valuable scientific information on the ionospheric impacts of energetic particle precipitation during geomagnetic storms. Ionospheric electron density in the E region, and hence ionospheric conductivity, is significantly altered by precipitating particles from the magnetosphere. This has global impacts on the thermosphere\textendashionosphere because of the important role of conductivity on high-latitude Joule heating. Two high-speed stream (HSS) and two coronal mass ejec ...

Mannucci, A.; Tsurutani, B.; Verkhoglyadova, O.; Komjathy, A.; Pi, X.;

Published by: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques      Published on: 07/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-2789-2015

A case study of ionospheric storm effects in the Chinese sector during the October 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this study, we investigate the ionospheric storm effects in the Chinese sector during 2 October 2013 geomagnetic storm. The TEC map over China sector (1\textdegree\ \texttimes\ 1\textdegree) and eight ionosondes data along the longitude of 110\textdegreeE are used to show significant positive ionospheric phases (enhancements in TEC and ionospheric peak electron density NmF2) in the high-middle latitude region and the negative effects at the low latitude and equatorial region during the storm. A wave structure ...

Mao, Tian; Sun, Lingfeng; Hu, Lianhuan; Wang, Yungang; Wang, Zhijun;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 06/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2015.05.045

Ionospheric storm; Neutral wind; LSTIDs; PPEF; DDEF

Transpolar arc observation after solar wind entry into the high-latitude magnetosphere

Recently, Cluster observations have revealed the presence of new regions of solar wind plasma entry at the high-latitude magnetospheric lobes tailward of the cusp region, mostly during periods of northward interplanetary magnetic field. In this study, observations from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) experiment on board the TIMED spacecraft and Wideband Imaging Camera imager on board the IMAGE satellite are used to investigate a possible link between solar wind entry and the formation of transpolar arcs in the polar ...

Mailyan, B.; Shi, Q.; Kullen, A.; Maggiolo, R.; Zhang, Y.; Fear, R.; Zong, Q.-G.; Fu, S; Gou, X.; Cao, X.; Yao, Z.; Sun, W.; Wei, Y.; Pu, Z;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020912

magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; transpolar arcs; in situ measurements

2014

Continuous generation and two-dimensional structure of equatorial plasma bubbles observed by high-density GPS receivers in Southeast Asia

High-density GPS receivers located in Southeast Asia (SEA) were utilized to study the two-dimensional structure of ionospheric plasma irregularities in the equatorial region. The longitudinal and latitudinal variations of tens of kilometer-scale irregularities associated with equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) were investigated using two-dimensional maps of the rate of total electron content change index (ROTI) from 127 GPS receivers with an average spacing of about 50\textendash100 km. The longitudinal variations of the tw ...

Buhari, S.; Abdullah, M.; Hasbi, A.; Otsuka, Y.; Yokoyama, T.; Nishioka, M.; Tsugawa, T.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 12/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.1210.1002/2014JA020433

equatorial plasma bubble; GPS-ROTI map; GPS-TEC

Continuous generation and two-dimensional structure of equatorial plasma bubbles observed by high-density GPS receivers in Southeast Asia

High-density GPS receivers located in Southeast Asia (SEA) were utilized to study the two-dimensional structure of ionospheric plasma irregularities in the equatorial region. The longitudinal and latitudinal variations of tens of kilometer-scale irregularities associated with equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) were investigated using two-dimensional maps of the rate of total electron content change index (ROTI) from 127 GPS receivers with an average spacing of about 50\textendash100 km. The longitudinal variations of the tw ...

Buhari, S.; Abdullah, M.; Hasbi, A.; Otsuka, Y.; Yokoyama, T.; Nishioka, M.; Tsugawa, T.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 12/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.1210.1002/2014JA020433

equatorial plasma bubble; GPS-ROTI map; GPS-TEC

Interplanetary magnetic field By control of prompt total electron content increases during superstorms

Large magnitude increases in ionospheric total electron content (TEC) that occur over 1\textendash3\ h on the dayside are a significant manifestation of the main phases of superstorms. For the largest superstorms of solar cycle 23 (based on the Dst index), ground networks of GPS receivers measured peak total electron content increases greater than a factor of 2 relative to quiet time TEC averaged over the broad latitude band \textpm40\textdegree for local times 1200\textendash1600\ LT. Near 30\textdegre ...

Mannucci, A.J.; Crowley, G.; Tsurutani, B.T.; Verkhoglyadova, O.P.; Komjathy, A.; Stephens, P.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.01.001

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere

Ionospheric TEC, thermospheric cooling and Σ[O/N2] compositional changes during the 6\textendash17 March 2012 magnetic storm interval (CAWSES II)

A series of four geomagnetic storms (the minimum SYM-H~-148\ nT) occurred during the March 6\textendash17, 2012 in the ascending phase of the solar cycle 24. This interval was selected by CAWSES II for its campaign. The GPS total electron content (TEC) database and JPL\textquoterights Global Ionospheric Maps (GIM) were used to study vertical TEC (VTEC) for different local times and latitude ranges. The largest response to geomagnetic activity is shown in increases of the low-latitude dayside VTEC. Several GPS sites f ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.P.; Tsurutani, B.T.; Mannucci, A.J.; Mlynczak, M.G.; Hunt, L.A.; Paxton, L.J.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.11.009

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere; thermosphere

Meteor radar wind over Chung-Li (24.9\textdegreeN, 121\textdegreeE), Taiwan, for the period 10-25 November 2012 which includes Leonid meteor shower: Comparison with empirical model and satellite measurements

The neutral winds in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region are measured by a newly installed meteor trail detection system (or meteor radar) at Chung-Li, Taiwan, for the period 10\textendash25 November 2012, which includes the Leonid meteor shower period. In this study, we use the 3 m field-aligned plasma irregularities in the sporadic E (Es) region in combination with the International Geomagnetic Reference Field model to calibrate the system phase biases such that the true posit ...

Su, C.; Chen, H.; Chu, Y.; Chung, M.; Kuong, R.; Lin, T.; Tzeng, K.; Wang, C; Wu, K.; Yang, K.;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013RS005273

HWM07; radar meteor wind; tide

Effects of prolonged southward interplanetary magnetic field on low-latitude ionospheric electron density

The present work describes the low-latitude ionospheric variability during an unusually prolonged (~33 h) geomagnetically disturbed condition that prevailed during 15\textendash16 July 2012. The low-latitude electron density in summer hemisphere, investigated using ground- and satellite-based observations, responded to this by generating strong negative ionospheric storm on 16 July. The maximum electron density on 16 July over Indian low latitudes was reduced by more than 50\% compared to that on a geomagnetically quiet d ...

Bagiya, Mala; Hazarika, Rumajyoti; Laskar, Fazlul; Sunda, Surendra; Gurubaran, S.; Chakrabarty, D.; Bhuyan, P.; Sridharan, R.; Veenadhari, B.; Pallamraju, D.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020156

low-latitude ionosphere; neutral winds; prolonged southward IMF Bz; thermospheric neutral composition

Solar filament impact on 21 January 2005: Geospace consequences

On 21 January 2005, a moderate magnetic storm produced a number of anomalous features, some seen more typically during superstorms. The aim of this study is to establish the differences in the space environment from what we expect (and normally observe) for a storm of this intensity, which make it behave in some ways like a superstorm. The storm was driven by one of the fastest interplanetary coronal mass ejections in solar cycle 23, containing a piece of the dense erupting solar filament material. The momentum of the mas ...

Kozyra, J.; Liemohn, M.; Cattell, C.; De Zeeuw, D.; Escoubet, C.; Evans, D.; Fang, X.; Fok, M.-C.; Frey, H.; Gonzalez, W.; Hairston, M.; Heelis, R.; Lu, G.; Manchester, W.; Mende, S.; Paxton, L.; Rastaetter, L.; Ridley, A.; Sandanger, M.; Soraas, F.; Sotirelis, T.; Thomsen, M.; Tsurutani, B.; Verkhoglyadova, O.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019748

cold dense plasma sheet; Equatorial anomaly; magnetotail; precipitation; prompt penetration electric field; solar filament

Ionization due to electron and proton precipitation during the August 2011 storm

The parameterizations of monoenergetic particle impact ionization in Fang et al. (2010) (Fang2010) and Fang et al. (2013) (Fang2013) are applied to the complex energy spectra measured by DMSP F16 satellite to calculate the ionization rates from electron and ion precipitations for a Northern Hemisphere pass from 0030 UT to 0106 UT on 6 August 2011. Clear enhancement of electron flux is found in the polar cap. The mean electron energy in the polar cap is mostly above 100 eV, while the mean energy in the auroral zone is typi ...

Huang, Yanshi; Huang, Cheryl; Su, Yi-Jiun; Deng, Yue; Fang, Xiaohua;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019671

Fang 2010 parameterization; Fang 2013 parameterization; particle impact ionization; polar cap

Variations of the neutral temperature and sodium density between 80 and 107 km above Troms\o during the winter of 2010-2011 by a new solid-state sodium lidar

A new solid-state sodium lidar installed at Ramfjordmoen, Troms\o (69.6\textdegreeN, 19.2\textdegreeE), started observations of neutral temperature together with sodium density in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) region on 1 October 2010. The new lidar provided temperature data with a time resolution of 10 min and with good quality between \~80 and \~105 km from October 2010 to March 2011. This paper aims at introducing the new lidar with its observational results obtained over the first 6 months of observations. W ...

Nozawa, S.; Kawahara, T.; Saito, N.; Hall, C.; Tsuda, T.; Kawabata, T.; Wada, S.; Brekke, A.; Takahashi, T.; Fujiwara, H.; Ogawa, Y.; Fujii, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019520

Joule heating; neutral temperature; polar MLT; sodium lidar

2013

Ion-neutral coupling during deep solar minimum

The equatorial ionosphere under conditions of deep solar minimum exhibits structuring due to tidal forces. Data from instruments carried by the Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System (C/NOFS) which was launched in April 2008 have been analyzed for the first 2 years following launch. The Planar Langmuir Probe (PLP), Ion Velocity Meter (IVM) and Vector Electric Field Investigation (VEFI) all detect periodic structures during the 2008\textendash2010 period which appear to be tides. However when the tidal features ...

Huang, Cheryl; Roddy, Patrick; Sutton, Eric; Stoneback, Russell; Pfaff, Robert; Gentile, Louise; Delay, Susan;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 10/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.11.009

Equatorial ionosphere; Nonmigrating tides; Plasma depletions; thermosphere

Storm time spatial variations in TEC during moderate geomagnetic storms in extremely low solar activity conditions (2007\textendash2009) over Indian region

The total electron content (TEC) measurements from a network of GPS receivers were analyzed to investigate the storm time spatial response of ionosphere over the Indian longitude sector. The GPS receivers from the GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) network which are uniquely located around the \~77\textdegreeE longitude are used in the present study so as to get the complete latitudinal coverage from the magnetic equator to low mid-latitude region. We have selected the most intense storms but of moderate intensity ...

Sunda, Surendra; Vyas, B.M.; Khekale, P.V.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 07/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2013.03.006

Electrodynamics; Equatorial and low-latitude; geomagnetic storm; Total electron content (TEC)

Ground-based GPS observation of SED-associated irregularities over CONUS

\ It has been known that steep total electron content (TEC) gradients observed at the boundary between the storm-enhanced plasma density (SED) and the low TEC region at subauroral and midlatitude regions are associated with ionospheric irregularities that impact communication and navigation systems. However, the relationship between the SED-associated irregularities and TEC gradients is still not well understood, partly because of the difficulties of resolving small-scale TEC gradients from sparsely distributed TEC o ...

Sun, Yang-Yi; Matsuo, Tomoko; Araujo-Pradere, Eduardo; Liu, Jann-Yenq;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018103

data assimilation; irregularity; nonstationary covariance; SED; TEC gradient

Ground-based GPS observation of SED-associated irregularities over CONUS

\ It has been known that steep total electron content (TEC) gradients observed at the boundary between the storm-enhanced plasma density (SED) and the low TEC region at subauroral and midlatitude regions are associated with ionospheric irregularities that impact communication and navigation systems. However, the relationship between the SED-associated irregularities and TEC gradients is still not well understood, partly because of the difficulties of resolving small-scale TEC gradients from sparsely distributed TEC o ...

Sun, Yang-Yi; Matsuo, Tomoko; Araujo-Pradere, Eduardo; Liu, Jann-Yenq;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018103

data assimilation; irregularity; nonstationary covariance; SED; TEC gradient

Physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms

The paper studies the physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes, which are generally opposite both during the main phase (MP) and recovery phase (RP) of geomagnetic storms. The mechanisms are based on the natural tendency of physical systems to occupy minimum energy state which is most stable. The paper first illustrates the recent developments in the understanding of the mechanisms during daytime MPs when generally negative ionospheric storms (in Nmax and TEC) develop at equatorial ...

Balan, N.; Otsuka, Y.; Nishioka, M.; Liu, J; Bailey, G.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50275

Geomagnetic storms; Ionospheric storms; physical mechanisms

Variability of ionospheric TEC during solar and geomagnetic minima (2008 and 2009): external high speed stream drivers

We study solar wind\textendashionosphere coupling through the late declining phase/solar minimum and geomagnetic minimum phases during the last solar cycle (SC23) \textendash 2008 and 2009. This interval was characterized by sequences of high-speed solar wind streams (HSSs). The concomitant geomagnetic response was moderate geomagnetic storms and high-intensity, long-duration continuous auroral activity (HILDCAA) events. The JPL Global Ionospheric Map (GIM) software and the GPS total electron content (TEC) database were u ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.; Tsurutani, B.; Mannucci, A.; Mlynczak, M.; Hunt, L.; Runge, T.;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: 01/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-31-263-2013

Ionosphere; Magnetospheric physics; Storms; substorms

2012

Ionospheric and thermospheric storms at equatorial latitudes observed by CHAMP, ROCSAT, and DMSP

Balan, N.; Liu, J; Otsuka, Y.; Ram, Tulasi; ühr, H.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016903

Response of low-latitude ionosphere to medium-term changes of solar and geomagnetic activity

Kutiev, Ivan; Otsuka, Yuichi; Pancheva, Dora; Heelis, Rod;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017641

Effects observed in the equatorial and low latitude ionospheric F-region in the Brazilian sector during low solar activity geomagnetic storms and comparison with the COSMIC measurements

The main objective of the present investigation has been to compare the ionospheric parameters (NmF2 and hmF2) observed by two ground-based ionospheric sounders (one at PALMAS- located near the magnetic equator and the other at Sao Jose dos Campos-located in the low-latitude region) in the Brazilian sector with that by the satellite FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC radio occultation (RO) measurements during two geomagnetic storms which occurred in December 2006 and July 2009. It should be pointed out that in spite of increasing the lati ...

Sahai, Y.; de Jesus, R.; Fagundes, P.R.; Selhorst, C.L.; de Abreu, A.J.; Ram, Tulasi; Aragon-Angel, A.; Pillat, V.G.; Abalde, J.R.; Lima, W.L.C.; Bittencourt, J.A.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 11/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2012.07.006

COSMIC satellite; F-region; geomagnetic storm; Ionosphere; Low solar activity

Assimilation of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC electron density profiles into a coupled thermosphere/ionosphere model using ensemble Kalman filtering

This paper presents our effort to assimilate FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (F3/C) GPS Occultation Experiment (GOX) observations into the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM) by means of ensemble Kalman filtering (EnKF). The F3/C electron density profiles (EDPs) uniformly distributed around the globe which provide an excellent opportunity to monitor the ionospheric electron density structure. The NCAR TIE-GCM simulates the Earth\textquoterights ther ...

Lee, I.; Matsuo, T.; Richmond, A.; Liu, J; Wang, W.; Lin, C.; Anderson, J.; Chen, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 10/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017700

data assimilation; ensemble Kalman filter; FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; Ionosphere

The global thermospheric and ionospheric response to the 2008 minor sudden stratospheric warming event

This paper presents a study of thermospheric and ionospheric response to the 2008 minor sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event. This period was characterized by low solar and geomagnetic activity. The study was performed using the Global Self-consistent Model of Thermosphere, Ionosphere, and Protonosphere (GSM TIP). Model results were compared with ionosonde data from Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Sao Jose dos Campos, and Jicamarca. The SSW event was modeled by specifying the temperature and density perturbations at the lower b ...

Korenkov, Y.; Klimenko, V.; Klimenko, M.; Bessarab, F.; Korenkova, N.; Ratovsky, K.; Chernigovskaya, M.; Shcherbakov, A.; Sahai, Y.; Fagundes, P.; de Jesus, R.; de Abreu, A.; Condor, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 10/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018018

Electric field; Ionosphere; sudden stratospheric warming; thermosphere

The Design of Space Scanning Mirror Control System Based on Optimal Tracking Controller

Control system of space scanning mirror has high requirement of scanning accuracy. The use of optimal tracking controller, instead of traditional PID controller, can effectively improve the scanning accuracy of space scanning mirror control system. State space model of the control system is established; the control system based on optimal tracking controller is designed; simulation experiment of the control system based on optimal tracking controller is carried out. The simulation result, in comparison with the system bas ...

Sui, Wen; Song, Ke; Zhang, Pei;

Published by: Advanced Materials Research      Published on: 07/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.546-54710.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.546-547.790



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