GUVI Biblio





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Found 211 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2020

Aurora in the Polar Cap: A Review

This paper reviews our current understanding of auroral features that appear poleward of the main auroral oval within the polar cap, especially those that are known as Sun-aligned arcs, transpolar arcs, or theta auroras. They tend to appear predominantly during periods of quiet geomagnetic activity or northwards directed interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). We also introduce polar rain aurora which has been considered as a phenomenon on open field lines. We describe the morphology of such auroras, their ...

Hosokawa, Keisuke; Kullen, Anita; Milan, Steve; Reidy, Jade; Zou, Ying; Frey, Harald; Maggiolo, Romain; Fear, Robert;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-020-0637-3

Diffuse and Pulsating Aurora

This chapter reviews fundamental properties and recent advances of diffuse and pulsating aurora. Diffuse and pulsating aurora often occurs on closed field lines and involves energetic electron precipitation by wave-particle interaction. After summarizing the definition, large-scale morphology, types of pulsation, and driving processes, we review observation techniques, occurrence, duration, altitude, evolution, small-scale structures, fast modulation, relation to high-energy precipitation, the role of E ...

Nishimura, Yukitoshi; Lessard, Marc; Katoh, Yuto; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi; Grono, Eric; Partamies, Noora; Sivadas, Nithin; Hosokawa, Keisuke; Fukizawa, Mizuki; Samara, Marilia; Michell, Robert; Kataoka, Ryuho; Sakanoi, Takeshi; Whiter, Daniel; Oyama, Shin-ichiro; Ogawa, Yasunobu; Kurita, Satoshi;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 01/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-019-0629-3

Diffuse and Pulsating Aurora

This chapter reviews fundamental properties and recent advances of diffuse and pulsating aurora. Diffuse and pulsating aurora often occurs on closed field lines and involves energetic electron precipitation by wave-particle interaction. After summarizing the definition, large-scale morphology, types of pulsation, and driving processes, we review observation techniques, occurrence, duration, altitude, evolution, small-scale structures, fast modulation, relation to high-energy precipitation, the role of E ...

Nishimura, Yukitoshi; Lessard, Marc; Katoh, Yuto; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi; Grono, Eric; Partamies, Noora; Sivadas, Nithin; Hosokawa, Keisuke; Fukizawa, Mizuki; Samara, Marilia; Michell, Robert; Kataoka, Ryuho; Sakanoi, Takeshi; Whiter, Daniel; Oyama, Shin-ichiro; Ogawa, Yasunobu; Kurita, Satoshi;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 01/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-019-0629-3

Impacts of Binning Methods on High-Latitude Electrodynamic Forcing: Static Versus Boundary-Oriented Binning Methods

An outstanding issue in the general circulation model simulations for Earth\textquoterights upper atmosphere is the inaccurate estimation of Joule heating, which could be associated with the inaccuracy of empirical models for high-latitude electrodynamic forcing. The binning methods used to develop those empirical models may contribute to the inaccuracy. Traditionally, data are binned through a static binning approach by using fixed geomagnetic coordinates, in which the dynamic nature of the forcing is ...

Zhu, Qingyu; Deng, Yue; Richmond, Arthur; Maute, Astrid; Chen, Yun-Ju; Hairston, Marc; Kilcommons, Liam; Knipp, Delores; Redmon, Robert; Mitchell, Elizabeth;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027270

Electric field; high latitude; Joule heating; particle precipitation

Effects on the equatorial and low latitude thermosphere and ionosphere during the 19—22 December 2015 geomagnetic storm period

Mansilla, Gustavo; Zossi, MM;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Impacts of Lower Thermospheric Atomic Oxygen on Thermospheric Dynamics and Composition Using the Global Ionosphere Thermosphere Model

Malhotra, Garima; Ridley, Aaron; Marsh, Daniel; Wu, Chen; Paxton, Larry; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Impacts of Lower Thermospheric Atomic Oxygen on Thermospheric Dynamics and Composition Using the Global Ionosphere Thermosphere Model

Malhotra, Garima; Ridley, Aaron; Marsh, Daniel; Wu, Chen; Paxton, Larry; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Drivers and Prediction of Variability in Earth’s Ionosphere and Thermosphere: New Observations from Missions I

Immel, Thomas; Greer, Katelynn; Lieberman, Ruth; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

SIHLA, a Mission of Opportunity to L1 to Map H Lyman Alpha Emissions from the Heliopause, the Interplanetary Medium, the Earth s Geocorona and Comets

Paxton, Larry; Provornikova, Elena; Roelof, Edmond; emerais, Eric; Izmodenov, Vladislav; Katushkina, Olga; Mierkiewicz, Edwin; Baliukin, Igor; Gruntman, Mike; Taguchi, Makoto; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

The Dynamical IonosphereStorms and substorms\textemdashThe new whole system approach and future challenges

This chapter covers our current understanding and recent advances in the study of Earth\textquoterights ionosphere during magnetic storms and substorms with a special focus on electrodynamics and its consequences in the past 14 years. In particular, the focus is on the new awareness of looking at the magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere (M-I-T) as a whole system that has brought us to the next level of understanding. Both ground-based observations and the new space-based observations from magneto ...

Maruyama, Naomi;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-814782-5.00009-1

2019

Morphological study on the ionospheric variability at Bharati, a polar cusp station in the southern hemisphere

Morphological features of the quiet/disturbed time variations in the Total Electron Content (TEC) at the polar cusp station Bharati (76.69\textdegreeS MLAT) during a period of 5 years starting from February 2013 to December 2017 has been studied using GPS TEC measurements. The TEC at Bharati follows a diurnal pattern with its peak appearing close to local noon/magnetic noon during the summer/winter months. A nighttime enhancement in the TEC is seen around the magnetic midnight during winter. The plasma density at Bharati ...

Shreedevi, P.R.; Choudhary, R.K.; Yu, Yiqun; Thomas, Evan;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 10/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2019.105058

Understanding the global dynamics of the equatorial ionosphere in Africa for space weather capabilities: A science case for AfrequaMARN

Lawal, Hammed; Lester, Mark; Cowley, Stanley; Milan, S.E.; Yeoman, T.K.; Provan, Gabby; Imber, Suzie; Rabiu, A.Babatunde;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 10/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.008

Upper Atmosphere Radiance Data Assimilation: A Feasibility Study for GOLD Far Ultraviolet Observations

Far ultraviolet observations of Earth\textquoterights dayglow from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission presents an unparalleled opportunity for upper atmosphere radiance data assimilation. Assimilation of the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions can be formulated in a similar fashion to lower atmosphere radiance data assimilation approaches. To provide a proof-of-concept for such an approach, this paper presents assimilation experiment ...

Cantrall, Clayton; Matsuo, Tomoko; Solomon, Stanley;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026910

Effects on the equatorial and low latitude thermosphere and ionosphere during the 19\textendash22 December 2015 geomagnetic storm period

In this paper, the critical frequency of F2 layer (foF2) and their peak height (hmF2) recorded at equatorial and low latitude stations of the South American sector were analyzed during the 19\textendash22 December 2015 geomagnetic storm period. We have observed initially decreases of foF2 at equatorial and low latitudes over the North crest of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) and almost no effect over the South crest. These initial negative storm effects can be fully explained by the penetration of a westward elect ...

Mansilla, G.A.; Zossi, M.M.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 09/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.09.025

Global-Scale Observations of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk ultraviolet spectrograph has been imaging the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA), regions of the ionosphere with enhanced electron density north and south of the magnetic equator, since October 2018. The initial 3 months of observations was during solar minimum conditions, and they included observations in December solstice of unanticipated variability and depleted regions. Depletions are seen on most nights, in contrast to e ...

Eastes, R.; Solomon, S.; Daniell, R.; Anderson, D.; Burns, A.; England, S.; Martinis, C.; McClintock, W.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019GL084199

An Opposite Response of the Low-Latitude Ionosphere at Asian and American Sectors During Storm Recovery Phases: Drivers From Below or Above

n this study, we focus on the recovery phase of a geomagnetic storm that happened on 6\textendash11 September 2017. The ground-based total electron content data, as well as the F region in situ electron density, measured by the Swarm satellites show an interesting feature, revealing at low and equatorial latitudes on the dayside ionosphere prominent positive and negative responses at the Asian and American longitudinal sectors, respectively. The global distribution of thermospheric O/N2 ratio measured ...

Xiong, Chao; Lühr, Hermann; Yamazaki, Yosuke;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026917

Ionospheric disturbances at low and mid-low latitudes of the South American sector during the March 2015 great storm

Mansilla, Gustavo;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 06/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.02.009

Evaluation of Space Traffic Effects in SBUV Polar Mesospheric Cloud Data

Water-rich rocket exhaust plumes, in particular those emitted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Shuttle, have been suggested to make a significant contribution to long-term trends in polar mesospheric cloud (PMC) ice water content. We investigate this claim using the combined Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SBUV) PMC data record from eight separate instruments, which includes 60 Shuttle launches during PMC seasons between 1985 and 2011. No statistically significant postlaunch signal in PMC total ic ...

DeLand, Matthew; Thomas, Gary;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres      Published on: 03/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018JD029756

L-band scintillation and TEC variations on St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storm of 17 March 2015 over Indian longitudes using GPS and GLONASS observations

The aim of the present study is to investigate the response of ionospheric total electron content (TEC), Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) scintillations during 17 March 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storm over Visakhapatnam, which is popularly known as Waltair (WALT) in the literature. GPS TEC observations obtained from five IGS stations (SGOC, IISC, HYDE, LCK4 and LHAZ) and WALT during the storm have been compared. The TEC derived from GPS, GLONASS conste ...

Srinivasu, K; Prasad, D; Niranjan, K; Seemala, Gopi; Venkatesh, K;

Published by: Journal of Earth System Science      Published on: 03/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1007/s12040-019-1097-6

Space Weather Modeling Capabilities Assessment: Auroral Precipitation and High-Latitude Ionospheric Electrodynamics

As part of its International Capabilities Assessment effort, the Community Coordinated Modeling Center initiated several working teams, one of which is focused on the validation of models and methods for determining auroral electrodynamic parameters, including particle precipitation, conductivities, electric fields, neutral density and winds, currents, Joule heating, auroral boundaries, and ion outflow. Auroral electrodynamic properties are needed as input to space weather models, to test and validate the accuracy of phys ...

Robinson, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang; Garcia-Sage, Katherine; Fang, Xiaohua; Verkhoglyadova, Olga; Ngwira, Chigomezyo; Bingham, Suzy; Kosar, Burcu; Zheng, Yihua; Kaeppler, Stephen; Liemohn, Michael; Weygand, James; Crowley, Geoffrey; Merkin, Viacheslav; McGranaghan, Ryan; Mannucci, Anthony;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 01/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW002127

Small structural differences between two ferrocenyl diphenols determine large discrepancies of reactivity and biological effects

Tonolo, Federica; Salmain, Michèle; Scalcon, Valeria; Top, Siden; Pigeon, Pascal; Folda, Alessandra; Caron, Benoit; Mcglinchey, Michael; Toillon, Robert-Alain; Bindoli, Alberto; , others;

Published by: ChemMedChem      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Critical issues in ionospheric data quality and implications for scientific studies

Araujo-Pradere, E; Weatherhead, EC; Dandenault, PB; Bilitza, D; Wilkinson, P; Coker, C; Akmaev, R; Beig, G; a, Bure\^sov\; Paxton, LJ; , others;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Understanding the Effects of Earth s Lower Atmosphere on Upper Ionospheric-Thermospheric Semi Annual Oscillation-Using GITM, MSIS and WACCM-X

Malhotra, Garima; Ridley, Aaron; Marsh, Daniel; Wu, Chen; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Understanding the Effects of Earth s Lower Atmosphere on Upper Ionospheric-Thermospheric Semi Annual Oscillation-Using GITM, MSIS and WACCM-X

Malhotra, Garima; Ridley, Aaron; Marsh, Daniel; Wu, Chen; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Global-scale observations of the equatorial ionization anomaly

Eastes, RW; Solomon, SC; Daniell, RE; Anderson, DN; Burns, AG; England, SL; Martinis, CR; McClintock, WE;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Understanding the global dynamics of the equatorial ionosphere in Africa for space weather capabilities: A science case for AfrequaMARN

Lawal, Hammed; Lester, Mark; Cowley, Stanley; Milan, SE; Yeoman, TK; Provan, Gabby; Imber, Suzie; Rabiu, Babatunde;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

An opposite response of the low-latitude ionosphere at Asian and American sectors during storm recovery phases: Drivers from below or above

Xiong, Chao; Lühr, Hermann; Yamazaki, Yosuke;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Global-scale Observations of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly

Solomon, RW; Daniell, RE; Anderson, DN; Burns, AG; England, SL; Martinis, CR; McClintock, WE;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

SIHlA-Spatial/spectral imaging of hydrogen Lyman alpha

Paxton, L; Roelof, E; Lisse, C; Vervack, R; McNutt, R; Provornikova, E; Cox, A; Dyster, J; Gruntman, M; Katushkina, O; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Advances in Auroral Studies I

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Robinson, Robert; MacDonald, Elizabeth; Mitchell, Elizabeth;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

First Time Estimation of Thermospheric Neutral Density Profiles From Seed Perturbations of ESF Triggering: A Novel Evidence for Ionosphere Thermosphere Coupling

The present study reveals the coupling between the neutral densities, derived from the Global Ultraviolet Imager satellite and the requisite gravity wave seed perturbations for equatorial spread F occurrence (Manju et al., 2016, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2015.12.019), derived from the ionosonde data at Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN, 77\textdegreeE). Further, the relation between the above two parameters is found to have solar flux depe ...

Manju, G.; Aswathy, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025967

A case study comparing citizen science aurora data with global auroral boundaries derived from satellite imagery and empirical models

Kosar, Burcu; MacDonald, Elizabeth; Case, Nathan; Zhang, Yongliang; Mitchell, Elizabeth; Viereck, Rodney;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.05.006

Comparison of the Thermospheric Nitric Oxide Emission Observations and the GITM Simulations: Sensitivity to Solar and Geomagnetic Activities

An accurate estimate of the energy budget (heating and cooling) of the ionosphere and thermosphere, especially during space weather events, has been a challenge. The abundance of Nitric Oxide (NO), a minor species in the thermosphere, is an important component of energy balance here because its production comes from energy sources able to break the strong bond of molecular nitrogen, and infrared emissions from NO play an important role in thermospheric cooling. Recent studies have significantly improved our understanding ...

Lin, Cissi; Deng, Yue; Venkataramani, Karthik; Yonker, Justin; Bailey, Scott;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025310

Ionospheric response to solar EUV variations: Preliminary results

We investigate the ionospheric response to solar Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) variations using different proxies, based on solar EUV spectra observed from the Solar Extreme Ultraviolet Experiment (SEE) onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite, the F10.7 index (solar irradiance at 10.7cm), and the Bremen composite Mg-II index during January 2003 to December 2016. The daily mean solar proxies are compared with global mean Total Electron Content (GTEC) values calculated from globa ...

Vaishnav, Rajesh; Jacobi, Christoph; Berdermann, Jens; Schmölter, Erik; Codrescu, Mihail;

Published by: Advances in Radio Science      Published on: 09/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.5194/ars-16-157-2018

Changes in the middle and upper atmosphere parameters during the January 2013 sudden stratospheric warming

We present the results of complex obser-vationsof various parameters of the middle and upper atmosphere over Siberia in December 2012 \textendashJanuary 2013, during a major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event. We analyze variations in ozone concentra-tion from microwave measurements, in stratosphere and lower mesosphere temperatures from lidar and satellite measurements, in the F2-layer critical frequency (foF2), in the total electron content (TEC), as well as in the ra-tio of concentrations of atomic oxygen to mole ...

Ясюкевич, Анна; Yasyukevich, Anna; Клименко, Максим; Klimenko, Maksim; Куликов, Юрий; Kulikov, Yury; Клименко, Владимир; Klimenko, Vladimir; Бессараб, Федор; Bessarab, Fedor; Кореньков, Юрий; Korenkov, Yuriy; Маричев, Валерий; Marichev, Valery; Ратовский, Константин; Ratovsky, Konstantin; Колесник, Сергей; Kolesnik, Sergey;

Published by: Solnechno-Zemnaya Fizika      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.12737/issue_5c1b83b913d443.7589563310.12737/szf-44201807

IPIM Modeling of the Ionospheric F 2 Layer Depletion at High Latitudes During a High-Speed Stream Event

Our aim is to understand the effect of high-speed stream events on the high-latitude ionosphere and more specifically the decrease of the foF2 frequency during the entire day following the impact. First, we have selected one summertime event, for which a large data set was available: Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) and European Incoherent SCATter (EISCAT) radars, Troms\o and Sodankylä ionosondes, and the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) satellite. We ...

Marchaudon, A.; Blelly, P.-L.; Grandin, M.; Aikio, A.; Kozlovsky, A.; Virtanen, I.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025744

Statistical Relations Between Field-Aligned Currents and Precipitating Electron Energy Flux

Measurements of field-aligned currents from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment are combined with measurements of far ultraviolet emissions from the Global Ultraviolet Imager on the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite to examine the correlation between parallel currents and auroral electron energy flux. The energy flux is derived from the far ultraviolet emissions in the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands. We find that energy flux correlates wit ...

Robinson, R.; Zhang, Y.; Anderson, B.; Zanetti, L.; Korth, H.; Fitzmaurice, A.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078718

Solar activity variations of equatorial spread F occurrence and sustenance during different seasons over Indian longitudes: Empirical model and causative mechanisms

A comprehensive analysis using nearly two decades of ionosonde data is carried out on the seasonal and solar cycle variations of Equatorial Spread F (ESF) irregularities over magnetic equatorial location Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN, 77\textdegreeE). The corresponding Rayleigh Taylor (RT) instability growth rates (γ) are also estimated. A seasonal pattern of ESF occurrence and the corresponding γ is established for low solar (LSA), medium solar (MSA) and high solar (HSA) activity p ...

Haridas, M.K.; Manju, G.; Arunamani, T.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 05/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2018.02.040

Solar activity variations of equatorial spread F occurrence and sustenance during different seasons over Indian longitudes: Empirical model and causative mechanisms

A comprehensive analysis using nearly two decades of ionosonde data is carried out on the seasonal and solar cycle variations of Equatorial Spread F (ESF) irregularities over magnetic equatorial location Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN, 77\textdegreeE). The corresponding Rayleigh Taylor (RT) instability growth rates (γ) are also estimated. A seasonal pattern of ESF occurrence and the corresponding γ is established for low solar (LSA), medium solar (MSA) and high solar (HSA) activity p ...

Haridas, M.K.; Manju, G.; Arunamani, T.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 05/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2018.02.040

Multivariable Comprehensive Analysis of Two Great Geomagnetic Storms of 2015

During the year 2015 two great geomagnetic storms (Dst\ \<\ -200\ nT) occurred on 17 March and 22 June. These two geomagnetic storms have similarities. They occurred during the same decreasing phase of the sunspot cycle 24. The interplanetary and magnetospheric environments were calm before the beginning of the storms. Both events were due to Coronal Mass Ejections and High-Speed Solar Wind. Variations of the solar wind velocity and the Bz component of the interplanetary magnetic field were also similar. ...

Kashcheyev, A.; e, Migoya-Oru\; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Fleury, R.; Nava, B.; Alazo-Cuartas, K.; Radicella, S.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA024900

Ionospheric Response to the Magnetic Storm of 22 June 2015

A global study is made of the response of the total electron content of the ionosphere (TEC) to the geomagnetic storm occurred on 22 June 2015 (one of the strongest geomagnetic storms of the current Solar Cycle 24). Using data from 44 sites, a hemispheric comparison is made by considering high latitudes (\>\ 50\textdegree), middle latitudes (30\textdegree\textendash50\textdegree) and low latitudes (30\textdegreeN\textendash30\textdegreeS). The main features observed were: increases in TEC at high latitudes prior t ...

Mansilla, Gustavo;

Published by: Pure and Applied Geophysics      Published on: 03/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s00024-017-1741-5

Conjugate Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Arcs in Both Hemispheres

We report results from the analysis of a case of conjugate polar cap arcs (PCAs) observed on 5 February 2006 in the Northern Hemisphere by the ground-based Yellow River Station all-sky imager (Svalbard) and in both hemispheres by the space-based DMSP/SSUSI and TIMED/GUVI instruments. The PCA\textquoterights motion in dawn-dusk direction shows a clear dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component and presents a clear asymmetry between Southern and Northern Hemispheres, that ...

Xing, Zanyang; Zhang, Qinghe; Han, Desheng; Zhang, Yongliang; Sato, Natsuo; Zhang, Shunrong; Hu, Zejun; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yuzhang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024272

A Comparative Study of Spectral Auroral Intensity Predictions From Multiple Electron Transport Models

It is important to routinely examine and update models used to predict auroral emissions resulting from precipitating electrons in Earth\textquoterights magnetotail. These models are commonly used to invert spectral auroral ground-based images to infer characteristics about incident electron populations when in situ measurements are unavailable. In this work, we examine and compare auroral emission intensities predicted by three commonly used electron transport models using varying electron population characteristics. We ...

Grubbs, Guy; Michell, Robert; Samara, Marilia; Hampton, Donald; Hecht, James; Solomon, Stanley; Jahn, Jörg-Micha;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA025026

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Temporal Variability of Atomic Hydrogen From the Mesopause to the Upper Thermosphere

We investigate atomic hydrogen (H) variability from the mesopause to the upper thermosphere, on time scales of solar cycle, seasonal, and diurnal, using measurements made by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, and simulations by the National Center for Atmospheric Research Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model-eXtended (WACCM-X). In the mesopause region (85 to 95\ km), the seasonal and solar c ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stan; Smith, Anne; McInerney, Joseph; Hunt, Linda; Marsh, Daniel; Liu, Hanli; Mlynczak, Martin; Vitt, Francis;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024998

Changes in the Stratosphere and Ionosphere Parameters During the 2013 Major Stratospheric Warming

The paper presents the results of the complex experiment (lidar and ozonometric observations), carried out during the period of the 2013 major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) in the North Asia region. The data of this experiment were supplemented by the ionospheric parameters observations. We considered variations in the critical frequency and peak height of the ionospheric F2-layer (foF2) from ionosonde measurements in Tomsk and Irkutsk, as well as the behavior of the total electron content (TEC) based on the phase du ...

Yasyukevich, Anna; Kulikov, Yury; Klimenko, Maxim; Klimenko, Vladimir; Bessarab, Fedor; Korenkov, Yury; Marichev, Valery; Ratovsky, Konstantin; Kolesnik, Sergey;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.23919/URSI-AT-RASC.2018.8471322

2017

Detection of ionospheric anomalies during intense space weather over a low-latitude GNSS station

The operational availability of Global Navigation Satellite System is affected by large-scale irregularities of the ionosphere. The space weather events induce several intense irregularities and cause the non-linear distribution of ionospheric electron density. Monitoring of ionospheric responses due to extreme space weather events plays a key role in trans-ionospheric radio wave propagation. In the present analysis, a novel technique based on wavelet transform has been implemented for the analysis and detection of ionosp ...

Sivavaraprasad, G.; Ratnam, Venkata; Padmaja, Sree; Sharvani, V.; Saiteja, G.; Mounika, Y.; Harsha, Babu;

Published by: Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica      Published on: 12/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0190-4

Vertical Thermospheric Density Profiles From EUV Solar Occultations Made by PROBA2 LYRA for Solar Cycle 24

A new data set of summed neutral N2 and O number density profiles, spanning altitudes between 150 and 400\ km, and observed during Northern Winter from 2010 to 2016 is presented. The neutral density profiles are derived from solar occultation measurements made by the 0.1\textendash20\ nm Zr channel on the Large Yield Radiometer (LYRA) instrument on board Project for Onboard Autonomy 2 (PROBA2). The climatology derived from the vertical profiles is consistent with that predicted by the NRLMSISE-00 mode ...

Thiemann, E.; Dominique, M.; Pilinski, M.; Eparvier, F.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 12/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017SW001719

Equatorial ionospheric disturbances over the East African sector during the 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights day storm

Olwendo, O.J.; Cesaroni, C.; Yamazaki, Y.; Cilliers, P.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.06.037



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