GUVI Biblio





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Found 43 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 43


2022

Low-latitude plasma blobs above Africa: Exploiting GOLD and multi-satellite in situ measurements

Low-latitude plasma blobs are localized density enhancements of electron density that are occasionally observed in the night-time tropical ionosphere. Two-dimensional (2D) imaging of this phenomenon has been rare and frequently restricted to Central/South America, which is densely covered with ground-based airglow imagers and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers. In Africa, on the contrary, no 2D image of a blob has been reported. Here we present two low-latitude blob events above Africa, one in the Northern s ...

Park, Jaeheung; Min, Kyoung; Eastes, Richard; Chao, Chi; Kim, Hee-Eun; Lee, Junchan; Sohn, Jongdae; Ryu, Kwangsun; Seo, Hoonkyu; Yoo, Ji-Hyeon; Lee, Seunguk; Woo, Changho; Kim, Eo-Jin;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.021

COSMIC-2; GOLD; ICON; Low-latitude blobs; NextSat-1; swarm

Seasonal Variation of Thermospheric Composition Observed by NASA GOLD

We examine characteristics of the seasonal variation of thermospheric composition using column number density ratio ∑O/N2 observed by the NASA Global Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission from low-mid to mid-high latitudes. We also use ∑O/N2 derived from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurements onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite and estimated by the NRLMSISE-00 empirical model to aid our investigation. We found that the ∑O/N2 seasonal variation ...

Qian, Liying; Gan, Quan; Wang, Wenbin; Cai, Xuguang; Eastes, Richard; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030496

annual variation; GOLD observation; MSIS; seasonal variation; semiannual variation; thermosphere composition

Seasonal Variation of Thermospheric Composition Observed by NASA GOLD

We examine characteristics of the seasonal variation of thermospheric composition using column number density ratio ∑O/N2 observed by the NASA Global Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission from low-mid to mid-high latitudes. We also use ∑O/N2 derived from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurements onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite and estimated by the NRLMSISE-00 empirical model to aid our investigation. We found that the ∑O/N2 seasonal variation ...

Qian, Liying; Gan, Quan; Wang, Wenbin; Cai, Xuguang; Eastes, Richard; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030496

annual variation; GOLD observation; MSIS; seasonal variation; semiannual variation; thermosphere composition

Exospheric Temperature Measured by NASA-GOLD Under Low Solar Activity: Comparison With Other Data Sets

Exospheric temperature is one of the key parameters in constructing thermospheric models and has been extensively studied with in situ observations and remote sensing. The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) at a geosynchronous vantage point provides dayglow limb images for two longitude sectors, from which we can estimate the terrestrial exospheric temperature since 2018. In this paper, we investigate climatological behavior of the exospheric temperature measured by GOLD. The temperature has positive corre ...

Park, Jaeheung; Evans, Joseph; Eastes, Richard; Lumpe, Jerry; van den Ijssel, Jose; Englert, Christoph; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030041

Aura/MLS; exospheric temperature; GOLD; ICON; swarm; TIMED/SABER

Temporal Evolution of Low-Latitude Plasma Blobs Identified From Multiple Measurements: ICON, GOLD, and Madrigal TEC

Low-latitude plasma blobs have been studied since their first being reported in 1986. However, investigations on temporal evolution of a blob or on continental scale (\textgreater2,000 km) ionospheric contexts around it are relatively rare. Overcoming these limitations can help elucidate the blob generation mechanisms. On 21 January 2021, the Ionospheric Connection Explorer satellite encountered a typical low-latitude blob near the northeastern coast of South America. The event was collocated with a local enhancement in 135. ...

Park, Jaeheung; Huang, Chao-Song; Eastes, Richard; Coster, Anthea;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029992

GOLD; ICON; low-latitude plasma blob; Madrigal TEC

Pronounced Suppression and X-Pattern Merging of Equatorial Ionization Anomalies After the 2022 Tonga Volcano Eruption

Following the 2022 Tonga Volcano eruption, dramatic suppression and deformation of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crests occurred in the American sector ∼14,000 km away from the epicenter. The EIA crests variations and associated ionosphere-thermosphere disturbances were investigated using Global Navigation Satellite System total electron content data, Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk ultraviolet images, Ionospheric Connection Explorer wind data, and ionosonde observations. The main results are as fo ...

Aa, Ercha; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Wang, Wenbin; Erickson, Philip; Qian, Liying; Eastes, Richard; Harding, Brian; Immel, Thomas; Karan, Deepak; Daniell, Robert; Coster, Anthea; Goncharenko, Larisa; Vierinen, Juha; Cai, Xuguang; Spicher, Andres;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030527

EIA suppression and X-pattern; Equatorial ionization anomaly; GNSS TEC; GOLD UV images; ICON MIGHTI neutral wind; Tonga volcano eruption

Coordinated Observations of Rocket Exhaust Depletion: GOLD, Madrigal TEC, and Multiple Low-Earth-Orbit Satellites

A plasma density hole was created in the ionosphere by a rocket launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida near local sunset on 30 August 2020, which is called rocket exhaust depletion (RED). The hole persisted for several hours into the night and was observed in total electron content (TEC) maps, the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) imager, and multiple low-earth-orbit satellites. The RED created a nightglow pit in the GOLD 135.6 nm image. Swarm satellites found that the RED exhibited insignificant changes in ...

Park, Jaeheung; Rajesh, P.; Ivarsen, Magnus; Lin, Charles; Eastes, Richard; Chao, Chi; Coster, Anthea; Clausen, Lasse; Burchill, Johnathan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029909

GOLD; Madrigal TEC; COSMIC-2; Norsat-1; rocket exhaust depletion; swarm

2021

Longitudinal Variation of Postsunset Plasma Depletions From the Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, launched in 2018, aims to investigate the low latitude ionosphere from a geostationary orbit at 47.5°W. It uses two identical spectrometers measuring the wavelength range from 134.0 to 163.0 nm. The configuration of the Earth s magnetic field shows that the largest offset between geographic and geomagnetic equators occurs in the longitude sectors sampled by GOLD. In an attempt to investigate the longitude dependence of the occurrence rate and time of onset o ...

Martinis, C.; Daniell, R.; Eastes, R.; Norrell, J.; Smith, J.; Klenzing, J.; Solomon, S.; Burns, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028510

F region; longitude variability; plasma bubbles; Plasma depletions; upward drifts

Near Real-Time Global Plasma Irregularity Monitoring by FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2

This study presents initial results of the ionospheric scintillation in the F layer using the S4 index derived from the radio occultation experiment (RO-S4) on FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2). With the sufficiently dense RO-S4 observations at low latitudes, it is possible to construct hourly, global scintillation maps to monitor equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs). The preliminary F7/C2 RO-S4 during August 2019 to April 2020 show clear scintillation distributions around American and the Atlantic Ocean longitudes. The RO-S4 near Jic ...

Chen, Shih-Ping; Lin, Charles; Rajesh, Panthalingal; Liu, Jann-Yenq; Eastes, Richard; Chou, Min-Yang; Choi, Jong-Min;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028339

equatorial plasma bubbles; FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2; global observation of limb and disk; GNSS scintillation; radio occultation; S4 index

Deducing Non-Migrating Diurnal Tides in the Middle Thermosphere With GOLD Observations of the Earth s far Ultraviolet Dayglow From Geostationary Orbit

The global-scale observations of the limb and disk (GOLD) Mission images middle thermosphere temperature and the vertical column density ratio of oxygen to molecular nitrogen (O/N2) using its far ultraviolet imaging spectrographs in geostationary orbit. Since GOLD only measures these quantities during daylight, and only over the ∼140° of longitude visible from geostationary orbit, previously developed tidal analysis techniques cannot be applied to the GOLD data set. This paper presents a novel approach that deduces two sp ...

Krier, Christopher; England, Scott; Greer, Katelynn; Evans, Scott; Burns, Alan; Eastes, Richard;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029563

airglow; composition; temperature; thermosphere; tides

Longitudinal Variation of Postsunset Plasma Depletions From the Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

Martinis, C; Daniell, R; Eastes, R; Norrell, J; Smith, J; Klenzing, J; Solomon, S; Burns, A;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Near Real-Time Global Plasma Irregularity Monitoring by FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2

Chen, Shih-Ping; Lin, Charles; Rajesh, Panthalingal; Liu, Jann-Yenq; Eastes, Richard; Chou, Min-Yang; Choi, Jong-Min;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Thermospheric Composition and Solar EUV Flux From the Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

Observations of far-ultraviolet (FUV) dayglow by the Global-scale Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission provide a new opportunity to monitor relative composition changes in the upper atmosphere as well as solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) variability. Relative composition changes are quantified by ΣO/N2, the column density ratio of atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen, while QEUV provides a measure of the solar EUV energy flux from 1 to 45 nm into the upper atmosphere. This spectral range provides the ionizing radiation ...

Correira, J.; Evans, J.; Lumpe, J.; Krywonos, A.; Daniell, R.; Veibell, V.; McClintock, W.; Eastes, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029517

GOLD; neutral composition; ON2; QEUV; radiative recombination; thermosphere

First Comparison of Traveling Atmospheric Disturbances Observed in the Middle Thermosphere by Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk to Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances Seen in Ground-Based Total Electron Content Observations

Traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs) and their neutral counterparts known as traveling atmospheric disturbances (TADs) are believed to play a role in communicating inputs to other locations in the fluid. While these two phenomena are believed to be connected, they may not have a one-to-one correspondence as the geomagnetic field influences the TID but has no direct impact on the TAD. The relative amplitudes of the perturbations seen in the ionosphere and atmosphere have been observed but rarely together. This study repo ...

England, Scott; Greer, Katelynn; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Evans, Scott; Solomon, Stanley; Eastes, Richard; McClintock, William; Burns, Alan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029248

Ionosphere; thermosphere; airglow; atmospheric waves

2020

Neutral exospheric temperatures from the GOLD mission

Evans, JS; Lumpe, JD; Correira, J; , Veibell; Kyrwonos, A; McClintock, WE; Solomon, SC; Eastes, RW;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Thermospheric composition O/N response to an altered meridional mean circulation during sudden stratospheric warmings observed by GOLD

Oberheide, J; Pedatella, NM; Gan, Q; Kumari, K; Burns, AG; Eastes, RW;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

First zonal drift velocity measurement of Equatorial Plasma Bubbles (EPBs) from a geostationary orbit using GOLD data

Karan, Deepak; Daniell, Robert; England, Scott; Martinis, Carlos; Eastes, Richard; Burns, Alan; McClintock, William;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

A comparison of thermospheric FUV radiance and composition from TIMED, GOLD and ICON

Zhang, Y; Paxton, LJ; Schaefer, RK; Eastes, R; McClintock, WE; Immel, TJ;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Variations of lower thermospheric FUV emissions based on GOLD observations and GLOW modeling

Greer, KR; Eastes, Richard; Solomon, Stan; McClintock, William; Burns, Alan; Rusch, David;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

2019

Global-Scale Observations of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk ultraviolet spectrograph has been imaging the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA), regions of the ionosphere with enhanced electron density north and south of the magnetic equator, since October 2018. The initial 3 months of observations was during solar minimum conditions, and they included observations in December solstice of unanticipated variability and depleted regions. Depletions are seen on most nights, in contrast to e ...

Eastes, R.; Solomon, S.; Daniell, R.; Anderson, D.; Burns, A.; England, S.; Martinis, C.; McClintock, W.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019GL084199

Global-scale observations of the equatorial ionization anomaly

Eastes, RW; Solomon, SC; Daniell, RE; Anderson, DN; Burns, AG; England, SL; Martinis, CR; McClintock, WE;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Composition Changes Around the Equinoxes

Burns, Alan; Cai, Xuguang; Wang, Wenbin; Qian, Liying; Zhang, Yongliang; Eastes, Richard; McClintock, William;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD): science implementation

McClintock, William; Eastes, Richard; Andersson, Laila; Burns, Alan; Codrescu, Mihail; Daniell, Robert; England, Scott; Evans, Scott; Krywonos, Andrey; Lumpe, Jerry; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Observations and Modeling of Atomic/Molecular Composition in the Thermosphere

Solomon, Stanley; Eastes, Richard; McClintock, William; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

2017

The Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Earth\textquoterights thermosphere and ionosphere constitute a dynamic system that varies daily in response to energy inputs from above and from below. This system can exhibit a significant response within an hour to changes in those inputs, as plasma and fluid processes compete to control its temperature, composition, and structure. Within this system, short wavelength solar radiation and charged particles from the magnetosphere deposit energy, and waves propagating from the lower atmosphere dissipate. Understand ...

Eastes, R.; McClintock, W.; Burns, A.; Anderson, D.; Andersson, L.; Codrescu, M.; Correira, J.; Daniell, R.; England, S.; Evans, J.; Harvey, J.; Krywonos, A.; Lumpe, J.; Richmond, A.; Rusch, D.; Siegmund, O.; Solomon, S.; Strickland, D.; Woods, T.; Aksnes, A.; Budzien, S.; Dymond, K.; Eparvier, F.; Martinis, C.; Oberheide, J.;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0392-2

The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission

Eastes, RW; McClintock, WE; Burns, AG; Anderson, DN; Andersson, L; Codrescu, M; Correira, JT; Daniell, RE; England, SL; Evans, JS; , others;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

2013

The GOLD Science Data Center-Algorithm Heritage, Data Product Descriptions and User Services

Lumpe, JD; Foroosh, H; Eastes, R; Krywonos, A; Evans, JS; Burns, AG; Strickland, DJ; Daniell, RE; England, S; Solomon, SC; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

The Science of the Global-scale measurements of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

Burns, AG; Eastes, R; McClintock, WE; Solomon, SC; Anderson, DN; Andersson, L; Codrescu, M; Daniell, RE; Harvey, J; Krywonos, A; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

2012

Remote sensing of neutral temperatures in the Earth\textquoterights thermosphere using the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands of N 2 : Comparisons with satellite drag data

This paper presents remotely sensed neutral temperatures obtained from ultraviolet observations and compares them with temperatures from the NRLMSISE-00 version of the Mass Spectrometer and Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) model (unconstrained and constrained to match the total densities from satellite drag). Latitudinal profiles of the temperatures in the Earth\textquoterights thermosphere are obtained by inversion of high-resolution (\~1.3\ \r A) observations of the (1,1) and (5,4) Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) bands of N

Krywonos, Andrey; Murray, D.; Eastes, R.; Aksnes, A.; Budzien, S.; Daniell, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 09/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017226

airglow; N2; remote sensing; satellite drag; temperature; thermosphere

Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD)

Eastes, R; McClintock, W; Aksnes, A; Anderson, D; Andersson, L; Burns, A; Budzien, S; Codrescu, M; Daniell, R; Dymond, K; , others;

Published by: AMC      Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

2011

Modeled and observed N 2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield band emissions: A comparison

Eastes, R.; Murray, D.; Aksnes, A.; Budzien, S.; Daniell, R.; Krywonos, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016417

Observed Versus Modeled O 1356 \AA and N 2 LBH Emissions from the Earth s Space Environment

Hays, J; Eastes, R;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2011     DOI:

Modeled and observed N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield band emissions: A comparison

Eastes, RW; Murray, DJ; Aksnes, A; Budzien, SA; Daniell, RE; Krywonos, A;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2011     DOI:

2010

Combined in-situ and top-side remote observations of evolution of plasma bubbles

Barjatya, A; Eastes, R; Dymond, K;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

2008

Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk: a key mission for understanding thermosphere-ionosphere forcing

Eastes, R; Burns, AG; McClintock, W; Aksnes, A; Anderson, D; Andersson, L; Budzien, S; Codrescu, M; Daniell, R; England, S; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI:

Low Latitude Ionosphere Measurements by the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

Eastes, RW; Anderson, DN; McClintock, WE; Aksnes, A; Andersson, L; Burns, AG; Budzien, SA; Codrescu, MV; Daniell, RE; Dymond, KF; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI:

2007

Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD)-New Observing Capabilities for Space Weather Specification and Forecasting

Eastes, R; Codrescu, M; McClintock, W; Aksnes, A; Anderson, D; Andersson, L; Burns, A; Budzien, S; Daniell, R; Dymond, K; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2007     DOI:

Global Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD): Temperature Measurements

Rusch, D; Aksnes, A; Budzien, S; Eastes, R; Anderson, D; Andersson, L; Burns, A; Codrescu, M; Daniell, R; Dymond, K; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2007     DOI:

2006

Scanless ultraviolet remote sensor for limb profile measurements from low earth orbit

Krywonos, Andrey; Harvey, James; Daniell, Robert; Eastes, Richard; Peterson, Gary;

Published by: Optical Engineering      Published on: Jan-10-2006

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1117/1.2360200

2005

Comparing the Measured N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) Band Brightness in the Dayglow With Model Calculations: Investigating the Importance of Cascading as a Source of Excitation.

Aksnes, A; Eastes, R; Budzien, S; Dymond, K; Bailey, S; Jones, A;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

2004

Scanless ultraviolet remote sensor for limb profile measurements from low Earth orbit

Krywonos, Andrey; Harvey, James; Daniell, Robert; Parent, Nicolas; Eastes, Richard;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2004     DOI:

2000

Modeling the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands in the dayglow: Including radiative and collisional cascading between the singlet states

Eastes, Richard;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2000     DOI:

Emissions from the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands in the Earth s atmosphere

Eastes, RW;

Published by: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part C: Solar, Terrestrial \& Planetary Science      Published on:

YEAR: 2000     DOI:



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