GUVI Biblio





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Found 2046 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

On the impact of meridional wind circulation changes in the electron density distribution over the Indian equatorial and low latitude ionospheric region during a severe geomagnetic storm

Using a suite of instruments, which included a chain of ground-based dual-frequency GPS receivers, and magnetometers, we have studied the importance of thermospheric meridional wind circulation in controlling the distribution of plasma over the Indian low latitude ionospheric regions during the period of a severe geomagnetic storm. The storm on 15 May 2005, which had its onset coinciding with the local noon time sector for the Indian ionospheric zone, was a severe geomagnetic storm with symH ∼ - 305 nT. A steep increase i ...

Ambili, K.; Choudhary, R.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.06.027

Compositional disturbances; Equatorial ionosphere; geomagnetic storm; total electron content

Low-latitude plasma blobs above Africa: Exploiting GOLD and multi-satellite in situ measurements

Low-latitude plasma blobs are localized density enhancements of electron density that are occasionally observed in the night-time tropical ionosphere. Two-dimensional (2D) imaging of this phenomenon has been rare and frequently restricted to Central/South America, which is densely covered with ground-based airglow imagers and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers. In Africa, on the contrary, no 2D image of a blob has been reported. Here we present two low-latitude blob events above Africa, one in the Northern s ...

Park, Jaeheung; Min, Kyoung; Eastes, Richard; Chao, Chi; Kim, Hee-Eun; Lee, Junchan; Sohn, Jongdae; Ryu, Kwangsun; Seo, Hoonkyu; Yoo, Ji-Hyeon; Lee, Seunguk; Woo, Changho; Kim, Eo-Jin;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.021

COSMIC-2; GOLD; ICON; Low-latitude blobs; NextSat-1; swarm

The geoeffectiveness of TIE-GCM simulations of ionospheric critical frequency foF2 at the equatorial station of Thiruvananthapuram in the Indian sector

An extensive intercomparison of ionospheric foF2 observations and NCAR Thermosphere-Ionosphere ElectrodynamicsGeneral Circulation Model(TIE-GCM)simulations has been carried out for the dip equatorial location of Thiruvananthapuram. Ionosonde measurements for geomagnetically quiet days of 2002, 2006 and 2008, representing solar maximum, solar minimum and deep solar minimum conditions have been used for the analysis. In general TIE-GCM simulations reproduced the temporal and seasonal characteristics of foF2 over Thiruvananthap ...

Mridula, N.; Manju, G.; Sijikumar, S.; Pant, Tarun;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.02.018

Comparison; foF2; TIE-GCM

The geoeffectiveness of TIE-GCM simulations of ionospheric critical frequency foF2 at the equatorial station of Thiruvananthapuram in the Indian sector

An extensive intercomparison of ionospheric foF2 observations and NCAR Thermosphere-Ionosphere ElectrodynamicsGeneral Circulation Model(TIE-GCM)simulations has been carried out for the dip equatorial location of Thiruvananthapuram. Ionosonde measurements for geomagnetically quiet days of 2002, 2006 and 2008, representing solar maximum, solar minimum and deep solar minimum conditions have been used for the analysis. In general TIE-GCM simulations reproduced the temporal and seasonal characteristics of foF2 over Thiruvananthap ...

Mridula, N.; Manju, G.; Sijikumar, S.; Pant, Tarun;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.02.018

Comparison; foF2; TIE-GCM

New method for Earth neutral atmospheric density retrieval based on energy spectrum fitting during occultation with LE/Insight-HXMT

We propose a new method for retrieving the atmospheric number density profile in the lower thermosphere, based on the X-ray Earth occultation of the Crab Nebula with the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (Insight-HXMT) Satellite. The absorption and scattering of X-rays by the atmosphere result in changes in the X-ray energy, and the Earth’s neutral atmospheric number density can be directly retrieved by fitting the observed spectrum and spectrum model at different altitude ranges during the occultation process. The pointing ...

Yu, Daochun; Li, Haitao; Li, Baoquan; Ge, Mingyu; Tuo, Youli; Li, Xiaobo; Xue, Wangchen; Liu, Yaning;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.02.030

Atmospheric density vertical profile; Energy spectrum fitting; X-ray occultation

The investigation on daytime conjugate hemispheric asymmetry along 100°E longitude using observations and model simulations: New insights

The hemispherical asymmetry of the low latitude region along 100°E ± 5°E is scrutinized for the year 2015 at magnetically conjugate points on seasonal and intra-seasonal time scales. Two conjugate Ionosonde station pairs are selected- one pair in the inner valley (from SEALION) and the other in the outer edges of the EIA region. The anomaly in the stations is estimated using the difference of low latitude NmF2 from the dip equatorial NmF2 in the same meridian. A monthly average scheme is used instead of a seasonal mean, ...

Kalita, B.; Bhuyan, P.; Nath, S.; Choudhury, M.; Chakrabarty, D.; Wang, K.; Hozumi, K.; Supnithi, P.; Komolmis, T.; . Y. Yatini, C; Le Huy, M.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.02.058

NmF2; asymmetry; Conjugate; EIA; model; Hemisphere; hmF2; Subsolar

Measurement of the vertical atmospheric density profile from the X-ray Earth occultation of the Crab Nebula with Insight-HXMT

\textlessp\textgreater\textlessstrong class="journal-contentHeaderColor"\textgreaterAbstract.\textless/strong\textgreater X-ray Earth occultation sounding (XEOS) is an emerging method for measuring the neutral density in the lower thermosphere. In this paper, the X-ray Earth occultation (XEO) of the Crab Nebula is investigated using the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (Insight-HXMT). The pointing observation data on the 30 September 2018 recorded by the low-energy X-ray telescope (LE) of Insight-HXMT are selected and analyse ...

Yu, Daochun; Li, Haitao; Li, Baoquan; Ge, Mingyu; Tuo, Youli; Li, Xiaobo; Xue, Wangchen; Liu, Yaning; Wang, Aoying; Zhu, Yajun; Luo, Bingxian;

Published by: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.5194/amt-15-3141-2022

Comments on “A new method to subtract dayglow for auroral observation of SSUSI in LBH ranges based on the improved AURIC” by Wang et al. (2021)

A paper A new method to subtract dayglow for auroral observation of SSUSI in LBH ranges based on the improved AURIC reports a new method to estimate the dayglow intensities in DMSP/SSUSI LBH bands using an improved AURIC model. It is claimed that the new method offers a better alternative than the SSUSI operational algorithm which uses a data based table. The paper showed a few examples and compared them with SSSUI operational results. The comparison indicated that the new method didn t offer any improvement and provided net ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105833

AURORA; dayglow; far ultraviolet emission

Total Electron Content Variations during an HSS/CIR driven storm at high and middle latitudes

Geethakumari, Gopika; Aikio, Anita; Cai, Lei; Vanhamaki, Heikki; Pedersen, Marcus; Coster, Anthea; Marchaudon, Aurélie; Blelly, Pierre-Louis; Haberle, Veronika; Maute, Astrid; Ellahouny, Nada; Virtanen, Ilkka; Norberg, Johannes; Soyama, Shin-Ichiro; Grandin, Maxime;

Published by:       Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8194

Quantification of the role of gravity wave induced TIDs in modulating ESF day to day variability during geomagnetically disturbed periods

The control of magnetic disturbance induced seed perturbations on the daily variation in night-time ionization irregularity occurrence is studied using ionosonde data and TIMED/GUVI neutral density data at the magnetic equatorial region, Trivandrum. The study reveals that there is a requisite threshold seed amplitude for ESF to occur at a particular altitude and this requisite seed increases as the altitude decreases. This dependence of requisite seed perturbation on altitude for multiple years, which incorporates the electr ...

Sruthi, T.; Manju, G.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.11.038

Equatorial ionosphere; Equatorial Spread F; Geomagnetically disturbed period; neutral density

Far-ultraviolet airglow remote sensing measurements on Feng Yun 3-D meteorological satellite

\textlessp\textgreater\textlessstrong class="journal-contentHeaderColor"\textgreaterAbstract.\textless/strong\textgreater The Ionospheric Photometer (IPM) is carried on the Feng Yun 3-D (FY3D) meteorological satellite, which allows for the measurement of far-ultraviolet (FUV) airglow radiation in the thermosphere. IPM is a compact and high-sensitivity nadir-viewing FUV remote sensing instrument. It monitors 135.6 nm emission in the nightside thermosphere and 135.6 nm and N\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$_\te ...

Wang, Yungang; Fu, Liping; Jiang, Fang; Hu, Xiuqing; Liu, Chengbao; Zhang, Xiaoxin; Li, JiaWei; Ren, Zhipeng; He, Fei; Sun, Lingfeng; Sun, Ling; Yang, Zhongdong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jingsong; Mao, Tian;

Published by: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.5194/amt-15-1577-2022

Geomagnetic Storm Effect on F2-Region Ionosphere during 2012 at Low- and Mid-Latitude-Latitude Stations in the Southern Hemisphere

The ionospheric effects of six intense geomagnetic storms with Dst index ≤ −100 nT that occurred in 2012 were studied at a low-latitude station, Darwin (Geomagnetic coordinates, 21.96° S, 202.84° E), a low-mid-latitude station, Townsville (28.95° S, 220.72° E), and a mid-latitude station, Canberra (45.65° S, 226.30° E), in the Australian Region, by analyzing the storm–time variations in the critical frequency of the F2-region (foF2). Out of six storms, a storm of 23–24 April did not produce any ionospheric effe ...

Kumar, Edwin; Kumar, Sushil;

Published by: Atmosphere      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/atmos13030480

Geomagnetic storms; \textbfE × \textbfB drifts; disturbance dynamo electric fields; prompt penetrating electric fields; storm-induced circulation

Solar and interplanetary events that drove two CIR-related geomagnetic storms of 1 June 2013 and 7 October 2015, and their ionospheric responses at the American and African equatorial ionization Anomaly regions

This study investigates the sequence of solar and interplanetary events that drove the 1 June 2013 and October 2015 geomagnetic storms and how the American (68°–78oE) and African (32°–42oE) Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) regions responded to them. We constructed the EIA structures by using Total Electron Content (TEC) and ionospheric irregularities derived from Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers along with the study locations. We also analyzed disturbed time ionospheric electric field and model da ...

Oyedokun, Oluwole; Amaechi, P.; Akala, A.; Simi, K.; Ogwala, Aghogho; Oyeyemi, E.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.12.027

geomagnetic storm; total electron content; Corotating Interacting Region; ionospheric irregularities

Plasma-neutral gas interactions in various space environments: Assessment beyond simplified approximations as a Voyage 2050 theme

In the White Paper, submitted in response to the European Space Agency (ESA) Voyage 2050 Call, we present the importance of advancing our knowledge of plasma-neutral gas interactions, and of deepening our understanding of the partially ionized environments that are ubiquitous in the upper atmospheres of planets and moons, and elsewhere in space. In future space missions, the above task requires addressing the following fundamental questions: (A) How and by how much do plasma-neutral gas interactions influence the re-distribu ...

Yamauchi, Masatoshi; De Keyser, Johan; Parks, George; Oyama, Shin-ichiro; Wurz, Peter; Abe, Takumi; Beth, Arnaud; Daglis, Ioannis; Dandouras, Iannis; Dunlop, Malcolm; Henri, Pierre; Ivchenko, Nickolay; Kallio, Esa; Kucharek, Harald; Liu, Yong; Mann, Ingrid; Marghitu, Octav; Nicolaou, Georgios; Rong, Zhaojin; Sakanoi, Takeshi; Saur, Joachim; Shimoyama, Manabu; Taguchi, Satoshi; Tian, Feng; Tsuda, Takuo; Tsurutani, Bruce; Turner, Drew; Ulich, Thomas; Yau, Andrew; Yoshikawa, Ichiro;

Published by: Experimental Astronomy      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1007/s10686-022-09846-9

Collision cross-section; Future missions; Low-energy; Neutral gas; Plasma; Voyage 2050

Thermospheric density enhancement and limb O 130.4 nm radiance increase during geomagnetic storms

We explore a connection between thermospheric density enhancement and increase in thermospheric O 130.4 nm radiance. We observe TIMED/GUVI enhancements in the limb 130.4 nm radiances at ∼400 and ∼520 km on the dayside during four intense geomagnetic storms in 2003 and 2004. The enhancements were well correlated with Dst and CHAMP total neutral density at 400 km which represents O density as O is the dominant species at those altitudes. At the 400 and 520 km altitudes, O 130.4 nm emissions are mostly created by two ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, R.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105830

FUV emission; Geomagentic storms; neutral density; thermosphere

Contribution of the lower atmosphere to the day-to-day variation of thermospheric density

In this paper we carried out a numerical experiment using the Specified Dynamics mode of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere eXtension (SD-WACCM-X). One SD-WACCM-X run was with realistic Kp and F10.7 and the other with constant Kp and F10.7. By comparing the day-to-day variability of thermosphere mass density at 300 km (low earth orbit, LEO) and 120 km (reentry level) in these two runs, we find that the density variation at 300 km is mainly driven by geomagnetic and solar forcing ...

Yue, Jia; Yu, Wandi; Pedatella, Nick; Bruinsma, Sean; Wang, Ningchao; Liu, Huixin;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.06.011

thermosphere; Lower atmosphere; Modeling; Satelllite drag

High and mid latitude and near subsolar point ionospheric and thermospheric responses to the solar flares and geomagnetic storms during low solar activity periods of 2017 and 2020

The paper observes the super-imposed effects of intense and moderate solar flares and Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) and High Speed Solar Wind (HSSW) driven geomagnetic storm events on the ionosphere and thermosphere at mid and high latitudes during low solar activity periods. The observations are conducted over a fixed longitude (∼117°W geographic) during May 27–31, 2017 (duration with intense geomagnetic storm without any significant solar flare event), September 3–6, 2017 (duration with solar flare events), September ...

Sur, Dibyendu; Ray, Sarbani; Paul, Ashik;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.04.024

CME driven storms; HSSW driven storms; Joule heating; O/N ratio; Plasmaspheric contributions; Solar flare

Climatology of global, hemispheric and regional electron content variations during the solar cycles 23 and 24

We present the results of study on the variations of ionospheric total electron content (TEC) by using global, hemispheric, and regional electron contents computed from the global ionospheric maps (GIMs) for the period from 1999 to 2020. For a low and moderate solar activity, the global and regional electron contents vary linearly with solar 10.7 cm radio flux and EUV flux. While a saturation effect in the electron content verses EUV and F10.7 is found during the high solar activity periods at all regions, the maximum effec ...

Younas, Waqar; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Khan, Majid; Amaechi, Paul;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.07.029

annual variation; global electron content; Ionosphere; semi-annual variation; total electron content

Climatology of global, hemispheric and regional electron content variations during the solar cycles 23 and 24

We present the results of study on the variations of ionospheric total electron content (TEC) by using global, hemispheric, and regional electron contents computed from the global ionospheric maps (GIMs) for the period from 1999 to 2020. For a low and moderate solar activity, the global and regional electron contents vary linearly with solar 10.7 cm radio flux and EUV flux. While a saturation effect in the electron content verses EUV and F10.7 is found during the high solar activity periods at all regions, the maximum effec ...

Younas, Waqar; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Khan, Majid; Amaechi, Paul;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jul

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.07.029

annual variation; global electron content; Ionosphere; semi-annual variation; total electron content

A long-range forecasting model for the thermosphere based on the intelligent optimized particle filtering

The uncertainties associated with the variations in the thermosphere are responsible for the inaccurate prediction of the orbit decay of low Earth orbiting space objects due to the drag force. Accurate forecasting of the thermosphere is urgently required to avoid satellite collisions, which is a potential threat to the rapid growth of spacecraft applications. However, owing to the imperfections in the physics-based forecast model, the long-range forecast of the thermosphere is still primitive even if the accurate prediction ...

Ren, Dexin; Lei, Jiuhou;

Published by: Science China Earth Sciences      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1007/s11430-021-9847-9

Forecast; Intelligent optimized particle filter; thermosphere; Uncertain parameters

Local Persistent Ionospheric Positive Responses to the Geomagnetic Storm in August 2018 Using BDS-GEO Satellites over Low-Latitude Regions in Eastern Hemisphere

We present the ionospheric disturbance responses over low-latitude regions by using total electron content from Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS), ionosonde data and Swarm satellite data, during the geomagnetic storm in August 2018. The results show that a prominent total electron content (TEC) enhancement over low-latitude regions is observed during the main phase of the storm. There is a persistent TEC increase lasting for about 1–2 days and a moderately positive d ...

Tang, Jun; Gao, Xin; Yang, Dengpan; Zhong, Zhengyu; Huo, Xingliang; Wu, Xuequn;

Published by: Remote Sensing      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/rs14092272

BDS-GEO; differential code biases; geomagnetic storm; Ionospheric disturbance; TEC

Middle and low latitudes hemispheric asymmetries in ∑O/N2 and TEC during intense magnetic storms of solar cycle 24

We have investigated the global hemispheric differences in thermospheric ∑O/N2 and its impact on the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) at mid- and low-latitudes. Four intense storms of solar cycle 24 (SC-24) have been considered, three of them occurred in Spring equinox and one in Summer solstice season. It is found that the mid-latitudes region has exhibited a large decrease in ∑O/N2 during all the phases of the storms under consideration, which corresponds well to the observed negative storm effects. This decrea ...

Younas, Waqar; Khan, Majid; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Amaechi, Paul; Fleury, R.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.10.027

CTIPe model; Disturbed ∑O/N; GUVI/TIMED data; Hemispheric asymmetries; REC

Ionospheric response to the 26 August 2018 geomagnetic storm along 280° E and 316° E in the South American sector

This paper studies the response of the ionospheric parameters critical frequency (foF2), their height (hmF2), and Total Electron Content (TEC) at mid, low, and near-equatorial latitudes of the South American sector during the intense geomagnetic storm of 26 August 2018. The ionospheric response at the beginning of the main phase was different depending on latitude (in general, there were decreases in foF2 at near-equatorial and low latitudes and small increases at mid-latitudes). During the recovery, positive storm effects i ...

Mansilla, Gustavo; Zossi, Marta;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.08.002

geomagnetic storm; Ionosphere; South America

Morphologies of ionospheric-equivalent slab-thickness and scale height over equatorial latitude in Africa

Accurate representation of ionospheric equivalent slab thickness (τ) and scale height (Hm) plays a crucial role in characterizing the complex dynamics of topside and bottomside ionospheric constituents. In the present work, we examined the corresponding morphologies of ionospheric profile parameters with collocated global positioning system (GPS) and Digisonde Portable Sounder (DPS) setups at an equatorial location in west Africa Ilorin (8.50°N, 4.68°E), during a low solar activity year 2010. The extracted τ from GPS and ...

Odeyemi, Olumide; Adeniyi, Jacob; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Panda, Sampad; Jamjareegulgarn, Punyawi; Olugbon, Busola; Oluwadare, Esholomo; Akala, Andrew; Olawepo, Adeniji; Adewale, Adekola;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.10.030

Global positioning system; Digital portable sounder; Equatorial latitude; Equivalent slab thickness; scale height

Effects of the 12 May 2021 Geomagnetic Storm on Georeferencing Precision

In this work, we present the positioning error analysis of the 12 May 2021 moderate geomagnetic storm. The storm happened during spring in the northern hemisphere (fall in the south). We selected 868 GNSS stations around the globe to study the ionospheric and the apparent position variations. We compared the day of the storm with the three previous days. The analysis shows the global impact of the storm. In the quiet days, 93\% of the stations had 3D errors less than 10 cm, while during the storm, only 41\% kept this level o ...

Valdés-Abreu, Juan; Díaz, Marcos; Báez, Juan; Stable-Sánchez, Yohadne;

Published by: Remote Sensing      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/rs14010038

Geomagnetic storms; total electron content; global navigation satellite system; Global positioning system; precise point positioning; rate of change of the tec index

Signatures of Equatorial Plasma Bubbles and Ionospheric Scintillations from Magnetometer and GNSS Observations in the Indian Longitudes during the Space Weather Events of Early September 2017

Scintillation due to ionospheric plasma irregularities remains a challenging task for the space science community as it can severely threaten the dynamic systems relying on space-based navigation services. In the present paper, we probe the ionospheric current and plasma irregularity characteristics from a latitudinal arrangement of magnetometers and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) stations from the equator to the far low latitude location over the Indian longitudes, during the severe space weather events of 6–10 ...

Vankadara, Ram; Panda, Sampad; Amory-Mazaudier, Christine; Fleury, Rolland; Devanaboyina, Venkata; Pant, Tarun; Jamjareegulgarn, Punyawi; Haq, Mohd; Okoh, Daniel; Seemala, Gopi;

Published by: Remote Sensing      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/rs14030652

space weather; equatorial plasma bubbles; ionospheric irregularity; global navigation satellite system; magnetometer; poleward drift; rate of change of TEC index; scintillations; storm-time electric currents

The African equatorial ionization anomaly response to the St. Patrick’s Day storms of March 2013 and 2015

The ionosphere around the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) region exhibits complex dynamics and responds markedly to the solar-magnetospheric energy and momentum. In this paper, the hourly total electron content (TEC) variations in response to the EIA structure in Africa to the 2013 and 2015 St. Patrick’s Day storms is investigated using data obtained from a chain of GPS receivers located in the Africa region. The TEC variations are characterized based on the convective magnetospheric dynamo fields, neutral wind circula ...

Bolaji, Olawale; Adekoya, Bolarinwa; Adebiyi, Shola; Adebesin, Babatunde; Ikubanni, Stephen;

Published by: Astrophysics and Space Science      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1007/s10509-021-04022-5

TEC; EIA; DDEF; Plasma reversal; PPEF; Pre-storm

Chapter 4 - Energetic particle dynamics, precipitation, and conductivity

This chapter reviews cross-scale coupling and energy transfer in the magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere system via convection, precipitation, and conductance. It begins with an introduction into Earth’s plasma sheet characteristics including particles, plasma moments, and magnetic fields, and their dependence on solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field parameters. Section 4.2 transitions to observations of the magnetosphere convection, precipitation, and coupling with the ionosphere on multiple scales, with Section ...

Gabrielse, Christine; Kaeppler, Stephen; Lu, Gang; Wang, Chih-Ping; Yu, Yiqun; Nishimura, Yukitoshi; Verkhoglyadova, Olga; Deng, Yue; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

Published by:       Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-821366-7.00002-0

Conductance; Conductivity; Convection; particle precipitation

Analytic and numerical methods for the Abel transform of exponential functions for planetary and cometary atmospheres

Line-of-sight integration of emissions from planetary and cometary atmospheres is the Abel transform of the emission rate, under the spherical symmetry assumption. Indefinite integrals constructed from the Abel transform integral are useful for implementing remote sensing data analysis methods, such as the numerical inverse Abel transform. We propose analytical expressions obtained by a suitable, non-alternating, series development to compute those indefinite integrals. We establish expressions allowing absolute accuracy con ...

Hubert, B.; Munhoven, G.; Moulane, Y.; Hutsemekers, D.; Manfroid, J.; Opitom, C.; Jehin, E.;

Published by: Icarus      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2021.114654

Abel transform; Aeronomy; Coma; Cometary atmospheres; Comets; Data reduction techniques; Planetary atmospheres.

Effect of Weak Magnetic Storms on the Propagation of HF Radio Waves

Vertical and oblique sounding data for northeastern Russia have been used to analyze the conditions for the propagation of radio waves during weak geomagnetic storms observed in fall seasons of 2018–2020 at minimal solar activity. Even during weak storms, the maximum observed frequencies have been found to decrease by 25–35\% in daytime and by 40–50\% at night. Variations in the parameters of the distribution of high frequency radio waves during disturbances depend on the spatio-temporal dynamics of large scale structu ...

Kurkin, V.; Polekh, N.; Zolotukhina, N.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793222020116

Review of in-space plasma diagnostics for studying the Earth s ionosphere

This review details the state of the art in in-space plasma diagnostics for characterizing the Earth’s ionosphere. The review provides a historical perspective, focusing on the last 20 years and on eight of the most commonly used plasma sensors—most of them for in situ probing, many of them with completed/in-progress space missions: (a) Langmuir probes, (b) retarding potential analysers, (c) ion drift meters, (d) Faraday cups, (e) integrated miniaturized electrostatic analysers, (f) multipole resonance probes, (g) Fourie ...

Velásquez-García, Luis; Izquierdo-Reyes, Javier; Kim, Hyeonseok;

Published by: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/ac520a

Bayesian approach for auroral oval reconstruction from ground-based observations

Naked eye observations of aurorae might be used to obtain information on the large-scale magnetic field of the Earth at historic times. Their abundance may also help bridge gaps in observational time-series of proxies for solar activity such as the sunspot number or cosmogenic isotopes. With information derived from aurora observations like observing site, time of aurora sighting and position on the sky we can reconstruct the auroral oval. Since aurorae are correlated with geomagnetic indices like the Kp index, it is possibl ...

Wagner, D.; Neuhäuser, R.; Arlt, R.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105824

auroral oval; Magnetic storms; space weather

Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperature to the Geomagnetic Storm on 7–8 September 2017

The variations of neutral temperature in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region, during the 7–8 September 2017 intense geomagnetic storm, are studied using observations by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite. They are also studied using simulations by the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIMEGCM). The neutral temperature data cove ...

Sun, Meng; Li, Zheng; Li, Jingyuan; Lu, Jianyong; Gu, Chunli; Zhu, Mengbin; Tian, Yufeng;

Published by: Universe      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/universe8020096

geomagnetic storm; temperature; the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT); TIMEGCM

FUV observations of variations in thermospheric composition and topside ionospheric density during the November 2004 magnetic superstorm

We revisited the November 2004 superstorm by analyzing TIMED/GUVI data. The 135.6 nm limb radiances at 520-km are mainly due to the O+ and electron radiative recombination and represent the daytime ionosphere density at the altitude. The 135.6 nm radiances clearly showed a signature of ionospheric equatorial arcs and their variations during the November 2004 magnetic superstorm. When an intense eastward Interplanetary Electric Field (IEF) occurred, the dayside equatorial arcs were enhanced and their latitude separation inc ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, LarryJ.; Huang, Chaosong; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105832

geomagnetic storm; penetration electric field; Thermosperic composition; topside ionosphere

Distinct ionospheric response to three different geomagnetic storms during 2016 using GPS-TEC observations over the Indian equatorial and low latitude sectors

The ionospheric response during three distinct geomagnetic storms occurred in the year 2016 is investigated using GPS-TEC observations in the Indian equatorial and low latitude sectors. The three geomagnetic storms are considered for this study which were occurred on 20 January 2016 (2230 LT), 6 March 2016 (0230 LT) and 13 October 2016 (0530 LT) with minimum Sym-H values of −95 nT, −110 nT and −114 nT respectively. These three geomagnetic storms are different from one another in the sustainment of main and recovery pha ...

Lissa, D.; Venkatesh, K.; Prasad, D.; Niranjan, K.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.027

Disturbance Dynamo; Geomagnetic storms; Positive Storm Effect; Prompt Penetration Electric Fields (PPEF); Total electron content (TEC)

Investigation of the negative ionospheric response of the 8 September 2017 geomagnetic storm over the European sector

In this study, we investigate the negative ionospheric response over the European sector during two storms that took place on 8 September 2017, primarily, by exploiting observations over ten European locations. The spatial and temporal variations of TEC, foF2 and hmF2 ionospheric characteristics are examined with the aim to explain the physical mechanisms underlying the strong negative ionospheric response. We detected very sharp electron density (in terms of foF2 and TEC) decrease during the main phases of the two storms an ...

Oikonomou, Christina; Haralambous, Haris; Paul, Ashik; Ray, Sarbany; Alfonsi, Lucilla; Cesaroni, Claudio; Sur, Dibyendu;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.035

Large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances; Mid-latitude ionospheric trough; September 2017 geomagnetic storm; Swarm satellite

Optomechanical design of a wide-field auroral imager on Fengyun-3D

We present the optomechanical design and development of a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) on board the satellite Fengyun-3D. The optomechanical system of the WAI features a combination of a large field of view and a single-axis scanning mechanism. The combination makes the WAI perform better than its counterparts in temporal resolution in a low Earth orbit. In-orbit tests have verified the survival of WAI in the launching vibration and space environment. It has functioned on-orbit since 2018, with a spatial resolution of ∼ ...

Guo, Quanfeng; Chen, Bo; Liu, ShiJie; Song, KeFei; He, LingPing; He, Fei; Zhao, Weiguo; Wang, Zhongsu; Chen, Liheng; Shi, Guangwei;

Published by: Applied Optics      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1364/AO.453949

Significant Variations of Thermospheric Nitric Oxide Cooling during the Minor Geomagnetic Storm on 6 May 2015

Using observations by the SABER (Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry) instrument on board the TIMED (Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics) satellite and simulations by the TIEGCM (Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model), we investigate the daytime variations of thermospheric nitric oxide (NO) cooling during the geomagnetic storm on 6 May 2015. The geomagnetic storm was minor, as the minimum Dst was −28 nT, the maximum Kp was 5+ and the maximum AE w ...

Li, Zheng; Sun, Meng; Li, Jingyuan; Zhang, Kedeng; Zhang, Hua; Xu, Xiaojun; Zhao, Xinhua;

Published by: Universe      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/universe8040236

geomagnetic storm; thermosphere; nitric oxide cooling

Seasonal Variation of Thermospheric Composition Observed by NASA GOLD

We examine characteristics of the seasonal variation of thermospheric composition using column number density ratio ∑O/N2 observed by the NASA Global Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission from low-mid to mid-high latitudes. We also use ∑O/N2 derived from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurements onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite and estimated by the NRLMSISE-00 empirical model to aid our investigation. We found that the ∑O/N2 seasonal variation ...

Qian, Liying; Gan, Quan; Wang, Wenbin; Cai, Xuguang; Eastes, Richard; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030496

annual variation; GOLD observation; MSIS; seasonal variation; semiannual variation; thermosphere composition

Seasonal Variation of Thermospheric Composition Observed by NASA GOLD

We examine characteristics of the seasonal variation of thermospheric composition using column number density ratio ∑O/N2 observed by the NASA Global Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission from low-mid to mid-high latitudes. We also use ∑O/N2 derived from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurements onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite and estimated by the NRLMSISE-00 empirical model to aid our investigation. We found that the ∑O/N2 seasonal variation ...

Qian, Liying; Gan, Quan; Wang, Wenbin; Cai, Xuguang; Eastes, Richard; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030496

annual variation; GOLD observation; MSIS; seasonal variation; semiannual variation; thermosphere composition

Simultaneous Detection of Signatures of Conjugate Photoelectrons in the Ionosphere and Thermosphere

We investigate the impact of conjugate photoelectrons (CPEs) on the topside (∼600 km altitude) ionosphere at low and midlatitudes using measurements of the ion temperature, density, and composition from the first Republic of China satellite during a period of the high to moderate solar activity (March 1999 to June 2004). Elevated ion temperatures and densities are observed in the dark Northern American-Atlantic sector during the December solstice and in the Australian sector during the June solstice. The oxygen ion fractio ...

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030121

airglow; conjugate photoelectron; ion density; ion temperature

The 15 January 2022 Hunga Tonga Eruption History as Inferred From Ionospheric Observations

On 15 January 2022, the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai submarine volcano erupted violently and triggered a giant atmospheric shock wave and tsunami. The exact mechanism of this extraordinary eruptive event, its size and magnitude are not well understood yet. In this work, we analyze data from the nearest ground-based receivers of Global Navigation Satellite System to explore the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) response to this event. We show that the ionospheric response consists of a giant TEC increase followed by a s ...

Astafyeva, E.; Maletckii, B.; Mikesell, T.; Munaibari, E.; Ravanelli, M.; Coisson, P.; Manta, F.; Rolland, L.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022GL098827

co-volcanic ionospheric disturbances; eruption timeline; GNSS; Hunga Tonga eruption; Ionosphere; ionospheric geodesy

A Simulation Study on the Variation of Thermospheric O/N2 With Solar Activity

The ratio of number density of atomic oxygen (O) to that of molecular nitrogen (N2) in the thermosphere (O/N2) on the constant pressure surface, which has complex temporal and spatial characteristics, is widely regarded as an important parameter connecting the terrestrial thermosphere and daytime ionosphere. Previous studies demonstrated that the thermospheric O/N2 increases with increasing solar activity, and the changes in O/N2 with solar activity show significant difference between winter and summer hemispheres. However, ...

Li, Zhongli; Luan, Xiaoli; Lei, Jiuhou; Ren, Dexin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030305

circulation; O/N2; photochemistry; solar cycle; thermosphere

Coherence Scale and Directivity of Nighttime Equatorial Plasma Irregularities: Results From Swarm Formation Flight

Since the launch in 2013, the three satellites of the Swarm constellation have been conducting multipoint observations of ionospheric plasma density. The variety of their flight formations is advantageous for investigating (a) coherence scale and (b) directivity of nighttime Equatorial Plasma Irregularities (EPIs). In this study, we address the two topics statistically using in situ plasma density measured at 2 Hz rates by the Swarm constellation from 2013 to 2021. Maximum cross-correlation coefficients between two Swarm den ...

Park, Jaeheung;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030233

backward-C structure; Equatorial plasma irregularity; ionospheric coherence scale; swarm

Disappearance of the Polar Cap Ionosphere During Geomagnetic Storm on 11 May 2019

Multi-instrument data from Jang Bogo Station (JBS) in Antarctica were utilized to study ionospheric responses to the 11 May 2019 moderate geomagnetic storm. These include Vertical Incident Pulsed Ionospheric Radar (VIPIR)/Dynasonde, Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI), GPS vertical total electron content (vTEC), and magnetometer. The VIPIR/Dynasonde observed long-lasting (\textgreater11 hr) severe depletion of the electron density in the F-region ionosphere over JBS. During the depletion interval, GPS TEC also correspondingly d ...

Kwon, H.-J.; Kim, K.-H.; Jee, G.; Seon, J.; Lee, C.; Ham, Y.-B.; Hong, J.; Kim, E.; Bullett, T.; Auster, H.-U.; Magnes, W.; Kraft, S.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022SW003054

Impacts of Lower Thermospheric Atomic Oxygen and Dynamics on the Thermospheric Semiannual Oscillation Using GITM and WACCM-X

The latitudinal and temporal variation of atomic oxygen (O) is opposite between the empirical model, NRLMSISE-00 (MSIS) and the whole atmosphere model, whole atmosphere community climate model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X) at 97–100 km. Atomic Oxygen from WACCM-X has maxima at solstices and summer mid-high latitudes, similar to [O] from Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER). We use the densities and dynamics from WACCM-X to drive the Global Ionosphere Thermosphere Mod ...

Malhotra, Garima; Ridley, Aaron; , Jones;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029320

global ionosphere thermosphere modeling; semiannual oscillation; thermospheric and ionospheric SAO; thermospheric spoon mechanism; vertical coupling of thermosphere with lower atmosphere; whole atmosphere community climate model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X)

Properties of AKR-Like Emissions Recorded by the Low Altitude Satellite DEMETER During 6.5 Years

Normally, auroral kilometric radiation (AKR) which is emitted in the auroral zones escapes from the Earth. But since a few decades very similar radiations are observed by ground-based receivers and by satellites at altitudes below the AKR generation area. They are called leaked AKR or AKR-like emissions because it is expected that there are linked to AKR. This paper deals with observations of such AKR-like emissions observed in the auroral zones (in the North and in the South) by the low-altitude satellite DEMETER. In total, ...

Parrot, M.; Němec, F.; Santolík, O.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030495

AKR; Ionosphere; magnetic activity

Climatology of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Residual Circulations and Mesopause Height Derived From SABER Observations

In the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region, residual circulations driven by gravity wave breaking and dissipation significantly impact constituent distribution and the height and temperature of the mesopause. The distribution of CO2 can be used as a proxy for the residual circulations. Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) CO2 volume mixing ratio (VMR) and temperature measurements from 2003 to 2020 are used to study the monthly climatology of MLT residual circulations and the mesop ...

Wang, Ningchao; Qian, Liying; Yue, Jia; Wang, Wenbin; Mlynczak, Martin; Russell, James;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JD035666

climatology; interannual variation; MLT region; residual circulation; seasonal variation

Response of the Ionospheric TEC to SSW and Associated Geomagnetic Storm Over the American Low Latitudinal Sector

During the sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event in 2013, we investigated the American low latitude around 75°W. We used 12 Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, a pair of magnetometers, and the NASA Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite airglow instrument to unveil the total electron content (TEC), inferred vertical drift, and the changes in the neutral composition, respectively. A major SSW characterized the 2013 SSW event with the main phase (7–27 January 2013) overlapped ...

Fashae, J.; Bolaji, O.; Rabiu, A.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002999

equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA); geomagnetic storm; low-latitude ionosphere; sudden stratospheric wind (SSW)

Satellite In Situ Electron Density Observations of the Midlatitude Storm Enhanced Density on the Noon Meridional Plane in the F Region During the 20 November 2003 Magnetic Storm

Ionospheric storm enhanced density (SED) has been extensively investigated using total electron content deduced from GPS ground and satellite-borne receivers. However, dayside in situ electron density measurements have not been analyzed in detail for SEDs yet. We report in situ electron density measurements of a SED event in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) at the noon meridian plane measured by the Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) polar-orbiting satellite at about 390 km altitude during the 20 November 2003 magnetic st ...

Lin, Chin; Sutton, Eric; Wang, Wenbin; Cai, Xuguang; Liu, Guiping; Henney, Carl; Cooke, David;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029831

in situ plasma density; ionospheric electron density; prompt penetration electric field; Storm enhanced density; tongue of ionization



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