Global UltraViolet Imager

Effect of MgF2 deposition temperature on Al mirrors in vacuum ultraviolet

<p>High reflectivity of mirrors is very important for many applications in the vacuum ultraviolet, such as for space observation, synchrotron radiation. This paper focuses on the substrate temperature\textquoterights effect on the performance of Al mirrors when depositing the upper MgF<sub>2</sub> layer. Al films are deposited on the substrates at room temperature by thermal evaporation, and a 5 nm MgF<sub>2</sub> film is deposited on Al coating at room temperature immediately. Heating the substrate to various temperatures ranging from room temperature to 350\textdegree, then a 20 nm MgF<sub>2</sub> film is deposited on the surface of Al/MgF<sub>2</sub>. The thickness of each layer is characterized using grazing incidence x-ray reflectivity. The reflectivity of sample is measured at the incident angle of 5\textdegree in the wavelength range of 105~130 nm. The reflectivity of all samples fabricated at above room temperature is higher than the sample at room temperature below 115nm. The reflectivity of mirror at 350\textdegree temperature is lower than other mirrors, and the reflectivity of the samples at 300\textdegree and 200\textdegree is similar. There are more black dots on the surface of mirror at 350\textdegree than 300\textdegree, and no black dot on the surface of mirror at 200\textdegree. The measured results using surface profiler show that the black dots are small holes that increase the roughness of mirror and reduce the reflectivity. So the best temperature for depositing the upper MgF<sub>2</sub> layer is in 200~300\textdegree to obtain high reflectivity of Al mirrors in vacuum ultraviolet.</p>
Year of Publication
Conference Location
Qingdao, China