Observations of the Weddell Sea Anomaly in the ground-based and space-borne TEC measurements
The Weddell Sea Anomaly (WSA) is a summer ionospheric anomaly, which is characterized by a greater nighttime ionospheric density than that in daytime in the region near the Weddell Sea. We investigate the WSA signatures in the ground-based TEC (vertical total electron content) by using GPS and GLONASS measurements of the dense regional GNSS networks in South America. We constructed the high-resolution regional TEC maps for December 2014–January 2015. The WSA effects of the TEC exceed the noontime values are registered starting from 17 LT, it reaches its maximum at 01–05 LT and starts to disappear after 09 LT.
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Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
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