Far-ultraviolet airglow remote sensing measurements on Feng Yun 3-D meteorological satellite

Abstract
\textlessp\textgreater\textlessstrong class="journal-contentHeaderColor"\textgreaterAbstract.\textless/strong\textgreater The Ionospheric Photometer (IPM) is carried on the Feng Yun 3-D (FY3D) meteorological satellite, which allows for the measurement of far-ultraviolet (FUV) airglow radiation in the thermosphere. IPM is a compact and high-sensitivity nadir-viewing FUV remote sensing instrument. It monitors 135.6 nm emission in the nightside thermosphere and 135.6 nm and N\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$_\textrm2$\textless/span\textgreater Lyman–Birge–Hopfield (LBH) emissions in the dayside thermosphere that can be used to invert the peak electron density of the F\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$_\textrm2$\textless/span\textgreater layer (NmF\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$_\textrm2$)\textless/span\textgreater at night and the \textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater\textlessmath xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M4" display="inline" overflow="scroll" dspmath="mathml"\textgreater\textlessmrow class="chem"\textgreater\textlessmi mathvariant="normal"\textgreaterO\textless/mi\textgreater\textlessmo\textgreater/\textless/mo\textgreater\textlessmi mathvariant="normal"\textgreaterN\textless/mi\textgreater\textless/mrow\textgreater\textless/math\textgreater\textlessspan\textgreater\textlesssvg:svg xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="25pt" height="14pt" class="svg-formula" dspmath="mathimg" md5hash="73a3f14187048fa14eee70dd1027ad23"\textgreater\textlesssvg:image xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="amt-15-1577-2022-ie00001.svg" width="25pt" height="14pt" src="amt-15-1577-2022-ie00001.png"/\textgreater\textless/svg:svg\textgreater\textless/span\textgreater\textless/span\textgreater\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$_\textrm2$\textless/span\textgreater ratio in the daytime, respectively. Preliminary observations show that the IPM could monitor the global structure of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) structure around 02:00 LT using atomic oxygen (OI) 135.6 nm nightglow. It could also identify the reduction of \textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater\textlessmath xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M6" display="inline" overflow="scroll" dspmath="mathml"\textgreater\textlessmrow class="chem"\textgreater\textlessmi mathvariant="normal"\textgreaterO\textless/mi\textgreater\textlessmo\textgreater/\textless/mo\textgreater\textlessmi mathvariant="normal"\textgreaterN\textless/mi\textgreater\textless/mrow\textgreater\textless/math\textgreater\textlessspan\textgreater\textlesssvg:svg xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="25pt" height="14pt" class="svg-formula" dspmath="mathimg" md5hash="7662cd64e23809d534f2b5721e55261b"\textgreater\textlesssvg:image xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="amt-15-1577-2022-ie00002.svg" width="25pt" height="14pt" src="amt-15-1577-2022-ie00002.png"/\textgreater\textless/svg:svg\textgreater\textless/span\textgreater\textless/span\textgreater\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$_\textrm2$\textless/span\textgreater in the high-latitude region during the geomagnetic storm of 26 August 2018. The IPM-derived NmF\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$_\textrm2$\textless/span\textgreater agrees well with that observed by four ionosonde stations along 120\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$^\textrm∘$\textless/span\textgreater E with a standard deviation of 26.67 \%. Initial results demonstrate that the performance of IPM meets the design requirements and therefore can be used to study the thermosphere and ionosphere in the future.\textless/p\textgreater
Year of Publication
2022
Journal
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
Volume
15
Number of Pages
1577-1586
Date Published
mar
ISSN Number
1867-1381
URL
https://amt.copernicus.org/articles/15/1577/2022/
DOI
10.5194/amt-15-1577-2022