Climatology of equatorial plasma bubble observed by MyRTKnet over the years 2008\textendash2013


Malaysia Real-Time Kinematics GNSS Network (MyRTKnet) which consists of 78 GPS receivers was used to investigate the occurrence of equatorial plasma bubble (EPB) along 96\textdegreeE-120\textdegreeE longitude. In this study, we present the monthly occurrence rate of EPB along the geographical longitudes of 96\textdegreeE-120\textdegreeE for a half of solar cycle period (2008-2013). A 2D map of rate of TEC change index (ROTI) projected at 300 km altitude was derived from the signal paths between GPS satellites and the receivers. A ROTI keogram for one day period was obtained from the east-west cross section of the 2D ROTI maps at 4\textdegreeN for every 5 min. The occurrence day of EPB was determined from the keogram by the existence of ROTI larger than 0.1 TECU/min within the 96\textdegreeE-120\textdegreeE longitude. The results show that the occurrence of EPB along the 96\textdegreeE-120\textdegreeE has maximum during equinoctial months and is consistent with previous studies. The occurrence rate of EPB during equinoctial months shows similar characteristics in low and high solar activity due to the broad observational coverage of the MyRTKnet. In contrast, the occurrence rate of EPB during solstice months shows significant relation with solar activity. Solstice months recorded high occurrence rate of EPB in high solar activity that might be attributed to post-midnight irregularities.

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Langkawi, Malaysia
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