On the Relationship of the O(1D) 630.0 nm Dayglow Emission to the F10.7 cm Solar Flux and the Solar Zenith Angle

The Wind Imaging Interferometer (WINDII) Empirical Model, which provides the characteristics of the O(1D) 630.0 nm atomic oxygen dayglow emission from the upper atmosphere has been reviewed and updated. It now includes the Integrated Emission Rate, the peak Volume Emission Rate, the Altitude of that peak and the Full Width at Half Maximum as functions of the F10.7 cm Solar Radio Flux and the solar zenith angle (SZA). The model employs 98,617 WINDII observations obtained between the years 1992 and 1996, and the model and observations of the Integrated Emission Rate agree well with one another within 2 standard deviations of 588.7 Rayleigh (R) (106 photons cm−2 sec−1). It is also demonstrated that the impact of latitude, longitude and day of year, independently of their contribution to the SZA, is very small. The WINDII Empirical Model is also shown to agree with results from the TRANSCAR photochemical model. The dayglow is challenging to measure with ground-based instruments, as the solar scattered light from the daytime sky must be accurately subtracted from the data. Ground-based measurements of the integrated emission rate have been made by others, with good agreement for observations from Hyderabad during the 2015 summer and winter, but mixed agreement with measurements made over Boston in 2003. The latter results are reviewed and assessed.
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Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
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