Quantification of the role of gravity wave induced TIDs in modulating ESF day to day variability during geomagnetically disturbed periods

The control of magnetic disturbance induced seed perturbations on the daily variation in night-time ionization irregularity occurrence is studied using ionosonde data and TIMED/GUVI neutral density data at the magnetic equatorial region, Trivandrum. The study reveals that there is a requisite threshold seed amplitude for ESF to occur at a particular altitude and this requisite seed increases as the altitude decreases. This dependence of requisite seed perturbation on altitude for multiple years, which incorporates the electrodynamical effects also, is used as the basis for developing an empirical model to hind-cast ESF. Using the model, the threshold seed perturbation for any day of vernal equinox (ve) season of any year can be delineated if the solar flux index (F10.7) is known. The empirical model is also validated using the data for high and low solar activity periods. The model is able to hind-cast ESF with 92\% success for low solar activity while the success rate for high solar activity is 50\%. Further, the dependence of the threshold curves on neutral density is brought out, thereby confirming the role of ion-neutral coupling processes in modulating the same for magnetically disturbed periods. The geomagnetically disturbed period requisite seed amplitudes are higher than those for quiet periods at a given altitude. This study underlines the importance of disturbance induced seed perturbations and neutral density in controlling ESF occurrence.
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Advances in Space Research
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