Periodic Variations in Solar Wind and Responses of the Magnetosphere and Thermosphere in March 2017

TIMED/GUVI observed thermospheric column ∑O/N2 depletion in both hemispheres between March 1 and 21, 2017 which was caused by large periodic variations in interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and a high solar wind speed, likely in a solar wind. The dominant periods seen in the solar wind and magnetosphere coupling function (CF) were around 1.9, 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 14.0 and 22.0 h on March 1 and 2. The major AE variations were around 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 10.7, 14.0 and 22.0 h. Auroral hemispheric power (HP) also showed periodic variations similar to that of AE, except for the absence of the 3.0 h variation due to a low sampling rate in HP data. SymH data didn t show the periodic variations seen in AE but a weak 12-h periodic variation which was seen in the solar wind dynamic pressure. A weak AE and HP variation at 10.7-h period was not observed in CF or any individual solar wind parameters or IMF components. These results suggest that (a) the oscillating IMF pumped energy and mass periodically into the magnetosphere and the polar ionosphere, creating a long lasting (20-days) storm and O/N2 depletion, (b) the high latitude AE and HP responded to the solar wind and IMF variations directly, (c) SymH did not show any direct periodic responses, likely due to the fact that the ring current response resulted from the cumulative effect of solar wind and IMF drivers, (d) the 10.7-h variations in AE and HP were likely due to magnetospheric internal processes.
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Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
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