TitleUpper Atmosphere Radiance Data Assimilation: A Feasibility Study for GOLD Far Ultraviolet Observations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsCantrall, CE, Matsuo, T, Solomon, SC
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Date Published10/2019

Far ultraviolet observations of Earth's dayglow from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Global‐scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission presents an unparalleled opportunity for upper atmosphere radiance data assimilation. Assimilation of the Lyman‐Birge‐Hopfield (LBH) band emissions can be formulated in a similar fashion to lower atmosphere radiance data assimilation approaches. To provide a proof‐of‐concept for such an approach, this paper presents assimilation experiments of simulated LBH emission data using an ensemble filter measurement update step implemented with National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s Whole Atmosphere Model (WAM) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)'s Global Airglow (GLOW) model. Primary findings from observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs), wherein “truth” atmospheric conditions simulated by NCAR's Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamic General Circulation Model (TIEGCM) are used to generate synthetic GOLD data, are as follows: (1) Assimilation of GOLD LBH disk emission data can reduce the bias in model temperature specification (ensemble mean) by 60% under both geomagnetically quiet conditions and disturbed conditions. (2) The reduction in model uncertainty (ensemble spread) as a result of assimilation is about 20% in the lower thermosphere and 30% in the upper thermosphere for both conditions. These OSSEs demonstrate the potential for far ultraviolet radiance data assimilation to dramatically reduce the model biases in thermospheric temperature specification and to extend the utility of GOLD observations by helping to resolve the altitude‐dependent global‐scale response of the thermosphere to geomagnetic storms.

Short TitleJ. Geophys. Res. Space Physics

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