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Space Weather Events, Hurricanes, and Earthquakes in Mexico in September 2017



AuthorGonzalez-Esparza, J.; Sergeeva, M.; Corona-Romero, P.; Mejia-Ambriz, J.; Gonzalez, L.; De la Luz, V.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Rodriguez, M.; andez, Romero-Hern\;
Keywords
Abstract

In the interval of 4\textendash10 September 2017, the Sun presented multiple solar flares from active region AR 2673. There were also coronal mass ejections that interacted with the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere. This solar activity produced several space weather events. These events were observed with ground-based instruments of the Mexican Space Weather Service. The Mexican Array RadioTelescope detected highly perturbed solar transits associated with Type I radio emissions from active regions. The Compact Astronomical Low-frequency, Low-cost Instrument for Spectroscopy in Transportable Observatories-Mexican Array RadioTelescope station detected several radio bursts including a Type III associated with the X8.2 flare on 10 September. The magnetometer detected variations reaching a regional K index of 8.3 during the geomagnetic storm. The ionosphere over Mexico was disturbed by different space weather phenomena with the dominant effects of the geomagnetic storm. We used total electron content data to study latitudinal and longitudinal ionospheric effects in this interval. The cosmic rays monitor detected a Forbush decrease associated also with the geomagnetic storm. This low-latitude instrumental network in Mexico allowed estimating the regional response to space weather events. Coincidentally with the space weather events referred above, there were also two other types of natural hazards affecting the country at that moment, the hurricane Katia category 2 in the Gulf of Mexico, and two major earthquakes (7 and 19 September 2018). The conjunction of these natural phenomena were close to creating a worst-case scenario in terms of civil protection reaction.

Year of Publication2018
JournalSpace Weather
Volume16
Number of Pages2038-2051
Section
Date Published12/2018
ISBN
URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2018SW001995
DOI10.1029/2018SW001995