GUVI Biblio





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Found 5773 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 401 through 450


2021

Teleseismic measurements of upper mantle shear wave anisotropy in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico

Shear wave splitting measurements in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (IT), southern Mexico, inferred from teleseismic core phases are presented. Measurements were made along a south-to-north profile across the IT. The results show a predominantly trench-normal pattern of fast polarization orientations with averaged delay times up to 2.2 s. Fast orientations near the trench suggest a corner flow in the mantle wedge and an entrained flow in the subslab region. Away the trench, fast orientations are parallel to the Absolute Plate M ...

León Soto, Gerardo; Valenzuela, Raúl; Arceo, R; Huesca-Pérez, Eduardo; Rosas, Ricardo;

Published by: Geophysical Journal International      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggab301

Teleseismic measurements of upper mantle shear wave anisotropy in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico

Shear wave splitting measurements in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (IT), southern Mexico, inferred from teleseismic core phases are presented. Measurements were made along a south-to-north profile across the IT. The results show a predominantly trench-normal pattern of fast polarization orientations with averaged delay times up to 2.2 s. Fast orientations near the trench suggest a corner flow in the mantle wedge and an entrained flow in the subslab region. Away the trench, fast orientations are parallel to the Absolute Plate M ...

León Soto, Gerardo; Valenzuela, Raúl; Arceo, R; Huesca-Pérez, Eduardo; Rosas, Ricardo;

Published by: Geophysical Journal International      Published on: dec

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggab301

Comparison of ionospheric anomalies over African equatorial/low-latitude region with IRI-2016 model predictions during the maximum phase of solar cycle 24

The capability of IRI-2016 in reproducing the hemispheric asymmetry, the winter and semiannual anomalies has been assessed over the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during quiet periods of years 2013–2014. The EIA reconstructed using Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System was compared with that computed using IRI-2016 along longitude 25° − 40oE. These were analyzed along with hemispheric changes in the neutral wind derived from the horizontal wind model and the TIMED GUVI columna ...

Amaechi, Paul; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Akala, Andrew; Kaab, Mohamed; Younas, Waqar; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khan, Majid; Mazaudier, Christine-Amory;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.040

Equatorial ionization anomaly; hemispheric asymmetry; IRI-2016; Semiannual anomaly; Winter anomaly

Comparison of ionospheric anomalies over African equatorial/low-latitude region with IRI-2016 model predictions during the maximum phase of solar cycle 24

The capability of IRI-2016 in reproducing the hemispheric asymmetry, the winter and semiannual anomalies has been assessed over the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during quiet periods of years 2013–2014. The EIA reconstructed using Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System was compared with that computed using IRI-2016 along longitude 25° − 40oE. These were analyzed along with hemispheric changes in the neutral wind derived from the horizontal wind model and the TIMED GUVI columna ...

Amaechi, Paul; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Akala, Andrew; Kaab, Mohamed; Younas, Waqar; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khan, Majid; Mazaudier, Christine-Amory;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.040

Equatorial ionization anomaly; hemispheric asymmetry; IRI-2016; Semiannual anomaly; Winter anomaly

Comparison of ionospheric anomalies over African equatorial/low-latitude region with IRI-2016 model predictions during the maximum phase of solar cycle 24

The capability of IRI-2016 in reproducing the hemispheric asymmetry, the winter and semiannual anomalies has been assessed over the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during quiet periods of years 2013–2014. The EIA reconstructed using Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System was compared with that computed using IRI-2016 along longitude 25° − 40oE. These were analyzed along with hemispheric changes in the neutral wind derived from the horizontal wind model and the TIMED GUVI columna ...

Amaechi, Paul; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Akala, Andrew; Kaab, Mohamed; Younas, Waqar; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khan, Majid; Mazaudier, Christine-Amory;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.040

Equatorial ionization anomaly; hemispheric asymmetry; IRI-2016; Semiannual anomaly; Winter anomaly

Comparison of ionospheric anomalies over African equatorial/low-latitude region with IRI-2016 model predictions during the maximum phase of solar cycle 24

The capability of IRI-2016 in reproducing the hemispheric asymmetry, the winter and semiannual anomalies has been assessed over the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during quiet periods of years 2013–2014. The EIA reconstructed using Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System was compared with that computed using IRI-2016 along longitude 25° − 40oE. These were analyzed along with hemispheric changes in the neutral wind derived from the horizontal wind model and the TIMED GUVI columna ...

Amaechi, Paul; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Akala, Andrew; Kaab, Mohamed; Younas, Waqar; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khan, Majid; Mazaudier, Christine-Amory;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.040

Equatorial ionization anomaly; hemispheric asymmetry; IRI-2016; Semiannual anomaly; Winter anomaly

Comparison of ionospheric anomalies over African equatorial/low-latitude region with IRI-2016 model predictions during the maximum phase of solar cycle 24

The capability of IRI-2016 in reproducing the hemispheric asymmetry, the winter and semiannual anomalies has been assessed over the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during quiet periods of years 2013–2014. The EIA reconstructed using Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System was compared with that computed using IRI-2016 along longitude 25° − 40oE. These were analyzed along with hemispheric changes in the neutral wind derived from the horizontal wind model and the TIMED GUVI columna ...

Amaechi, Paul; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Akala, Andrew; Kaab, Mohamed; Younas, Waqar; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khan, Majid; Mazaudier, Christine-Amory;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.040

Equatorial ionization anomaly; hemispheric asymmetry; IRI-2016; Semiannual anomaly; Winter anomaly

Comparison of ionospheric anomalies over African equatorial/low-latitude region with IRI-2016 model predictions during the maximum phase of solar cycle 24

The capability of IRI-2016 in reproducing the hemispheric asymmetry, the winter and semiannual anomalies has been assessed over the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during quiet periods of years 2013–2014. The EIA reconstructed using Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System was compared with that computed using IRI-2016 along longitude 25° − 40oE. These were analyzed along with hemispheric changes in the neutral wind derived from the horizontal wind model and the TIMED GUVI columna ...

Amaechi, Paul; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Akala, Andrew; Kaab, Mohamed; Younas, Waqar; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khan, Majid; Mazaudier, Christine-Amory;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.040

Equatorial ionization anomaly; hemispheric asymmetry; IRI-2016; Semiannual anomaly; Winter anomaly

Comparison of ionospheric anomalies over African equatorial/low-latitude region with IRI-2016 model predictions during the maximum phase of solar cycle 24

The capability of IRI-2016 in reproducing the hemispheric asymmetry, the winter and semiannual anomalies has been assessed over the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during quiet periods of years 2013–2014. The EIA reconstructed using Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System was compared with that computed using IRI-2016 along longitude 25° − 40oE. These were analyzed along with hemispheric changes in the neutral wind derived from the horizontal wind model and the TIMED GUVI columna ...

Amaechi, Paul; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Akala, Andrew; Kaab, Mohamed; Younas, Waqar; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khan, Majid; Mazaudier, Christine-Amory;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.040

Equatorial ionization anomaly; hemispheric asymmetry; IRI-2016; Semiannual anomaly; Winter anomaly

Impact of CME and HSSW driven geomagnetic storms on thermosphere and ionosphere as observed from mid-latitudes

The present paper reports magnetospheric-thermospheric-ionospheric interactions, observed during geomagnetically disturbed periods in 2015–2016 from mid-latitude stations located in the US-Pacific longitudes (\textasciitilde120°W geographic). These interactions have been analyzed for a series of Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) and High Speed Solar Wind (HSSW) driven geomagnetic storms during the moderate solar activity periods. The geomagnetically disturbed periods under consideration in this paper have an interesting feature ...

Sur, Dibyendu; Ray, Sarbani; Paul, Ashik;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.027

CME and HSSW storms; Joule heating; Meridional and zonal wind; O/N ratio; Plasma transport; VTEC

Impact of CME and HSSW driven geomagnetic storms on thermosphere and ionosphere as observed from mid-latitudes

The present paper reports magnetospheric-thermospheric-ionospheric interactions, observed during geomagnetically disturbed periods in 2015–2016 from mid-latitude stations located in the US-Pacific longitudes (\textasciitilde120°W geographic). These interactions have been analyzed for a series of Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) and High Speed Solar Wind (HSSW) driven geomagnetic storms during the moderate solar activity periods. The geomagnetically disturbed periods under consideration in this paper have an interesting feature ...

Sur, Dibyendu; Ray, Sarbani; Paul, Ashik;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.027

CME and HSSW storms; Joule heating; Meridional and zonal wind; O/N ratio; Plasma transport; VTEC

Effect of intense geomagnetic storms on low-latitude TEC during the ascending phase of the solar cycle 24

The results presented in this paper are obtained from low-latitude ionospheric total electron content (TEC) variation during the chosen geomagnetic storm events happening during the solar cycle 24. We include the four intense geomagnetic storms that occurred on 26 September 2011, 15 July 2012, 19 February 2014 and 20 December 2015, depending upon the availability of TEC data. For this, we have used the TEC data from low-latitude station Varanasi (geographic latitude 25°, 16′N, geographic longitude 82°, 59′E and geomagn ...

Singh, Abha; Rathore, Vishnu; Kumar, Sanjay; Rao, S.; Singh, Sudesh; Singh, A.;

Published by: Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1007/s12036-021-09774-8

geomagnetic storm; Global positioning system; low latitude; total electron contents

Effect of intense geomagnetic storms on low-latitude TEC during the ascending phase of the solar cycle 24

The results presented in this paper are obtained from low-latitude ionospheric total electron content (TEC) variation during the chosen geomagnetic storm events happening during the solar cycle 24. We include the four intense geomagnetic storms that occurred on 26 September 2011, 15 July 2012, 19 February 2014 and 20 December 2015, depending upon the availability of TEC data. For this, we have used the TEC data from low-latitude station Varanasi (geographic latitude 25°, 16′N, geographic longitude 82°, 59′E and geomagn ...

Singh, Abha; Rathore, Vishnu; Kumar, Sanjay; Rao, S.; Singh, Sudesh; Singh, A.;

Published by: Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1007/s12036-021-09774-8

geomagnetic storm; Global positioning system; low latitude; total electron contents

Effect of intense geomagnetic storms on low-latitude TEC during the ascending phase of the solar cycle 24

The results presented in this paper are obtained from low-latitude ionospheric total electron content (TEC) variation during the chosen geomagnetic storm events happening during the solar cycle 24. We include the four intense geomagnetic storms that occurred on 26 September 2011, 15 July 2012, 19 February 2014 and 20 December 2015, depending upon the availability of TEC data. For this, we have used the TEC data from low-latitude station Varanasi (geographic latitude 25°, 16′N, geographic longitude 82°, 59′E and geomagn ...

Singh, Abha; Rathore, Vishnu; Kumar, Sanjay; Rao, S.; Singh, Sudesh; Singh, A.;

Published by: Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1007/s12036-021-09774-8

geomagnetic storm; Global positioning system; low latitude; total electron contents

Solar flares and geomagnetic storms of September 2017: Their impacts on the TEC over 75°E longitude sector

This study investigates the ionospheric Total Electron Content (TEC) responses over 75°E longitude to the solar flares and geomagnetic storms of September 6–9, 2017. The results of this study provide the impacts of solely solar flares on the ionosphere and such impact when the effects of solar flares and geomagnetic storm are combined. On September 6, two X class solar flares, namely X2.2 at 0857 UT and X9.3 at 1153 UT, were recorded with quiet geomagnetic conditions. The EUV/X-ray intensity of X9.3 flare was significan ...

Chakraborty, Monti; Singh, A.; Rao, S.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.04.012

TEC; geomagnetic storm; EUV; Solar flare; X-ray

Solar flares and geomagnetic storms of September 2017: Their impacts on the TEC over 75°E longitude sector

This study investigates the ionospheric Total Electron Content (TEC) responses over 75°E longitude to the solar flares and geomagnetic storms of September 6–9, 2017. The results of this study provide the impacts of solely solar flares on the ionosphere and such impact when the effects of solar flares and geomagnetic storm are combined. On September 6, two X class solar flares, namely X2.2 at 0857 UT and X9.3 at 1153 UT, were recorded with quiet geomagnetic conditions. The EUV/X-ray intensity of X9.3 flare was significan ...

Chakraborty, Monti; Singh, A.; Rao, S.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.04.012

TEC; geomagnetic storm; EUV; Solar flare; X-ray

A Statistical Analysis of Plasma Bubbles Observed by Swarm Constellation during Different Types of Geomagnetic Storms

Based on the observations of Ionospheric Bubble Index (IBI) data from the Swarm mission, the characteristics of plasma bubbles are investigated during different types of geomagnetic storms recorded from 2014 to 2020. The geometrical constellation of the Swarm mission enabled us to investigate the altitudinal profile of the IBIs during different activity levels in a statistical mean. Results show that the majority of IBIs associated with moderate storms are observed at low altitudes and the probability of observing IBIs at hi ...

Hussien, Fayrouz; Ghamry, Essam; Fathy, Adel;

Published by: Universe      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3390/universe7040090

geomagnetic storm; ionospheric irregularity; plasma bubble; Swarm mission

A Statistical Analysis of Plasma Bubbles Observed by Swarm Constellation during Different Types of Geomagnetic Storms

Based on the observations of Ionospheric Bubble Index (IBI) data from the Swarm mission, the characteristics of plasma bubbles are investigated during different types of geomagnetic storms recorded from 2014 to 2020. The geometrical constellation of the Swarm mission enabled us to investigate the altitudinal profile of the IBIs during different activity levels in a statistical mean. Results show that the majority of IBIs associated with moderate storms are observed at low altitudes and the probability of observing IBIs at hi ...

Hussien, Fayrouz; Ghamry, Essam; Fathy, Adel;

Published by: Universe      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3390/universe7040090

geomagnetic storm; ionospheric irregularity; plasma bubble; Swarm mission

Lower Thermospheric Material Transport via Lagrangian Coherent Structures

We show that inter-model variation due to under-constraint by observations impacts the ability to predict material transport in the lower thermosphere. Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs), indicating regions of maximal separation (or convergence) in a time-varying flow, are derived in the lower thermosphere from models for several space shuttle water vapor plume events. We find that inter-model differences in thermospheric transport manifest in LCSs in a way that is more stringent than mean wind analyses. LCSs defined usin ...

Datta-Barua, Seebany; Pedatella, Nicholas; Greer, Katelynn; Wang, Ningchao; Nutter, Leanne; Harvey, Lynn;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028834

Lower Thermospheric Material Transport via Lagrangian Coherent Structures

We show that inter-model variation due to under-constraint by observations impacts the ability to predict material transport in the lower thermosphere. Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs), indicating regions of maximal separation (or convergence) in a time-varying flow, are derived in the lower thermosphere from models for several space shuttle water vapor plume events. We find that inter-model differences in thermospheric transport manifest in LCSs in a way that is more stringent than mean wind analyses. LCSs defined usin ...

Datta-Barua, Seebany; Pedatella, Nicholas; Greer, Katelynn; Wang, Ningchao; Nutter, Leanne; Harvey, Lynn;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028834

Lower Thermospheric Material Transport via Lagrangian Coherent Structures

We show that inter-model variation due to under-constraint by observations impacts the ability to predict material transport in the lower thermosphere. Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs), indicating regions of maximal separation (or convergence) in a time-varying flow, are derived in the lower thermosphere from models for several space shuttle water vapor plume events. We find that inter-model differences in thermospheric transport manifest in LCSs in a way that is more stringent than mean wind analyses. LCSs defined usin ...

Datta-Barua, Seebany; Pedatella, Nicholas; Greer, Katelynn; Wang, Ningchao; Nutter, Leanne; Harvey, Lynn;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028834

Lower Thermospheric Material Transport via Lagrangian Coherent Structures

We show that inter-model variation due to under-constraint by observations impacts the ability to predict material transport in the lower thermosphere. Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs), indicating regions of maximal separation (or convergence) in a time-varying flow, are derived in the lower thermosphere from models for several space shuttle water vapor plume events. We find that inter-model differences in thermospheric transport manifest in LCSs in a way that is more stringent than mean wind analyses. LCSs defined usin ...

Datta-Barua, Seebany; Pedatella, Nicholas; Greer, Katelynn; Wang, Ningchao; Nutter, Leanne; Harvey, Lynn;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028834

Periodic Variations in Solar Wind and Responses of the Magnetosphere and Thermosphere in March 2017

TIMED/GUVI observed thermospheric column ∑O/N2 depletion in both hemispheres between March 1 and 21, 2017 which was caused by large periodic variations in interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and a high solar wind speed, likely in a solar wind. The dominant periods seen in the solar wind and magnetosphere coupling function (CF) were around 1.9, 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 14.0 and 22.0 h on March 1 and 2. The major AE variations were around 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 10.7, 14.0 and 22.0 h. Auroral hemispheric power (HP) also showed periodic variati ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Wang, Wenbin; Huang, Chaosong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029387

AE index; geomagnetic storm; hemispheric power; periodic variation; solar wind and magnetosphere coupling; thermospheric composition

Periodic Variations in Solar Wind and Responses of the Magnetosphere and Thermosphere in March 2017

TIMED/GUVI observed thermospheric column ∑O/N2 depletion in both hemispheres between March 1 and 21, 2017 which was caused by large periodic variations in interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and a high solar wind speed, likely in a solar wind. The dominant periods seen in the solar wind and magnetosphere coupling function (CF) were around 1.9, 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 14.0 and 22.0 h on March 1 and 2. The major AE variations were around 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 10.7, 14.0 and 22.0 h. Auroral hemispheric power (HP) also showed periodic variati ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Wang, Wenbin; Huang, Chaosong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029387

AE index; geomagnetic storm; hemispheric power; periodic variation; solar wind and magnetosphere coupling; thermospheric composition

Periodic Variations in Solar Wind and Responses of the Magnetosphere and Thermosphere in March 2017

TIMED/GUVI observed thermospheric column ∑O/N2 depletion in both hemispheres between March 1 and 21, 2017 which was caused by large periodic variations in interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and a high solar wind speed, likely in a solar wind. The dominant periods seen in the solar wind and magnetosphere coupling function (CF) were around 1.9, 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 14.0 and 22.0 h on March 1 and 2. The major AE variations were around 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 10.7, 14.0 and 22.0 h. Auroral hemispheric power (HP) also showed periodic variati ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Wang, Wenbin; Huang, Chaosong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029387

AE index; geomagnetic storm; hemispheric power; periodic variation; solar wind and magnetosphere coupling; thermospheric composition

Periodic Variations in Solar Wind and Responses of the Magnetosphere and Thermosphere in March 2017

TIMED/GUVI observed thermospheric column ∑O/N2 depletion in both hemispheres between March 1 and 21, 2017 which was caused by large periodic variations in interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and a high solar wind speed, likely in a solar wind. The dominant periods seen in the solar wind and magnetosphere coupling function (CF) were around 1.9, 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 14.0 and 22.0 h on March 1 and 2. The major AE variations were around 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 10.7, 14.0 and 22.0 h. Auroral hemispheric power (HP) also showed periodic variati ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Wang, Wenbin; Huang, Chaosong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029387

AE index; geomagnetic storm; hemispheric power; periodic variation; solar wind and magnetosphere coupling; thermospheric composition

Hemispheric Asymmetries in the Mid-latitude Ionosphere During the September 7–8, 2017 Storm: Multi-instrument Observations

Hemispheric asymmetries of the Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) were observed during the first recovery phase of the geomagnetic storm on September 7–8, 2017. These asymmetries occurred at the mid latitudes at two different local times simultaneously: In the European-African sector (early morning), the storm time VTEC in the southern/northern hemisphere was higher/lower than the quiet time value, suggesting the southern/northern hemisphere entered the positive/negative phase (N−S+). In the East Asian-Australian sec ...

Wang, Zihan; Zou, Shasha; Liu, Lei; Ren, Jiaen; Aa, Ercha;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028829

Hemispheric Asymmetries in the Mid-latitude Ionosphere During the September 7–8, 2017 Storm: Multi-instrument Observations

Hemispheric asymmetries of the Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) were observed during the first recovery phase of the geomagnetic storm on September 7–8, 2017. These asymmetries occurred at the mid latitudes at two different local times simultaneously: In the European-African sector (early morning), the storm time VTEC in the southern/northern hemisphere was higher/lower than the quiet time value, suggesting the southern/northern hemisphere entered the positive/negative phase (N−S+). In the East Asian-Australian sec ...

Wang, Zihan; Zou, Shasha; Liu, Lei; Ren, Jiaen; Aa, Ercha;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028829

Longitudinal Variation of Postsunset Plasma Depletions From the Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, launched in 2018, aims to investigate the low latitude ionosphere from a geostationary orbit at 47.5°W. It uses two identical spectrometers measuring the wavelength range from 134.0 to 163.0 nm. The configuration of the Earth s magnetic field shows that the largest offset between geographic and geomagnetic equators occurs in the longitude sectors sampled by GOLD. In an attempt to investigate the longitude dependence of the occurrence rate and time of onset o ...

Martinis, C.; Daniell, R.; Eastes, R.; Norrell, J.; Smith, J.; Klenzing, J.; Solomon, S.; Burns, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028510

F region; longitude variability; plasma bubbles; Plasma depletions; upward drifts

Longitudinal Variation of Postsunset Plasma Depletions From the Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, launched in 2018, aims to investigate the low latitude ionosphere from a geostationary orbit at 47.5°W. It uses two identical spectrometers measuring the wavelength range from 134.0 to 163.0 nm. The configuration of the Earth s magnetic field shows that the largest offset between geographic and geomagnetic equators occurs in the longitude sectors sampled by GOLD. In an attempt to investigate the longitude dependence of the occurrence rate and time of onset o ...

Martinis, C.; Daniell, R.; Eastes, R.; Norrell, J.; Smith, J.; Klenzing, J.; Solomon, S.; Burns, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028510

F region; longitude variability; plasma bubbles; Plasma depletions; upward drifts

Longitudinal Variation of Postsunset Plasma Depletions From the Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, launched in 2018, aims to investigate the low latitude ionosphere from a geostationary orbit at 47.5°W. It uses two identical spectrometers measuring the wavelength range from 134.0 to 163.0 nm. The configuration of the Earth s magnetic field shows that the largest offset between geographic and geomagnetic equators occurs in the longitude sectors sampled by GOLD. In an attempt to investigate the longitude dependence of the occurrence rate and time of onset o ...

Martinis, C.; Daniell, R.; Eastes, R.; Norrell, J.; Smith, J.; Klenzing, J.; Solomon, S.; Burns, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028510

F region; longitude variability; plasma bubbles; Plasma depletions; upward drifts

Observational Evidence and Formation Mechanism of Low-Density Cells in the Upper Thermosphere on September 8, 2017

The low-density cell structure in the high-latitude thermosphere is referred to as the density depletion with respect to the adjacent area. Based on Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) accelerometer data during the September 2017 geomagnetic storms, the thermospheric mass density at about 350 km are estimated and further investigated especially in the high-latitude regions. At least two kinds of low-density cells over the Southern Hemisphere (SH) are observed along the GRACE orbit. To understand the low-density c ...

Yuan, Liangliang; Jin, Shuanggen;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028915

An Unusually Large Electron Temperature Increase Over Arecibo Associated With an Intense Geomagnetic Storm

We present an investigation of the F-region electron temperature to an intense geomagnetic storm that occurred on 5 August 2011. The investigation is based on the incoherent scatter radar measurements at Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico (18.3°N, 66.7°W). The electron temperature exhibits a rapid and intensive enhancement after the commencement of the geomagnetic storm. The electron temperature increases by ∼800 K within an hour, which is seldomly reported at Arecibo. At the same time, a depletion of the electron density ...

Lv, Xiedong; Gong, Yun; Zhang, ShaoDong; Zhou, Qihou; Ma, Zheng;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029836

Arecibo; F-region electron temperature; geomagnetic storm; incoherent scatter radar

An Unusually Large Electron Temperature Increase Over Arecibo Associated With an Intense Geomagnetic Storm

We present an investigation of the F-region electron temperature to an intense geomagnetic storm that occurred on 5 August 2011. The investigation is based on the incoherent scatter radar measurements at Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico (18.3°N, 66.7°W). The electron temperature exhibits a rapid and intensive enhancement after the commencement of the geomagnetic storm. The electron temperature increases by ∼800 K within an hour, which is seldomly reported at Arecibo. At the same time, a depletion of the electron density ...

Lv, Xiedong; Gong, Yun; Zhang, ShaoDong; Zhou, Qihou; Ma, Zheng;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029836

Arecibo; F-region electron temperature; geomagnetic storm; incoherent scatter radar

Development and Validation of Precipitation Enhanced Densities for the Empirical Canadian High Arctic Ionospheric Model

The Empirical Canadian High Artic Ionospheric Model (E-CHAIM) provides the four-dimensional ionosphere electron density at northern high latitudes (\textgreater50° geomagnetic latitude). Despite its emergence as the most reliable model for high-latitude ionosphere density, there remain significant deficiencies in E-CHAIM s representation of the lower ionosphere (below ∼200 km) due to a sparsity of reliable measurements at these altitudes, particularly during energetic particle precipitation events. To address this deficie ...

Watson, C.; Themens, D.; Jayachandran, P.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002779

auroral region; Ionosphere; ionosphere density; magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere coupling; particle precipitation; polar cap

Development and Validation of Precipitation Enhanced Densities for the Empirical Canadian High Arctic Ionospheric Model

The Empirical Canadian High Artic Ionospheric Model (E-CHAIM) provides the four-dimensional ionosphere electron density at northern high latitudes (\textgreater50° geomagnetic latitude). Despite its emergence as the most reliable model for high-latitude ionosphere density, there remain significant deficiencies in E-CHAIM s representation of the lower ionosphere (below ∼200 km) due to a sparsity of reliable measurements at these altitudes, particularly during energetic particle precipitation events. To address this deficie ...

Watson, C.; Themens, D.; Jayachandran, P.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002779

auroral region; Ionosphere; ionosphere density; magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere coupling; particle precipitation; polar cap

Wide-field aurora imager onboard Fengyun satellite: Data products and validation

New observations of auroras based on the wide-field aurora imager (WAI) onboard Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite are exhibited in this paper. Validity of the WAI data is analyzed by comparing auroral boundaries derived from WAI observations with results obtained from data collected by the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F18). Dynamic variations of the aurora with the solar wind, interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) parameters, and the SYM-H index a ...

Ding, GuangXing; Li, JiaWei; Zhang, Xiaoxin; He, Fei; He, LingPing; Song, KeFei; Sun, Liang; Dai, Shuang; Liu, ShiJie; Chen, Bo; Yu, Chao; Hu, Xiuqing; Gu, SongYan; Yang, Zhongdong; Zhang, Peng;

Published by: Earth and Planetary Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.26464/epp2021003

auroral dynamics; FY-3D; SSUSI; SW-M-I; WAI

Wide-field aurora imager onboard Fengyun satellite: Data products and validation

New observations of auroras based on the wide-field aurora imager (WAI) onboard Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite are exhibited in this paper. Validity of the WAI data is analyzed by comparing auroral boundaries derived from WAI observations with results obtained from data collected by the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F18). Dynamic variations of the aurora with the solar wind, interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) parameters, and the SYM-H index a ...

Ding, GuangXing; Li, JiaWei; Zhang, Xiaoxin; He, Fei; He, LingPing; Song, KeFei; Sun, Liang; Dai, Shuang; Liu, ShiJie; Chen, Bo; Yu, Chao; Hu, Xiuqing; Gu, SongYan; Yang, Zhongdong; Zhang, Peng;

Published by: Earth and Planetary Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.26464/epp2021003

auroral dynamics; FY-3D; SSUSI; SW-M-I; WAI

Wide-field aurora imager onboard Fengyun satellite: Data products and validation

New observations of auroras based on the wide-field aurora imager (WAI) onboard Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite are exhibited in this paper. Validity of the WAI data is analyzed by comparing auroral boundaries derived from WAI observations with results obtained from data collected by the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F18). Dynamic variations of the aurora with the solar wind, interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) parameters, and the SYM-H index a ...

Ding, GuangXing; Li, JiaWei; Zhang, Xiaoxin; He, Fei; He, LingPing; Song, KeFei; Sun, Liang; Dai, Shuang; Liu, ShiJie; Chen, Bo; Yu, Chao; Hu, Xiuqing; Gu, SongYan; Yang, Zhongdong; Zhang, Peng;

Published by: Earth and Planetary Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.26464/epp2021003

auroral dynamics; FY-3D; SSUSI; SW-M-I; WAI

Wide-field aurora imager onboard Fengyun satellite: Data products and validation

New observations of auroras based on the wide-field aurora imager (WAI) onboard Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite are exhibited in this paper. Validity of the WAI data is analyzed by comparing auroral boundaries derived from WAI observations with results obtained from data collected by the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F18). Dynamic variations of the aurora with the solar wind, interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) parameters, and the SYM-H index a ...

Ding, GuangXing; Li, JiaWei; Zhang, Xiaoxin; He, Fei; He, LingPing; Song, KeFei; Sun, Liang; Dai, Shuang; Liu, ShiJie; Chen, Bo; Yu, Chao; Hu, Xiuqing; Gu, SongYan; Yang, Zhongdong; Zhang, Peng;

Published by: Earth and Planetary Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.26464/epp2021003

auroral dynamics; FY-3D; SSUSI; SW-M-I; WAI

Understanding the Impacts of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere on Thermospheric Dynamics and Composition

The Earth’s Ionosphere and Thermosphere (IT) is a highly dynamic system persistently driven by variable forcings both from above (Solar EUV and the magnetosphere) and the lower atmosphere. The forcing from below accounts for the majority of the variability at low- and mid-latitude IT region during geomagnetic quiet times. The IT region is particularly sensitive to the composition, winds, and temperature of the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere (MLT) state. The goal of this dissertation is to help understand how the MLT reg ...

Malhotra, Garima;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.7302/2811

Near Real-Time Global Plasma Irregularity Monitoring by FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2

This study presents initial results of the ionospheric scintillation in the F layer using the S4 index derived from the radio occultation experiment (RO-S4) on FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2). With the sufficiently dense RO-S4 observations at low latitudes, it is possible to construct hourly, global scintillation maps to monitor equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs). The preliminary F7/C2 RO-S4 during August 2019 to April 2020 show clear scintillation distributions around American and the Atlantic Ocean longitudes. The RO-S4 near Jic ...

Chen, Shih-Ping; Lin, Charles; Rajesh, Panthalingal; Liu, Jann-Yenq; Eastes, Richard; Chou, Min-Yang; Choi, Jong-Min;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028339

equatorial plasma bubbles; FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2; global observation of limb and disk; GNSS scintillation; radio occultation; S4 index

Near Real-Time Global Plasma Irregularity Monitoring by FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2

This study presents initial results of the ionospheric scintillation in the F layer using the S4 index derived from the radio occultation experiment (RO-S4) on FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2). With the sufficiently dense RO-S4 observations at low latitudes, it is possible to construct hourly, global scintillation maps to monitor equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs). The preliminary F7/C2 RO-S4 during August 2019 to April 2020 show clear scintillation distributions around American and the Atlantic Ocean longitudes. The RO-S4 near Jic ...

Chen, Shih-Ping; Lin, Charles; Rajesh, Panthalingal; Liu, Jann-Yenq; Eastes, Richard; Chou, Min-Yang; Choi, Jong-Min;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028339

equatorial plasma bubbles; FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2; global observation of limb and disk; GNSS scintillation; radio occultation; S4 index

Inferring thermospheric composition from ionogram profiles: a calibration with the TIMED spacecraft

Scott, Christopher; Jones, Shannon; Barnard, Luke;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

PROBA2 LYRA Occultations: Thermospheric Temperature and Composition, Sensitivity to EUV Forcing, and Comparisons With Mars

A method for retrieving temperature and composition from 150 to 350 km in Earth s thermosphere using total number density measurements made via extreme ultraviolet (EUV) solar occultations by the Project for OnBoard Autonomy 2/Large Yield Radiometer (PROBA2/LYRA) instrument is presented. Systematic and random uncertainties are calculated and found to be less than 5\% for the temperature measurements and 5\%–20\% for the composition measurements. Regression coefficients relating both temperature and the [O]/[N2] abundance r ...

Thiemann, Edward; Dominique, Marie;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029262

comparative planetology; EUV; occultations; space weather; thermosphere

Transpolar Arcs During a Prolonged Radial Interplanetary Magnetic Field Interval

Transpolar arcs (TPAs) are believed to predominantly occur under northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions with their hemispheric asymmetry controlled by the Sun-Earth (radial) component of the IMF. In this study, we present observations of TPAs that appear in both the northern and southern hemispheres even during a prolonged interval of radially oriented IMF. The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F16 and the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellites observed T ...

Park, Jong-Sun; Shi, Quan; Nowada, Motoharu; Shue, Jih-Hong; Kim, Khan-Hyuk; Lee, Dong-Hun; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Degeling, Alexander; Tian, An; Pitkänen, Timo; Zhang, Yongliang; Rae, Jonathan; Hairston, Marc;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029197

radial IMF; solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; transpolar arc

Transpolar Arcs During a Prolonged Radial Interplanetary Magnetic Field Interval

Transpolar arcs (TPAs) are believed to predominantly occur under northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions with their hemispheric asymmetry controlled by the Sun-Earth (radial) component of the IMF. In this study, we present observations of TPAs that appear in both the northern and southern hemispheres even during a prolonged interval of radially oriented IMF. The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F16 and the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellites observed T ...

Park, Jong-Sun; Shi, Quan; Nowada, Motoharu; Shue, Jih-Hong; Kim, Khan-Hyuk; Lee, Dong-Hun; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Degeling, Alexander; Tian, An; Pitkänen, Timo; Zhang, Yongliang; Rae, Jonathan; Hairston, Marc;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029197

radial IMF; solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; transpolar arc

Transpolar Arcs During a Prolonged Radial Interplanetary Magnetic Field Interval

Transpolar arcs (TPAs) are believed to predominantly occur under northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions with their hemispheric asymmetry controlled by the Sun-Earth (radial) component of the IMF. In this study, we present observations of TPAs that appear in both the northern and southern hemispheres even during a prolonged interval of radially oriented IMF. The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F16 and the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellites observed T ...

Park, Jong-Sun; Shi, Quan; Nowada, Motoharu; Shue, Jih-Hong; Kim, Khan-Hyuk; Lee, Dong-Hun; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Degeling, Alexander; Tian, An; Pitkänen, Timo; Zhang, Yongliang; Rae, Jonathan; Hairston, Marc;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029197

radial IMF; solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; transpolar arc

Transpolar Arcs During a Prolonged Radial Interplanetary Magnetic Field Interval

Transpolar arcs (TPAs) are believed to predominantly occur under northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions with their hemispheric asymmetry controlled by the Sun-Earth (radial) component of the IMF. In this study, we present observations of TPAs that appear in both the northern and southern hemispheres even during a prolonged interval of radially oriented IMF. The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F16 and the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellites observed T ...

Park, Jong-Sun; Shi, Quan; Nowada, Motoharu; Shue, Jih-Hong; Kim, Khan-Hyuk; Lee, Dong-Hun; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Degeling, Alexander; Tian, An; Pitkänen, Timo; Zhang, Yongliang; Rae, Jonathan; Hairston, Marc;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029197

radial IMF; solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; transpolar arc

Transpolar Arcs During a Prolonged Radial Interplanetary Magnetic Field Interval

Transpolar arcs (TPAs) are believed to predominantly occur under northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions with their hemispheric asymmetry controlled by the Sun-Earth (radial) component of the IMF. In this study, we present observations of TPAs that appear in both the northern and southern hemispheres even during a prolonged interval of radially oriented IMF. The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F16 and the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellites observed T ...

Park, Jong-Sun; Shi, Quan; Nowada, Motoharu; Shue, Jih-Hong; Kim, Khan-Hyuk; Lee, Dong-Hun; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Degeling, Alexander; Tian, An; Pitkänen, Timo; Zhang, Yongliang; Rae, Jonathan; Hairston, Marc;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029197

radial IMF; solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; transpolar arc



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