GUVI Biblio


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Found 748 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 201 through 250


Daytime Ionosphere Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Extreme Ultraviolet spectrograph, ICON EUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) OII emission near 83.4 and 61.7\ nm that are used to determine density profiles and state parameters of the ionosphere. This paper describes the algorithm concept and approach to inverting these measured OII emission profiles to derive the associated O+ density profile from 150\textendash450\ km as a proxy for the electron content in the F-region of the iono ...

Stephan, Andrew; Korpela, Eric; Sirk, Martin; England, Scott; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0385-1

Equatorial ionospheric disturbances over the East African sector during the 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights day storm

Olwendo, O.J.; Cesaroni, C.; Yamazaki, Y.; Cilliers, P.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.06.037

The Far Ultra-Violet Imager on the Icon Mission

ICON Far UltraViolet (FUV) imager contributes to the ICON science objectives by providing remote sensing measurements of the daytime and nighttime atmosphere/ionosphere. During sunlit atmospheric conditions, ICON FUV images the limb altitude profile in the shortwave (SW) band at 135.6 nm and the longwave (LW) band at 157 nm perpendicular to the satellite motion to retrieve the atmospheric O/N2 ratio. In conditions of atmospheric darkness, ICON FUV measures the 135.6 nm recombination emission of O+ ions used to ...

Mende, S.; Frey, H.; Rider, K.; Chou, C.; Harris, S.; Siegmund, O.; England, S.; Wilkins, C.; Craig, W.; Immel, T.; Turin, P.; Darling, N.; Loicq, J.; Blain, P.; Syrstad, E.; Thompson, B.; Burt, R.; Champagne, J.; Sevilla, P.; Ellis, S.;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0386-0

The Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Earth\textquoterights thermosphere and ionosphere constitute a dynamic system that varies daily in response to energy inputs from above and from below. This system can exhibit a significant response within an hour to changes in those inputs, as plasma and fluid processes compete to control its temperature, composition, and structure. Within this system, short wavelength solar radiation and charged particles from the magnetosphere deposit energy, and waves propagating from the lower atmosphere dissipate. Understand ...

Eastes, R.; McClintock, W.; Burns, A.; Anderson, D.; Andersson, L.; Codrescu, M.; Correira, J.; Daniell, R.; England, S.; Evans, J.; Harvey, J.; Krywonos, A.; Lumpe, J.; Richmond, A.; Rusch, D.; Siegmund, O.; Solomon, S.; Strickland, D.; Woods, T.; Aksnes, A.; Budzien, S.; Dymond, K.; Eparvier, F.; Martinis, C.; Oberheide, J.;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0392-2

Impact of Oscillating IMF B z During 17 March 2013 Storm on the Distribution of Plasma Over Indian Low-Latitude and Mid-Latitude Ionospheric Regions

We show evidence of a positive ionospheric storm occurring simultaneously at the equatorial, low-latitude and mid-latitude ionospheric regions in the Indian sector in response to an intense geomagnetic storm on 17 March 2013. The storm had its onset time coinciding with the local noon. An on-site digisonde at Trivandrum (dip equator) recorded a sharp decrease in the height of F\ region peak in the afternoon, which is a signature of westward electric field associated with a counter electrojet (CEJ). Coupled w ...

Shreedevi, P.; Choudhary, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA023980

Ionosphere VHF scintillations over Vaddeswaram (Geographic Latitude 16.31\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 80.30\textdegreeE, Dip 18\textdegreeN), a latitude Indian station \textendash A case study

This research reports the 250\ MHz amplitude ionosphere scintillations recorded at Vaddeswaram (Geographic Latitude 16.31\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 80.30\textdegreeE, Dip 18\textdegreeN), a low-latitude station in India. Though amplitude scintillations were recorded for four continuous days (05\textendash08 November 2011), the presence of intense and long-duration scintillations on 06 November 2011 instigated us to verify the ionosphere background conditions. This research, therefore, is also used important d ...

Brahmanandam, P.S.; Uma, G.; Pant, T.K.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.06.051

Revisiting Ionosphere-Thermosphere Responses to Solar Wind Driving in Superstorms of November 2003 and 2004

We revisit three complex superstorms of 19\textendash20 November 2003, 7\textendash8 November 2004, and 9\textendash11 November 2004 to analyze ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) effects driven by different solar wind structures associated with complex interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) and their upstream sheaths. The efficiency of the solar wind-magnetosphere connection throughout the storms is estimated by coupling functions. The daytime IT responses to the complex driving are characterized by combining and colloca ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.; Komjathy, A.; Mannucci, A.; Mlynczak, M.; Hunt, L.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.1010.1002/2017JA024542

The Storm Time Evolution of the Ionospheric Disturbance Plasma Drifts

In this paper, we use the C/NOFS and ROCSAT-1 satellites observations to analyze the storm time evolution of the disturbance plasma drifts in a 24\ h local time scale during three magnetic storms driven by long-lasting southward IMF Bz. The disturbance plasma drifts during the three storms present some common features in the periods dominated by the disturbance dynamo. The newly formed disturbance plasma drifts are upward and westward at night, and downward and eastward during daytime. Fu ...

Zhang, Ruilong; Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Kuai, Jiawei;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024637

Winter anomaly of the E-layer critical frequency in the nighttime auroral zone

Analysis of the annual variation of the E-layer critical frequency median foE in the nighttime (22-02 LT) auroral zone by the data of several stations of the Northern Hemisphere has shown the median maximum in winter and minimum in summer, even though the summer contribution of solar radiation to foE is greater. Thus, a new phenomenon was discovered\textemdashan foE median winter anomaly in the nighttime auroral zone. Its amplitude (ratio of winter to summer foE figures) can re ...

Deminov, M.; Deminova, G.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793217050061

Ionosphere-thermosphere energy budgets for the ICME storms of March 2013 and 2015 estimated with GITM and observational proxies

The ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) energy partitioning for the interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) storms of 16\textendash19 March 2013 and 2015 is estimated with the Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model (GITM), empirical models and proxies derived from in situ measurements. We focus on auroral heating, Joule heating, and thermospheric cooling. Solar wind data, F10.7, OVATION Prime model and the Weimer 2005 model are used to drive GITM from above. Thermospheric nitric oxide and carbon dioxide coo ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.; Meng, X.; Mannucci, A.; Mlynczak, M.; Hunt, L.; Lu, G.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 08/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v15.910.1002/2017SW001650

Redistribution of H atoms in the upper atmosphere during geomagnetic storms

Geocoronal H emission data acquired by NASA\textquoterights Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics mission are analyzed to quantify the H density distribution over the entire magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere region in order to investigate the response of the atmospheric system as a whole to geomagnetic storms. It is shown that at low and middle latitudes the H density averaged over storm times in the thermosphere-exosphere transition region decreases by \~30\%, while the H density at exospheric al ...

Qin, Jianqi; Waldrop, Lara; Makela, Jonathan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.1010.1002/2017JA024489

Ionospheric-thermospheric UV tomography: 3. A multisensor technique for creating full-orbit reconstructions of atmospheric UV emission

We present the Volume Emission Rate Tomography (VERT) technique for inverting satellite-based, multisensor limb and nadir measurements of atmospheric ultraviolet emission to create whole-orbit reconstructions of atmospheric volume emission rate. The VERT approach is more general than previous ionospheric tomography methods because it can reconstruct the volume emission rate field irrespective of the particular excitation mechanisms (e.g., radiative recombination, photoelectron impact excitation, and energetic particle pre ...

Hei, Matthew; Budzien, Scott; Dymond, Kenneth; Nicholas, Andrew; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert; Groves, Keith;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: 07/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2015RS005887

Seasonal and solar cycle effects on TEC at 95\textdegreeE in the ascending half (2009\textendash2014) of the subdued solar cycle 24: Consistent underestimation by IRI 2012

TEC measured at Dibrugarh (27.5\textdegreeN, 94.9\textdegreeE, 17.5\textdegreeN Geomag.) from 2009 to 2014 is used to study its temporal characteristics during the ascending half of solar cycle 24. The measurements provide an opportunity to assess the diurnal, seasonal and longterm predictability of the IRI 2012 (with IRI Nequick, IRI01-corr, IRI 2001topside options) during this solar cycle which is distinctively low in magnitude compared to the previous cycles. The low latitude station Dibrugarh is normally located at th ...

Kakoti, Geetashree; Bhuyan, Pradip; Hazarika, Rumajyoti;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 07/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.09.002

Dual E~\texttimes~B flow responses in the dayside ionosphere to a sudden IMF By rotation

We report for the first time a dual transition state in the dayside ionosphere following a sudden rotation of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) in the upstream magnetosheath from IMF By\ \<\ 0 to By\ \>\ 0 during Bz\ \<\ 0. E\ \texttimes\ B drifts respond with different time delays in the dayside auroral zone and high-latitude polar cap with an init ...

Eriksson, S.; Maimaiti, M.; Baker, J.; Trattner, K.; Knipp, D.; Wilder, F.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 06/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073374

Global modeling of thermospheric airglow in the far ultraviolet

The Global Airglow (GLOW) model has been updated and extended to calculate thermospheric emissions in the far ultraviolet, including sources from daytime photoelectron-driven processes, nighttime recombination radiation, and auroral excitation. It can be run using inputs from empirical models of the neutral atmosphere and ionosphere or from numerical general circulation models of the coupled ionosphere-thermosphere system. It uses a solar flux module, photoelectron generation routine, and the Nagy-Banks two-stream electro ...

Solomon, Stanley;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.710.1002/2017JA024314

The non-storm time corrugated upper thermosphere: What is beyond MSIS?

Observations in the recent decade have revealed many thermospheric density corrugations/perturbations under nonstorm conditions (Kp \< 2). They are generally not captured by empirical models like Mass Spectrometer Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) but are operationally important for long-term orbital evolution of Low Earth Orbiting satellites and theoretically for coupling processes in the atmosphere-ionosphere system. We review these density corrugations by classifying them into three types which are driven ...

Liu, Huixin; Thayer, Jeff; Zhang, Yongliang; Lee, Woo;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 06/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v15.610.1002/2017SW001618

Total electron content responses to HILDCAAs and geomagnetic storms over South America

Total electron content (TEC) is extensively used to monitor the ionospheric behavior under geomagnetically quiet and disturbed conditions. This subject is of greatest importance for space weather applications. Under disturbed conditions the two main sources of electric fields, which are responsible for changes in the plasma drifts and for current perturbations, are the short-lived prompt penetration electric fields (PPEFs) and the longer-lasting ionospheric disturbance dynamo (DD) electric fields. Both mechanisms modulate ...

Negreti, Patricia; de Paula, Eurico; Candido, Claudia;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: 06/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-35-1309-2017

Geospace system responses to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms in 2013 and 2015

This special collection includes 31 research papers investigating geospace system responses to the geomagnetic storms during the St. Patrick\textquoterights Days of 17 March 2013 and 2015. It covers observation, data assimilation, and modeling aspects of the storm time phenomena and their associated physical processes. The ionosphere and thermosphere as well as their coupling to the magnetosphere are clearly the main subject areas addressed. This collection provides a comprehensive picture of the geospace response to thes ...

Zhang, Shun-Rong; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Verkhoglyadova, Olga;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024232

Impact of the lower thermospheric winter-to-summer residual circulation on thermospheric composition

Gravity wave forcing near the mesopause drives a summer-to-winter residual circulation in the mesosphere and a reversed, lower thermospheric winter-to-summer residual circulation. We conducted modeling studies to investigate how this lower thermospheric residual circulation impacts thermospheric composition (O/N2). We found that the upwelling associated with the residual circulation significantly decreases O/N2 in winter and the downwelling in summer slightly increases O/N2. Consequently, ...

Qian, Liying; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073361

Investigation of the causes of the longitudinal variation of the electron density in the Weddell Sea Anomaly

This paper investigates and quantifies the causes of the Weddell Sea Anomaly (WSA), a region near the tip of South America extending from approximately 30\textdegree to 120\textdegreeW geographic longitude and 50\textdegree to 75\textdegreeS geographic latitude at solar minimum between 2007 and 2010. This region is unusual because the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. This study is far more quantitative than previous studies because, unlike other models, it assimilates sele ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shih-Ping; Drob, D.; Dandenault, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023565

A severe negative response of the ionosphere to the intense geomagnetic storm on March 17, 2015 observed at mid- and low-latitude stations in the China zone

In this paper, the critical frequency of F2 layer of the ionosphere (foF2) and the total electron content (TEC) recorded at mid- and low-latitude observation sites near 120\textdegreeE in the China zone were used to investigate the response to a severe geomagnetic storm on March 17, 2015 (the minimum Dst -223 nT at 23 UT). The results showed that the strong geomagnetic storm caused a massive effect on the ionosphere. The characteristics of foF2 and TEC did not show obvious perturbation during the mai ...

Liu, Guoqi; Shen, Hua;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.02.021

The effect of ring current electron scattering rates on magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling

This simulation study investigated the electrodynamic impact of varying descriptions of the diffuse aurora on the magnetosphere-ionosphere (M-I) system. Pitch angle diffusion caused by waves in the inner magnetosphere is the primary source term for the diffuse aurora, especially during storm time. The magnetic local time (MLT) and storm-dependent electrodynamic impacts of the diffuse aurora were analyzed using a comparison between a new self-consistent version of the Hot Electron Ion Drift Integrator with varying electron ...

Perlongo, N.; Ridley, A.; Liemohn, M.; Katus, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023679

Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm

The July 2012 geomagnetic storm is an extreme space weather event in solar cycle 24, which is characterized by a southward interplanetary geomagnetic field lasting for about 30\ h below -10\ nT. In this work, multiple instrumental observations, including electron density from ionosondes, total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System, Jason-2, and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and the topside ion concentration observed by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft are used to ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wang, Yungang; Hu, Lianhuan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023844

Solar cycle variations of thermospheric O/N 2 longitudinal pattern from TIMED/GUVI

Thermospheric composition (O/N2 ratio) is well known to have a great impact on the variation of daytime ionospheric electron density. This study aims to investigate the local time, seasonal, and solar cycle variations of the O/N2 longitudinal pattern in both hemispheres during daytime in solstices. The O/N2 data used are from TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager observations made over a solar cycle for geomagnetically quiet conditions. The main findings are as follows: (1) The O/N2 l ...

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Dou, Xiankang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2018

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023696

The quasi-6~day wave and its interactions with solar tides

Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (TIMED/SABER) temperature measurements between 20 and 110\ km altitude and \textpm50\textdegree latitude during 2002\textendash2015 are employed to reveal the climatological characteristics of the quasi-6\ day wave (Q6DW) and evidence for secondary waves (SW) resulting from its nonlinear interactions with solar tides. The mean period is 6.14d with a standard deviation (σ) of 0.26d. ...

Forbes, Jeffrey; Zhang, Xiaoli;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA023954

Far ultraviolet instrument technology

The far ultraviolet (FUV) spectral range (from about 115 nm to 180 nm) is one of the most useful spectral regions for characterizing the upper atmosphere (thermosphere and ionosphere). The principal advantages are that there are FUV signatures of the major constituents of the upper atmosphere as well as the signatures of the high-latitude energy inputs. Because of the absorption by thermospheric O2, the FUV signatures are seen against a \textquotedblleftblack\textquotedblright background, i.e., one that is not ...

Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang; Kil, Hyosub;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023578

Multiinstrument observations of a geomagnetic storm and its effects on the Arctic ionosphere: A case study of the 19 February 2014 storm

We present a multiinstrumented approach for the analysis of the Arctic ionosphere during the 19 February 2014 highly complex, multiphase geomagnetic storm, which had the largest impact on the disturbance storm-time index that year. The geomagnetic storm was the result of two powerful Earth-directed coronal mass ejections (CMEs). It produced a strong long lasting negative storm phase over Greenland with a dominant energy input in the polar cap. We employed global navigation satellite system (GNSS) networks, geomagnetic obs ...

Durgonics, Tibor; Komjathy, Attila; Verkhoglyadova, Olga; Shume, Esayas; Benzon, Hans-Henrik; Mannucci, Anthony; Butala, Mark; H\oeg, Per; Langley, Richard;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: 01/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016RS006106

A new auroral boundary determination algorithm based on observations from TIMED/GUVI and DMSP/SSUSI

An automatic auroral boundary determination algorithm is proposed in this study based on the partial auroral oval images from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) aboard the Thermosphere\textendashIonosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite and the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F16). This algorithm based on the fuzzy local information C-means clustering segmentation can be used to extract the auroral oval poleward and equatorw ...

Ding, Guang-Xing; He, Fei; Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023295

Positive and negative ionospheric responses to the March 2015 geomagnetic storm from BDS observations

The most intense geomagnetic storm in solar cycle 24 occurred on March 17, 2015, and the detailed ionospheric storm morphologies are difficultly obtained from traditional observations. In this paper, the Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) observations of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) are for the first time used to investigate the ionospheric responses to the geomagnetic storm. Using BDS GEO and GIMs TEC series, negative and positive responses to the March 2015 storm are found at local and global scales. During the ...

Jin, Shuanggen; Jin, Rui; Kutoglu, H.;

Published by: Journal of Geodesy      Published on: 01/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s00190-016-0988-4

Stationary depletions in thermospheric atomic oxygen concentration and mass density observed with WINDII, GUVI, GOCE and simulated by NRLMSISE-00

Shepherd, Gordon; Cho, Young-Min;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 01/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.016

Analysis and design of the ultraviolet warning optical system based on interference imaging

Ultraviolet warning technology is one of the important methods for missile warning. It provides a very effective way to detect the target for missile approaching alarm. With the development of modern technology, especially the development of information technology at high speed, the ultraviolet early warning system plays an increasingly important role. Compared to infrared warning, the ultraviolet warning has high efficiency and low false alarm rate. In the modern warfare, how to detect the threats earlier, prevent and re ...

Wencong, Wang; Jin, Dong-dong; Chu, Xin-bo; Shi, Yu-feng; Song, Juan; Liu, Jin-sheng; Shao, Si-pei; Hu, Hui-jun; Xiao, Ting;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1117/12.2285832

Springer Proceedings in Physics3rd International Symposium of Space Optical Instruments and ApplicationsA Novel Study on the Technique for Deriving O/N2 from Thermospheric Far Ultraviolet Dayglow Emissions

Zhang, Yongchao; Zhu, Jun; Yin, Huan; Zhang, Xiaoxin;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-49184-410.1007/978-3-319-49184-4_29

The TIMED Spacecraft Mission Orbital Performance Fifteen Years in LEO

The Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) spacecraft is a NASAspacecraft designed, built and operated by The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. The spacecraft was launched on December 7, 2001 for a two-yearmission. The TIMED instruments continue to provide global coverage of the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Ionosphere(MLTI)region of the atmosphere (60 km to 180 km). The TIMED mission has observedthe effects of the sun on the MLTI region over a full solar cycle. TIMED ...

Butler, Michael;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.2514/MIECEC1710.2514/6.2017-4871


Assessing ionospheric response during some strong storms in solar cycle 24 using various data sources

We present an analysis of a regional ionospheric response during six strong storms (-200\ nT\ <=Dst<=-100\ nT) that occurred in 2012 for the geographic latitudinal coverage of 10\textdegreeS\textendash40\textdegreeS within a longitude sector of 10\textdegreeE\textendash40\textdegreeE. Although these storms occurred during the same solar activity period and were all coronal mass ejection driven, their impacts and associated features on the ionosphere have been found different due t ...

Habarulema, John; Katamzi, Zama; Sibanda, Patrick; Matamba, Tshimangadzo;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 12/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.110.1002/2016JA023066

Electrodynamics of ionospheric weather over low latitudes

The dynamic state of the ionosphere at low latitudes is largely controlled by electric fields originating from dynamo actions by atmospheric waves propagating from below and the solar wind-magnetosphere interaction from above. These electric fields cause structuring of the ionosphere in wide ranging spatial and temporal scales that impact on space-based communication and navigation systems constituting an important segment of our technology-based day-to-day lives. The largest of the ionosphere structures, the equatorial i ...

Abdu, Mangalathayil;

Published by: Geoscience Letters      Published on: 12/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1186/s40562-016-0043-6

Midlatitude ionospheric changes to four great geomagnetic storms of solar cycle 23 in Southern and Northern Hemispheres

This paper presents an investigation of ionospheric response to great (Dst<=\textendash350 nT) geomagnetic storms that occurred during solar cycle 23. The storm periods analyzed are 29 March to 2 April 2001, 27\textendash31 October 2003, 18\textendash23 November 2003, and 6\textendash11 November 2004. Global Navigation Satellite System, total electron content (TEC), and ionosonde critical frequency of F 2 layer (f o F 2 ) data over Southern Hemisphere (African sector) and Northern Hemisphere (European sector) midlatitudes ...

Matamba, Tshimangadzo; Habarulema, John; a, Dalia;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 12/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v14.1210.1002/2016SW001516

Non-thermal hydrogen atoms in the terrestrial upper thermosphere

Model predictions of the distribution and dynamical transport of hydrogen atoms in the terrestrial atmosphere have long-standing discrepancies with ultraviolet remote sensing measurements, indicating likely deficiencies in conventional theories regarding this crucial atmospheric constituent. Here we report the existence of non-thermal hydrogen atoms that are much hotter than the ambient oxygen atoms in the upper thermosphere. Analysis of satellite measurements indicates that the upper thermospheric hydrogen temperature, m ...

Qin, Jianqi; Waldrop, Lara;

Published by: Nature Communications      Published on: 12/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13655

Analysis of the global ionospheric disturbances of the March 2015 great storm

The global ionospheric storm in March 2015 was investigated by using data from over 3000 GPS stations worldwide. In this study, total electron content (TEC), rate of TEC (ROT), and ROT\textquoterights standard deviation rate of the TEC index, as well as the second-order difference operator TECT, were considered as main characteristic methods to distinguish ionosphereic disturbances. The results show that (1) based on the multiple methods above, we all observed that for the first time, there were three equatorward travelin ...

Yao, Yibin; Liu, Lei; Kong, Jian; Zhai, Changzhi;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023352

Impacts of SABER CO 2 -based eddy diffusion coefficients in the lower thermosphere on the ionosphere/thermosphere

This work estimates global-mean Kzz using Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry/Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics monthly global-mean CO2 profiles and a one-dimensional transport model. It is then specified as a lower boundary into the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). Results first show that global-mean CO2 in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region has annual and semiannual oscillat ...

Salinas, Cornelius; Chang, Loren; Liang, Mao-Chang; Yue, Jia; Russell, James; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023161

Long-lasting negative ionospheric storm effects in low and middle latitudes during the recovery phase of the 17 March 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this paper, an ionospheric electron density reanalysis algorithm was used to generate global optimized electron density during the 17\textendash18 March 2013 geomagnetic storm by assimilating ~10 low Earth orbit satellites based and ~450 ground global navigation satellite system receiver-based total electron content into a background ionospheric model. The reanalyzed electron density could identify the large-scale ionospheric features quite well during storm time, including the storm-enhanced density, the positive iono ...

Yue, Xinan; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Wan, Weixing; Liu, Libo; Hu, Lianhuan; Zhao, Biqiang; Schreiner, William;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022984

Conjugate hemisphere ionospheric response to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms of 2013 and 2015 in the 100\textdegreeE longitude sector

The effects of the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storms of 2013 and 2015 in the equatorial and low-latitude regions of both hemispheres in the 100\textdegreeE longitude sector is investigated and compared with the response in the Indian sector at 77\textdegreeE. The data from a chain of ionosondes and GPS/Global Navigation Satellite Systems receivers at magnetic conjugate locations in the 100\textdegreeE sector have been used. The perturbation in the equatorial zonal electric field due to the prompt penetrat ...

Kalita, Bitap; Hazarika, Rumajyoti; Kakoti, Geetashree; Bhuyan, P.; Chakrabarty, D.; Seemala, G.; Wang, K.; Sharma, S.; Yokoyama, T.; Supnithi, P.; Komolmis, T.; Yatini, C; Le Huy, M.; Roy, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023119

Direct observational evidence for disturbance dynamo on the daytime low-latitude ionosphere: A case study based on the 28 June 2013 space weather event

A case of the westward disturbance dynamo (DD) electric field, influencing the daytime equatorial and low-latitude ionosphere, during a geomagnetic storm that occurred on 28\textendash29 June 2013 is presented. The GPS total electron content (TEC) observations from a network of stations in the Indian equatorial, low and middle latitude regions along with the radio beacon TEC, ionosonde, and magnetic field observations are used to study the storm time behavior of the ionosphere. Negative ionospheric storm effects were seen ...

Thampi, Smitha; Shreedevi, P.; Choudhary, R.; Pant, Tarun; Chakrabarty, D.; Sunda, S.; Mukherjee, S.; Bhardwaj, Anil;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 09/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023037

Ionospheric effects of magnetospheric and thermospheric disturbances on March 17\textendash19, 2015

Using vertical and oblique radio-sounding data, we analyze the ionospheric and thermospheric disturbances during the magnetic storm that occurred in northeastern Russia on March 17\textendash19, 2015. We consider the heliospheric sources that induced the magnetic storm. During the main and early recovery phases, the midlatitude stations are characterized by extremely low values of electron density at the F2 layer maximum. Using oblique sounding data, we recorded signals that propagated outside the great circle ar ...

Polekh, N.; Zolotukhina, N.; Romanova, E.; Ponomarchuk, S.; Kurkin, V.; Podlesnyi, A.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: 09/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793216040174

Prompt penetration electric fields and the extreme topside ionospheric response to the June 22\textendash23, 2015 geomagnetic storm as seen by the Swarm constellation

Using data from the three Swarm satellites, we study the ionospheric response to the intense geomagnetic storm of June 22\textendash23, 2015. With the minimum SYM-H excursion of -207 nT, this storm is so far the second strongest geomagnetic storm in the current 24th solar cycle. A specific configuration of the Swarm satellites allowed investigation of the evolution of the storm-time ionospheric alterations on the day- and the nightside quasi-simultaneously. With the development of the main phase of the storm, a s ...

Astafyeva, Elvira; Zakharenkova, Irina; Alken, Patrick;

Published by: Earth, Planets and Space      Published on: 09/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1186/s40623-016-0526-x

Variability and predictability of the space environment as related to lower atmosphere forcing

The Earth\textquoterights thermosphere and ionosphere (TI) are characterized by perpetual variability as integral parts of the atmosphere system, with intermittent disturbances from solar and geomagnetic forcing. This review examines how the TI variability is affected by processes originating from the lower atmosphere and implications for quantifying and forecasting the TI. This aspect of the TI variability has been increasingly appreciated in recent years from both observational and numerical studies, especially during t ...

Liu, H.-L.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 09/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016SW001450

Long-term variations in the neutral gas composition of the thermosphere over Norilsk (2003\textendash2013)

Kushnarenko, Galina; Yakovleva, O.E.; Kuznetsova, G.M.;

Published by: Solnechno-Zemnaya Fizika      Published on: 08/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.12737/issue_58e1a5fe7dc198.3567233310.12737/21465

The observation and simulation of ionospheric response to CIR/high-speed streams-induced geomagnetic activity on 4 April 2005

The ionospheric response to corotating interaction region (CIR)-induced geomagnetic activity on 4 April 2005 has been studied using in situ electron density measurements, ground GPS-total electron content (TEC) observations, and numerical simulations of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). The case study resulted that the ionospheric positive response occurred from high to low latitudes. The positive effect at low latitudes could continue ...

Chen, Yanhong; Wang, Wenbin; Qiu, Na; Liu, Siqing; Gong, Jiancun; Huang, Wengeng;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: 08/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/rds.v51.810.1002/2015RS005937

Polar cap arcs: Sun-aligned or cusp-aligned?

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Zhang, Qinghe; Xing, Zanyang;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 08/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.06.001

Polar cap arcs Cusp Reconnection Kelvin Helmholtz Instability Velocity shear Field aligned current

Coherent seasonal, annual, and quasi-biennial variations in ionospheric tidal/SPW amplitudes

In this study, we examine the coherent spatial and temporal modes dominating the variation of selected ionospheric tidal and stationary planetary wave (SPW) signatures from 2007 to 2013 FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate) total electron content observations using multidimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD) from the Hilbert-Huang Transform. We examine the DW1, SW2, DE3, and SPW4 components, which are driven by a variety of in situ and vertical coupl ...

Chang, Loren; Sun, Yan-Yi; Yue, Jia; Wang, Jack; Chien, Shih-Han;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022249

High-latitude energy input and its impact on the thermosphere

This paper presents a quantitative assessment of high-latitude energy input and its partitioning in the polar cap by synthesizing various space and ground-based observations during the 17 January 2005 geomagnetic storm. It was found that Joule heating is the primary form of magnetospheric energy input, especially during active times when the hemispheric-integrated Joule heating can be an order of magnitude larger than the hemispheric-integrated auroral power. Most of magnetospheric energy is dissipated in the auroral zone ...

Lu, G.; Richmond, A.; Lühr, H.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022294

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