Global UltraViolet Imager

GUVI Biblio


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Found 70 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 51 through 70


Empirical STORM-E model: I. Theoretical and observational basis

Auroral nighttime infrared emission observed by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument onboard the Thermosphere–Ionosphere–Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite is used to develop an empirical model of geomagnetic storm enhancements to E-region peak electron densities. The empirical model is called STORM-E and will be incorporated into the 2012 release of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI). The proxy for characterizing the E-region response to geomag ...

Mertens, Christopher; Xu, Xiaojing; Bilitza, Dieter; Mlynczak, Martin; Russell, James;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

Auroral particle precipitation; Ionosphere; E-region; Magnetic storm; Infrared remote sensing; SABER


An empirical model of the drift velocity of equatorial plasma depletions

The Far-Ultraviolet Imager on the IMAGE spacecraft (IMAGE-FUV) has been used to observe O+plasma depletions in the post-sunset equatorial ionosphere. Small-scale density irregularities associated with such depletions are believed to adversely affect trans-ionospheric radio signals such as GPS. Prediction of the motion of these plasma depletions is a necessary component of the ability to forecast the occurrence of such radio signal interference. An automated method has recently been developed to identify and tra ...

England, S.; Immel, T.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 12/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018091

Ionosphere; plasma drift; scintillation

Modeling the effect of sudden stratospheric warming within the thermosphere--ionosphere system

This paper presents an investigation of thermospheric and ionospheric response to the sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event, which took place in January 2009. This period was characterized by low solar and geomagnetic activity. Analysis was carried out within the Global Self-consistent Model of Thermosphere, Ionosphere and Protonosphere (GSM TIP). The experimental data of the atmospheric temperatures obtained by Aura satellite above Irkutsk and ionosonde data over Yakutsk and Irkutsk were utilized as well. SSW event wa ...

Bessarab, F.S.; Korenkov, Yu.N.; Klimenko, M.V.; Klimenko, V.V.; Karpov, I.V.; Ratovsky, K.G.; Chernigovskaya, M.A.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 12/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.09.005

Ionosphere; Modeling; sudden stratospheric warming; thermosphere

Effects observed in the equatorial and low latitude ionospheric F-region in the Brazilian sector during low solar activity geomagnetic storms and comparison with the COSMIC measurements

The main objective of the present investigation has been to compare the ionospheric parameters (NmF2 and hmF2) observed by two ground-based ionospheric sounders (one at PALMAS- located near the magnetic equator and the other at Sao Jose dos Campos-located in the low-latitude region) in the Brazilian sector with that by the satellite FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC radio occultation (RO) measurements during two geomagnetic storms which occurred in December 2006 and July 2009. It should be pointed out that in spite of increasing the lati ...

Sahai, Y.; de Jesus, R.; Fagundes, P.R.; Selhorst, C.L.; de Abreu, A.J.; Ram, Tulasi; Aragon-Angel, A.; Pillat, V.G.; Abalde, J.R.; Lima, W.L.C.; Bittencourt, J.A.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 11/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2012.07.006

COSMIC satellite; F-region; geomagnetic storm; Ionosphere; Low solar activity

Assimilation of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC electron density profiles into a coupled thermosphere/ionosphere model using ensemble Kalman filtering

This paper presents our effort to assimilate FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (F3/C) GPS Occultation Experiment (GOX) observations into the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM) by means of ensemble Kalman filtering (EnKF). The F3/C electron density profiles (EDPs) uniformly distributed around the globe which provide an excellent opportunity to monitor the ionospheric electron density structure. The NCAR TIE-GCM simulates the Earth\textquoterights ther ...

Lee, I.; Matsuo, T.; Richmond, A.; Liu, J; Wang, W.; Lin, C.; Anderson, J.; Chen, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 10/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017700

data assimilation; ensemble Kalman filter; FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; Ionosphere

The global thermospheric and ionospheric response to the 2008 minor sudden stratospheric warming event

This paper presents a study of thermospheric and ionospheric response to the 2008 minor sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event. This period was characterized by low solar and geomagnetic activity. The study was performed using the Global Self-consistent Model of Thermosphere, Ionosphere, and Protonosphere (GSM TIP). Model results were compared with ionosonde data from Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Sao Jose dos Campos, and Jicamarca. The SSW event was modeled by specifying the temperature and density perturbations at the lower b ...

Korenkov, Y.; Klimenko, V.; Klimenko, M.; Bessarab, F.; Korenkova, N.; Ratovsky, K.; Chernigovskaya, M.; Shcherbakov, A.; Sahai, Y.; Fagundes, P.; de Jesus, R.; de Abreu, A.; Condor, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 10/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018018

Electric field; Ionosphere; sudden stratospheric warming; thermosphere

Comparison of penetration electric fields created by the solar wind with Jicamarca data using SWAGE

SWAGE (Solar Wind Acting on the Geophysical Environment) calculates the global ionospheric electric field generated by high-latitude electrodynamics drivers determined from the time-shifted solar wind data measured at L1 by joining the Hill-Siscoe polar cap potential model with the N-C ionospheric potential solver. Of particular interest are the conditions under which the eastward equatorial penetration electric field near twilight contributes to the pre-reversal enhancement (PRE). In the present model, it is found that a ...

Rothwell, P.; Jasperse, J.; Grossbard, N.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 09/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017684

Electric field; Ionosphere; solar wind

Recent Progresses on Ionospheric Climatology Investigations

The ionosphere varies over multiple time scales, which are classified into two categories: the climatology and weather variations. In this national report, we give a brief summary of recent progresses in ionospheric climatology with focus on (1) the seasonal variations, (2) solar cycle effects, and (3) empirical modeling of the ionosphere. The seasonal variations of the ionosphere have been explored in many works to give a more detailed picture with regional and global features at various altitudes by analyzing the obse ...

Liu, L.; Le, H.; Zhao, B.;

Published by: Chin. J. Space Sci.      Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

Climatological variation; Ionosphere; Ionospheric modeling; Seasonal variations; solar cycle


Super-medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbance observed at midlatitude during the geomagnetic storm on 10 November 2004

Medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) whose peak-to-peak amplitude was larger than 20 TECU (=1016el/m2) were observed at midlatitude during the geomagnetic storm on 10 November 2004. This amplitude was more than 10 times larger than that of the average MSTID. High-resolution data of the GPS Earth Observation Network (GEONET) clarified the characteristic of the total electron content (TEC) disturbances over Japan on 10 November 2004. The disturbances started around 1000 UT in the central part of Japan. The ...

Nishioka, M.; Saito, A.; Tsugawa, T.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

super-MSTID; Ionosphere

Observations of the ionospheric response to the 15 December 2006 geomagnetic storm: Long-duration positive storm effect

The long-duration positive ionospheric storm effect that occurred on 15 December 2006 is investigated using a combination of ground-based Global Positioning System (GPS) total electron content (TEC), TOPEX and Jason-1 TEC, and topside ionosphere/plasmasphere TEC, GPS radio occultation, and tiny ionospheric photometer (TIP) observations from the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) satellites. This multi-instrument approach provides a unique view of the ionospheric positive storm ef ...

Pedatella, N.; Lei, J.; Larson, K.; Forbes, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

Ionosphere; geomagnetic storm

The equatorial ionization anomaly at the topside F region of the ionosphere along 75 E

Electron density measured by the Indian satellite SROSS C2 at the altitude of ∼500km in the 75°E longitude sector for the ascending half of the solar cycle 22 from 1995 to 1999 are used to study the position and density of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA). Results show that the latitudinal position and peak electron density of the EIA crest and crest to trough ratios of the anomaly during the 10:00–14:00 LT period vary with season and from one year to another. Both EIA crest position and density are found to be a ...

Bhuyan, P.K.; Bhuyan, K.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

Ionosphere; topside ionosphere; equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA); Equatorial electrojet (EEJ); SROSS C2

GCITEM-IGGCAS: A new global coupled ionosphere–thermosphere-electrodynamics model

The Global Coupled Ionosphere–Thermosphere-Electrodynamics Model developed at Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (GCITEM-IGGCAS), is introduced in this paper. This new model self-consistently calculates the time-dependent three-dimensional (3-D) structures of the main thermospheric and ionospheric parameters in the height range from 90 to 600km, including neutral number density of major species O2, N2, and O and minor species N(2D), N(4S), NO, He and Ar; ion number densities of O+ ,O2+, N2+, N ...

Ren, Zhipeng; Wan, Weixing; Liu, Libo;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

thermosphere; Ionosphere; Modeling; Global circulation models


GPS observations of the ionospheric F2-layer behavior during the 20th November 2003 geomagnetic storm over South Korea

The ionospheric F2-layer peak density (NmF2) and its height (hmF2) are of great influence on the shape of the ionospheric electron density profile Ne (h) and may be indicative of other physical processes within the ionosphere, especially those due to geomagnetic storms. Such parameters are often estimated using models such as the semiempirical international reference ionosphere (IRI) models or are measured using moderately priced to expensive instrumentation, such as ionosondes or incoherent scatter radars. Global positio ...

Jin, Shuanggen; Luo, O.; Park, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geodesy      Published on: 03/2008

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1007/s00190-008-0217-x

F2-layer; geomagnetic storm; GPS; Ionosphere; Tomography

Tidal variability in the ionospheric dynamo region

The seasonal and interannual variability of migrating (Sun-synchronous) and nonmigrating solar atmospheric tides at altitudes between 100 and 116 km are investigated using temperature measurements made with the SABER instrument on the TIMED spacecraft during 2002–2006. Quasi-biennial variations of order ±10–15\% in migrating diurnal and semidiurnal tidal amplitudes are found, presumably due to modulation by the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) as the tides propagate from their troposphere and stratospheric sources to th ...

Forbes, J.; Zhang, X.; Palo, S.; Russell, J.; Mertens, C.; Mlynczak, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI:

tides; dynamo; Ionosphere

Global model comparison with Millstone Hill during September 2005

A direct comparison between simulation results from the Global Ionosphere Thermosphere Model (GITM) and measurements from the Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar (ISR) during the month of September 2005 is presented. Electron density, electron temperature, and ion temperature results are compared at two altitudes where ISR data is the most abundant. The model results are produced, first using GITM running in one dimension, which allows comparison at the Millstone Hill location throughout the entire month. The model resul ...

Pawlowski, David; Ridley, Aaron; Kim, Insung; Bernstein, Dennis;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI:

Ionosphere; model; incoherent scatter radar

Prestorm enhancements in NmF2 and total electron content at low latitudes

The enhancement of electron concentrations in the ionosphere before geomagnetic storms is one of the open questions. Using ionosonde observations and total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements along longitude 120°E, we analyzed three low latitude pre-storm enhancement events that occurred on 21 April (day 111) 2001, 29 May (day 149) 2003, and 22 September (day 265) 2001, respectively, in the Asia/Australia sector. All three events (and other two cases on 9 August 2000 and 10 May 2002) sho ...

Liu, Libo; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Man-Lian; Zhao, Biqiang; Ning, Baiqi;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI:

Ionosphere; prestorm enhancement; low latitude


Observations of a positive storm phase on September 10, 2005

In this study, we present multi-instrument observations of a strong positive phase of ionospheric storm, which occurred on September 10, 2005 during a moderate geomagnetic storm with minimum Dst=-60\ nT and maximum Kp=6\textendash. The daytime electron density measured by the Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar (42.6\textdegreeN, 288.5\textdegreeE) increased after 13\ UT (\~8\ LT) compared with that before the storm. This increase is observed throughout the daytim ...

Goncharenko, L.P.; Foster, J.C.; Coster, A.J.; Huang, C.; Aponte, N.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 07/2007

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2006.09.011

F-region; geomagnetic storm; Ionosphere; positive phase

Ionospheric E-region response to solar-geomagnetic storms observed by TIMED/SABER and application to IRI storm-model development

The large thermospheric infrared radiance enhancements observed from the TIMED/SABER experiment during recent solar storms provide an exciting opportunity to study the influence of solar-geomagnetic disturbances on the upper atmosphere and ionosphere. In particular, nighttime enhancements of 4.3μm emission, due to vibrational excitation and radiative emission by NO+, provide an excellent proxy to study and analyze the response of the ionospheric E-region to auroral electron dosing and storm-time enhancements to the E-region ...

Mertens, Christopher; Mast, Jeffrey; Winick, Jeremy; Russell, James; Mlynczak, Martin; Evans, David;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2007     DOI:

Ionosphere; Magnetic storms; Ion-neutral chemistry; Non-LTE; Radiation transfer


Comparison of the first long-duration IS experiment measurements over Millstone Hill and EISCAT Svalbard radar with IRI2001

The first long-duration incoherent scatter (IS) radar observations over Millstone Hill (42.6°N, 288.5°E) and EISCAT Svalbard radar (ESR, 78.15°N, 16.05°E) from October 4 to November 4, 2002 are compared with the newly updated version of the IRI model (IRI2001). The present study showed that: (1) For the peak parameters hmF2 and foF2, the IRI results are in good agreement with the observations over Millstone Hill, but there are large discrepancies over ESR. For the B parameters, the table option of IRI produces closer val ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Libo; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Van Eyken, A.P.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2006     DOI:

Ionosphere; incoherent scatter radar; Modelling and forecasting; International reference ionosphere


Compact FUV camera concept for space weather applications

Far ultraviolet (FUV) images of Earth from space have proven invaluable in revealing contextual phenomena associated with space weather in the high latitude auroral regions and in the mid and equatorial regions. Images of this nature can be used to investigate compelling questions associated with the interaction of the ionosphere/mesosphere-magnetosphere-solar wind. Observations using images that lead to quantitative analyses are required to significantly advance the state of knowledge with regard to the affects of space wea ...

Spann, James; Fineschi, Silvano; Viereck, Rodney;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1117/12.615201

Camera; Filters; far ultraviolet; space weather; MI coupling; Ionosphere; AURORA; Geospace

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