GUVI Biblio


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Found 2061 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 51 through 100


Assimilative Mapping of Auroral Electron Energy Flux Using SSUSI Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) Emissions

Far ultraviolet (FUV) imaging of the aurora from space provides great insight into the dynamic coupling of the atmosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere on global scales. To gain a quantitative understanding of these coupling processes, the global distribution of auroral energy flux is required, but the inversion of FUV emission to derive precipitating auroral particles energy flux is not straightforward. Furthermore, the spatial coverage of FUV imaging from Low Earth Orbit (LEO) altitudes is often insufficient to achieve g ...

Li, J.; Matsuo, T.; Kilcommons, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029739

Spatial-Temporal Behaviors of Large-Scale Ionospheric Perturbations During Severe Geomagnetic Storms on September 7–8 2017 Using the GNSS, SWARM and TIE-GCM Techniques

Geomagnetic storms on 7–8 September 2017 triggered severe ionospheric disturbances that had a serious effect on satellite navigation and radio communication. Multiple observations derived from Global Navigation Satellite System receivers, Earth s Magnetic Field and Environment Explorers (SWARM) and the Thermosphere-Ionosphere -Electrodynamics General Circulation Model s simulations are utilized to investigate the spatial-temporal ionospheric behaviors under storm conditions. The results indicate that the electron density i ...

Li, Wang; Zhao, Dongsheng; He, Changyong; Hancock, Craig; Shen, Yi; Zhang, Kefei;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029830

hemispheric asymmetry; ionospheric disturbances; Magnetic storms; thermospheric composition changes; TIE-GCM

Exospheric Temperature Measured by NASA-GOLD Under Low Solar Activity: Comparison With Other Data Sets

Exospheric temperature is one of the key parameters in constructing thermospheric models and has been extensively studied with in situ observations and remote sensing. The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) at a geosynchronous vantage point provides dayglow limb images for two longitude sectors, from which we can estimate the terrestrial exospheric temperature since 2018. In this paper, we investigate climatological behavior of the exospheric temperature measured by GOLD. The temperature has positive corre ...

Park, Jaeheung; Evans, Joseph; Eastes, Richard; Lumpe, Jerry; van den Ijssel, Jose; Englert, Christoph; Stevens, Michael;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030041

Aura/MLS; exospheric temperature; GOLD; ICON; swarm; TIMED/SABER

Transpolar Arcs: Seasonal Dependence Identified by an Automated Detection Algorithm

Transpolar arcs (TPAs) are auroral features that occur polewards of the main auroral oval suggesting that the magnetosphere has acquired a complicated magnetic topology. They are primarily a northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) auroral phenomenon, and their formation and evolution have no single explanation that is unanimously agreed upon. An automated detection algorithm has been developed to detect the occurrence of TPAs in UV images captured from the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) instru ...

Bower, G.; Milan, S.; Paxton, L.; Imber, S.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029743

auroras; magnetosphere; transpolar arc

Creating a Database to Identify High-Latitude Scintillation Signatures With Unsupervised Machine Learning

In high latitudes, Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals experience scintillation due to moving irregularity structures in the ionosphere. These develop as a result of different physical mechanisms, which are as yet principally described on an elementary level for certain storm cases and events. Since there are years of GNSS data available from stations around the globe, we are investigating an unsupervised Machine Learning approach to extract a large variety of groups of scintillation events with similar feature ...

Bals, Anna-Marie; Thakrar, Chintan; Deshpande, Kshitija;

Published by: IEEE Journal of Radio Frequency Identification      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1109/JRFID.2022.3163913

Databases; Feature extraction; Fluctuations; global navigation satellite system; GNSS data noise elimination; GNSS scintillation; Indexes; Instruments; ionospheric scintillation event detection; Radiofrequency identification; unsupervised machine learning

Sounding Rocket Observation of Nitric Oxide in the Polar Night

An altitude profile of Nitric Oxide (NO) in the 80–110 km altitude range was measured in the polar night from a sounding rocket on 27 January 2020. The observations were made using the technique of stellar occultation with a UV spectrograph observing the γ (1,0) band of NO near 215 nm. The tangent point for the altitude profile was at 74° latitude, a location that had been in darkness for 80 days. The retrieved slant column density profile is interpreted using an assumed four-parameter analytic profile shape. Retrievals ...

Bailey, Scott; McClintock, William; Carstens, Justin; Thurairajah, Brentha; Das, Saswati; Randall, Cora; Harvey, Lynn; Siskind, David; Stevens, Michael; Venkataramani, Karthik;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030257

Lower thermosphere; mesosphere; nitric oxide; polar night; sounding rocket; stellar occultation

Transpolar Arcs: Seasonal Dependence Identified by an Automated Detection Algorithm

Bower, Gemma; Milan, Stephen; Paxton, Larry; Imber, SM;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Thermospheric density enhancement and limb O 130.4 nm radiance increase during geomagnetic storms

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, R;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

FUV observations of variations in thermospheric composition and topside ionospheric density during the November 2004 magnetic superstorm

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, LarryJ; Huang, Chaosong; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Comments on “A new method to subtract dayglow for auroral observation of SSUSI in LBH ranges based on the improved AURIC” by Wang et al.(2021)

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Occurrence statistics of horse collar aurora

Bower, Gemma; Milan, Stephen; Paxton, Larry; Anderson, Brian;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Empirical modelling of SSUSI derived auroral ionization rates

Bender, Stefan; Espy, Patrick; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

The origin of midlatitude plasma depletions detected during the 12 February 2000 and 29 October 2003 geomagnetic storms

Kil, Hyosub; Chang, Hyeyeon; Lee, Woo; Paxton, Larry; Sun, Andrew; Lee, Jiyun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Two different properties of ionospheric perturbations detected in the vicinity of the Korean Peninsula after the Hunga-Tonga volcanic eruption on 15 January 2022

Hong, Junseok; Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo; Kwak, Young-Sil; Choi, Byung-Kyu; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

The Terrestrial Magnetospheric Response to the 28th October 2021 CME

Waters, James; Jackman, Caitriona; Whiter, Daniel; Fogg, Alexandra; Lamy, Laurent; Carter, Jennifer; Fryer, Laura; Louis, Corentin; Carley, Eion; Briand, Carine; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Novel Observations of the Aurora (NOA) from New Platforms

Paxton, LJ; Hibbitts, CA; Swartz, WH;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Increased Sensitivity FUV Spectrographic Imager

Schaefer, RK; Paxton, LJ; Zhang, Y; Kil, H; Liou, K;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Statistics of transpolar arcs identified by an automated detection algorithm

Bower, Gemma; Milan, Steve; Paxton, Larry; Imber, Suzie;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Height-integrated polar cap conductances during an average substorm

Carter, Jennifer; Milan, Steven; Lester, Mark; Forsyth, Colin; Paxton, Larry; Gjerloev, Jesper; Anderson, Brian;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Lobe Reconnection and Cusp-Aligned Auroral Arcs

Abstract Following the St. Patrick s Day (17 March) geomagnetic storm of 2013, the interplanetary magnetic field had near-zero clock angle for almost two days. Throughout this period multiple cusp-aligned auroral arcs formed in the polar regions; we present observations of, and provide a new explanation for, this poorly understood phenomenon. The arcs were observed by auroral imagers onboard satellites of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Ionospheric flow measurements and observations of energetic particles from ...

Milan, S.; Bower, G.; Carter, J.; Paxton, L.; Anderson, B.; Hairston, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Hemispheric Asymmetry in the Auroral Ionosphere-Thermosphere System

Liou, K; Zhang, Y-L; Paxton, LJ; Kil, H; Schaefer, R;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Temporal Evolution of Low-Latitude Plasma Blobs Identified From Multiple Measurements: ICON, GOLD, and Madrigal TEC

Low-latitude plasma blobs have been studied since their first being reported in 1986. However, investigations on temporal evolution of a blob or on continental scale (\textgreater2,000 km) ionospheric contexts around it are relatively rare. Overcoming these limitations can help elucidate the blob generation mechanisms. On 21 January 2021, the Ionospheric Connection Explorer satellite encountered a typical low-latitude blob near the northeastern coast of South America. The event was collocated with a local enhancement in 135. ...

Park, Jaeheung; Huang, Chao-Song; Eastes, Richard; Coster, Anthea;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029992

GOLD; ICON; low-latitude plasma blob; Madrigal TEC

Extreme Enhancements of Electron Temperature in Low Latitude Topside Ionosphere During the October 2016 Storm

We use the in-situ observations of DMSP and SWARM satellites to report the changes of the topside ionospheric electron temperature during the October 2016 storm. Electron temperature in the afternoon sector dramatically increases in low latitudes in the recovery phase of the storm. Furthermore, the temperature enhancements have an obvious dependence on longitude and are mainly centralized around 100°–150°E in different satellite observations. The temperature enhancements attain more than 2,000 K at 840 km and 1,500 K at ...

Zhang, Ruilong; Liu, Libo; Ma, Han; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Yoshikawa, Akimasa;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030278

electron temperature; equatorial topisde; Ionospheric storm; vertical drift

AMICal Sat: A sparse RGB imager on board a 2U cubesat to study the aurora

AMICal sat, a dedicated 2U cubesat, has been developed, in order to monitor the auroral emissions, with a dedicated imager. It aims to help to reconstruct the low energy electrons fluxes up to 30 keV in Earth auroral regions. It includes an imager entirely designed in Grenoble University Space Center. The imager uses a 1.3 Mpixels sparse RGB CMOS detector and a wide field objective (f=22.5 mm). The satellite platform has been built by the polish company Satrevolution. Launched September, 3rd, 2020 from Kuru (French Guyana) o ...

Barthelemy, Mathieu; Robert, Elisa; Kalegaev, Vladimir; Grennerat, Vincent; Sequies, Thierry; Bourdarot, Guillaume; Le Coarer, Etienne; Correia, Jean-Jacques; Rabou, Patrick;

Published by: IEEE Journal on Miniaturization for Air and Space Systems      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1109/JMASS.2022.3187147

Aerospace electronics; AURORA; cubesat; Detectors; imager; Instruments; Ion radiation effects; magnetosphere; Monitoring; Satellites

Interhemispheric Asymmetries in Ionospheric Electron Density Responses During Geomagnetic Storms: A Study Using Space-Based and Ground-Based GNSS and AMPERE Observations

We utilize Total Electron Content (TEC) measurements and electron density (Ne) retrieval profiles from Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers onboard multiple Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites to characterize large-scale ionosphere-thermosphere system responses during geomagnetic storms. We also analyze TEC measurements from GNSS receivers in a worldwide ground-based network. Measurements from four storms during June and July 2012 (boreal summer months), December 2015 (austral summer month), and March 2015 (equin ...

Swarnalingam, N.; Wu, D.; Gopalswamy, N.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030247

Pronounced Suppression and X-Pattern Merging of Equatorial Ionization Anomalies After the 2022 Tonga Volcano Eruption

Following the 2022 Tonga Volcano eruption, dramatic suppression and deformation of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crests occurred in the American sector ∼14,000 km away from the epicenter. The EIA crests variations and associated ionosphere-thermosphere disturbances were investigated using Global Navigation Satellite System total electron content data, Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk ultraviolet images, Ionospheric Connection Explorer wind data, and ionosonde observations. The main results are as fo ...

Aa, Ercha; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Wang, Wenbin; Erickson, Philip; Qian, Liying; Eastes, Richard; Harding, Brian; Immel, Thomas; Karan, Deepak; Daniell, Robert; Coster, Anthea; Goncharenko, Larisa; Vierinen, Juha; Cai, Xuguang; Spicher, Andres;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030527

EIA suppression and X-pattern; Equatorial ionization anomaly; GNSS TEC; GOLD UV images; ICON MIGHTI neutral wind; Tonga volcano eruption

Ionospheric Disturbances and Irregularities During the 25–26 August 2018 Geomagnetic Storm

We use ground-based (GNSS, SuperDARN, and ionosondes) and space-borne (Swarm, CSES, and DMSP) instruments to study ionospheric disturbances due to the 25–26 August 2018 geomagnetic storm. The strongest large-scale storm-time enhancements were detected over the Asian and Pacific regions during the main and early recovery phases of the storm. In the American sector, there occurred the most complex effects caused by the action of multiple drivers. At the beginning of the storm, a large positive disturbance occurred over North ...

Astafyeva, E.; Yasyukevich, Y.; Maletckii, B.; Oinats, A.; Vesnin, A.; Yasyukevich, A.; Syrovatskii, S.; Guendouz, N.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029843

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere; ROTI; ionospheric disturbances; ionospheric irregularities; multi-instrumental approach

Correlations Between Giant Undulations and Plasmapause Configurations

In this letter, we report the correlations between giant undulations (GUs) and plasmapause (PP) configurations based on GUs images and corresponding PP crossings of satellites between 2005 and 2019. Typically, GUs occur when the plasmasphere is eroded to form a thin and sharp PP during the storm main phase and early recovery phase. The thicknesses of the PP are usually comparable with the azimuthal wavelengths of the GUs and are smaller than the radial amplitudes of the GUs. The amplitudes and wavelengths are quasi-proporti ...

Zhou, Yi-Jia; He, Fei; Yao, Zhong-Hua; Wei, Yong; Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Zhang, Yong-Liang;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022GL098627

Ionosphere; Giant Undulations; plasmapause; plasmapause surface waves

Diurnal and Seasonal Characteristics of the Longitudinal Variations of Electron Densities in the Topside Ionosphere at Middle Latitudes

The ionosphere experiences strong diurnal and seasonal changes. The longitudinal variations of electron density (Ne) in the ionosphere at the middle latitudes also show strong diurnal and seasonal changes. In this paper, we use in situ Ne measurements from the DEMETER satellite and electron density profiles retrieved from the COSMIC data to study the local time (LT) and seasonal dependence of the longitudinal variations of topside Ne at middle latitudes during 2007–2009. With regard to the diurnal trend, the reversal phase ...

Su, Fanfan; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030308

Electron density; middle latitude; season; topside ionosphere

Ionospheric Disturbances in Low- and Midlatitudes During the Geomagnetic Storm on 26 August 2018

Plasma density depletions at midlatitudes during geomagnetic storms are often understood in terms of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) due to their morphological similarity. However, our study reports the observations that reveal the generation of plasma depletions at midlatitudes by local sources. During the geomagnetic storm on 26 August 2018, the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program and Swarm satellites detected plasma depletions at midlatitudes in the Asian sector in the absence of EPBs in the equatorial region. This ...

Chang, Hyeyeon; Kil, Hyosub; Sun, Andrew; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Lee, Jiyun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029879

Impact of Soft Electron Precipitation on the Thermospheric Neutral Mass Density During Geomagnetic Storms: GITM Simulations

In this study, the impact of improving soft (0.1–1 keV) electron precipitation on the F-region neutral mass density has been evaluated using the Global Ionosphere Thermosphere Model (GITM). Two types of electron energy spectra having the same total energy flux and average energy but different spectral shapes have been used to specify the electron precipitation in GITM. One is the Maxwellian spectrum and the other is from an empirical model, Auroral Spectrum and High-Latitude Electric field variabilitY (ASHLEY), which provi ...

Zhu, Qingyu; Deng, Yue; Sheng, Cheng; Anderson, Philip; Bukowski, Aaron;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL097260

ASHLEY; GITM; neutral mass density; soft electron precipitation

Coordinated Observations of Rocket Exhaust Depletion: GOLD, Madrigal TEC, and Multiple Low-Earth-Orbit Satellites

A plasma density hole was created in the ionosphere by a rocket launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida near local sunset on 30 August 2020, which is called rocket exhaust depletion (RED). The hole persisted for several hours into the night and was observed in total electron content (TEC) maps, the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) imager, and multiple low-earth-orbit satellites. The RED created a nightglow pit in the GOLD 135.6 nm image. Swarm satellites found that the RED exhibited insignificant changes in ...

Park, Jaeheung; Rajesh, P.; Ivarsen, Magnus; Lin, Charles; Eastes, Richard; Chao, Chi; Coster, Anthea; Clausen, Lasse; Burchill, Johnathan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029909

GOLD; Madrigal TEC; COSMIC-2; Norsat-1; rocket exhaust depletion; swarm

Geomagnetic and Solar Dependencies of Midlatitude E-Region Irregularity Occurrence Rate: A Climatology Based on Wuhan VHF Radar Observations

By using Wuhan VHF radar, we show the morphological features of E-region field-aligned irregularity (FAI) occurrence at Wuhan during 2015–2020. Statistical results present that E-region FAI occurrence reaches a maximum after sunset in summer season. According to Doppler spectrum features, type-2 irregularity is predominantly observed at Wuhan. In addition, we observed a remarkable correlation between E-region FAI occurrence and geomagnetic activity, which includes periods of positive correlation and negative correlation de ...

Liu, Yi; Zhou, Chen; Xu, Tong; Deng, Zhongxin; Du, Zhitao; Lan, Ting; Tang, Qiong; Zhu, Yunzhou; Wang, Zhuangkai; Zhao, Zhengyu;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029597


The Influence of the Atmosphere on the Variability of the Electronic Concentration in the Ionosphere on January 2009

The results of the study of the variability of the electron concentration in the ionosphere in January 2009 are presented. Variations in the electron density in the ionosphere above individual stations and in the global electron content are considered based on the observation data and the results of the model calculations. Comparison of the ionospheric variability obtained from the results of calculations using the models of the upper atmosphere (GSM TIP) and the entire atmosphere (EAGLE) showed that the atmospheric-ionosphe ...

Klimenko, M.; Ratovsky, K.; Klimenko, V.; Bessarab, F.; Sukhodolov, T.; Rozanov, E.;

Published by: Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1134/S1990793121050171

atmosphere; global electron abundance; Ionosphere; model of the entire atmosphere; neutral composition of the upper atmosphere; sudden stratospheric warming

Local-time, seasonal and solar cycle variation of Nitric Oxide radiative emission over Indian longitude sector

We study the local-time, seasonal and solar cycle variations of Nitric Oxide (NO) infrared radiative emission, as observed by Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument onboard the NASA’s Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics (TIMED) satellite, over Indian longitude sector. It covers nineteen (January 2002-December 2020) years of NO radiative emission data in the altitude region of 100–155 km. The NO volume emission rate (VER) shows a strong local-time variation wi ...

Bag, Tikemani;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.05.003

Indian longitude; Nitric Oxide Radiative Emission; TIMED-SABER satellite observation

Model of the E-Layer Critical Frequency for the Auroral Region

A new foE model for the auroral region is constructed; the model is based on an analysis of the models of auroral electron precipitations, the boundaries of the discrete and diffusive aurora, the main ionospheric trough, and measurements of the E-layer critical frequency foE. The model is an analytical model. It consists of solar (foEsol) and auroral (foEavr) components. The solar component of the model does not depend of geomagnetic activity. It depends on solar activity via the F index, which is determined by the solar rad ...

Deminov, M.; Shubin, V.; Badin, V.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793221050054

Climatological study of the ion temperature in the ionosphere as recorded by Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar and comparison with the IRI model

Ion temperature data recorded by Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar (42.61° N, 288.51° E) over four full solar cycles (from 1970 to 2018) are analyzed to depict its climatological behavior in the range of altitudes between 100 and 550 km. The ion temperature dependencies on altitude, local time, month of the year, and solar activity level are studied through a climatological analysis based on binning and boxplot representation of statistical values. Binned observations of ion temperature are compared with Internation ...

Pignalberi, Alessio; Aksonova, Kateryna; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Truhlik, Vladimir; Gurram, Padma; Pavlou, Charalambos;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: sep

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2020.10.025

Climatological analysis; International Reference Ionosphere model; ion temperature; Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar

Responses of the Indian Equatorial Ionization Anomaly to two CME-induced geomagnetic storms during the peak phase of solar cycle 24

This work analyzes the geo-effectiveness of Coronal Mass Ejection- (CME-) induced storms by investigating the responses of ionospheric Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) and the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) over the Indian sector to two storms. One of the storms occurred on February 19, 2014 (SYM-H: −120 nT), while the other occurred on June 23, 2015 (SYM-H: −204 nT). Both storms were driven by full halo CMEs. Global TEC maps were used to characterize VTEC variations during the storms. June 23, 2015 storm was ...

Simi, K.; Akala, A.; Krishna, Siva; Amaechi, Paul; Ogwala, Aghogho; Ratnam, Venkata; Oyedokun, O.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: oct

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.06.013

Coronal mass ejection; Disturbance dynamo electric field; geomagnetic storm; prompt penetration electric field; total electron content

Assessment of the predictive capabilities of NIGTEC model over Nigeria during geomagnetic storms

The Nigerian Total Electron Content (NIGTEC) is a regional neural network-based model developed by the Nigerian Centre for Atmospheric Research to predict the Total Electron Content (TEC) at any location over Nigeria. The addition of the disturbance storm time (Dst) index as one of NIGTEC s input layer neurons raises a question of its accuracy during geomagnetic storms. In this paper, the capability of NIGTEC in predicting the variability of TEC during geomagnetic storms has been assessed. TEC data predicted by NIGTEC is com ...

Amaechi, Paul; Humphrey, Ibifubara; Adewoyin, David;

Published by: Geodesy and Geodynamics      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.geog.2021.09.003

geomagnetic storm; global navigation satellite system; Nigerian Total Electron Content (NIGTEC); total electron content

Impact of the intense geomagnetic storm of August 2018 on the equatorial and low latitude ionosphere

We study the impact of an intense geomagnetic storm of 25–26 August 2018 on the equatorial and low latitude ionosphere over Asia, Africa, and America. For this purpose, we have used storm-time observations from multi-site ground-based Global Positioning System receivers and magnetic observatories located at equatorial and low latitudes along the three longitudes. The storm-time variation of the electron density is assessed by the global, regional, and vertical total electron content obtained from the GPS receiver data. Bot ...

Imtiaz, Nadia; Hammou Ali, Omar; Rizvi, Haider;

Published by: Astrophysics and Space Science      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1007/s10509-021-04009-2

Disturbance dynamo electric field; global electron content; prompt penetration electric field; Vertical total electron content

Deriving column-integrated thermospheric temperature with the N$_\textrm2$ Lyman–Birge–Hopfield (2,0) band

\textlessp\textgreater\textlessstrong class="journal-contentHeaderColor"\textgreaterAbstract.\textless/strong\textgreater This paper presents a new technique to derive thermospheric temperature from space-based disk observations of far ultraviolet airglow. The technique, guided by findings from principal component analysis of synthetic daytime Lyman–Birge–Hopfield (LBH) disk emissions, uses a ratio of the emissions in two spectral channels that together span the LBH (2,0) band to determine the change in band shape with r ...

Cantrall, Clayton; Matsuo, Tomoko;

Published by: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.5194/amt-14-6917-2021

The nighttime ionospheric response and occurrence of equatorial plasma irregularities during geomagnetic storms: a case study

Recent studies revealed that the long-lasting daytime ionospheric enhancements of Total Electron Content (TEC) were sometimes observed in the Asian sector during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms (e.g., Lei (J Geophys Res Space Phys 123: 3217–3232, 2018), Li (J Geophys Res Space Phys 125: e2020JA028238, 2020). However, they focused only on the dayside ionosphere, and no dedicated studies have been performed to investigate the nighttime ionospheric behavior during such kinds of storm recovery phases. In this study, w ...

Wan, Xin; Xiong, Chao; Gao, Shunzu; Huang, Fuqing; Liu, Yiwen; Aa, Ercha; Yin, Fan; Cai, Hongtao;

Published by: Satellite Navigation      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1186/s43020-021-00055-x

Equatorial plasma irregularity; Geomagneitc storm; Ionospheric response; longitudinal variations; Storm recovery phase

Seasonal Variation of Post-sunset and Post-midnight Equatorial Plasma Bubble in Malaysia during Moderate Solar Activity Level

The equatorial plasma bubble (EPB) is a common event that occurred at the F-layer of the ionosphere due to plasma irregularities. Its occurrence can be observed around sunset and midnight hours, depending on the season. In this study, ROTI plot measurement was utilized in EPB detection, where the data was obtained from the Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia (JUPEM). The seasonal variation of EPB in Langkawi, Malaysia was investigated for both post-sunset and post-midnight occurrence within the period of moderate solar ...

Rosli, Nur; Hamid, Nurul; Abdullah, Mardina; Buhari, Suhaila; Sarudin, Idahwati;

Published by:       Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1109/IconSpace53224.2021.9768743

solar activity; equatorial plasma bubble (EPB); GPS; Ionosphere; Plasma measurements; Plasmas; post-midnight; Southeast Asia; Time-frequency analysis

Statistics of GPS TEC at the northern EIA crest region of the Indian subcontinent during the solar cycle 24 (2013-2018): comparison with IRI-2016 and IRI-2012 models

In this study the statistics of ionospheric total electron content (TEC), derived from a GSV4004B dual-frequency Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver at Agartala station (23.450°N, 91.150°E) located in northern equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crest region of the Indian subcontinent, is reported with a performance analysis of IRI-2016 and IRI-2012 models during the ascending, maxima, declining and minima phases (2013-2018) of the solar cycle 24. Variations of model total electron content, as obtained from the IRI-20 ...

Patari, Arup; Paul, Bapan; Guha, Anirban;

Published by: Astrophysics and Space Science      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1007/s10509-021-03950-6

EIA; EUV flux; F10.7; GPS TEC; IRI-2012 TEC; IRI-2016 TEC; SSN

Latitudinal Dependence of Ionospheric Responses to Some Geomagnetic Storms during Low Solar Activity

The Latitudinal dependence in the response of the Ionospheric F2-layer electron density (NmF2) and peak height (hmF2) to three geomagnetic storms of May and August 2010 has been examined. The data-sets used for the study were obtained from Ilorin, Nigeria (1.87° S/76.67° E), San Vito, Italy (34.68° N/90.38° E), Hermanus, South Africa (42.34° S/82.15° E), and Pruhonice, Czech Republic (45.66° N/90.38° E) geomagnetic coordinates. The quiet time result shows that the rise in NmF2 began earlier at San Vito, followed by P ...

Joshua, B.; Adeniyi, J.; Olawepo, A.; Rabiu, Babatunde; Daniel, Okoh; Adebiyi, S.; Adebesin, B.; Ikubanni, S.; Abdurahim, B.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793221030063

Electric field; Electron density; Geomagnetic storms; magnetosphere; peak height

Delay in Response of Global Electron Content and Electron Concentration at Various Altitudes to 27-Day Variations in Solar Activity

We investigate the influence of 27-day variations in solar activity related to the rotation of the Sun around its axis on the thermosphere–ionosphere system at different latitudes and heights, using the results of the calculations of the model of the Earth’s upper atmosphere. Based on the results of the model calculations, related processes in the thermosphere–ionosphere system were analyzed in the period from June 20 to July 21, 2014. There is a clear reaction to the daytime electron concentration Ne in the ionosphere ...

Klimenko, M.; Klimenko, V.; Ratovsky, K.; Yasyukevich, A.;

Published by: Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1134/S1990793121030052

Ionosphere; global electron content; neutral composition of the thermosphere; solar activity

The distribution characteristics of GPS cycle slip over the China mainland and adjacent region during the declining solar activity (2015–2018) period of solar cycle 24

The Global Positioning System (GPS) cycle slip has a marked impact on the application of communication and navigation systems and therefore is one of the main concerns of the user and designer of terminal systems. In this study, we analyzed the temporal and spatial characteristics of cycle slip events using the GPS data detected from 260 observations in the China sector during the period of the year 2015–2018. The results show that the temporal variations of cycle slips are dependent on the local time, seasons, and solar a ...

Geng, Wei; Huang, Wengeng; Liu, Guoqi; Liu, Siqing; Luo, Binxian; Chen, Yanhong;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020RS007196

Monitoring; Delays; Global positioning system; Indexes; Receivers; Satellite broadcasting; Signal to noise ratio

Inferring thermospheric composition from ionogram profiles: a calibration with the TIMED spacecraft

\textlessp\textgreater\textlessstrong class="journal-contentHeaderColor"\textgreaterAbstract.\textless/strong\textgreater We present a method for augmenting spacecraft measurements of thermospheric composition with quantitative estimates of daytime thermospheric composition below 200 \textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreaterkm\textless/span\textgreater, inferred from ionospheric data, for which there is a global network of ground-based stations. Measurements of thermospheric composition via ground-based instrumentatio ...

Scott, Christopher; Jones, Shannon; Barnard, Luke;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-39-309-2021

Features of the Ionospheric Storm on December 21–24, 2016

The purpose of this work is to investigate the response of the F region and topside ionosphere to the moderate geomagnetic storm on December 21, 2016 (Kp max = 6). The subject of the study is the height–time variations in the parameters of the ionospheric plasma over Kharkiv. Experimental data were obtained using vertical sounding and incoherent scatter methods by the ionosonde and incoherent scatter radar. The presented results are based on the correlation analysis of the incoherent scattered signal. The ion and elect ...

Katsko, S.; Emelyanov, Ya.; Chernogor, L.;

Published by: Kinematics and Physics of Celestial Bodies      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3103/S0884591321020045

geomagnetic storm; Electron density; Ionospheric storm; space weather; ionosonde; electron and ion temperatures; incoherent scatter radar; plasma velocity; positive and negative storm phases

Echo occurrence in the southern polar ionosphere for the SuperDARN Dome C East and Dome C North radars

In this paper, echo occurrence rates for the Dome C East (DCE) and the new Dome C North (DCN) radars are studied. We report the ionospheric and ground scatter echo occurrence rates for selected periods around equinoxes and solstices in the final part of the solar cycle XXIV. The occurrence maps built in Altitude Adjusted Corrected Geomagnetic latitude and Magnetic Local Time coordinates show peculiar patterns highly variable with season. The comparisons of the radar observations with the International Reference Ionosphere mo ...

Marcucci, Maria; Coco, Igino; Massetti, Stefano; Pignalberi, Alessio; Forsythe, Victoriya; Pezzopane, Michael; Koustov, Alexander; Longo, Simona; Biondi, David; Simeoli, Enrico; Consolini, Giuseppe; Laurenza, Monica; Marchaudon, Aurélie; Satta, Andrea; Cirioni, Alessandro; De Simone, Angelo; Olivieri, Angelo; Baù, Alessandro; Salvati, Alberto;

Published by: Polar Science      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.polar.2021.100684

Echo occurrence; IRI model; Polar cap radars; Ray-tracing

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