GUVI Biblio


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Found 16 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 16


Signatures of Equatorial Plasma Bubbles and Ionospheric Scintillations from Magnetometer and GNSS Observations in the Indian Longitudes during the Space Weather Events of Early September 2017

Scintillation due to ionospheric plasma irregularities remains a challenging task for the space science community as it can severely threaten the dynamic systems relying on space-based navigation services. In the present paper, we probe the ionospheric current and plasma irregularity characteristics from a latitudinal arrangement of magnetometers and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) stations from the equator to the far low latitude location over the Indian longitudes, during the severe space weather events of 6–10 ...

Vankadara, Ram; Panda, Sampad; Amory-Mazaudier, Christine; Fleury, Rolland; Devanaboyina, Venkata; Pant, Tarun; Jamjareegulgarn, Punyawi; Haq, Mohd; Okoh, Daniel; Seemala, Gopi;

Published by: Remote Sensing      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/rs14030652

space weather; equatorial plasma bubbles; ionospheric irregularity; global navigation satellite system; magnetometer; poleward drift; rate of change of TEC index; scintillations; storm-time electric currents

Bayesian approach for auroral oval reconstruction from ground-based observations

Naked eye observations of aurorae might be used to obtain information on the large-scale magnetic field of the Earth at historic times. Their abundance may also help bridge gaps in observational time-series of proxies for solar activity such as the sunspot number or cosmogenic isotopes. With information derived from aurora observations like observing site, time of aurora sighting and position on the sky we can reconstruct the auroral oval. Since aurorae are correlated with geomagnetic indices like the Kp index, it is possibl ...

Wagner, D.; Neuhäuser, R.; Arlt, R.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105824

auroral oval; Magnetic storms; space weather


Features of the Ionospheric Storm on December 21–24, 2016

The purpose of this work is to investigate the response of the F region and topside ionosphere to the moderate geomagnetic storm on December 21, 2016 (Kp max = 6). The subject of the study is the height–time variations in the parameters of the ionospheric plasma over Kharkiv. Experimental data were obtained using vertical sounding and incoherent scatter methods by the ionosonde and incoherent scatter radar. The presented results are based on the correlation analysis of the incoherent scattered signal. The ion and elect ...

Katsko, S.; Emelyanov, Ya.; Chernogor, L.;

Published by: Kinematics and Physics of Celestial Bodies      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3103/S0884591321020045

geomagnetic storm; Electron density; Ionospheric storm; space weather; ionosonde; electron and ion temperatures; incoherent scatter radar; plasma velocity; positive and negative storm phases

Spread-F occurrence during geomagnetic storms near the southern crest of the EIA in Argentina

This work presents, for the first time, the analysis of the occurrence of ionospheric irregularities during geomagnetic storms at Tucumán, Argentina, a low latitude station in the Southern American longitudinal sector (26.9°S, 294.6°E; magnetic latitude 15.5°S) near the southern crest of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA). Three geomagnetic storms occurred on May 27, 2017 (a month of low occurrence rates of spread-F), October 12, 2016 (a month of transition from low to high occurrence rates of spread-F) and November ...

González, Gilda;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2020.10.051

Geomagnetic storms; ionospheric irregularities; space weather; Spread-F

Evaluating Auroral Forecasts Against Satellite Observations

The aurora is a readily visible phenomenon of interest to many members of the public. However, the aurora and associated phenomena can also significantly impact communications, ground-based infrastructure, and high-altitude radiation exposure. Forecasting the location of the auroral oval is therefore a key component of space weather forecast operations. A version of the OVATION-Prime 2013 auroral precipitation model (Newell et al., 2014, was used by the UK Met Office Space Weather Operat ...

Mooney, M.; Marsh, M.; Forsyth, C.; Sharpe, M.; Hughes, T.; Bingham, S.; Jackson, D.; Rae, I.; Chisham, G.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020SW002688

AURORA; auroral forecasting; forecast verification; OVATION-Prime 2013; ROC scores; space weather

Toward a Next Generation Particle Precipitation Model: Mesoscale Prediction Through Machine Learning (a Case Study and Framework for Progress)

We advance the modeling capability of electron particle precipitation from the magnetosphere to the ionosphere through a new database and use of machine learning (ML) tools to gain utility from those data. We have compiled, curated, analyzed, and made available a new and more capable database of particle precipitation data that includes 51 satellite years of Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) observations temporally aligned with solar wind and geomagnetic activity data. The new total electron energy flux particl ...

McGranaghan, Ryan; Ziegler, Jack; Bloch, Téo; Hatch, Spencer; Camporeale, Enrico; Lynch, Kristina; Owens, Mathew; Gjerloev, Jesper; Zhang, Binzheng; Skone, Susan;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020SW002684

space weather; magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; data science; evaluation; machine learning; particle precipitation

Determination of Auroral Electrodynamic Parameters From AMPERE Field-Aligned Current Measurements

We calculate high latitude electrodynamic parameters using global maps of field-aligned currents from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Response Experiment (AMPERE). The model is based on previous studies that relate field-aligned currents to auroral Pedersen and Hall conductances measured by incoherent scatter radar. The field-aligned currents and conductances are used to solve for the electric potential at high latitudes from which electric fields are computed. The electric fields are then used with the conductances t ...

Robinson, R.; Zanetti, Larry; Anderson, Brian; Vines, Sarah; Gjerloev, Jesper;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020SW002677

space weather; auroral currents; auroral electrodynamics; conductivities; electric fields; field-aligned currents

Explicit IMF By-Dependence in Geomagnetic Activity: Quantifying Ionospheric Electrodynamics

Geomagnetic activity is mainly driven by the southward (Bz) component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), which dominates all solar wind coupling functions. Coupling functions also depend on the absolute value of the dawn-dusk (By) component of the IMF, but not on its sign. However, recent studies have shown that for a fixed level of solar wind driving, auroral electrojets in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) are stronger for By \textgreater 0 than for By \textless 0 during NH winter. In NH summer, the dependence on the B ...

Holappa, L.; Robinson, R.; Pulkkinen, A.; Asikainen, T.; Mursula, K.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029202

space weather; magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; field-aligned currents; geomagnetic activity

Geomagnetic Pulsations Driving Geomagnetically Induced Currents

Geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) are driven by the geoelectric field induced by fluctuations of Earth s magnetic field. Drivers of intense GICs are often associated with large impulsive events such as coronal mass ejections. To a lesser extent fluctuations from regular oscillations of the geomagnetic field, or geomagnetic pulsations, have also been identified as possible drivers of GICs. In this work we show that these low-frequency pulsations are directly observed in measured GIC data from power networks. Due to the ...

Heyns, M.; Lotz, S.; Gaunt, C.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020SW002557

space weather; geomagnetic pulsations; geomagnetically induced currents

PROBA2 LYRA Occultations: Thermospheric Temperature and Composition, Sensitivity to EUV Forcing, and Comparisons With Mars

A method for retrieving temperature and composition from 150 to 350 km in Earth s thermosphere using total number density measurements made via extreme ultraviolet (EUV) solar occultations by the Project for OnBoard Autonomy 2/Large Yield Radiometer (PROBA2/LYRA) instrument is presented. Systematic and random uncertainties are calculated and found to be less than 5\% for the temperature measurements and 5\%–20\% for the composition measurements. Regression coefficients relating both temperature and the [O]/[N2] abundance r ...

Thiemann, Edward; Dominique, Marie;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029262

comparative planetology; EUV; occultations; space weather; thermosphere

First Look at a Geomagnetic Storm With Santa Maria Digisonde Data: F Region Responses and Comparisons Over the American Sector

Santa Maria Digisonde data are used for the first time to investigate the F region behavior during a geomagnetic storm. The August 25, 2018 storm is considered complex due to the incidence of two Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections and a High-Speed Solar Wind Stream (HSS). The F 2 layer critical frequency (f o F 2) and its peak height (h m F 2) collected over Santa Maria, near the center of the South American Magnetic Anomaly (SAMA), are compared with data collected from Digisondes installed in the Northern (NH) and Southe ...

Moro, J.; Xu, J.; Denardini, C.; Resende, L.; Neto, P.; Da Silva, L.; Silva, R.; Chen, S.; Picanço, G.; Carmo, C.; Liu, Z.; Yan, C.; Wang, C.; Schuch, N.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028663

Digisonde; Equatorial ionization anomaly; F-region; Ionospheric storm; SAMA; space weather


The International Reference Ionosphere \textendash Status 2013

This paper describes the latest version of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) model. IRI-2012 includes new models for the electron density and ion densities in the region below the F-peak, a storm-time model for the auroral E-region, an improved electron temperature model that includes variations with solar activity, and for the first time a description of auroral boundaries. In addition, the thermosphere model required for baseline neutral densities and temperatures was upgraded from MSIS-86 to the newer NRLMSI ...

Bilitza, Dieter;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 04/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2014.07.032

Forecast; Ionosphere; IRI; Real-Time; space weather


Is Space Weather Different Over Africa, and If So, Why? An AGU Chapman Conference Report

With the increasing reliance on technology, the impact of space weather on engineered systems will certainly increase unless suitable protective measures are taken. Understanding the physics behind space weather impacts and improving the forecasting are the major objectives of the space science community. It is well recognized that many space weather impacts, especially on communications systems, arise from structures in the ionosphere. The equatorial ionosphere, in particular, is one of the most complex and is host to nu ...

Yizengaw, Endawoke; Doherty, Patricia; Fuller-Rowell, Tim;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 07/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/swe.20063

atmosphere ionosphere interactions; ionospheric irregularities; space weather


Design of FUV imaging spectrometer based on crossed Czerny-Turner structure

This article describes the characteristics of the far ultraviolet (FUV) radiation and its applications in the space weather s research and prediction. The FUV imaging spectrometer is irreplaceable to get the FUV radiation data of the earth s upper atmosphere. Some key technologies of FUV spectrometer are analyzed respectively, including window materials, FUV light source, FUV detectors and FUV coating, which offer theoretical foundation for FUV imaging spectrometer. The paper presents a FUV band imaging spectrometer s optica ...

Wu, Yan; Tang, Yi; Ni, Guoqiang; Sheng, Yunlong; Wang, Yongtian; Zeng, Lijiang;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI: 10.1117/12.806967

space weather; far ultraviolet; Imaging spectrometer; crossed Czerny-Turner system; optical design


Contributions of imaging Echelle spectrographs to daytime optical aeronomy

We present a brief overview of the contributions made by high spectral resolution imaging spectrographs that are capable of obtaining daytime airglow and auroral emissions in the presence of scattered solar background continuum, to the advancement in our understanding of the dynamics in daytime upper atmosphere. By making use of ground-based OI 6300 angstrom daytime emissions from various geomagnetic latitudes this technique has succeeded in demonstrating many interesting and first of their kind results ranging from ionosphe ...

Pallamraju, D.; Chakrabarti, S.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2006     DOI:

dayglow; AURORA; Spectroscopy; Optical techniques; Thermosphere–ionosphere coupling; space weather


Compact FUV camera concept for space weather applications

Far ultraviolet (FUV) images of Earth from space have proven invaluable in revealing contextual phenomena associated with space weather in the high latitude auroral regions and in the mid and equatorial regions. Images of this nature can be used to investigate compelling questions associated with the interaction of the ionosphere/mesosphere-magnetosphere-solar wind. Observations using images that lead to quantitative analyses are required to significantly advance the state of knowledge with regard to the affects of space wea ...

Spann, James; Fineschi, Silvano; Viereck, Rodney;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1117/12.615201

Camera; Filters; far ultraviolet; space weather; MI coupling; Ionosphere; AURORA; Geospace