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FUV observations of variations in thermospheric composition and topside ionospheric density during the November 2004 magnetic superstorm
We revisited the November 2004 superstorm by analyzing TIMED/GUVI data. The 135.6 nm limb radiances at 520-km are mainly due to the O+ and electron radiative recombination and represent the daytime ionosphere density at the altitude. The 135.6 nm radiances clearly showed a signature of ionospheric equatorial arcs and their variations during the November 2004 magnetic superstorm. When an intense eastward Interplanetary Electric Field (IEF) occurred, the dayside equatorial arcs were enhanced and their latitude separation inc ...
Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, LarryJ.; Huang, Chaosong; Wang, Wenbin;
Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics Published on: feb
YEAR: 2022   DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105832
geomagnetic storm; penetration electric field; Thermosperic composition; topside ionosphere
Low-Latitude Zonal Ion Drifts and Their Relationship With Subauroral Polarization Streams and Auroral Return Flows During Intense Magnetic Storms
We analyze horizontal plasma drifts measured by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program satellites during two intense magnetic storms. It is found, for the first time, that westward plasma flows associated with subauroral polarization streams (SAPS) in the dusk-evening sector penetrate continuously to equatorial latitudes. The westward ion drifts between subauroral and equatorial latitudes occur nearly simultaneously. The latitudinal profile of the westward ion drifts at low latitudes (approximately within ±30° magnet ...
Huang, Chao-Song; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Lin, Dong; Wu, Qian;
Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Published on:
YEAR: 2021   DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030001
Electric field; Ionosphere; ionospheric plasma drift; penetration electric field; Subauroral Polarization Streams; thermospheric wind