Global UltraViolet Imager

GUVI Biblio


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Long-term variations of the nighttime electron density enhancement during the ionospheric midlatitude summer

This study, for the first time, presented the long-term variations of Midlatitude Summer Nighttime Anomaly (MSNA) in the two hemispheres by using 66 ground-based ionosonde observations from 1957 to 2010. MSNA is characterized by the feature of higher nighttime electron density than daytime density in the midlatitude region during local summer months. Observations from 66 ionosonde stations were used to calculate the MSNA index which is defined by the difference between nighttime and noontime NmF2 values. The MSNA ...

Chen, C.; Saito, A.; Lin, C.; Liu, J;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 07/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017138

ionization-uplift effect; midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly; MSNA index