GUVI Biblio


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Ionospheric symmetry caused by geomagnetic declination over North America

We describe variations in total electron content (TEC) in the North American sector exhibiting pronounced longitudinal progression and symmetry with respect to zero magnetic declination. Patterns were uncovered by applying an empirical orthogonal function (EOF) decomposition procedure to a 12 year ground-based American longitude sector GPS TEC data set. The first EOF mode describes overall average TEC, while the strong influence of geomagnetic declination on the midlatitude ionosphere is found in the second EOF mode (or t ...

Zhang, Shun-Rong; Chen, Ziwei; Coster, Anthea; Erickson, Philip; Foster, John;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 10/2014

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/grl.v40.2010.1002/2013GL057933

geomagnetic field; midlatitude ionosphere; thermospheric winds; total electron content