GUVI Biblio


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Found 22 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 22


Geomagnetic Storm Effect on F2-Region Ionosphere during 2012 at Low- and Mid-Latitude-Latitude Stations in the Southern Hemisphere

The ionospheric effects of six intense geomagnetic storms with Dst index ≤ −100 nT that occurred in 2012 were studied at a low-latitude station, Darwin (Geomagnetic coordinates, 21.96° S, 202.84° E), a low-mid-latitude station, Townsville (28.95° S, 220.72° E), and a mid-latitude station, Canberra (45.65° S, 226.30° E), in the Australian Region, by analyzing the storm–time variations in the critical frequency of the F2-region (foF2). Out of six storms, a storm of 23–24 April did not produce any ionospheric effe ...

Kumar, Edwin; Kumar, Sushil;

Published by: Atmosphere      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/atmos13030480

Geomagnetic storms; \textbfE × \textbfB drifts; disturbance dynamo electric fields; prompt penetrating electric fields; storm-induced circulation

Effects of the 12 May 2021 Geomagnetic Storm on Georeferencing Precision

In this work, we present the positioning error analysis of the 12 May 2021 moderate geomagnetic storm. The storm happened during spring in the northern hemisphere (fall in the south). We selected 868 GNSS stations around the globe to study the ionospheric and the apparent position variations. We compared the day of the storm with the three previous days. The analysis shows the global impact of the storm. In the quiet days, 93\% of the stations had 3D errors less than 10 cm, while during the storm, only 41\% kept this level o ...

Valdés-Abreu, Juan; Díaz, Marcos; Báez, Juan; Stable-Sánchez, Yohadne;

Published by: Remote Sensing      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.3390/rs14010038

Geomagnetic storms; total electron content; global navigation satellite system; Global positioning system; precise point positioning; rate of change of the tec index

Distinct ionospheric response to three different geomagnetic storms during 2016 using GPS-TEC observations over the Indian equatorial and low latitude sectors

The ionospheric response during three distinct geomagnetic storms occurred in the year 2016 is investigated using GPS-TEC observations in the Indian equatorial and low latitude sectors. The three geomagnetic storms are considered for this study which were occurred on 20 January 2016 (2230 LT), 6 March 2016 (0230 LT) and 13 October 2016 (0530 LT) with minimum Sym-H values of −95 nT, −110 nT and −114 nT respectively. These three geomagnetic storms are different from one another in the sustainment of main and recovery pha ...

Lissa, D.; Venkatesh, K.; Prasad, D.; Niranjan, K.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.027

Disturbance Dynamo; Geomagnetic storms; Positive Storm Effect; Prompt Penetration Electric Fields (PPEF); Total electron content (TEC)

Ionospheric Disturbances and Irregularities During the 25–26 August 2018 Geomagnetic Storm

We use ground-based (GNSS, SuperDARN, and ionosondes) and space-borne (Swarm, CSES, and DMSP) instruments to study ionospheric disturbances due to the 25–26 August 2018 geomagnetic storm. The strongest large-scale storm-time enhancements were detected over the Asian and Pacific regions during the main and early recovery phases of the storm. In the American sector, there occurred the most complex effects caused by the action of multiple drivers. At the beginning of the storm, a large positive disturbance occurred over North ...

Astafyeva, E.; Yasyukevich, Y.; Maletckii, B.; Oinats, A.; Vesnin, A.; Yasyukevich, A.; Syrovatskii, S.; Guendouz, N.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029843

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere; ROTI; ionospheric disturbances; ionospheric irregularities; multi-instrumental approach


Latitudinal Dependence of Ionospheric Responses to Some Geomagnetic Storms during Low Solar Activity

The Latitudinal dependence in the response of the Ionospheric F2-layer electron density (NmF2) and peak height (hmF2) to three geomagnetic storms of May and August 2010 has been examined. The data-sets used for the study were obtained from Ilorin, Nigeria (1.87° S/76.67° E), San Vito, Italy (34.68° N/90.38° E), Hermanus, South Africa (42.34° S/82.15° E), and Pruhonice, Czech Republic (45.66° N/90.38° E) geomagnetic coordinates. The quiet time result shows that the rise in NmF2 began earlier at San Vito, followed by P ...

Joshua, B.; Adeniyi, J.; Olawepo, A.; Rabiu, Babatunde; Daniel, Okoh; Adebiyi, S.; Adebesin, B.; Ikubanni, S.; Abdurahim, B.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793221030063

Electric field; Electron density; Geomagnetic storms; magnetosphere; peak height

B2 Thickness Parameter Response to Equinoctial Geomagnetic Storms

The thickness parameters that most empirical models use are generally defined by empirical relations related to ionogram characteristics. This is the case with the NeQuick model that uses an inflection point below the F2 layer peak to define a thickness parameter of the F2 bottomside of the electron density profile, which is named B2. This study is focused on the effects of geomagnetic storms on the thickness parameter B2. We selected three equinoctial storms, namely 17 March 2013, 2 October 2013 and 17 March 2015. To invest ...

Migoya-Orué, Yenca; Alazo-Cuartas, Katy; Kashcheyev, Anton; Amory-Mazaudier, Christine; Radicella, Sandro; Nava, Bruno; Fleury, Rolland; Ezquer, Rodolfo;

Published by: Sensors      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.3390/s21217369

Geomagnetic storms; total electron content; ionospheric empirical models; NeQuick model; thickness parameter

Spread-F occurrence during geomagnetic storms near the southern crest of the EIA in Argentina

This work presents, for the first time, the analysis of the occurrence of ionospheric irregularities during geomagnetic storms at Tucumán, Argentina, a low latitude station in the Southern American longitudinal sector (26.9°S, 294.6°E; magnetic latitude 15.5°S) near the southern crest of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA). Three geomagnetic storms occurred on May 27, 2017 (a month of low occurrence rates of spread-F), October 12, 2016 (a month of transition from low to high occurrence rates of spread-F) and November ...

González, Gilda;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2020.10.051

Geomagnetic storms; ionospheric irregularities; space weather; Spread-F

MLT Science Enabled by Atmospheric Lidars

With the pioneering development and deployment of different types of narrowband sodium fluorescence lidars in Europe (1985) and North America (1990) along with subsequent potassium and iron lidars, temperature and wind profilers have been observed to investigate atmospheric dynamics in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) in midlatitude, polar and equatorial regions. Their achieved resolution allows investigation ranging from small-scale gravity waves to long-term global change. This chapter highlights MLT science ena ...

She, Chiao-Yao; Liu, Alan; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Li, Tao; Ban, Chao; Friedman, Jonathan;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815631.ch20

Geomagnetic storms; atmospheric stabilities; atmospheric state; climatology; clustered instrumentation; gravity wave dynamics; MLT science; resonance fluorescence lidars; sporadic metal layers; thermospheric metal layers

Ionospheric Response Over Brazil to the August 2018 Geomagnetic Storm as Probed by CSES-01 and Swarm Satellites and by Local Ground-Based Observations

The geomagnetic storm that occurred on 25 August 25 2018, that is, during the minimum of solar cycle 24, is currently the strongest ever probed by the first China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES-01). By integrating the in situ measurements provided by CSES-01 (orbiting at altitude of 507 km) and by Swarm A satellite (orbiting at ca., 460 km) with ground-based observations (ionosondes, magnetometers, and Global Navigation Satellite System receivers), we investigate the ionospheric response at lower- and mid-latitudes o ...

Spogli, L.; Sabbagh, D.; Regi, M.; Cesaroni, C.; Perrone, L.; Alfonsi, L.; Di Mauro, D.; Lepidi, S.; Campuzano, S.; Marchetti, D.; De Santis, A.; Malagnini, A.; Scotto, C.; Cianchini, G.; Shen, Xu; Piscini, A.; Ippolito, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028368

Geomagnetic storms; Equatorial Electrojet; in situ plasma density; ionospheric elctroduamics; Ionospheric storms; low-latitude ionosphere

Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Variations During Geomagnetic Storms

The equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) was discovered in the 1940s. Since then, the research on ionospheric storm effects at the equatorial and low latitudes has become one of the hottest topics in the ionospheric community. During the past 2 decades, large amounts of ionospheric and thermospheric data from the ground-based and satellite-borne observations and also from the novel capability of three-dimensional numerical models stimulated the ionospheric weather studies. Recent scientific progresses on the EIA response to g ...

Luan, Xiaoli;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815617.ch13

Geomagnetic storms; Equatorial ionization anomaly; equatorial ionospheric response; equatorial regions; low latitude regions; physical mechanisms

Auroral Energy Flux and Joule Heating Derived From Global Maps of Field-Aligned Currents

We calculate auroral energy flux and Joule heating in the high-latitude ionosphere for 27 geomagnetically active days using two-dimensional maps of field-aligned currents determined by the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Response Experiment. The energy input to the ionosphere due to Joule heating increases more rapidly with geomagnetic activity than that due to precipitating particles. The energy flux varies more smoothly with time than Joule heating, which is impulsive in nature on time scales from minutes to tens of min ...

Robinson, R.; Zanetti, L.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020GL091527

Geomagnetic storms; Auroral energy flux; auroral energy input; auroral substorms; Joule heating; ring current

Inhibition of F3 Layer at Low Latitude Station Sanya During Recovery Phase of Geomagnetic Storms

A special F2 layer stratification structure named F3 layer occurs frequently in equatorial and low latitude ionosphere during summer daytime. In this study, a new phenomenon of decreasing occurrence of the F3 layer, and narrowing differences of virtual heights between the F3 and F2 layers in the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms is reported. We named this phenomenon as the inhibition of F3 layer event (IFLE). Using the ionosonde observations during summer of 2012–2015 at Sanya (18.3°N, 109.6°E, dip latitude 12.6°N), ...

Jin, Yuyan; Zhao, Biqiang; Li, Guozhu; Li, Zishen; Zhou, Xu;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029850

F3 layer; Geomagnetic storms; westward disturbance dynamo electric field


Multi-scale ionosphere responses to the May 2017 magnetic storm over the Asian sector

We investigate multi-scale ionospheric responses to the May 27, 2017, geomagnetic storm over the Asian sector by using multi-instrumental observations, including ground-based global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) network, constellation observing system for meteorology, ionosphere and climate radio occultation, the FengYun-3C (FY-3C) GNSS occultation sounder electron density profiles and in situ plasma density observations provided by both Swarm and defense meteorological satellite program missions. This geomagnetic s ...

Liu, Lei; Zou, Shasha; Yao, Yibin; Aa, Ercha;

Published by: GPS Solutions      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s10291-019-0940-1

Blob structure; Positive and negative ionosphere responses; TID; Geomagnetic storms

Dynamical Properties of Peak and Time-Integrated Geomagnetic Events Inferred From Sample Entropy

We provide a comprehensive statistical analysis of the sample entropy of peak and time-integrated geomagnetic events in 2001\textendash2017, considering different measures of event strength, different geomagnetic indices, and a simplified solar wind-magnetosphere coupling function urn:x-wiley:jgra:media:jgra55526:jgra55526-math-0001. Our investigations ...

Mourenas, D.; Artemyev, A.; Zhang, X.-J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027599

Dynamical complexity; Entropy; geomagnetic indices; Geomagnetic storms; Solar wind magnetosphere coupling


On the latitudinal changes in ionospheric electrodynamics and composition based on observations over the 76-77\textdegreeE meridian from both hemispheres during a geomagnetic storm

The relative contributions of the composition disturbances and the disturbance electric fields in the redistribution of ionospheric plasma is investigated in detail by taking the case of a long-duration positive ionospheric storm that occurred during 18\textendash21 February 2014. GPS total electron content (TEC) data from the Indian Antarctic station, Bharti (69.4\textdegreeS, 76.2\textdegreeE geographic), the northern midlatitude station Hanle (32.8\textdegreeN, 78.9\textdegreeE geographic), northern low-latitude statio ...

Shreedevi, P.; Thampi, Smitha; Chakrabarty, D.; Choudhary, R.; Pant, Tarun; Bhardwaj, Anil; Mukherjee, S.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021841

Geomagnetic storms; High latitude low latitude coupling; Ionosphere; positive ionospheric storm


Statistical analysis of the ionospheric response during geomagnetic storm conditions over South Africa using ionosonde and GPS data

This paper presents a statistical analysis of ionospheric response over ionosonde stations Grahamstown (33.3\textdegreeS, 26.5\textdegreeE, geographic) and Madimbo (22.4\textdegreeS, 30.9\textdegreeE, geographic), South Africa, during geomagnetic storm conditions which occurred during the period 1996\textendash2011. Such a climatological study is important in establishing local ionospheric behavior trend which later forms a basis for accurate modeling and forecasting electron density and critical frequency of the\ 

Matamba, Tshimangadzo; Habarulema, John; McKinnell, Lee-Anne;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 09/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v13.910.1002/2015SW001218

Geomagnetic storms; ionospheric storm effects; midlatitude ionosphere


Interplanetary magnetic field By control of prompt total electron content increases during superstorms

Large magnitude increases in ionospheric total electron content (TEC) that occur over 1\textendash3\ h on the dayside are a significant manifestation of the main phases of superstorms. For the largest superstorms of solar cycle 23 (based on the Dst index), ground networks of GPS receivers measured peak total electron content increases greater than a factor of 2 relative to quiet time TEC averaged over the broad latitude band \textpm40\textdegree for local times 1200\textendash1600\ LT. Near 30\textdegre ...

Mannucci, A.J.; Crowley, G.; Tsurutani, B.T.; Verkhoglyadova, O.P.; Komjathy, A.; Stephens, P.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.01.001

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere

Ionospheric TEC, thermospheric cooling and Σ[O/N2] compositional changes during the 6\textendash17 March 2012 magnetic storm interval (CAWSES II)

A series of four geomagnetic storms (the minimum SYM-H~-148\ nT) occurred during the March 6\textendash17, 2012 in the ascending phase of the solar cycle 24. This interval was selected by CAWSES II for its campaign. The GPS total electron content (TEC) database and JPL\textquoterights Global Ionospheric Maps (GIM) were used to study vertical TEC (VTEC) for different local times and latitude ranges. The largest response to geomagnetic activity is shown in increases of the low-latitude dayside VTEC. Several GPS sites f ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.P.; Tsurutani, B.T.; Mannucci, A.J.; Mlynczak, M.G.; Hunt, L.A.; Paxton, L.J.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.11.009

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere; thermosphere


Estimating the propagation characteristics of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances using ground-based and satellite data

In this article, the propagation characteristics of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LS TIDs) are estimated during the geomagnetic storm periods of 14\textendash16 May 2005 and 25\textendash27 September 2011 over South Africa. One and two GPS arrays have been independently considered for the storms of 15 May 2005 and 26 September 2011, respectively. The average periods of dominant modes (≈ 2.5\textendash3.5h) in the time series data were determined by applying wavelet analysis on both ionosonde and GPS da ...

Habarulema, John; Katamzi, Zama; McKinnell, Lee-Anne;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 12/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA018997

characteristics of large scale TIDs; Geomagnetic storms; ionospheric irregularities

Physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms

The paper studies the physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes, which are generally opposite both during the main phase (MP) and recovery phase (RP) of geomagnetic storms. The mechanisms are based on the natural tendency of physical systems to occupy minimum energy state which is most stable. The paper first illustrates the recent developments in the understanding of the mechanisms during daytime MPs when generally negative ionospheric storms (in Nmax and TEC) develop at equatorial ...

Balan, N.; Otsuka, Y.; Nishioka, M.; Liu, J; Bailey, G.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50275

Geomagnetic storms; Ionospheric storms; physical mechanisms


Analyzing the hemispheric asymmetry in the thermospheric density response to geomagnetic storms

The thermospheric densities derived by CHAMP/STAR accelerometer within the time period from 01 May 2001 to 31 December 2007 are utilized to investigate the hemispheric asymmetry in response to strong storm driving conditions. The geomagnetic storms of 03\textendash07 April 2004 are first studied since the storms occurred close to the vernal equinox, allowing the seasonal asymmetry to be eliminated to the greatest extent. The averaged density enhancements in the southern polar region were much larger than that in the north ...

Ercha, A.; Ridley, Aaron; Zhang, Donghe; Xiao, Zuo;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 08/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017259

Geomagnetic storms; hemispheric asymmetry; thermospheric density


Introduction to violent Sun-Earth connection events of October\textendashNovember 2003

The solar-terrestrial events of late October and early November 2003, popularly referred to as the Halloween storms, represent the best observed cases of extreme space weather activity observed to date and have generated research covering multiple aspects of solar eruptions and their space weather effects. In the following article, which serves as an abstract for this collective research, we present highlights taken from 61 of the 74 papers from the Journal of Geophysical Research, Geophysical Research Letter ...

Gopalswamy, N.; Barbieri, L.; Cliver, E.; Lu, G.; Plunkett, S.; Skoug, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 09/2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011268

coronal mass ejections; Geomagnetic storms; interplanetary shocks; solar energetic particles; Solar flares; superstorms