GUVI Biblio


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Found 10 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 10


Pronounced Suppression and X-Pattern Merging of Equatorial Ionization Anomalies After the 2022 Tonga Volcano Eruption

Following the 2022 Tonga Volcano eruption, dramatic suppression and deformation of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crests occurred in the American sector ∼14,000 km away from the epicenter. The EIA crests variations and associated ionosphere-thermosphere disturbances were investigated using Global Navigation Satellite System total electron content data, Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk ultraviolet images, Ionospheric Connection Explorer wind data, and ionosonde observations. The main results are as fo ...

Aa, Ercha; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Wang, Wenbin; Erickson, Philip; Qian, Liying; Eastes, Richard; Harding, Brian; Immel, Thomas; Karan, Deepak; Daniell, Robert; Coster, Anthea; Goncharenko, Larisa; Vierinen, Juha; Cai, Xuguang; Spicher, Andres;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030527

EIA suppression and X-pattern; Equatorial ionization anomaly; GNSS TEC; GOLD UV images; ICON MIGHTI neutral wind; Tonga volcano eruption


Comparison of ionospheric anomalies over African equatorial/low-latitude region with IRI-2016 model predictions during the maximum phase of solar cycle 24

The capability of IRI-2016 in reproducing the hemispheric asymmetry, the winter and semiannual anomalies has been assessed over the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during quiet periods of years 2013–2014. The EIA reconstructed using Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System was compared with that computed using IRI-2016 along longitude 25° − 40oE. These were analyzed along with hemispheric changes in the neutral wind derived from the horizontal wind model and the TIMED GUVI columna ...

Amaechi, Paul; Oyeyemi, Elijah; Akala, Andrew; Kaab, Mohamed; Younas, Waqar; Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Khan, Majid; Mazaudier, Christine-Amory;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: aug

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.03.040

Equatorial ionization anomaly; hemispheric asymmetry; IRI-2016; Semiannual anomaly; Winter anomaly

Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Variations During Geomagnetic Storms

The equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) was discovered in the 1940s. Since then, the research on ionospheric storm effects at the equatorial and low latitudes has become one of the hottest topics in the ionospheric community. During the past 2 decades, large amounts of ionospheric and thermospheric data from the ground-based and satellite-borne observations and also from the novel capability of three-dimensional numerical models stimulated the ionospheric weather studies. Recent scientific progresses on the EIA response to g ...

Luan, Xiaoli;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815617.ch13

Geomagnetic storms; Equatorial ionization anomaly; equatorial ionospheric response; equatorial regions; low latitude regions; physical mechanisms

A Synoptic-Scale Wavelike Structure in the Nighttime Equatorial Ionization Anomaly

Both ground- and satellite-based airglow imaging have significantly contributed to understanding the low-latitude ionosphere, especially the morphology and dynamics of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA). The NASA Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission focuses on far-ultraviolet airglow images from a geostationary orbit at 47.5°W. This region is of particular interest at low magnetic latitudes because of the high magnetic declination (i.e., about -20°) and proximity of the South Atlantic magnetic ...

Rodríguez-Zuluaga, J.; Stolle, C.; Yamazaki, Y.; Xiong, C.; England, S.;

Published by: Earth and Space Science      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020EA001529

equatorial plasma bubbles; Equatorial ionization anomaly; Equatorial ionosphere; forcing from below; wave structure

First Look at a Geomagnetic Storm With Santa Maria Digisonde Data: F Region Responses and Comparisons Over the American Sector

Santa Maria Digisonde data are used for the first time to investigate the F region behavior during a geomagnetic storm. The August 25, 2018 storm is considered complex due to the incidence of two Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections and a High-Speed Solar Wind Stream (HSS). The F 2 layer critical frequency (f o F 2) and its peak height (h m F 2) collected over Santa Maria, near the center of the South American Magnetic Anomaly (SAMA), are compared with data collected from Digisondes installed in the Northern (NH) and Southe ...

Moro, J.; Xu, J.; Denardini, C.; Resende, L.; Neto, P.; Da Silva, L.; Silva, R.; Chen, S.; Picanço, G.; Carmo, C.; Liu, Z.; Yan, C.; Wang, C.; Schuch, N.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028663

Digisonde; Equatorial ionization anomaly; F-region; Ionospheric storm; SAMA; space weather


Effects of the Equatorial Ionosphere Anomaly on the Inter-Hemispheric Circulation in the Thermosphere

We investigate the interhemispheric circulation at the solstices, in order to understand why O/N2\ is larger in the northern hemisphere winter than in the southern hemisphere winter. Our studies reveal that the equatorial ionosphere anomaly (EIA) significantly impacts the summer-to-winter wind through plasma-neutral collisional heating, which changes the summer-to-winter pressure gradient, and ion drag. Consequently, the wind is suppressed in the summer hemisphere as it encounters the EIA but accelerates a ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Hsu, V.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022169

Equatorial ionization anomaly; interhemispheric circulation; ionosphere winter anomaly; plasma-neutral collisional heating; thermosphere composition; vertical advection


Spatial distribution of TEC across India in 2005: Seasonal asymmetries and IRI prediction

Total electron content measured simultaneously at 10 locations over India during the low solar activity year 2005 is used to examine the temporal and spatial asymmetries and also to assess the predictability of the International Reference Ionosphere in respect of the observed asymmetrical distribution. The stations are distributed in latitude along 77\textdegreeE and in longitude along 23\textdegreeN forming a meridional and a zonal chain respectively. A longitudinal gradient positive towards east was observed in the dayt ...

Hazarika, Rumajyoti; Bhuyan, Pradip;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 11/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2014.07.011

Equatorial ionization anomaly; Ionosphere; IRI; solar activity; TEC


Ionospheric response to a geomagnetic storm during November 8\textendash10, 2004

This paper investigates the response of the equatorial, and near equatorial, ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the period November 8-10, 2004. Ionosonde data from Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN 77\textdegreeE and dip 0.5\textdegreeN) and SHAR (13.5\textdegreeN, 80.2\textdegreeE, dip \~5.5\textdegreeN), magnetic field data from Tirunelveli (8.7\textdegreeN, 76.9\textdegreeE, dip latitude 0.5\textdegreeS) and Alibag (18.64\textdegreeN, 72.87\textdegreeE), and GUVI O/N2 data in the Indian longitude sector ...

Simi, K.; Manju, G.; Haridas, M.; Nayar, S.; Pant, Tarun; Alex, S.;

Published by: Earth, Planets and Space      Published on: 05/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.5047/eps.2012.09.005

Equatorial Electrojet; Equatorial ionization anomaly; geomagnetic storm; O/N2 ratio


Ionospheric plasma caves under the equatorial ionization anomaly

This paper reports the existence of plasma caves, minima in the electron density located at 5\textendash10\textdegree to the magnetic equator, in the bottomside ionosphere based on electron densities simulations from the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2007) and clear evidences given by plasma density and drift measurements of the Dynamic Explorer 2 (DE 2) satellite during 1981\textendash1983. The IRI simulations suggest plasma caves as daytime features (08:00\textendash19:00 LT; length of 18,158 km in the longitu ...

Lee, I.; Liu, J; Lin, C.; Oyama, K.-I.; Chen, C; Chen, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 11/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017868

Dynamic Explorer 2; Equatorial ionization anomaly; plasma cave


Nighttime F-region morphology in the low and middle latitudes seen from DMSP F15 and TIMED/GUVI

We investigate the seasonal, longitudinal, and altitudinal variations of the FF-region morphology at 2100\textendash2300\ LT in the low- and middle-latitudes using the data collected in August, September, and November of 2003. The topside morphology is investigated using in situ measurements of the O+O+ fraction and total ion density by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F15 satellite. The morphology of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) near the FF peak altitude is investigated using ...

Kil, Hyosub; DeMajistre, Robert; Paxton, L.; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 09/2006

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2006.05.024

Equatorial ionization anomaly; FF-region plasma distribution; low-latitude ionosphere; Neutral wind