GUVI Biblio





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Found 56 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

Contribution of the lower atmosphere to the day-to-day variation of thermospheric density

In this paper we carried out a numerical experiment using the Specified Dynamics mode of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere eXtension (SD-WACCM-X). One SD-WACCM-X run was with realistic Kp and F10.7 and the other with constant Kp and F10.7. By comparing the day-to-day variability of thermosphere mass density at 300 km (low earth orbit, LEO) and 120 km (reentry level) in these two runs, we find that the density variation at 300 km is mainly driven by geomagnetic and solar forcing ...

Yue, Jia; Yu, Wandi; Pedatella, Nick; Bruinsma, Sean; Wang, Ningchao; Liu, Huixin;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.06.011

thermosphere; Lower atmosphere; Modeling; Satelllite drag

Seasonal Variation of Thermospheric Composition Observed by NASA GOLD

We examine characteristics of the seasonal variation of thermospheric composition using column number density ratio ∑O/N2 observed by the NASA Global Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission from low-mid to mid-high latitudes. We also use ∑O/N2 derived from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurements onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite and estimated by the NRLMSISE-00 empirical model to aid our investigation. We found that the ∑O/N2 seasonal variation ...

Qian, Liying; Gan, Quan; Wang, Wenbin; Cai, Xuguang; Eastes, Richard; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030496

annual variation; GOLD observation; MSIS; seasonal variation; semiannual variation; thermosphere composition

Seasonal Variation of Thermospheric Composition Observed by NASA GOLD

We examine characteristics of the seasonal variation of thermospheric composition using column number density ratio ∑O/N2 observed by the NASA Global Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission from low-mid to mid-high latitudes. We also use ∑O/N2 derived from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurements onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite and estimated by the NRLMSISE-00 empirical model to aid our investigation. We found that the ∑O/N2 seasonal variation ...

Qian, Liying; Gan, Quan; Wang, Wenbin; Cai, Xuguang; Eastes, Richard; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030496

annual variation; GOLD observation; MSIS; seasonal variation; semiannual variation; thermosphere composition

Climatology of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Residual Circulations and Mesopause Height Derived From SABER Observations

In the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region, residual circulations driven by gravity wave breaking and dissipation significantly impact constituent distribution and the height and temperature of the mesopause. The distribution of CO2 can be used as a proxy for the residual circulations. Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) CO2 volume mixing ratio (VMR) and temperature measurements from 2003 to 2020 are used to study the monthly climatology of MLT residual circulations and the mesop ...

Wang, Ningchao; Qian, Liying; Yue, Jia; Wang, Wenbin; Mlynczak, Martin; Russell, James;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JD035666

climatology; interannual variation; MLT region; residual circulation; seasonal variation

2021

The Impact of Assimilating Ionosphere and Thermosphere Observations on Neutral Temperature Improvement: Observing System Simulation Experiments Using EnKF

Accurate specification of the thermosphere states is crucial to the low Earth orbit satellite operation. In this work, the impact of different ionosphere and thermosphere observing systems on the improvement of neutral temperature of the data assimilation model has been investigated by a series of observing system simulation experiments. The selected observations include the Global Navigation Satellite System total electron content (e.g., MIT vertical total electron content [VTEC]) and the daytime Global-scale Observations o ...

He, Jianhui; Yue, Xinan; Ren, Zhipeng;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002844

Middle-Low Latitude Neutral Composition and Temperature Responses to the 20 and 21 November 2003 Superstorm From GUVI Dayside Limb Measurements

Yu, Tingting; Wang, Wenbin; Ren, Zhipeng; Yue, Jia; Yue, Xinan; He, Maosheng;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Middle-Low Latitude Neutral Composition and Temperature Responses to the 20 and 21 November 2003 Superstorm From GUVI Dayside Limb Measurements

Yu, Tingting; Wang, Wenbin; Ren, Zhipeng; Yue, Jia; Yue, Xinan; He, Maosheng;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

The Impact of Assimilating Ionosphere and Thermosphere Observations on Neutral Temperature Improvement: Observing System Simulation Experiments Using EnKF

He, Jianhui; Yue, Xinan; Ren, Zhipeng;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

The response of middle thermosphere (~ 160 km) composition to the November 20 and 21, 2003 superstorm

Yu, Tingting; Wang, Wenbin; Ren, Zhipeng; Cai, Xuguang; Yue, Xinan; He, Maosheng;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

MLT Science Enabled by Atmospheric Lidars

With the pioneering development and deployment of different types of narrowband sodium fluorescence lidars in Europe (1985) and North America (1990) along with subsequent potassium and iron lidars, temperature and wind profilers have been observed to investigate atmospheric dynamics in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) in midlatitude, polar and equatorial regions. Their achieved resolution allows investigation ranging from small-scale gravity waves to long-term global change. This chapter highlights MLT science ena ...

She, Chiao-Yao; Liu, Alan; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Li, Tao; Ban, Chao; Friedman, Jonathan;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815631.ch20

Geomagnetic storms; atmospheric stabilities; atmospheric state; climatology; clustered instrumentation; gravity wave dynamics; MLT science; resonance fluorescence lidars; sporadic metal layers; thermospheric metal layers

A Comparative Study of Ionospheric Day-To-Day Variability Over Wuhan Based on Ionosonde Measurements and Model Simulations

Ionospheric day-to-day variability is essential for understanding the space environment, while it is still challenging to properly quantify and forecast. In the present work, the day-to-day variability of F2 layer peak electron densities (NmF2) is examined from both observational and modeling perspectives. Ionosonde data over Wuhan station (30.5°N, 114.5°E; 19.3°N magnetic latitude) are compared with simulations from the specific dynamics Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere eXtension ...

Zhou, Xu; Yue, Xinan; Liu, Han-Li; Lu, Xian; Wu, Haonan; Zhao, Xiukuan; He, Jianhui;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028589

Ionosphere; day-to-day variability; ionosonde; NmF2; TIEGCM; WACCM-X

Planetary Waves and Their Impact on the Mesosphere, Thermosphere, and Ionosphere

Large-scale planetary waves (also known as Rossby waves), such as the Quasi-two day wave, 5 day wave and Kelvin wave, play crucial roles in coupling the lower and middle atmosphere to the mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere. Upward propagation and global structure of planetary waves in the stratosphere and mesosphere are affected by the zonal mean winds. Baroclinic or barotropic instability of the background mesospheric winds can amplify the waves en route to the upper atmosphere. Fast traveling planetary waves with deep ...

Yue, Jia; Lieberman, Ruth; Chang, Loren;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815631.ch10

barotropic instability; E-region dynamo electric fields; F-region dynamo electric fields; Kelvin waves; mesosphere; planetary waves; plasma drift; thermosphere-ionosphere system

Middle-Low Latitude Neutral Composition and Temperature Responses to the 20 and 21 November 2003 Superstorm From GUVI Dayside Limb Measurements

TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurements of far-ultraviolet airglow emission have been used to investigate middle-low latitude thermospheric composition and neutral temperature responses to the 20 and 21 November 2003 (day of year [DOY] 324 and 325) superstorm. Altitude profiles of O, N2 number densities and temperature, as well as O/N2 column density ratio (∑O/N2), on the storm days along the GUVI limb tracks are compared with those on DOY 323 (quiet time). The storm-time composition and temperature respon ...

Yu, Tingting; Wang, Wenbin; Ren, Zhipeng; Yue, Jia; Yue, Xinan; He, Maosheng;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028427

neutral composition; altitude profile; hemispheric asymmetry in composition responses; neutral temperature; superstorm; transition heights of O responses

Middle-Low Latitude Neutral Composition and Temperature Responses to the 20 and 21 November 2003 Superstorm From GUVI Dayside Limb Measurements

TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurements of far-ultraviolet airglow emission have been used to investigate middle-low latitude thermospheric composition and neutral temperature responses to the 20 and 21 November 2003 (day of year [DOY] 324 and 325) superstorm. Altitude profiles of O, N2 number densities and temperature, as well as O/N2 column density ratio (∑O/N2), on the storm days along the GUVI limb tracks are compared with those on DOY 323 (quiet time). The storm-time composition and temperature respon ...

Yu, Tingting; Wang, Wenbin; Ren, Zhipeng; Yue, Jia; Yue, Xinan; He, Maosheng;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028427

neutral composition; altitude profile; hemispheric asymmetry in composition responses; neutral temperature; superstorm; transition heights of O responses

The Response of Middle Thermosphere (∼160 km) Composition to the November 20 and 21, 2003 Superstorm

TIMED/GUVI limb measurements and first-principles simulations from the Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics Global Circulation Model (TIEGCM) are used to investigate thermospheric atomic oxygen (O) and molecular nitrogen (N2) responses in the middle thermosphere on a constant pressure surface (∼160 km) to the November 20 and 21, 2003 superstorm. The consistency between GUVI observations and TIEGCM simulated composition changes allows us to utilize TIEGCM outputs to investigate the storm-time behaviors of O and N2 system ...

Yu, Tingting; Wang, Wenbin; Ren, Zhipeng; Cai, Xuguang; Yue, Xinan; He, Maosheng;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029449

atomic oxygen; GUVI limb observations; middle thermosphere; molecular nitrogen; storm-time perturbations; TIEGCM

2020

Evaluation on the Quasi-Realistic Ionospheric Prediction Using an Ensemble Kalman Filter Data Assimilation Algorithm

In this work, we evaluated the quasi-realistic ionosphere forecasting capability by an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) ionosphere and thermosphere data assimilation algorithm. The National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model is used as the background model in the system. The slant total electron contents (TECs) from global International Global Navigation Satellite Systems Service ground-based receivers and from the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, ...

He, Jianhui; Yue, Xinan; Le, Huijun; Ren, Zhipeng; Wan, Weixing;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002410

Comparison of Reference Heights of O/N 2 and ∑O/N 2 Based on GUVI Dayside Limb Measurement

We define a new thermospheric concept, the reference heights of O/N2, referring to a series of thermospheric heights corresponding to the fixed ratios of O to N2 number density. Here, based on Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurement, we compare O/N2 column density ratio (∑O/N2) and the reference heights of O/N2. We choose the transition height of O and N2 (transition height hereafter), a special reference height at which O number density is equa ...

Yu, Tingting; Ren, Zhipeng; Yu, You; Yue, Xinan; Zhou, Xu; Wan, Weixing;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 01/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002391

O/N2 ratio

Comparison of reference heights of O/N2 and∑ O/N2 based on GUVI dayside limb measurement

Yu, Tingting; Ren, Zhipeng; Yu, You; Yue, Xinan; Zhou, Xu; Wan, Weixing;

Published by: Space weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Evaluation on the quasi-realistic ionospheric prediction using an ensemble Kalman filter data assimilation algorithm

He, Jianhui; Yue, Xinan; Le, Huijun; Ren, Zhipeng; Wan, Weixing;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

The estimation of thermosphere state variables based on coupled thermosphere and ionosphere data assimilation

He, Jianhui; Yue, Xinan;

Published by: Chinese Journal of Geophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

2019

Annual and Semiannual Oscillations of Thermospheric Composition in TIMED/GUVI Limb Measurements

The Global UltraViolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite provides a data set of vertical thermospheric composition (O, N2, and O2 densities) and temperature profiles from 2002\textendash2007. Even though GUVI sampling is limited by orbital constraint, we demonstrated that the GUVI data set can be used to derive the altitude profiles of the amplitudes and phases of annual oscillation (AO) and semiannual oscillation (SAO), thereby pro ...

Yue, Jia; Jian, Yongxiao; Wang, Wenbin; Meier, R.R.; Burns, Alan; Qian, Liying; Jones, M.; Wu, Dong; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026544

Comparison of Thermospheric Density Between GUVI Dayside Limb Data and CHAMP Satellite Observations: Based on Empirical Model

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) aboard the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite senses far ultraviolet airglow emissions in the thermosphere. The retrieved altitude profiles of thermospheric neutral density from GUVI daytime limb scans are significant for ionosphere-thermosphere study. Here, we use the profiles of the main neutral density to derive the total mass density during the period 2002\textendash2007 under geomagnetic quiet conditions (ap\ \<\ =12) ...

Yu, Tingting; Ren, Zhipeng; Yue, Xinan; Yu, You; Wan, Weixing;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026229

Annual and semiannual oscillations of thermospheric composition in TIMED/GUVI limb measurements

Yue, Jia; Jian, Yongxiao; Wang, Wenbin; Meier, RR; Burns, Alan; Qian, Liying; , Jones; Wu, Dong; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Comparison of thermospheric density between GUVI dayside limb data and CHAMP satellite observations: Based on empirical model

Yu, Tingting; Ren, Zhipeng; Yue, Xinan; Yu, You; Wan, Weixing;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Planetary wave-like oscillations in thermospheric composition

Yue, Jia; Lieberman, Ruth; Wang, Wenbin; Jian, Yongxiao;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

Ionospheric and Thermospheric Responses to the Recent Strong Solar Flares on 6 September 2017

Two solar flares X2.2 and X9.3 erupted over the active region 2673 on 6 September 2017, and the second flare is the strongest since 2005. In order to investigate the ionospheric and thermospheric responses to the two solar flares, the global total electron content and the critical frequency of F2 layer obtained from GPS stations and ionosondes are used. The results indicate that the ionosphere in the sunlit hemisphere increased significantly with magnitudes of 0.1 and 0.5 total electron content units for the X2.2 and X9.3 ...

Li, Wang; Yue, Jianping; Yang, Yang; He, Changyong; Hu, Andong; Zhang, Kefei;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025700

On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes

Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large neutral temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region during geomagnetic storms. Here we undertake first-principles simulations of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperature responses to storms using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to elucidate the nature and causes of these changes. Temperature variations were not uniform; instead, ni ...

Li, Jingyuan; Wang, Wenbin; Lu, Jianyong; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Liu, Xiao; Zhang, Kedeng; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Li, Zheng;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078968

Modeling study of the ionospheric responses to the quasi-biennial oscillations of the sun and stratosphere

Wang, Jack; Tsai-Lin, Rong; Chang, Loren; Wu, Qian; Lin, Charles; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 06/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.024

Was Magnetic Storm the Only Driver of the Long-Duration Enhancements of Daytime Total Electron Content in the Asian-Australian Sector Between 7 and 12 September 2017?

In this study, multiple data sets from Beidou geostationary orbit satellites total electron contents (TECs), ionosonde, meteor radar, magnetometer, and model simulations have been used to investigate the ionospheric responses in the Asian-Australian sector during the September 2017 geomagnetic storm. It was found that long-duration daytime TEC enhancements that lasted from 7 to 12 September 2017 were observed by the Beidou geostationary orbit satellite constellation. This is a unique event as the prominent TEC enhancement ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Huang, Fuqing; Chen, Xuetao; Zhong, Jiahao; Ren, Dexin; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Luan, Xiaoli; Jia, Mingjiao; Dou, Xiankang; Hu, Lianhuan; Ning, Baiqi; Owolabi, Charles; Chen, Jinsong; Li, Guozhu; Xue, Xianghui;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA025166

2017

Impact of the lower thermospheric winter-to-summer residual circulation on thermospheric composition

Gravity wave forcing near the mesopause drives a summer-to-winter residual circulation in the mesosphere and a reversed, lower thermospheric winter-to-summer residual circulation. We conducted modeling studies to investigate how this lower thermospheric residual circulation impacts thermospheric composition (O/N2). We found that the upwelling associated with the residual circulation significantly decreases O/N2 in winter and the downwelling in summer slightly increases O/N2. Consequently, ...

Qian, Liying; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073361

2016

Impacts of SABER CO 2 -based eddy diffusion coefficients in the lower thermosphere on the ionosphere/thermosphere

This work estimates global-mean Kzz using Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry/Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics monthly global-mean CO2 profiles and a one-dimensional transport model. It is then specified as a lower boundary into the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). Results first show that global-mean CO2 in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region has annual and semiannual oscillat ...

Salinas, Cornelius; Chang, Loren; Liang, Mao-Chang; Yue, Jia; Russell, James; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023161

Long-lasting negative ionospheric storm effects in low and middle latitudes during the recovery phase of the 17 March 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this paper, an ionospheric electron density reanalysis algorithm was used to generate global optimized electron density during the 17\textendash18 March 2013 geomagnetic storm by assimilating ~10 low Earth orbit satellites based and ~450 ground global navigation satellite system receiver-based total electron content into a background ionospheric model. The reanalyzed electron density could identify the large-scale ionospheric features quite well during storm time, including the storm-enhanced density, the positive iono ...

Yue, Xinan; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Wan, Weixing; Liu, Libo; Hu, Lianhuan; Zhao, Biqiang; Schreiner, William;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022984

Coherent seasonal, annual, and quasi-biennial variations in ionospheric tidal/SPW amplitudes

In this study, we examine the coherent spatial and temporal modes dominating the variation of selected ionospheric tidal and stationary planetary wave (SPW) signatures from 2007 to 2013 FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate) total electron content observations using multidimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD) from the Hilbert-Huang Transform. We examine the DW1, SW2, DE3, and SPW4 components, which are driven by a variety of in situ and vertical coupl ...

Chang, Loren; Sun, Yan-Yi; Yue, Jia; Wang, Jack; Chien, Shih-Han;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022249

Long-duration depletion in the topside ionospheric total electron content during the recovery phase of the March 2015 strong storm

Topside ionospheric total electron content (TEC) observations from multiple low-Earth orbit (LEO) satellites have been used to investigate the local time, altitudinal, and longitudinal dependence of the topside ionospheric storm effect during both the main and recovery phases of the March 2015 geomagnetic storm. The results of this study show, for the first time, that there was a persistent topside TEC depletion that lasted for more than 3 days after the storm main phase at most longitudes, except in the Pacific Ocean reg ...

Zhong, Jiahao; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Burns, Alan; Dou, Xiankang; Lei, Jiuhou;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022469

Profiles of ionospheric storm-enhanced density during the 17 March 2015 great storm

Liu, Jing; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Yue, Xinan; Zhang, Shunrong; Zhang, Yongliang; Huang, Chaosong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

2015

Explaining solar cycle effects on composition as it relates to the winter anomaly

The solar cycle variation of\ F2\ region winter anomaly is related to solar cycle changes in the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2. Here we use the National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashGlobal Mean Model to develop a concept of why the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2\ varies with solar cycle. The main driver for these seasonal changes in composition is vertical advection, which is expressed most simply in pressure coordinat ...

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.; Thayer, J.; Liu, H.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021220

composition; solar cycle; upper atmosphere

Ionosphere equatorial ionization anomaly observed by GPS radio occultations during 2006\textendash2014

A large number of Global Position System (GPS) radio occultation (RO) observations have been accumulated in the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Constellation Observation System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate (COSMIC) Data Analysis and Archive Center (CDAAC) especially since the launch of COSMIC mission. This study made use of these RO data to study the morphology of ionosphere equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) statistically during 2006\textendash2014. The ionospheric peak density (NmF2) a ...

Yue, Xinan; Schreiner, William; Kuo, Ying-Hwa; Lei, Jiuhou;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 07/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.04.004

Ionospheric response to CIR-induced recurrent geomagnetic activity during the declining phase of solar cycle 23

This paper presents an epoch analysis of global ionosphere responses to recurrent geomagnetic activity during 79 corotating interaction region (CIR) events from 2004 to 2009. The data used were GPS total electron content (TEC) data from the Madrigal Database at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory and the electron density (Ne) data obtained from CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) observations. The results show that global ionosphere responses to CIR events have some common features. In hig ...

Chen, Yanhong; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Liu, Siqing; Gong, Jiancun; Yue, Xinan; Jiang, Guoying; Coster, Anthea;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020657

CIR events; epoch study; Ionospheric response; recurrent geomagnetic activity

Longitudinal variations of the nighttime E layer electron density in the auroral zone

Longitudinal variations of the nighttime E layer electron density (21:00\textendash03:00 magnetic local time) in the auroral zone are investigated, and their sources are discussed in terms of auroral precipitation and solar radiation. The electron density data used in this study are retrieved from Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate radio occultation observations during 2006\textendash2009 under quiet geomagnetic activity (Kp <= 3) and solar minimum conditions. The mai ...

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Dou, Xiankang; Burns, Alan; Yue, Xinan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020610

auroral E layer; hemispheric asymmetry; longitudinal variations; Seasonal variations

Observations of thermosphere and ionosphere changes due to the dissipative 6.5-day wave in the lower thermosphere

In the current work, temperature and wind data from the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite during the years 2002\textendash2007 were used to describe the seasonal variations of the westward propagating 6.5-day planetary wave in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT). Thermospheric composition data from the TIMED satellite and ionospheric total electron content (TEC) from the International Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Service were then employed to carry out two ca ...

Gan, Q.; Yue, J.; Chang, L.; Wang, W.; Zhang, S.; Du, J.;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-913-2015

Longitudinal variations of the nighttime E layer electron density in the auroral zone

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Dou, Xiankang; Burns, Alan; Yue, Xinan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2015     DOI:

Multisensor profiling of a concentric gravity wave event propagating from the troposphere to the ionosphere

Azeem, Irfan; Yue, Jia; Hoffmann, Lars; Miller, Steven; Straka, William; Crowley, Geoff;

Published by: Geophysical research letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2015     DOI:

2014

Height-integrated Pedersen conductivity in both E and F regions from COSMIC observations

Altitudinal distribution of Joule heating is very important to the thermosphere and ionosphere, which is roughly proportional to the Pedersen conductance at high latitudes. Based on the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) satellites observations from 2008 to 2011, the height-integrated Pedersen conductivities in both E (100\textendash150\ km) and F (150\textendash600\ km) regions and their ratio γPγP (PE/< ...

Sheng, Cheng; Deng, Yue; Yue, Xinan; Huang, Yanshi;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.12.013

COSMIC; Interhemispheric asymmetry; Joule heating; Pedersen conductivity

Quasi two day wave-related variability in the background dynamics and composition of the mesosphere/thermosphere and the ionosphere

Dissipating planetary waves in the mesosphere/lower thermosphere (MLT) region may cause changes in the background dynamics of that region, subsequently driving variability throughout the broader thermosphere/ionosphere system via mixing due to the induced circulation changes. We report the results of case studies examining the possibility of such coupling during the northern winter in the context of the quasi two day wave (QTDW)\textemdasha planetary wave that recurrently grows to large amplitudes from the summer MLT duri ...

Chang, Loren; Yue, Jia; Wang, Wenbin; Wu, Qian; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2014JA019936

composition; Ionosphere; mesosphere; quasi two day wave; thermosphere

Responses of the lower thermospheric temperature to the 9 day and 13.5 day oscillations of recurrent geomagnetic activity

Responses of the lower thermospheric temperature to the 9 day and 13.5 day oscillations of recurrent geomagnetic activity and solar EUV radiation have been investigated using neutral temperature data observed by the TIMED/SABER (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry) instrument and numerical experiments by the NCAR-TIME-GCM (National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashthermosphere-ionosphere-mesosphere electrodynamics\textendashgene ...

Jiang, Guoying; Wang, Wenbin; Xu, JiYao; Yue, Jia; Burns, Alan; Lei, Jiuhou; Mlynczak, Martin; Rusell, James;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2013JA019406

13.5 day variation; 9 day variation; Joule heating; lower thermospheric temperature; recurrent geomagnetic activity; solar EUV radiation

On the solar cycle variation of the winter anomaly

Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate, Ionosonde, and Global Ultraviolet Imager data have been used to investigate the solar cycle changes in the winter anomaly (the winter anomaly is defined as the enhancement of the F2 peak electron density in the winter hemisphere over that in the summer hemisphere) in the last solar cycle. There is no winter anomaly in solar minimum, and an enhancement of about 50\% in winter over summer ones on the same day of the year at solar max ...

Burns, A.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Solomon, S.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2013JA019552

Anomaly; Cycle; Ionosphere

Longitudinal and Hemispheric Variations of Nighttime E-Layer Electron Density in the Auroral Zone

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Dou, Xiankang; Burns, Alan; Yue, Xinan;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Predictability and Ensemble Modeling of the Space-Atmosphere Interaction Region

Matsuo, Tomoko; Fuller-Rowell, Timothy; Akmaev, Rashid; Wang, Houjun; Fang, Tzu-Wei; Ide, Kayo; Kleist, Daryl; Whitaker, JS; Yue, Xinan; Codrescu, Mihail; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

2013

On the fast zonal transport of the STS-121 space shuttle exhaust plume in the lower thermosphere

Meier et al. (2011) reported rapid eastward transport of the STS-121 space shuttle (launch: July 4, 2006) main engine plume in the lower thermosphere, observed in hydrogen Lyman α images by the GUVI instrument onboard the TIMED satellite. In ord ...

Yue, Jia; Liu, Han-Li; Meier, R.R.; Chang, Loren; Gu, Sheng-Yang; , Russell;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: Jan-03-2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.12.017

Modeling; thermosphere; Transport; Wind jet

GNSS radio occultation (RO) derived electron density quality in high latitude and polar region: NCAR-TIEGCM simulation and real data evaluation

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) based radio occultation (RO) technique has shown powerful ability in ionospheric electron density profiling in the past decade. The most frequently used Abel inversion method in electron density retrieval has some biases because of the used spherical symmetry assumption. Our previous series simulations and evaluations mainly concentrated in the middle and low latitude regions have shown some systematical bias especially in lower altitude of low latitude region. However, the RO der ...

Yue, Xinan; Schreiner, William; Kuo, Ying-Hwa; Wu, Qian; Deng, Yue; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 06/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.03.009

Abel inversion; AURORA; COSMIC; Electron density; GNSS radio occultation; TIEGCM



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