GUVI Biblio





Notice:

  • Clicking on the title will open a new window with all details of the bibliographic entry.
  • Clicking on the DOI link will open a new window with the original bibliographic entry from the publisher.
  • Clicking on a single author will show all publications by the selected author.
  • Clicking on a single keyword, will show all publications by the selected keyword.



Found 113 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2020

Evaluation on the Quasi-Realistic Ionospheric Prediction Using an Ensemble Kalman Filter Data Assimilation Algorithm

In this work, we evaluated the quasi-realistic ionosphere forecasting capability by an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) ionosphere and thermosphere data assimilation algorithm. The National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model is used as the background model in the system. The slant total electron contents (TECs) from global International Global Navigation Satellite Systems Service ground-based receivers and from the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, ...

He, Jianhui; Yue, Xinan; Le, Huijun; Ren, Zhipeng; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002410

Modeled IMF B y Effects on the Polar Ionosphere and Thermosphere Coupling

There is still an inadequate understanding of how the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) east-west component (By) affects thermospheric composition, and other ionospheric and thermospheric fields in a systematic way. Utilizing the state-of-art first-principles Coupled Magnetosphere Ionosphere Thermosphere (CMIT) modeling and TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI)-observed ΣO/N2 covering an entire solar cycle (year 2002\textendash2016), as well as a neutral parcel trajectory tracin ...

Liu, Jing; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Yongliang;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026949

Comparison of Reference Heights of O/N 2 and ∑O/N 2 Based on GUVI Dayside Limb Measurement

We define a new thermospheric concept, the reference heights of O/N2, referring to a series of thermospheric heights corresponding to the fixed ratios of O to N2 number density. Here, based on Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) limb measurement, we compare O/N2 column density ratio (∑O/N2) and the reference heights of O/N2. We choose the transition height of O and N2 (transition height hereafter), a special reference height at which O number density is equa ...

Yu, Tingting; Ren, Zhipeng; Yu, You; Yue, Xinan; Zhou, Xu; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002391

O/N2 ratio

2019

A new method for deriving the nightside thermospheric density based on GUVI dayside limb observations

We propose a new method to derive the nightside thermsopheric density by extending GUVI dayside limb observations using empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis. First, we acquire the GUVI dayside total mass density during 2002-2005 to construct a preliminary empirical model (EM). Simultaneously, we decompose the background thermospheric density from US Naval Research Laboratory Mass Spectrometer and Incoherent Scatter Radar Extended (NRLMSISE-00) model into different empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). The decompo ...

Yu, Tingting; Ren, Zhipeng; Yu, You; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002304

New Aspects of the Ionospheric Behavior Over Millstone Hill During the 30-Day Incoherent Scatter Radar Experiment in October 2002

The geomagnetic storm-driven ionospheric changes and the involved processes are interesting and challenging topics in understanding and predicting the ionosphere. In this study we investigate the response of the ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the 30-day incoherent scatter radar measurements conducted at Millstone Hill (42.6\textdegreeN, 71.5\textdegreeW) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. During geomagnetically disturbed periods, while the peak electron density of the F2 layer (NmF2) and total electron cont ...

Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Zhang, Ruilong; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026806

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

Annual and Semiannual Oscillations of Thermospheric Composition in TIMED/GUVI Limb Measurements

The Global UltraViolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite provides a data set of vertical thermospheric composition (O, N2, and O2 densities) and temperature profiles from 2002\textendash2007. Even though GUVI sampling is limited by orbital constraint, we demonstrated that the GUVI data set can be used to derive the altitude profiles of the amplitudes and phases of annual oscillation (AO) and semiannual oscillation (SAO), thereby pro ...

Yue, Jia; Jian, Yongxiao; Wang, Wenbin; Meier, R.R.; Burns, Alan; Qian, Liying; Jones, M.; Wu, Dong; Mlynczak, Martin;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026544

Comparison of Thermospheric Density Between GUVI Dayside Limb Data and CHAMP Satellite Observations: Based on Empirical Model

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) aboard the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite senses far ultraviolet airglow emissions in the thermosphere. The retrieved altitude profiles of thermospheric neutral density from GUVI daytime limb scans are significant for ionosphere-thermosphere study. Here, we use the profiles of the main neutral density to derive the total mass density during the period 2002\textendash2007 under geomagnetic quiet conditions (ap\ \<\ =12) ...

Yu, Tingting; Ren, Zhipeng; Yue, Xinan; Yu, You; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026229

Effect of MgF2 deposition temperature on Al mirrors in vacuum ultraviolet

High reflectivity of mirrors is very important for many applications in the vacuum ultraviolet, such as for space observation, synchrotron radiation. This paper focuses on the substrate temperature\textquoterights effect on the performance of Al mirrors when depositing the upper MgF2 layer. Al films are deposited on the substrates at room temperature by thermal evaporation, and a 5 nm MgF2 film is deposited on Al coating at room temperature immediately. Heating the substrate to various temperatures r ...

Wang, Fengli; Li, Shuangying; Zhang, Zhuangzhuang; Wang, Zhanshan; Zhou, Hongjun; Huo, Tonglin;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1117/12.2540004

Effect of MgF2 deposition temperature on Al mirrors in vacuum ultraviolet

High reflectivity of mirrors is very important for many applications in the vacuum ultraviolet, such as for space observation, synchrotron radiation. This paper focuses on the substrate temperature\textquoterights effect on the performance of Al mirrors when depositing the upper MgF2 layer. Al films are deposited on the substrates at room temperature by thermal evaporation, and a 5 nm MgF2 film is deposited on Al coating at room temperature immediately. Heating the substrate to various temperatures r ...

Wang, Fengli; Li, Shuangying; Zhang, Zhuangzhuang; Wang, Zhanshan; Zhou, Hongjun; Huo, Tonglin;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1117/12.2540004

2018

Transition of Interhemispheric Asymmetry of Equatorial Ionization Anomaly During Solstices

The magnitudes of the two crests of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) vary with local time. During the solstices, EIA crest in the winter hemisphere is larger than that in the summer hemisphere before noon/early afternoon. Whereafter, the crest in the summer hemisphere becomes intensified, and the stronger EIA crest transits to the summer hemisphere. Using Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate ionospheric radio occultation data, we examine the longitudinal and altitudinal variations of ...

Huang, He; Lu, Xian; Liu, Libo; Wang, Wenbin; Li, Qiaoling;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026055

On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes

Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large neutral temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region during geomagnetic storms. Here we undertake first-principles simulations of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperature responses to storms using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to elucidate the nature and causes of these changes. Temperature variations were not uniform; instead, ni ...

Li, Jingyuan; Wang, Wenbin; Lu, Jianyong; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Liu, Xiao; Zhang, Kedeng; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Li, Zheng;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078968

An Empirical Dayglow Model for the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield-Long Band Derived From the Polar Ultraviolet Imager Data

The Lyman-Birge-Hopfield-long band dayglow emissions near 1,700\ \r A, which were observed by the ultraviolet imager on board Polar satellite, are characterized as a cosine-like function of the solar zenith angle. These emissions are mainly excited by the solar extreme ultraviolet produced photoelectrons acting on the nitrogen molecules. The amplitude and phase factors are used to quantify the cosine-like function and subsequently develop a dayglow model. In this study, a model is developed by considering broader day ...

Wang, Lingmin; Luan, Xiaoli; Lei, Jiuhou; Dou, Xiankang;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001954

Modeling study of the ionospheric responses to the quasi-biennial oscillations of the sun and stratosphere

Was Magnetic Storm the Only Driver of the Long-Duration Enhancements of Daytime Total Electron Content in the Asian-Australian Sector Between 7 and 12 September 2017?

In this study, multiple data sets from Beidou geostationary orbit satellites total electron contents (TECs), ionosonde, meteor radar, magnetometer, and model simulations have been used to investigate the ionospheric responses in the Asian-Australian sector during the September 2017 geomagnetic storm. It was found that long-duration daytime TEC enhancements that lasted from 7 to 12 September 2017 were observed by the Beidou geostationary orbit satellite constellation. This is a unique event as the prominent TEC enhancement ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Huang, Fuqing; Chen, Xuetao; Zhong, Jiahao; Ren, Dexin; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Luan, Xiaoli; Jia, Mingjiao; Dou, Xiankang; Hu, Lianhuan; Ning, Baiqi; Owolabi, Charles; Chen, Jinsong; Li, Guozhu; Xue, Xianghui;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA025166

Conjugate Observations of the Evolution of Polar Cap Arcs in Both Hemispheres

We report results from the analysis of a case of conjugate polar cap arcs (PCAs) observed on 5 February 2006 in the Northern Hemisphere by the ground-based Yellow River Station all-sky imager (Svalbard) and in both hemispheres by the space-based DMSP/SSUSI and TIMED/GUVI instruments. The PCA\textquoterights motion in dawn-dusk direction shows a clear dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component and presents a clear asymmetry between Southern and Northern Hemispheres, that ...

Xing, Zanyang; Zhang, Qinghe; Han, Desheng; Zhang, Yongliang; Sato, Natsuo; Zhang, Shunrong; Hu, Zejun; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yuzhang;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024272

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Photo-counting detector for ionosphere far ultraviolet night airglow remote sensing

Far ultraviolet earth night airglow is related to total electron content(TEC) of Ionosphere. Observing the night airglow nadir at OI 135.6nm emission produced by ionospheric O+ and e recombination can get the distribution of ionosphere TEC. In this paper, a compact of ionospheric FUV photometer developed for micro satellite will be introduced. The instrument works in photo-counting mode to achieve high sensitivity for weak night airglow radiation detection. The design of this photo-counting detector will be described in d ...

Peng, Jilong; Wang, Shanshan; Yu, Qian; Yi, Zhong; Tian, Dongbo;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1117/12.2315060

2017

Dynamics of ionospheric disturbances during the 17\textendash19 March 2015 geomagnetic storm over East Asia

Dynamics of ionospheric disturbances during the 17\textendash19 March 2015 geomagnetic storm over East Asia

Geospace system responses to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms in 2013 and 2015

This special collection includes 31 research papers investigating geospace system responses to the geomagnetic storms during the St. Patrick\textquoterights Days of 17 March 2013 and 2015. It covers observation, data assimilation, and modeling aspects of the storm time phenomena and their associated physical processes. The ionosphere and thermosphere as well as their coupling to the magnetosphere are clearly the main subject areas addressed. This collection provides a comprehensive picture of the geospace response to thes ...

Zhang, Shun-Rong; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Verkhoglyadova, Olga;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024232

Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm

The July 2012 geomagnetic storm is an extreme space weather event in solar cycle 24, which is characterized by a southward interplanetary geomagnetic field lasting for about 30\ h below -10\ nT. In this work, multiple instrumental observations, including electron density from ionosondes, total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System, Jason-2, and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and the topside ion concentration observed by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft are used to ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wang, Yungang; Hu, Lianhuan;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023844

Solar cycle variations of thermospheric O/N 2 longitudinal pattern from TIMED/GUVI

Thermospheric composition (O/N2 ratio) is well known to have a great impact on the variation of daytime ionospheric electron density. This study aims to investigate the local time, seasonal, and solar cycle variations of the O/N2 longitudinal pattern in both hemispheres during daytime in solstices. The O/N2 data used are from TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager observations made over a solar cycle for geomagnetically quiet conditions. The main findings are as follows: (1) The O/N2 l ...

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Dou, Xiankang;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023696

2016

Long-lasting negative ionospheric storm effects in low and middle latitudes during the recovery phase of the 17 March 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this paper, an ionospheric electron density reanalysis algorithm was used to generate global optimized electron density during the 17\textendash18 March 2013 geomagnetic storm by assimilating ~10 low Earth orbit satellites based and ~450 ground global navigation satellite system receiver-based total electron content into a background ionospheric model. The reanalyzed electron density could identify the large-scale ionospheric features quite well during storm time, including the storm-enhanced density, the positive iono ...

Yue, Xinan; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Wan, Weixing; Liu, Libo; Hu, Lianhuan; Zhao, Biqiang; Schreiner, William;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022984

Long-lasting negative ionospheric storm effects in low and middle latitudes during the recovery phase of the 17 March 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this paper, an ionospheric electron density reanalysis algorithm was used to generate global optimized electron density during the 17\textendash18 March 2013 geomagnetic storm by assimilating ~10 low Earth orbit satellites based and ~450 ground global navigation satellite system receiver-based total electron content into a background ionospheric model. The reanalyzed electron density could identify the large-scale ionospheric features quite well during storm time, including the storm-enhanced density, the positive iono ...

Yue, Xinan; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Wan, Weixing; Liu, Libo; Hu, Lianhuan; Zhao, Biqiang; Schreiner, William;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022984

Conjugate hemisphere ionospheric response to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms of 2013 and 2015 in the 100\textdegreeE longitude sector

The effects of the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storms of 2013 and 2015 in the equatorial and low-latitude regions of both hemispheres in the 100\textdegreeE longitude sector is investigated and compared with the response in the Indian sector at 77\textdegreeE. The data from a chain of ionosondes and GPS/Global Navigation Satellite Systems receivers at magnetic conjugate locations in the 100\textdegreeE sector have been used. The perturbation in the equatorial zonal electric field due to the prompt penetrat ...

Kalita, Bitap; Hazarika, Rumajyoti; Kakoti, Geetashree; Bhuyan, P.; Chakrabarty, D.; Seemala, G.; Wang, K.; Sharma, S.; Yokoyama, T.; Supnithi, P.; Komolmis, T.; . Y. Yatini, C; Le Huy, M.; Roy, P.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023119

The observation and simulation of ionospheric response to CIR/high-speed streams-induced geomagnetic activity on 4 April 2005

The ionospheric response to corotating interaction region (CIR)-induced geomagnetic activity on 4 April 2005 has been studied using in situ electron density measurements, ground GPS-total electron content (TEC) observations, and numerical simulations of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). The case study resulted that the ionospheric positive response occurred from high to low latitudes. The positive effect at low latitudes could continue ...

Chen, Yanhong; Wang, Wenbin; Qiu, Na; Liu, Siqing; Gong, Jiancun; Huang, Wengeng;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/rds.v51.810.1002/2015RS005937

Coherent seasonal, annual, and quasi-biennial variations in ionospheric tidal/SPW amplitudes

In this study, we examine the coherent spatial and temporal modes dominating the variation of selected ionospheric tidal and stationary planetary wave (SPW) signatures from 2007 to 2013 FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate) total electron content observations using multidimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD) from the Hilbert-Huang Transform. We examine the DW1, SW2, DE3, and SPW4 components, which are driven by a variety of in situ and vertical coupl ...

Chang, Loren; Sun, Yan-Yi; Yue, Jia; Wang, Jack; Chien, Shih-Han;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022249

Equatorial ionospheric plasma drifts and O + concentration enhancements associated with disturbance dynamo during the 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights Day magnetic storm

Disturbance dynamo is an important dynamic process during magnetic storms. However, very few direct observations of dynamo-induced plasma drifts and ion composition changes in the equatorial ionosphere are available. In this study, we use measurements of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites to identify the characteristics of the disturbance dynamo process in the topside equatorial ionosphere near dawn during the magnetic storm with a minimum Dst of -223 nT on 17 March 2015. Data from fou ...

Huang, Chao-Song; Wilson, Gordon; Hairston, Marc; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Liu, Jing;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023072

Longitudinal variations of thermospheric composition at the solstices

O/N2, measured by the Global Ultraviolet Imager on board the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, has large longitudinal variations at the solstices, which are simulated well in upper atmosphere general circulation models. These longitudinal variations are caused by the displacement of the Earth\textquoterights magnetic poles from the geographic ones. The location of a magnetic pole affects the latitude at which the winds, driven by heating in summer, converge in the subauroral regi ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022898

Solar cycle variations of thermospheric composition at the solstices

We examine the solar cycle variability of thermospheric composition (O/N2) at the solstices. Our observational and modeling studies show that the summer-to-winter latitudinal gradient of O/N2 is small at solar minimum but large at solar maximum; O/N2 is larger at solar maximum than at solar minimum on a global-mean basis; there is a seasonal asymmetry in the solar cycle variability of O/N2, with large solar cycle variations in the winter hemisphere and small solar cycle variatio ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Yongliang;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022390

Long-duration depletion in the topside ionospheric total electron content during the recovery phase of the March 2015 strong storm

Topside ionospheric total electron content (TEC) observations from multiple low-Earth orbit (LEO) satellites have been used to investigate the local time, altitudinal, and longitudinal dependence of the topside ionospheric storm effect during both the main and recovery phases of the March 2015 geomagnetic storm. The results of this study show, for the first time, that there was a persistent topside TEC depletion that lasted for more than 3 days after the storm main phase at most longitudes, except in the Pacific Ocean reg ...

Zhong, Jiahao; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Burns, Alan; Dou, Xiankang; Lei, Jiuhou;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022469

Thermospheric hydrogen response to increases in greenhouse gases

We investigated thermospheric hydrogen response to increase in greenhouse gases and the dependence of this response to solar activity, using a global mean version of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model. We separately doubled carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) to study the influence of temperature and changes to source species for hydrogen. Our results indicate that both CO2 cooling and CH4 ...

Nossal, S.; Qian, L.; Solomon, S.; Burns, A.; Wang, W.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022008

Effects of the Equatorial Ionosphere Anomaly on the Inter-Hemispheric Circulation in the Thermosphere

We investigate the interhemispheric circulation at the solstices, in order to understand why O/N2\ is larger in the northern hemisphere winter than in the southern hemisphere winter. Our studies reveal that the equatorial ionosphere anomaly (EIA) significantly impacts the summer-to-winter wind through plasma-neutral collisional heating, which changes the summer-to-winter pressure gradient, and ion drag. Consequently, the wind is suppressed in the summer hemisphere as it encounters the EIA but accelerates a ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Hsu, V.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022169

Equatorial ionization anomaly; interhemispheric circulation; ionosphere winter anomaly; plasma-neutral collisional heating; thermosphere composition; vertical advection

Universal time variations of the auroral hemispheric power and their interhemispheric asymmetry from TIMED/GUVI observations

This paper quantitatively analyzes the auroral hemispheric power (HP) and its interhemispheric asymmetry as a function of universal time (UT) for geomagnetically quiet conditions (Kp 1\textendash3) from Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Global Ultraviolet Imager (TIMED/GUVI) imaging observations. The HP variation with UT can be approximately characterized as two cases: One is for similar HP variations in the equinoxes in the Northern Hemisphere and for the June solstices of both hemispher ...

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Dou, Xiankang;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022730

SPIE ProceedingsThe reconnaissance and early-warning optical system design for dual field of space-based "solar blind ultraviolet"

With the development of modern technology, especially the development of information technology at high speed, the ultraviolet early warning system plays an increasingly important role. In the modern warfare, how to detect the threats earlier, prevent and reduce the attack of precision-guided missile has become a new challenge. Because the ultraviolet warning technology has high environmental adaptability, the low false alarm rate, small volume and other advantages, in the military field applications it has been developed ...

Wang, Wen-cong; Jin, Dong-dong; Shao, Fei; Hu, Hui-jun; Shi, Yu-feng; Song, Juan; Zhang, Yu-tu; Yong, Liu;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1117/12.2236440

2015

Airglow simulation based on the Atmospheric Ultraviolet Radiance Integrated Code of 2012

The Atmospheric Ultraviolet Radiance Integrated Code (AURIC) is a software package developed by Computational Physics, Inc. (CPI) under the sponsorship of the Air Force Phillips Laboratory/Geophysics Directorate (PL/GP) (currently the Air Force Research Laboratory) for middle and upper atmospheric radiance modeling from the far ultraviolet to the near infrared. The AURIC has been considered as a general model for the radiative transfer simulation of airglow. Based on the theory of MODerate resolution atmospheric TRANsmiss ...

Wang, HouMao; Wang, YongMei;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s11430-015-5166-7

airglow simulation; AURIC-2012; Limb Column Emission Intensity (L-CEI); Volume Emission Rate

Airglow simulation based on the Atmospheric Ultraviolet Radiance Integrated Code of 2012

The Atmospheric Ultraviolet Radiance Integrated Code (AURIC) is a software package developed by Computational Physics, Inc. (CPI) under the sponsorship of the Air Force Phillips Laboratory/Geophysics Directorate (PL/GP) (currently the Air Force Research Laboratory) for middle and upper atmospheric radiance modeling from the far ultraviolet to the near infrared. The AURIC has been considered as a general model for the radiative transfer simulation of airglow. Based on the theory of MODerate resolution atmospheric TRANsmiss ...

Wang, HouMao; Wang, YongMei;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s11430-015-5166-7

airglow simulation; AURIC-2012; Limb Column Emission Intensity (L-CEI); Volume Emission Rate

Explaining solar cycle effects on composition as it relates to the winter anomaly

The solar cycle variation of\ F2\ region winter anomaly is related to solar cycle changes in the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2. Here we use the National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashGlobal Mean Model to develop a concept of why the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2\ varies with solar cycle. The main driver for these seasonal changes in composition is vertical advection, which is expressed most simply in pressure coordinat ...

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.; Thayer, J.; Liu, H.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021220

composition; solar cycle; upper atmosphere

A case study of ionospheric storm effects in the Chinese sector during the October 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this study, we investigate the ionospheric storm effects in the Chinese sector during 2 October 2013 geomagnetic storm. The TEC map over China sector (1\textdegree\ \texttimes\ 1\textdegree) and eight ionosondes data along the longitude of 110\textdegreeE are used to show significant positive ionospheric phases (enhancements in TEC and ionospheric peak electron density NmF2) in the high-middle latitude region and the negative effects at the low latitude and equatorial region during the storm. A wave structure ...

Mao, Tian; Sun, Lingfeng; Hu, Lianhuan; Wang, Yungang; Wang, Zhijun;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2015.05.045

Ionospheric storm; Neutral wind; LSTIDs; PPEF; DDEF

A case study of ionospheric storm effects in the Chinese sector during the October 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this study, we investigate the ionospheric storm effects in the Chinese sector during 2 October 2013 geomagnetic storm. The TEC map over China sector (1\textdegree\ \texttimes\ 1\textdegree) and eight ionosondes data along the longitude of 110\textdegreeE are used to show significant positive ionospheric phases (enhancements in TEC and ionospheric peak electron density NmF2) in the high-middle latitude region and the negative effects at the low latitude and equatorial region during the storm. A wave structure ...

Mao, Tian; Sun, Lingfeng; Hu, Lianhuan; Wang, Yungang; Wang, Zhijun;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2015.05.045

Ionospheric storm; Neutral wind; LSTIDs; PPEF; DDEF

Multiday thermospheric density oscillations associated with variations in solar radiation and geomagnetic activity

Thermospheric densities observed by Challenging Minisatellite Payload and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment satellites during 2002\textendash2010 and the globally averaged thermospheric densities from 1967 to 2007 have been used to investigate latitudinal, longitudinal, and height dependences of the multiday oscillations of thermospheric densities. The data show that the main multiday oscillations in thermospheric densities are 27, 13.5, 9, and 7 day oscillations. The high-correlation coefficients between the densit ...

Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Shunrong; Liu, Xiao; Yuan, Wei;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020830

oscillation; thermospheric density

Characteristics and mechanisms of the annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density

In this paper, globally-averaged, thermospheric total mass density, derived from the orbits of \~5000 objects at 250, 400, and 550 km that were tracked from 1967 to 2006, has been used to quantitatively study the annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density and its mechanism(s). The results show that thermospheric mass density had a significant annual asymmetry, which changed from year to year. The annual asymmetry at the three altitudes varied synchronously and its absolute value increased with altitudes. The results s ...

Ma, RuiPing; Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Chen, GuangMing; Yuan, Wei; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Jiang, Guoying;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s11430-014-5020-3

annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density; solar EUV radiation; Sun-Earth distance

Ionospheric response to CIR-induced recurrent geomagnetic activity during the declining phase of solar cycle 23

This paper presents an epoch analysis of global ionosphere responses to recurrent geomagnetic activity during 79 corotating interaction region (CIR) events from 2004 to 2009. The data used were GPS total electron content (TEC) data from the Madrigal Database at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory and the electron density (Ne) data obtained from CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) observations. The results show that global ionosphere responses to CIR events have some common features. In hig ...

Chen, Yanhong; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Liu, Siqing; Gong, Jiancun; Yue, Xinan; Jiang, Guoying; Coster, Anthea;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020657

CIR events; epoch study; Ionospheric response; recurrent geomagnetic activity

The long-duration positive storm effects in the equatorial ionosphere over Jicamarca

The long-duration positive storm (LPS) in the equatorial regions is relatively poorly understood. In this report, we conducted a statistical analysis of the LPS effects in the equatorial ionosphere over Jicamarca (12.0\textdegreeS, 283.2\textdegreeE) in 1998\textendash2010. There are 250 geomagnetic storms (minimum Dst \< -50 nT) in 1998\textendash2010, but the ionosonde observations at Jicamarca are available only for 204 storms. A total of 46 LPSs are identified in terms of the criterion that the storm time ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020552

ionospheric long-duration positive storms

Far ultraviolet nighttime ionospheric photometer

Far Ultraviolet Nighttime Ionopsheric Photometer (FNIP) is a newly-designed instrument for low earth orbit missions, observing the earth night airglow nadir at OI 135.6\ nm emission produced by ionospheric O++e recombination and receiving the horizontal information on nighttime ionosphere with a spatial resolution of about 1.6o\texttimes3.8o. This simple, highly robust instrument excludes OI 130.4 nm emission and Herzberg oxygen bands with lower power and approximately achieves a sensitivity of about 400\ counts ...

Fu, Liping; Peng, Ruyi; Shi, Entao; Peng, Jilong; Wang, Tianfang; Jiang, Fang; Jia, Nan; Li, Xiaoyin; Wang, YongMei;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s10509-014-2139-9

F2 electron density distribution; FUV optical sensing remote; High sensitivity; Ionosphere; Payload

Far ultraviolet nighttime ionospheric photometer

Far Ultraviolet Nighttime Ionopsheric Photometer (FNIP) is a newly-designed instrument for low earth orbit missions, observing the earth night airglow nadir at OI 135.6\ nm emission produced by ionospheric O++e recombination and receiving the horizontal information on nighttime ionosphere with a spatial resolution of about 1.6o\texttimes3.8o. This simple, highly robust instrument excludes OI 130.4 nm emission and Herzberg oxygen bands with lower power and approximately achieves a sensitivity of about 400\ counts ...

Fu, Liping; Peng, Ruyi; Shi, Entao; Peng, Jilong; Wang, Tianfang; Jiang, Fang; Jia, Nan; Li, Xiaoyin; Wang, YongMei;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s10509-014-2139-9

F2 electron density distribution; FUV optical sensing remote; High sensitivity; Ionosphere; Payload



  1      2      3