GUVI Biblio





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Found 74 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2021

Longitudinal Variation of Postsunset Plasma Depletions From the Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, launched in 2018, aims to investigate the low latitude ionosphere from a geostationary orbit at 47.5°W. It uses two identical spectrometers measuring the wavelength range from 134.0 to 163.0 nm. The configuration of the Earth s magnetic field shows that the largest offset between geographic and geomagnetic equators occurs in the longitude sectors sampled by GOLD. In an attempt to investigate the longitude dependence of the occurrence rate and time of onset o ...

Martinis, C.; Daniell, R.; Eastes, R.; Norrell, J.; Smith, J.; Klenzing, J.; Solomon, S.; Burns, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028510

F region; longitude variability; plasma bubbles; Plasma depletions; upward drifts

Longitudinal Variation of Postsunset Plasma Depletions From the Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

Martinis, C; Daniell, R; Eastes, R; Norrell, J; Smith, J; Klenzing, J; Solomon, S; Burns, A;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

First Comparison of Traveling Atmospheric Disturbances Observed in the Middle Thermosphere by Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk to Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances Seen in Ground-Based Total Electron Content Observations

Traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs) and their neutral counterparts known as traveling atmospheric disturbances (TADs) are believed to play a role in communicating inputs to other locations in the fluid. While these two phenomena are believed to be connected, they may not have a one-to-one correspondence as the geomagnetic field influences the TID but has no direct impact on the TAD. The relative amplitudes of the perturbations seen in the ionosphere and atmosphere have been observed but rarely together. This study repo ...

England, Scott; Greer, Katelynn; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Evans, Scott; Solomon, Stanley; Eastes, Richard; McClintock, William; Burns, Alan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029248

Ionosphere; thermosphere; airglow; atmospheric waves

2020

Neutral exospheric temperatures from the GOLD mission

Evans, JS; Lumpe, JD; Correira, J; , Veibell; Kyrwonos, A; McClintock, WE; Solomon, SC; Eastes, RW;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Variations of lower thermospheric FUV emissions based on GOLD observations and GLOW modeling

Greer, KR; Eastes, Richard; Solomon, Stan; McClintock, William; Burns, Alan; Rusch, David;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

2019

Upper Atmosphere Radiance Data Assimilation: A Feasibility Study for GOLD Far Ultraviolet Observations

Far ultraviolet observations of Earth\textquoterights dayglow from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission presents an unparalleled opportunity for upper atmosphere radiance data assimilation. Assimilation of the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions can be formulated in a similar fashion to lower atmosphere radiance data assimilation approaches. To provide a proof-of-concept for such an approach, this paper presents assimilation experiment ...

Cantrall, Clayton; Matsuo, Tomoko; Solomon, Stanley;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026910

Global-Scale Observations of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk ultraviolet spectrograph has been imaging the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA), regions of the ionosphere with enhanced electron density north and south of the magnetic equator, since October 2018. The initial 3 months of observations was during solar minimum conditions, and they included observations in December solstice of unanticipated variability and depleted regions. Depletions are seen on most nights, in contrast to e ...

Eastes, R.; Solomon, S.; Daniell, R.; Anderson, D.; Burns, A.; England, S.; Martinis, C.; McClintock, W.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019GL084199

Global-scale observations of the equatorial ionization anomaly

Eastes, RW; Solomon, SC; Daniell, RE; Anderson, DN; Burns, AG; England, SL; Martinis, CR; McClintock, WE;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Global-scale Observations of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly

Solomon, RW; Daniell, RE; Anderson, DN; Burns, AG; England, SL; Martinis, CR; McClintock, WE;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

A Comparative Study of Spectral Auroral Intensity Predictions From Multiple Electron Transport Models

It is important to routinely examine and update models used to predict auroral emissions resulting from precipitating electrons in Earth\textquoterights magnetotail. These models are commonly used to invert spectral auroral ground-based images to infer characteristics about incident electron populations when in situ measurements are unavailable. In this work, we examine and compare auroral emission intensities predicted by three commonly used electron transport models using varying electron population characteristics. We ...

Grubbs, Guy; Michell, Robert; Samara, Marilia; Hampton, Donald; Hecht, James; Solomon, Stanley; Jahn, Jörg-Micha;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA025026

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Temporal Variability of Atomic Hydrogen From the Mesopause to the Upper Thermosphere

We investigate atomic hydrogen (H) variability from the mesopause to the upper thermosphere, on time scales of solar cycle, seasonal, and diurnal, using measurements made by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, and simulations by the National Center for Atmospheric Research Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model-eXtended (WACCM-X). In the mesopause region (85 to 95\ km), the seasonal and solar c ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stan; Smith, Anne; McInerney, Joseph; Hunt, Linda; Marsh, Daniel; Liu, Hanli; Mlynczak, Martin; Vitt, Francis;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024998

Observations and Modeling of Atomic/Molecular Composition in the Thermosphere

Solomon, Stanley; Eastes, Richard; McClintock, William; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

2017

The Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Earth\textquoterights thermosphere and ionosphere constitute a dynamic system that varies daily in response to energy inputs from above and from below. This system can exhibit a significant response within an hour to changes in those inputs, as plasma and fluid processes compete to control its temperature, composition, and structure. Within this system, short wavelength solar radiation and charged particles from the magnetosphere deposit energy, and waves propagating from the lower atmosphere dissipate. Understand ...

Eastes, R.; McClintock, W.; Burns, A.; Anderson, D.; Andersson, L.; Codrescu, M.; Correira, J.; Daniell, R.; England, S.; Evans, J.; Harvey, J.; Krywonos, A.; Lumpe, J.; Richmond, A.; Rusch, D.; Siegmund, O.; Solomon, S.; Strickland, D.; Woods, T.; Aksnes, A.; Budzien, S.; Dymond, K.; Eparvier, F.; Martinis, C.; Oberheide, J.;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0392-2

Global modeling of thermospheric airglow in the far ultraviolet

The Global Airglow (GLOW) model has been updated and extended to calculate thermospheric emissions in the far ultraviolet, including sources from daytime photoelectron-driven processes, nighttime recombination radiation, and auroral excitation. It can be run using inputs from empirical models of the neutral atmosphere and ionosphere or from numerical general circulation models of the coupled ionosphere-thermosphere system. It uses a solar flux module, photoelectron generation routine, and the Nagy-Banks two-stream electro ...

Solomon, Stanley;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.710.1002/2017JA024314

2016

Longitudinal variations of thermospheric composition at the solstices

O/N2, measured by the Global Ultraviolet Imager on board the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, has large longitudinal variations at the solstices, which are simulated well in upper atmosphere general circulation models. These longitudinal variations are caused by the displacement of the Earth\textquoterights magnetic poles from the geographic ones. The location of a magnetic pole affects the latitude at which the winds, driven by heating in summer, converge in the subauroral regi ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022898

Solar cycle variations of thermospheric composition at the solstices

We examine the solar cycle variability of thermospheric composition (O/N2) at the solstices. Our observational and modeling studies show that the summer-to-winter latitudinal gradient of O/N2 is small at solar minimum but large at solar maximum; O/N2 is larger at solar maximum than at solar minimum on a global-mean basis; there is a seasonal asymmetry in the solar cycle variability of O/N2, with large solar cycle variations in the winter hemisphere and small solar cycle variatio ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022390

Thermospheric hydrogen response to increases in greenhouse gases

We investigated thermospheric hydrogen response to increase in greenhouse gases and the dependence of this response to solar activity, using a global mean version of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model. We separately doubled carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) to study the influence of temperature and changes to source species for hydrogen. Our results indicate that both CO2 cooling and CH4 ...

Nossal, S.; Qian, L.; Solomon, S.; Burns, A.; Wang, W.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022008

Effects of the Equatorial Ionosphere Anomaly on the Inter-Hemispheric Circulation in the Thermosphere

We investigate the interhemispheric circulation at the solstices, in order to understand why O/N2\ is larger in the northern hemisphere winter than in the southern hemisphere winter. Our studies reveal that the equatorial ionosphere anomaly (EIA) significantly impacts the summer-to-winter wind through plasma-neutral collisional heating, which changes the summer-to-winter pressure gradient, and ion drag. Consequently, the wind is suppressed in the summer hemisphere as it encounters the EIA but accelerates a ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Hsu, V.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022169

Equatorial ionization anomaly; interhemispheric circulation; ionosphere winter anomaly; plasma-neutral collisional heating; thermosphere composition; vertical advection

Is There a Compositional Signature That Could Explain Middle Latitude Ionospheric Signatures during Sudden Stratospheric Warmings?

Burns, Alan; Qian, Liying; Wang, Wenbin; Goncharenko, Larisa; Solomon, Stanley;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

Effects of the equatorial ionosphere anomaly on the interhemispheric circulation in the thermosphere

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; , Hsu;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

2015

Explaining solar cycle effects on composition as it relates to the winter anomaly

The solar cycle variation of\ F2\ region winter anomaly is related to solar cycle changes in the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2. Here we use the National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashGlobal Mean Model to develop a concept of why the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2\ varies with solar cycle. The main driver for these seasonal changes in composition is vertical advection, which is expressed most simply in pressure coordinat ...

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.; Thayer, J.; Liu, H.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021220

composition; solar cycle; upper atmosphere

Latitudinal and Solar Cycle Variability of Thermosphere Composition at the Solstices

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2015     DOI:

2014

Simulations of the equatorial thermosphere anomaly: Geomagnetic activity modulation

The modulation of geomagnetic activity on the equatorial thermosphere anomaly (ETA) in thermospheric temperature under the high solar activity condition is investigated using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model simulations. The model simulations during the geomagnetically disturbed interval, when the north-south component of the interplanetary magnetic field (Bz) oscillates between southward and northward directions, are analyzed and also compared with those under the ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Wang, Wenbin; Thayer, Jeffrey; Luan, Xiaoli; Dou, Xiankang; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020152

equatorial thermosphere anomaly; geomagnetic activity; ion-neutral coupling; positive ionospheric storm

On the solar cycle variation of the winter anomaly

Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate, Ionosonde, and Global Ultraviolet Imager data have been used to investigate the solar cycle changes in the winter anomaly (the winter anomaly is defined as the enhancement of the F2 peak electron density in the winter hemisphere over that in the summer hemisphere) in the last solar cycle. There is no winter anomaly in solar minimum, and an enhancement of about 50\% in winter over summer ones on the same day of the year at solar max ...

Burns, A.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Solomon, S.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2013JA019552

Anomaly; Cycle; Ionosphere

Composition and the Winter Anomaly

Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Qian, Liying; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Thayer, Jeffrey;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Ensemble Assimilation Using Three First-Principles Thermospheric Models as a Tool for 72-hour Density and Satellite Drag Forecasts

Hunton, Don; Pilinski, Marcin; Crowley, Geoff; Azeem, I; Fuller-Rowell, Timothy; Matsuo, Tomoko; Fedrizzi, Mariangel; Solomon, Stanley; Qian, Liying; Thayer, Jeffrey; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Energetics and Composition in the Thermosphere

Burns, AG; Wang, W; Solomon, SC; Qian, L;

Published by: Modeling the Ionosphere-Thermosphere System      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

2013

The anomalous ionosphere between solar cycles 23 and 24

The solar minimum period during 2008\textendash2009 was characterized by lower thermospheric density than the previous solar minimum and lower than any previously measured. Recent work used the NCAR Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to show that the primary cause of density changes from 1996 to 2008 was a small reduction in solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) irradiance, causing a decrease in thermospheric temperature and hence a contracted thermosphere. There are similar effects in the ionosph ...

Solomon, Stanley; Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 10/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v118.1010.1002/jgra.50561

climate; Ionosphere; irradiance; solar; thermosphere; ultraviolet

Annual/semiannual variation of the ionosphere

We investigated the relationship between the systematic annual and semiannual variations in the ionosphere and thermosphere using a combination of data analysis and model simulation. A climatology of daytime peak density and height of the ionospheric F2 layer was obtained from GPS radio occultation measurements by the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) during 2007\textendash2010. These measurements were compared to simulations by the NCAR Thermosphere-Ionos ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 05/2014

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/grl.50448

annual/semiannual variations; climatology; eddy diffusion; gravity waves; neutral density and composition; NmF2

The GOLD Science Data Center-Algorithm Heritage, Data Product Descriptions and User Services

Lumpe, JD; Foroosh, H; Eastes, R; Krywonos, A; Evans, JS; Burns, AG; Strickland, DJ; Daniell, RE; England, S; Solomon, SC; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

The Science of the Global-scale measurements of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

Burns, AG; Eastes, R; McClintock, WE; Solomon, SC; Anderson, DN; Andersson, L; Codrescu, M; Daniell, RE; Harvey, J; Krywonos, A; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

The NCAR TIE-GCM: A community model of the coupled thermosphere/ionosphere system

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Emery, Barbara; Foster, Benjamin; Lu, Gang; Maute, Astrid; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Modeling the Ionosphere-Thermosphere System      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

2012

The effects of Corotating interaction region/High speed stream storms on the thermosphere and ionosphere during the last solar minimum

Burns, A.G.; Solomon, S.C.; Qian, L.; Wang, W.; Emery, B.A.; Wiltberger, M.; Weimer, D.R.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: Jan-07-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.02.006

Anomalously low geomagnetic energy inputs during 2008 solar minimum

Deng, Yue; Huang, Yanshi; Solomon, Stan; Qian, Liying; Knipp, Delores; Weimer, Daniel; Wang, Jing-Song;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018039

Daytime climatology of ionospheric N m F 2 and h m F 2 from COSMIC data

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017529

Modeling studies of the impact of high-speed streams and co-rotating interaction regions on the thermosphere-ionosphere

Solomon, Stanley; Burns, Alan; Emery, Barbara; Mlynczak, Martin; Qian, Liying; Wang, Wenbin; Weimer, Daniel; Wiltberger, Michael;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017417

The effects of corotating interaction region/high speed stream storms on the thermosphere and ionosphere during the last solar minimum

Burns, AG; Solomon, SC; Qian, L; Wang, W; Emery, BA; Wiltberger, M; Weimer, DR;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

Daytime climatology of ionospheric NmF2 and hmF2 from COSMIC data

Burns, AG; Solomon, SC; Wang, Wenbin; Qian, Liying; Zhang, Y; Paxton, LJ;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

The seasonal changes in the relationship between neutral composition and NmF2 from 2002 to 2007

Burns, AG; Solomon, SC; Wang, W; Qian, L; Zhang, Y; Paxton, LJ;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

2011

On deriving incident auroral particle fluxes in the daytime using combined ground-based optical and radar measurements

Pallamraju, Duggirala; Chakrabarti, Supriya; Solomon, Stanley;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015934

Longitudinal variations of nighttime electron auroral precipitation in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres from the TIMED global ultraviolet imager

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Xu, JiYao;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016051

Progress in observations and simulations of global change in the upper atmosphere

Qian, Liying; La\vstovi\vcka, Jan; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2011     DOI:

2010

Artificial plasma cave in the low-latitude ionosphere results from the radio occultation inversion of the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

Liu, J; Lin, C; Lin, C.; Tsai, H.; Solomon, S.; Sun, Y; Lee, I.; Schreiner, W.; Kuo, Y.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA015079

Ionospheric response to the initial phase of geomagnetic storms: Common features

Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wiltberger, Michael; Xu, JiYao; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Coster, Anthea;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014461

Model simulation of thermospheric response to recurrent geomagnetic forcing

Qian, Liying; Solomon, Stanley; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015309

Seasonal and hemispheric variations of the total auroral precipitation energy flux from TIMED/GUVI

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA015063

2009

Unusual declining phase of solar cycle 23: Weak semi-annual variations of auroral hemispheric power and geomagnetic activity

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-01-2009

YEAR: 2009     DOI: 10.1029/2009GL040825

Seasonal variation of thermospheric density and composition

Thermospheric neutral density and composition exhibit a strong seasonal variation, with maxima near the equinoxes, a primary minimum during northern hemisphere summer, and a secondary minimum during southern hemisphere summer. This pattern of variation is described by thermospheric empirical models. However, the mechanisms are not well understood. The annual insolation variation due to the Sun-Earth distance can cause an annual variation, large-scale interhemispheric circulation can cause a global semiannual variation, an ...

Qian, Liying; Solomon, Stanley; Kane, Timothy;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 01/2009

YEAR: 2009     DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013643

eddy diffusion; thermospheric annual/semiannual variation; thermospheric density and composition

Spectral analysis of ionospheric electron density and mesospheric neutral wind diurnal nonmigrating tides observed by COSMIC and TIMED satellites

Wu, Quian; Solomon, SC; Kuo, Y-H; Killeen, TL; Xu, JiYao;

Published by: Geophysical research letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:



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