GUVI Biblio


  • Clicking on the title will open a new window with all details of the bibliographic entry.
  • Clicking on the DOI link will open a new window with the original bibliographic entry from the publisher.
  • Clicking on a single author will show all publications by the selected author.
  • Clicking on a single keyword, will show all publications by the selected keyword.

Found 38 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 38


Upper Atmosphere Radiance Data Assimilation: A Feasibility Study for GOLD Far Ultraviolet Observations

Far ultraviolet observations of Earth\textquoterights dayglow from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission presents an unparalleled opportunity for upper atmosphere radiance data assimilation. Assimilation of the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions can be formulated in a similar fashion to lower atmosphere radiance data assimilation approaches. To provide a proof-of-concept for such an approach, this paper presents assimilation experiment ...

Cantrall, Clayton; Matsuo, Tomoko; Solomon, Stanley;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026910

Global-Scale Observations of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk ultraviolet spectrograph has been imaging the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA), regions of the ionosphere with enhanced electron density north and south of the magnetic equator, since October 2018. The initial 3 months of observations was during solar minimum conditions, and they included observations in December solstice of unanticipated variability and depleted regions. Depletions are seen on most nights, in contrast to e ...

Eastes, R.; Solomon, S.; Daniell, R.; Anderson, D.; Burns, A.; England, S.; Martinis, C.; McClintock, W.;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019GL084199


A Comparative Study of Spectral Auroral Intensity Predictions From Multiple Electron Transport Models

It is important to routinely examine and update models used to predict auroral emissions resulting from precipitating electrons in Earth\textquoterights magnetotail. These models are commonly used to invert spectral auroral ground-based images to infer characteristics about incident electron populations when in situ measurements are unavailable. In this work, we examine and compare auroral emission intensities predicted by three commonly used electron transport models using varying electron population characteristics. We ...

Grubbs, Guy; Michell, Robert; Samara, Marilia; Hampton, Donald; Hecht, James; Solomon, Stanley; Jahn, Jörg-Micha;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA025026

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Temporal Variability of Atomic Hydrogen From the Mesopause to the Upper Thermosphere

We investigate atomic hydrogen (H) variability from the mesopause to the upper thermosphere, on time scales of solar cycle, seasonal, and diurnal, using measurements made by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, and simulations by the National Center for Atmospheric Research Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model-eXtended (WACCM-X). In the mesopause region (85 to 95\ km), the seasonal and solar c ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stan; Smith, Anne; McInerney, Joseph; Hunt, Linda; Marsh, Daniel; Liu, Hanli; Mlynczak, Martin; Vitt, Francis;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024998


The Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission

The Earth\textquoterights thermosphere and ionosphere constitute a dynamic system that varies daily in response to energy inputs from above and from below. This system can exhibit a significant response within an hour to changes in those inputs, as plasma and fluid processes compete to control its temperature, composition, and structure. Within this system, short wavelength solar radiation and charged particles from the magnetosphere deposit energy, and waves propagating from the lower atmosphere dissipate. Understand ...

Eastes, R.; McClintock, W.; Burns, A.; Anderson, D.; Andersson, L.; Codrescu, M.; Correira, J.; Daniell, R.; England, S.; Evans, J.; Harvey, J.; Krywonos, A.; Lumpe, J.; Richmond, A.; Rusch, D.; Siegmund, O.; Solomon, S.; Strickland, D.; Woods, T.; Aksnes, A.; Budzien, S.; Dymond, K.; Eparvier, F.; Martinis, C.; Oberheide, J.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0392-2

Global modeling of thermospheric airglow in the far ultraviolet

The Global Airglow (GLOW) model has been updated and extended to calculate thermospheric emissions in the far ultraviolet, including sources from daytime photoelectron-driven processes, nighttime recombination radiation, and auroral excitation. It can be run using inputs from empirical models of the neutral atmosphere and ionosphere or from numerical general circulation models of the coupled ionosphere-thermosphere system. It uses a solar flux module, photoelectron generation routine, and the Nagy-Banks two-stream electro ...

Solomon, Stanley;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.710.1002/2017JA024314


Longitudinal variations of thermospheric composition at the solstices

O/N2, measured by the Global Ultraviolet Imager on board the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, has large longitudinal variations at the solstices, which are simulated well in upper atmosphere general circulation models. These longitudinal variations are caused by the displacement of the Earth\textquoterights magnetic poles from the geographic ones. The location of a magnetic pole affects the latitude at which the winds, driven by heating in summer, converge in the subauroral regi ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022898

Solar cycle variations of thermospheric composition at the solstices

We examine the solar cycle variability of thermospheric composition (O/N2) at the solstices. Our observational and modeling studies show that the summer-to-winter latitudinal gradient of O/N2 is small at solar minimum but large at solar maximum; O/N2 is larger at solar maximum than at solar minimum on a global-mean basis; there is a seasonal asymmetry in the solar cycle variability of O/N2, with large solar cycle variations in the winter hemisphere and small solar cycle variatio ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Yongliang;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022390

Thermospheric hydrogen response to increases in greenhouse gases

We investigated thermospheric hydrogen response to increase in greenhouse gases and the dependence of this response to solar activity, using a global mean version of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model. We separately doubled carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) to study the influence of temperature and changes to source species for hydrogen. Our results indicate that both CO2 cooling and CH4 ...

Nossal, S.; Qian, L.; Solomon, S.; Burns, A.; Wang, W.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022008

Effects of the Equatorial Ionosphere Anomaly on the Inter-Hemispheric Circulation in the Thermosphere

We investigate the interhemispheric circulation at the solstices, in order to understand why O/N2\ is larger in the northern hemisphere winter than in the southern hemisphere winter. Our studies reveal that the equatorial ionosphere anomaly (EIA) significantly impacts the summer-to-winter wind through plasma-neutral collisional heating, which changes the summer-to-winter pressure gradient, and ion drag. Consequently, the wind is suppressed in the summer hemisphere as it encounters the EIA but accelerates a ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Hsu, V.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022169

Equatorial ionization anomaly; interhemispheric circulation; ionosphere winter anomaly; plasma-neutral collisional heating; thermosphere composition; vertical advection


Explaining solar cycle effects on composition as it relates to the winter anomaly

The solar cycle variation of\ F2\ region winter anomaly is related to solar cycle changes in the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2. Here we use the National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashGlobal Mean Model to develop a concept of why the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2\ varies with solar cycle. The main driver for these seasonal changes in composition is vertical advection, which is expressed most simply in pressure coordinat ...

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.; Thayer, J.; Liu, H.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021220

composition; solar cycle; upper atmosphere


Simulations of the equatorial thermosphere anomaly: Geomagnetic activity modulation

The modulation of geomagnetic activity on the equatorial thermosphere anomaly (ETA) in thermospheric temperature under the high solar activity condition is investigated using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model simulations. The model simulations during the geomagnetically disturbed interval, when the north-south component of the interplanetary magnetic field (Bz) oscillates between southward and northward directions, are analyzed and also compared with those under the ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Wang, Wenbin; Thayer, Jeffrey; Luan, Xiaoli; Dou, Xiankang; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020152

equatorial thermosphere anomaly; geomagnetic activity; ion-neutral coupling; positive ionospheric storm

On the solar cycle variation of the winter anomaly

Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate, Ionosonde, and Global Ultraviolet Imager data have been used to investigate the solar cycle changes in the winter anomaly (the winter anomaly is defined as the enhancement of the F2 peak electron density in the winter hemisphere over that in the summer hemisphere) in the last solar cycle. There is no winter anomaly in solar minimum, and an enhancement of about 50\% in winter over summer ones on the same day of the year at solar max ...

Burns, A.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Solomon, S.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2013JA019552

Anomaly; Cycle; Ionosphere

Energetics and Composition in the Thermosphere

Burns, AG; Wang, W; Solomon, SC; Qian, L;

YEAR: 2014     DOI:


The anomalous ionosphere between solar cycles 23 and 24

The solar minimum period during 2008\textendash2009 was characterized by lower thermospheric density than the previous solar minimum and lower than any previously measured. Recent work used the NCAR Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to show that the primary cause of density changes from 1996 to 2008 was a small reduction in solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) irradiance, causing a decrease in thermospheric temperature and hence a contracted thermosphere. There are similar effects in the ionosph ...

Solomon, Stanley; Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v118.1010.1002/jgra.50561

climate; Ionosphere; irradiance; solar; thermosphere; ultraviolet

Annual/semiannual variation of the ionosphere

We investigated the relationship between the systematic annual and semiannual variations in the ionosphere and thermosphere using a combination of data analysis and model simulation. A climatology of daytime peak density and height of the ionospheric F2 layer was obtained from GPS radio occultation measurements by the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) during 2007\textendash2010. These measurements were compared to simulations by the NCAR Thermosphere-Ionos ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wang, Wenbin;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/grl.50448

annual/semiannual variations; climatology; eddy diffusion; gravity waves; neutral density and composition; NmF2

The NCAR TIE-GCM: A community model of the coupled thermosphere/ionosphere system

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Emery, Barbara; Foster, Benjamin; Lu, Gang; Maute, Astrid; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Wang, Wenbin;

YEAR: 2013     DOI:


The effects of Corotating interaction region/High speed stream storms on the thermosphere and ionosphere during the last solar minimum

Burns, A.G.; Solomon, S.C.; Qian, L.; Wang, W.; Emery, B.A.; Wiltberger, M.; Weimer, D.R.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.02.006

Anomalously low geomagnetic energy inputs during 2008 solar minimum

Deng, Yue; Huang, Yanshi; Solomon, Stan; Qian, Liying; Knipp, Delores; Weimer, Daniel; Wang, Jing-Song;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018039

Daytime climatology of ionospheric N m F 2 and h m F 2 from COSMIC data

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017529

Modeling studies of the impact of high-speed streams and co-rotating interaction regions on the thermosphere-ionosphere

Solomon, Stanley; Burns, Alan; Emery, Barbara; Mlynczak, Martin; Qian, Liying; Wang, Wenbin; Weimer, Daniel; Wiltberger, Michael;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017417


Longitudinal variations of nighttime electron auroral precipitation in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres from the TIMED global ultraviolet imager

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Xu, JiYao;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016051

On deriving incident auroral particle fluxes in the daytime using combined ground-based optical and radar measurements

Pallamraju, Duggirala; Chakrabarti, Supriya; Solomon, Stanley;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015934


Artificial plasma cave in the low-latitude ionosphere results from the radio occultation inversion of the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

. Y. Liu, J; . Y. Lin, C; Lin, C.; Tsai, H.; Solomon, S.; . Y. Sun, Y; Lee, I.; Schreiner, W.; Kuo, Y.;

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA015079

Ionospheric response to the initial phase of geomagnetic storms: Common features

Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Wiltberger, Michael; Xu, JiYao; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Coster, Anthea;

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014461

Model simulation of thermospheric response to recurrent geomagnetic forcing

Qian, Liying; Solomon, Stanley; Mlynczak, Martin;

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015309

Seasonal and hemispheric variations of the total auroral precipitation energy flux from TIMED/GUVI

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA015063


Unusual declining phase of solar cycle 23: Weak semi-annual variations of auroral hemispheric power and geomagnetic activity

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2009     DOI: 10.1029/2009GL040825

Seasonal variation of thermospheric density and composition

Thermospheric neutral density and composition exhibit a strong seasonal variation, with maxima near the equinoxes, a primary minimum during northern hemisphere summer, and a secondary minimum during southern hemisphere summer. This pattern of variation is described by thermospheric empirical models. However, the mechanisms are not well understood. The annual insolation variation due to the Sun-Earth distance can cause an annual variation, large-scale interhemispheric circulation can cause a global semiannual variation, an ...

Qian, Liying; Solomon, Stanley; Kane, Timothy;

YEAR: 2009     DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013643

eddy diffusion; thermospheric annual/semiannual variation; thermospheric density and composition


XUV Photometer System (XPS): Improved Solar Irradiance Algorithm Using CHIANTI Spectral Models

Woods, Thomas; Chamberlin, Phillip; Peterson, W.; Meier, R.; Richards, Phil; Strickland, Douglas; Lu, Gang; Qian, Liying; Solomon, Stanley; Iijima, B.; Mannucci, A.; Tsurutani, B.;

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-008-9196-6


The ionospheric and thermospheric response to CMEs: Challenges and successes

Burns, A.G.; Solomon, S.C.; Wang, W.; Killeen, T.L.;

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2006.06.010


Numerical models of the E-region ionosphere

Solomon, Stanley;

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2005.09.040

The TIGER (thermospheric\textendashionospheric geospheric research) program: Introduction

Schmidtke, G.; Eparvier, F.G.; Solomon, S.C.; Tobiska, W.K.; Woods, T.N.;

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2005.02.088

Geophysical Monograph SeriesRecurrent Magnetic Storms: Corotating Solar Wind StreamsResponse of the upper/middle atmosphere to coronal holes and powerful high-speed solar wind streams in 2003

Kozyra, J.; Crowley, G.; Emery, B.; Fang, X.; Maris, G.; Mlynczak, M.; Niciejewski, R.; Palo, S.; Paxton, L.; Randall, C.; Rong, P.-P.; Russell, J.; Skinner, W.; Solomon, S.; Talaat, E.; Wu, Q.; Yee, J.-H.;

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1029/GM16710.1029/167GM24


The October 28, 2003 extreme EUV solar flare and resultant extreme ionospheric effects: Comparison to other Halloween events and the Bastille Day event

Some of the most intense solar flares measured in 0.1 to 0.8 nm x-rays in recent history occurred near the end of 2003. The Nov 4 event is the largest in the NOAA records (X28) and the Oct 28 flare was the fourth most intense (X17). The Oct 29 flare was class X7. These flares are compared and contrasted to the July 14, 2000 Bastille Day (X10) event using the SOHO SEM 26.0 to 34.0 nm EUV and TIMED SEE 0.1\textendash194 nm data. High time resolution, \~30s ground-base GPS data and the GUVI FUV dayglow data are used to exami ...

Tsurutani, B.; Judge, D.; Guarnieri, F.; Gangopadhyay, P.; Jones, A.; Nuttall, J.; Zambon, G.A.; Didkovsky, L.; Mannucci, A.J.; Iijima, B.; Meier, R.; Immel, T.J.; Woods, T.; Prasad, S.; Floyd, L.; Huba, J.; Solomon, S.; Straus, P.; Viereck, R.;

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021475

Solar EUV Experiment (SEE): Mission overview and first results

[1]\ The Solar EUV Experiment (SEE) is one of four scientific instruments on the NASA Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics (TIMED) spacecraft, which has been simultaneously observing the Sun and Earth\textquoterights upper atmosphere since January 2002. The SEE instrument measures the irradiance of the highly variable, solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation, one of the major energy sources for the upper atmosphere. The primary SEE data product is the solar spectral irradiances from 0.1 to 194 nm ...

Woods, Thomas; Eparvier, Francis; Bailey, Scott; Chamberlin, Phillip; Lean, Judith; Rottman, Gary; Solomon, Stanley; Tobiska, Kent; Woodraska, Donald;

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010765

thermosphere; solar activity cycle; solar irradiance; ultraviolet emissions; solar effects


Quantification of the spreading effect of auroral proton precipitation

A three-dimensional Monte Carlo model has been developed to study the transverse beam spreading effect of incident energetic auroral protons during their precipitation in the Earth\textquoterights upper atmosphere. Energetic protons with an isotropic angular distribution are injected at 700 km altitude. Two types of incident energy spectra, a monoenergetic and a Maxwellian distribution, are considered. Interaction of fast particles with a three-species atmosphere (O, N2, and O2) is included through c ...

Fang, Xiaohua; Liemohn, Michael; Kozyra, Janet; Solomon, Stanley;

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010119

Monte Carlo simulation; Proton aurora