GUVI Biblio





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Found 667 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

Comments on “A new method to subtract dayglow for auroral observation of SSUSI in LBH ranges based on the improved AURIC” by Wang et al. (2021)

A paper A new method to subtract dayglow for auroral observation of SSUSI in LBH ranges based on the improved AURIC reports a new method to estimate the dayglow intensities in DMSP/SSUSI LBH bands using an improved AURIC model. It is claimed that the new method offers a better alternative than the SSUSI operational algorithm which uses a data based table. The paper showed a few examples and compared them with SSSUI operational results. The comparison indicated that the new method didn t offer any improvement and provided net ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105833

AURORA; dayglow; far ultraviolet emission

Thermospheric density enhancement and limb O 130.4 nm radiance increase during geomagnetic storms

We explore a connection between thermospheric density enhancement and increase in thermospheric O 130.4 nm radiance. We observe TIMED/GUVI enhancements in the limb 130.4 nm radiances at ∼400 and ∼520 km on the dayside during four intense geomagnetic storms in 2003 and 2004. The enhancements were well correlated with Dst and CHAMP total neutral density at 400 km which represents O density as O is the dominant species at those altitudes. At the 400 and 520 km altitudes, O 130.4 nm emissions are mostly created by two ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, R.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105830

FUV emission; Geomagentic storms; neutral density; thermosphere

FUV observations of variations in thermospheric composition and topside ionospheric density during the November 2004 magnetic superstorm

We revisited the November 2004 superstorm by analyzing TIMED/GUVI data. The 135.6 nm limb radiances at 520-km are mainly due to the O+ and electron radiative recombination and represent the daytime ionosphere density at the altitude. The 135.6 nm radiances clearly showed a signature of ionospheric equatorial arcs and their variations during the November 2004 magnetic superstorm. When an intense eastward Interplanetary Electric Field (IEF) occurred, the dayside equatorial arcs were enhanced and their latitude separation inc ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, LarryJ.; Huang, Chaosong; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2022.105832

geomagnetic storm; penetration electric field; Thermosperic composition; topside ionosphere

Simultaneous Detection of Signatures of Conjugate Photoelectrons in the Ionosphere and Thermosphere

We investigate the impact of conjugate photoelectrons (CPEs) on the topside (∼600 km altitude) ionosphere at low and midlatitudes using measurements of the ion temperature, density, and composition from the first Republic of China satellite during a period of the high to moderate solar activity (March 1999 to June 2004). Elevated ion temperatures and densities are observed in the dark Northern American-Atlantic sector during the December solstice and in the Australian sector during the June solstice. The oxygen ion fractio ...

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA030121

airglow; conjugate photoelectron; ion density; ion temperature

Transpolar Arcs: Seasonal Dependence Identified by an Automated Detection Algorithm

Transpolar arcs (TPAs) are auroral features that occur polewards of the main auroral oval suggesting that the magnetosphere has acquired a complicated magnetic topology. They are primarily a northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) auroral phenomenon, and their formation and evolution have no single explanation that is unanimously agreed upon. An automated detection algorithm has been developed to detect the occurrence of TPAs in UV images captured from the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) instru ...

Bower, G.; Milan, S.; Paxton, L.; Imber, S.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029743

auroras; magnetosphere; transpolar arc

Transpolar Arcs: Seasonal Dependence Identified by an Automated Detection Algorithm

Bower, Gemma; Milan, Stephen; Paxton, Larry; Imber, SM;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Thermospheric density enhancement and limb O 130.4 nm radiance increase during geomagnetic storms

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, R;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

FUV observations of variations in thermospheric composition and topside ionospheric density during the November 2004 magnetic superstorm

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, LarryJ; Huang, Chaosong; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Comments on “A new method to subtract dayglow for auroral observation of SSUSI in LBH ranges based on the improved AURIC” by Wang et al.(2021)

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Occurrence statistics of horse collar aurora

Bower, Gemma; Milan, Stephen; Paxton, Larry; Anderson, Brian;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Empirical modelling of SSUSI derived auroral ionization rates

Bender, Stefan; Espy, Patrick; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

The origin of midlatitude plasma depletions detected during the 12 February 2000 and 29 October 2003 geomagnetic storms

Kil, Hyosub; Chang, Hyeyeon; Lee, Woo; Paxton, Larry; Sun, Andrew; Lee, Jiyun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Two different properties of ionospheric perturbations detected in the vicinity of the Korean Peninsula after the Hunga-Tonga volcanic eruption on 15 January 2022

Hong, Junseok; Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo; Kwak, Young-Sil; Choi, Byung-Kyu; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Novel Observations of the Aurora (NOA) from New Platforms

Paxton, LJ; Hibbitts, CA; Swartz, WH;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Increased Sensitivity FUV Spectrographic Imager

Schaefer, RK; Paxton, LJ; Zhang, Y; Kil, H; Liou, K;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Statistics of transpolar arcs identified by an automated detection algorithm

Bower, Gemma; Milan, Steve; Paxton, Larry; Imber, Suzie;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Height-integrated polar cap conductances during an average substorm

Carter, Jennifer; Milan, Steven; Lester, Mark; Forsyth, Colin; Paxton, Larry; Gjerloev, Jesper; Anderson, Brian;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Lobe Reconnection and Cusp-Aligned Auroral Arcs

Abstract Following the St. Patrick s Day (17 March) geomagnetic storm of 2013, the interplanetary magnetic field had near-zero clock angle for almost two days. Throughout this period multiple cusp-aligned auroral arcs formed in the polar regions; we present observations of, and provide a new explanation for, this poorly understood phenomenon. The arcs were observed by auroral imagers onboard satellites of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Ionospheric flow measurements and observations of energetic particles from ...

Milan, S.; Bower, G.; Carter, J.; Paxton, L.; Anderson, B.; Hairston, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA030089

Hemispheric Asymmetry in the Auroral Ionosphere-Thermosphere System

Liou, K; Zhang, Y-L; Paxton, LJ; Kil, H; Schaefer, R;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

2021

Periodic Variations in Solar Wind and Responses of the Magnetosphere and Thermosphere in March 2017

TIMED/GUVI observed thermospheric column ∑O/N2 depletion in both hemispheres between March 1 and 21, 2017 which was caused by large periodic variations in interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and a high solar wind speed, likely in a solar wind. The dominant periods seen in the solar wind and magnetosphere coupling function (CF) were around 1.9, 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 14.0 and 22.0 h on March 1 and 2. The major AE variations were around 3.0, 4.7, 7.6, 10.7, 14.0 and 22.0 h. Auroral hemispheric power (HP) also showed periodic variati ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Wang, Wenbin; Huang, Chaosong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029387

AE index; geomagnetic storm; hemispheric power; periodic variation; solar wind and magnetosphere coupling; thermospheric composition

Storm-Time Neutral Composition Changes in the Upper Atmosphere

During geomagnetic storms, energy inputs, such as particle precipitation and Joule heating from the magnetosphere and solar wind, create significant disturbances in the upper atmosphere in the form of changes in the thermospheric density and temperature and, more important, composition, such as O/N 2 column density ratio, nitric oxide (NO) density, and atomic nitrogen (N) density. The composition changes control the ionosphere and have a feedback effect on thermospheric temperature and density due to a cooling effect of enha ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815631.ch7

far ultraviolet observations; storm-time neutral composition changes; thermospheric nitric oxide variations; traveling atmospheric disturbance; traveling ionosphere disturbance; upper atmosphere

FTA: A Feature Tracking Empirical Model of Auroral Precipitation

The Feature Tracking of Aurora (FTA) model was constructed using 1.5 years of Polar Ultraviolet Imager data and is based on tracking a cumulative energy grid in 96 magnetic local time (MLT) sectors. The equatorward boundary, poleward boundary, and 19 cumulative energy bins are tracked with the energy flux and the latitudinal position. With AE increasing, the equatorward boundary moves to lower latitudes everywhere, while the poleward boundary moves poleward in the 2300–0300 MLT region and equatorward in other MLT sectors. ...

Wu, Chen; Ridley, Aaron; DeJong, Anna; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020SW002629

Auroral Precipitation Model; cumulative energy bins; data-model comparisons; M-I coupling; statistical analyses

Exploring the Upper Atmosphere

In this chapter, we describe how we can understand the state of the upper atmosphere (the ionosphere, thermosphere, and aurora) using optical observations and how one produces a global view of the Earth s upper atmosphere from optical remote sensing, especially using far ultraviolet (FUV) wavelengths, to advance our understanding of the near Earth space environment. We examine the choice of optical signatures, the basic science behind the signatures, and the techniques for observations. Examples of the technique as applied t ...

Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Kil, Hyosub; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815631.ch23

Earth space environment; far ultraviolet wavelengths; high-latitude regions; optical remote sensing; solar wind; upper atmosphere

Global distribution of nighttime MSTIDs and its association with E region irregularities seen by CHAMP satellite

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Exploring the upper atmosphere: Using optical remote sensing

Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Kil, Hyosub; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Upper Atmosphere Dynamics and Energetics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Upper Atmosphere Dynamics and Energetics

Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Field-Aligned Current During an Interval of BY-Dominated Interplanetary-Field; Modeled-to-Observed Comparisons

Carter, Jennifer; Samsonov, AA; Milan, Stephen; Branduardi-Raymont, Graziella; Ridley, Aaron; Paxton, Larry; Anderson, Brian; Waters, Colin; Edwards, Thomas;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Far Ultraviolet Hyperspectral Imager: NASA s TIMED/GUVI and DMSP SSUSI

Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Schaefer, Robert; Kil, Hyosub; Wolven, Brian; Romeo, Giuseppe; Yonker, Justin;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Non-storm time thermospheric O/N 2 depletion and NO enhancement

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Wang, Wenbin; Huang, Chaosong;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Investigating Geocoronal Absorption for Wavelength Calibration of Sounding Rockets

Donders, Nicolas; Winebarger, Amy; Kankelborg, Charles; Vigil, Genevieve; Paxton, Larry; Zank, Gary;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Progresses and Challenges to specifying the IT system during weak storms

Deng, Yue; Heelis, Roderick; Paxton, Larry; Lyons, Larry; Nishimura, Toshi; Zhang, Shunrong; Bristow, Bill; Maute, Astrid; Sheng, Cheng; Zhu, Qingyu; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Space Physics and Aeronomy: Space Physics and Aeronomy, Solar Physics and Solar Wind

Raouafi, Nour; Vourlidas, Angelos; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Signatures of conjugate photoelectrons in the ionosphere and thermosphere

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert; Huba, Joseph;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Thermospheric ionization from auroral particle precipitation observed by the SSUSI satellite instruments

Solar, auroral, and radiation belt electrons enter the atmosphere at polar regions leading to ionization and affecting its chemistry. Climate models usually parametrize this ionization and the related changes in chemistry based on satellite particle measurements. Precise measurements of the particle and energy influx into the upper atmosphere are difficult because they vary substantially in location and time. Widely used particle data are derived from the POES and GOES satellite measurements which provide electron and proton ...

Bender, Stefan; Espy, Patrick; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Earth and Space Science Open Archive ESSOAr      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/essoar.10506056.1

Validation of SSUSI-derived auroral electron densities: comparisons to EISCAT data

Bender, Stefan; Espy, Patrick; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Large-Scale Dune Aurora Event Investigation Combining Citizen Scientists Photographs and Spacecraft Observations

Recently, citizen scientist photographs led to the discovery of a new auroral form called “the dune aurora” which exhibits parallel stripes of brighter emission in the green diffuse aurora at about 100 km altitude. This discovery raised several questions, such as (i) whether the dunes are associated with particle precipitation, (ii) whether their structure arises from spatial inhomogeneities in the precipitating fluxes or in the underlying neutral atmosphere, and (iii) whether they are the auroral manifestation of an atm ...

Grandin, Maxime; Palmroth, Minna; Whipps, Graeme; Kalliokoski, Milla; Ferrier, Mark; Paxton, Larry; Mlynczak, Martin; Hilska, Jukka; Holmseth, Knut; Vinorum, Kjetil; , others;

Published by: AGU Advances      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020AV000338

FTA: A Feature Tracking Empirical Model of Auroral Precipitation

The Feature Tracking of Aurora (FTA) model was constructed using 1.5 years of Polar Ultraviolet Imager data and is based on tracking a cumulative energy grid in 96 magnetic local time (MLT) sectors. The equatorward boundary, poleward boundary, and 19 cumulative energy bins are tracked with the energy flux and the latitudinal position. With AE increasing, the equatorward boundary moves to lower latitudes everywhere, while the poleward boundary moves poleward in the 2300–0300 MLT region and equatorward in other MLT sectors. ...

Wu, Chen; Ridley, Aaron; DeJong, Anna; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2020SW002629

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Ionosphere Dynamics and Applications

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Storm-Time Neutral Composition Changes in the Upper Atmosphere

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Upper Atmosphere Dynamics and Energetics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Exploring the Upper Atmosphere: Using Optical Remote Sensing

Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Kil, Hyosub; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Upper Atmosphere Dynamics and Energetics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Upper Atmosphere Dynamics and Energetics

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Magnetospheres in the Solar System

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Solar Physics and Solar Wind

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Field-aligned current during an interval of $$\backslash$rm B\_ $\$Y$\$ $-dominated interplanetary-field; modeled-to-observed comparisons

Carter, Jennifer; Samsonov, Andrey; Milan, Stephen; Branduardi-Raymont, Graziella; Ridley, Aaron; Paxton, Larry; Anderson, Brian; Waters, Colin; Edwards, Thomas;

Published by: Earth and Space Science Open Archive ESSOAr      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Impact of September 2019 Antarctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming on Mid-Latitude Ionosphere and Thermosphere Over North America and Europe

Goncharenko, Larisa; Harvey, Lynn; Greer, Katelynn; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Coster, Anthea; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Periodic variations in solar wind and responses of the magnetosphere and thermosphere in March 2017

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Wang, Wenbin; Huang, Chaosong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

APL JANUS System Progress on Commercial Suborbital Launch Vehicles: Moving the Laboratory Environment to Near Space

Smith, Todd; Hacala, Ryan; Hohlfeld, Erik; Edens, Weston; Hibbitts, Charles; Paxton, Larry; Arnold, Steven; Westlake, Joseph; Rymer, Abigail; Chacos, Al; , others;

Published by: Gravitational and Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Transpolar arcs: Seasonal dependence identified by an automated detection algorithm

Bower, Gemma; Milan, Stephen; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Earth and Space Science Open Archive ESSOAr      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Ionospheric and thermospheric contributions in TIMED/GUVI O 135.6 nm radiances

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Large Electron Densities in the Early Morning Equatorial Ionosphere Observed with UV Instruments from Space

Schaefer, Robert; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Kil, Hyosub; Romeo, Giuseppe; Wolven, Brian; Yonker, Justin;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:



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