GUVI Biblio


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Found 132 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 50


Corotation of ring current auroral spots at sub-auroral latitudes

We report observations of auroral spots s at sub-auroral latitudes. The auroral spots occurred during storm-recovery phases and corotated with the Earth at a speed either higher (super-rotation) or lower (sub-rotation) than the Earth\textquoterights rotation rate. In the dawn side, the spots have a slightly higher probability of super-rotation than that of the duskside auroral spots. The super- and sub-rotation is likely due to dynamics of the plasmasphere that is controlled by both drag (sub-rotation) and solar wind driv ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2020.105195

Auroral spots; Corotation; Sub-auroral latitude

The Far Ultraviolet Signatures of Conjugate Photoelectrons Seen by the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager

This study investigates the origin of anomalous far ultraviolet emissions observed at night at the subauroral region by the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager on board the Defense Meteorological Satellite System-F16 satellite. The global distribution of the anomalous emission is derived using the measurements of the oxygen atom 130.4-nm emission in 2017. Our results show the extension of the anomalous emission from high latitudes to middle latitudes in the Northern American-Atlantic sector during the Decembe ...

Kil, Hyosub; Schaefer, Robert; Paxton, Larry; Jee, Geonhwa;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019GL086383

conjugate photoelectron; far ultraviolet emission; thermosphere; remote sensing data


Deriving Thermospheric Temperature From Observations by the Global Ultraviolet Imager on the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics Satellite

This paper reports a preliminary result for estimating thermospheric temperature around 155 km from the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands observed by TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI). Atmospheric Ultraviolet Radiance Integrated Code model (Strickland et al., 1999, calculations indicate that the intensity ratio in the N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (0,0) and (1,0) bands at 144.5- ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026379

Observations of conjugated ring current auroras at subauroral latitudes

We report three ring current aurora events that are conjugated in the two hemispheres observed by satellite and ground imagers on May 16, 2005, August 26, 2018 and September 5, 2005. The ring current auroras appeared as auroral spots or arcs in the day, dusk or night side. These events confirm that the particle sources are in the equatoria ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2019.01.005

Plasma Blobs Associated With Medium-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances

Plasma blobs represent plasma density enhancements with respect to ambient plasma. The formation of blobs in low and middle latitudes is understood in association with either equatorial plasma bubbles or medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs). This study reports four blob events identified from the Swarm satellite observations in 2014. Those blobs show the conjugate property and the alignment in the northwest-southeast direction in the Northern Hemisphere and southwest-northeast direction in the Southern ...

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Jee, Geonhwa; Nikoukar, Romina;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019GL082026

Impact of nitric oxide, solar EUV and particle precipitation on thermospheric density decrease


Tropical Ionization Trough in the Ionosphere Seen by Swarm-A Satellite

A new type of ionization trough, the tropical ionization trough, is identified in the tropical F region from the Swarm-A satellite observations in December 2013 to January 2017. The trough is formed around midnight near 25\textdegree magnetic latitudes in the winter hemisphere during the solstices. The trough is pronounced around 330\textdegreeE longitude in the Southern Hemisphere (negative magnetic declination) during the June solstices and around 210\textdegreeE longitude in the Northern Hemisphere (p ...

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL080286

Storm-time variations of atomic nitrogen 149.3 nm emission

Net radiances of atomic nitrogen emission line (N-149.3 nm) from the thermosphere are extracted from the FUV spectra observed by TIMED/GUVI on dayside at ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Morrison, D.; Schaefer, B.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.023


Revisiting Ionosphere-Thermosphere Responses to Solar Wind Driving in Superstorms of November 2003 and 2004

We revisit three complex superstorms of 19\textendash20 November 2003, 7\textendash8 November 2004, and 9\textendash11 November 2004 to analyze ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) effects driven by different solar wind structures associated with complex interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) and their upstream sheaths. The efficiency of the solar wind-magnetosphere connection throughout the storms is estimated by coupling functions. The daytime IT responses to the complex driving are characterized by combining and colloca ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.; Komjathy, A.; Mannucci, A.; Mlynczak, M.; Hunt, L.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.1010.1002/2017JA024542

Ionospheric-thermospheric UV tomography: 3. A multisensor technique for creating full-orbit reconstructions of atmospheric UV emission

We present the Volume Emission Rate Tomography (VERT) technique for inverting satellite-based, multisensor limb and nadir measurements of atmospheric ultraviolet emission to create whole-orbit reconstructions of atmospheric volume emission rate. The VERT approach is more general than previous ionospheric tomography methods because it can reconstruct the volume emission rate field irrespective of the particular excitation mechanisms (e.g., radiative recombination, photoelectron impact excitation, and energetic particle pre ...

Hei, Matthew; Budzien, Scott; Dymond, Kenneth; Nicholas, Andrew; Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert; Groves, Keith;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2015RS005887

Far ultraviolet instrument technology

The far ultraviolet (FUV) spectral range (from about 115 nm to 180 nm) is one of the most useful spectral regions for characterizing the upper atmosphere (thermosphere and ionosphere). The principal advantages are that there are FUV signatures of the major constituents of the upper atmosphere as well as the signatures of the high-latitude energy inputs. Because of the absorption by thermospheric O2, the FUV signatures are seen against a \textquotedblleftblack\textquotedblright background, i.e., one that is not ...

Paxton, Larry; Schaefer, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang; Kil, Hyosub;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023578


Polar cap arcs: Sun-aligned or cusp-aligned?

Solar wind driving of ionosphere-thermosphere responses in three storms near St. Patrick\textquoterights Day in 2012, 2013, and 2015

We identify interplanetary plasma regions associated with three intense interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs)-driven geomagnetic storm intervals which occurred around the same time of the year: day of year 74\textendash79 (March) of 2012, 2013, and 2015. We show that differences in solar wind drivers lead to different dynamical ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) responses and to different preconditioning of the IT system. We introduce a new hourly based global metric for average low-latitude and northern middle-latitude ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.; Tsurutani, B.; Mannucci, A.; Mlynczak, M.; Hunt, L.; Paxton, L.; Komjathy, A.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022883

High-latitude energy input and its impact on the thermosphere

This paper presents a quantitative assessment of high-latitude energy input and its partitioning in the polar cap by synthesizing various space and ground-based observations during the 17 January 2005 geomagnetic storm. It was found that Joule heating is the primary form of magnetospheric energy input, especially during active times when the hemispheric-integrated Joule heating can be an order of magnitude larger than the hemispheric-integrated auroral power. Most of magnetospheric energy is dissipated in the auroral zone ...

Lu, G.; Richmond, A.; Lühr, H.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022294


The August 2011 URSI World Day campaign: Initial results

During a 10-day URSI World Day observational campaign beginning on August 1, 2011, an isolated, major geomagnetic storm occurred. On August 5,\ Kp\ reached values of 8-and\ Dst\ dropped to -113\ nT. The occurrence of this isolated storm in the middle of a 10-day URSI World Day campaign provides and unprecedented opportunity to observe the coupling of solar wind energy into the magnetosphere and to evaluate the varied effects that occur in the coupled magnetosphere\text ...

Immel, Thomas; Liu, Guiping; England, Scott; Goncharenko, Larisa; Erickson, Philip; Lyashenko, Mykhaylo; Milla, Marco; Chau, Jorge; Frey, Harald; Mende, Stephen; Zhou, Qihou; Stromme, Anja; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.09.005

Aeronomy; Ionosphere; Radar; thermosphere

Impacts of CME-induced geomagnetic storms on the midlatitude mesosphere and lower thermosphere observed by a sodium lidar and TIMED/GUVI

In this paper, we report our findings on the correlation between the neutral temperature (around the mesopause) and thermospheric column density O/N2\ ratio, along with their response to geomagnetic storms above midlatitude of North America. A temperature/wind Doppler Na lidar, operating at Fort Collins, CO (41\textdegreeN, 105\textdegreeW), and later at Logan, UT (42\textdegreeN and 112\textdegreeW), observed significant temperature increases (temperature anomaly) above 95 km (as much as 55 K at 105 km al ...

Yuan, T.; Zhang, Y.; Cai, X.; She, C.-Y.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064860

Explaining solar cycle effects on composition as it relates to the winter anomaly

The solar cycle variation of\ F2\ region winter anomaly is related to solar cycle changes in the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2. Here we use the National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashGlobal Mean Model to develop a concept of why the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2\ varies with solar cycle. The main driver for these seasonal changes in composition is vertical advection, which is expressed most simply in pressure coordinat ...

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.; Thayer, J.; Liu, H.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021220

composition; solar cycle; upper atmosphere

Remote Sensing of Earth\textquoterights Limb by TIMED/GUVI: Retrieval of thermospheric composition and temperature

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite senses far ultraviolet emissions from O and N2 in the thermosphere. Transformation of far ultraviolet radiances measured on the Earth limb into O, N2, and O2 number densities and temperature quantifies these responses and demonstrates the value of simultaneous altitude and geographic information. Composition and temperature variations are available from 2002 to 2007 ...

Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Drob, D.; Bishop, J.; Emmert, J.; Lean, J.; Stephan, A.; Strickland, D.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Kil, H.; Wolven, B.; Woods, Thomas; Crowley, G.; Gibson, S.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014EA000035

airglow and aurora; remote sensing; thermosphere: composition and chemistry; thermosphere: energy deposition

SPIE ProceedingsSSUSI-Lite: a far-ultraviolet hyper-spectral imager for space weather remote sensing

SSUSI-Lite is a far-ultraviolet (115-180nm) hyperspectral imager for monitoring space weather. The SSUSI and GUVI sensors, its predecessors, have demonstrated their value as space weather monitors. SSUSI-Lite is a refresh of the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) design that has flown on the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) spacecraft F16 through F19. The refresh updates the 25-year-old design and insures that the next generation of SSUSI/GUVI sensors can be accommodated on any number ...

Ogorzalek, Bernard; Osterman, Steven; Carlsson, Uno; Grey, Matthew; Hicks, John; Hourani, Ramsey; Kerem, Samuel; Marcotte, Kathryn; Parker, Charles; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1117/12.2191701


Ionospheric TEC, thermospheric cooling and Σ[O/N2] compositional changes during the 6\textendash17 March 2012 magnetic storm interval (CAWSES II)

A series of four geomagnetic storms (the minimum SYM-H~-148\ nT) occurred during the March 6\textendash17, 2012 in the ascending phase of the solar cycle 24. This interval was selected by CAWSES II for its campaign. The GPS total electron content (TEC) database and JPL\textquoterights Global Ionospheric Maps (GIM) were used to study vertical TEC (VTEC) for different local times and latitude ranges. The largest response to geomagnetic activity is shown in increases of the low-latitude dayside VTEC. Several GPS sites f ...

Verkhoglyadova, O.P.; Tsurutani, B.T.; Mannucci, A.J.; Mlynczak, M.G.; Hunt, L.A.; Paxton, L.J.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.11.009

Geomagnetic storms; Ionosphere; thermosphere

Solar filament impact on 21 January 2005: Geospace consequences

On 21 January 2005, a moderate magnetic storm produced a number of anomalous features, some seen more typically during superstorms. The aim of this study is to establish the differences in the space environment from what we expect (and normally observe) for a storm of this intensity, which make it behave in some ways like a superstorm. The storm was driven by one of the fastest interplanetary coronal mass ejections in solar cycle 23, containing a piece of the dense erupting solar filament material. The momentum of the mas ...

Kozyra, J.; Liemohn, M.; Cattell, C.; De Zeeuw, D.; Escoubet, C.; Evans, D.; Fang, X.; Fok, M.-C.; Frey, H.; Gonzalez, W.; Hairston, M.; Heelis, R.; Lu, G.; Manchester, W.; Mende, S.; Paxton, L.; Rastaetter, L.; Ridley, A.; Sandanger, M.; Soraas, F.; Sotirelis, T.; Thomsen, M.; Tsurutani, B.; Verkhoglyadova, O.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019748

cold dense plasma sheet; Equatorial anomaly; magnetotail; precipitation; prompt penetration electric field; solar filament

Storm-time behaviors of O/N2 and NO variations

Algorithms have been developed to extract net nitric oxide (NO) radiances in the wavelength range of 172\textendash182\ nm from the dayside TIMED/GUVI spectrograph data and convert them to NO column density (100\textendash150\ km). The thermospheric O/N2 column density ratios (referenced from an altitude ~135\ km with a N2column density of 1017\ cm-2) are also obtained from the spectrograph data. The spatial resolution of the NO and O/N2 products a ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Morrison, D.; Marsh, D.; Kil, H.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.04.003

geomagnetic storm; Thermospheric nitric oxide; Thermospheric O/N2 ratio

OVATION Prime-2013: Extension of auroral precipitation model to higher disturbance levels

OVATION Prime (OP) is an auroral precipitation model parameterized by solar wind driving. Distinguishing features of the model include an optimized solar wind-magnetosphere coupling function (dΦMP/dt) which predicts auroral power significantly better than\ Kp\ or other traditional parameters, the separation of aurora into categories (diffuse aurora, monoenergetic, broadband, and ion), the inclusion of seasonal variations, and separate parameter fits for each magnetic latitu ...

Newell, P.; Liou, K.; Zhang, Y.; Sotirelis, T.; Paxton, L.; Mitchell, E.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v12.610.1002/2014SW001056

AURORA; precipitation; forecasting

On the solar cycle variation of the winter anomaly

Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate, Ionosonde, and Global Ultraviolet Imager data have been used to investigate the solar cycle changes in the winter anomaly (the winter anomaly is defined as the enhancement of the F2 peak electron density in the winter hemisphere over that in the summer hemisphere) in the last solar cycle. There is no winter anomaly in solar minimum, and an enhancement of about 50\% in winter over summer ones on the same day of the year at solar max ...

Burns, A.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Solomon, S.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2013JA019552

Anomaly; Cycle; Ionosphere


Lyman α airglow emission: Implications for atomic hydrogen geocorona variability with solar cycle

Satellite-based measurements of geocoronal Lyman α (Lyα) emission at 121.6 nm, created through multiple scattering of solar Lyαphotons by atomic hydrogen, offer a valuable means of inferring the hydrogen abundance, [H], in the terrestrial thermosphere and exosphere on a global, long-term basis. We present initial results from an analysis of Lyα radiance measurements acquired across the Earth\textquoterights limb from 2002 to 2007 by the Global UltraV ...

Waldrop, L.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50496

atmospheric escape; hydrogen geocorona; radiative transport

The effect of the 135.6 nm emission originated from the ionosphere on the TIMED/GUVI O/N 2 ratio

The column number density ratio of atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen (O/N2\ ratio) provided by the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite has been used as a diagnostic of the thermospheric neutral composition. However, a recent study claimed that the GUVI O/N2\ ratio is not a pure thermospheric parameter in low latitudes during periods of low geomagnetic activity. This study quantifies the O/N2 ...

Kil, H.; Lee, W.; Shim, J.; Paxton, L.J.; Zhang, Y.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018112

The effect of geomagnetic-storm-induced enhancements to ionospheric emissions on the interpretation of the TIMED/GUVI O/N 2 ratio

[1]\ We examine the consequence of enhanced atomic oxygen (OI) 135.6 nm emissions due to the recombination of O+ with electrons on the column number density ratio of atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen (O/N2 ratio) provided by Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) on board the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite. GUVI O/N2 ratio is derived from the measurements of OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield airglow emissions. The OI 135.6 nm emissi ...

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Shim, Ja;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019132

geomagnetic storm; GUVI O/N2 ratio; ionospheric effect

Nightside midlatitude ionospheric arcs: TIMED/GUVI observations

[1]\ Midlatitude arcs (MLA) are the phenomenon of the nightside enhancements of ionospheric electron density at 20\textdegree-45\textdegree magnetic latitudes in both hemispheres. We investigate the occurrence of MLA and its dependence on season using the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Global Ultraviolet Imager (TIMED/GUVI) O I 135.6 nm intensity data between March 2008 and March 2012. The 135.6 nm emission is mainly caused by radiant recombination between O+ ions and electron ...

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Kil, Hyosub;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50327

GUVI; Ionosphere; UV imager

Statistical comparison of isolated and non-isolated auroral substorms

The present study compares isolated and non-isolated substorms in terms of their global morphology and energy deposition. The analysis is based on a list of geomagnetic substorm onsets identified with magnetometer data from SuperMAG and published previously by Newell and Gjerlove (2011a). Isolated substorms are defined as those with separation of two consecutive onsets no less than 3 h. The auroral data are obtained from the global ultraviolet imager (GUVI) on board the TIMED satellite and are rebinned into typical magnet ...

Liou, Kan; Newell, Patrick; Zhang, Yong-Liang; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50218

auroral power; auroral substorm; GUVI; SuperMAG; TIMED

Multi-Periodic Auroral and Thermospheric Variations in 2006

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Kil, Hyosub;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.3319/TAO.2012.09.20.01(SEC)

Empirical relationship between electron precipitation and far-ultraviolet auroral emissions from DMSP observations

Auroral emissions observed in the far-ultraviolet wavelength range are compared with measurements of the coincident precipitating electrons and ions that produce the emissions in a large-scale correlative study. The auroral emissions and particle precipitation are observed with the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager and SSJ5 detectors, respectively, both onboard the DMSP F16 satellite. Coincident observations along the same magnetic field line in the Northern Hemisphere are assembled from two consecutive win ...

Sotirelis, Thomas; Korth, Haje; Hsieh, Syau-Yun; Zhang, Yongliang; Morrison, Daniel; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50157

DMSP; electron aurora; electron precipitation; FUV Aurora

The quiet nighttime low-latitude ionosphere as observed by TIMED/GUVI

In this paper, we examine the nighttime ionosphere climatology structure in the low latitude region and discrepancies between Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) observations and the IRI model predictions using (1) the magnetic zonal mean of electron number density as a function of altitude and magnetic latitude, (2) vertical electron density profiles at various levels of F10.7 index, (3) nighttime descent and magnitude decrease of the ionosphere, (4) point-to-point comparisons of F-peak height (hmF2) and density (NmF2), and ...

Talaat, E.R.; Yee, J.-H.; Hsieh, S.-Y.; Paxton, L.J.; DeMajistre, R.; Christensen, A.B.; Bilitza, D.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2012.11.012

Electron density; GUVI; Ionosphere; IRI; TIMED

SSUSI Aurora Forecast Model

A new capability has been developed at JHU/APL for forecasting the global aurora quantities based on the DMSP SSUSI data and the TIMED/GUVI Global Aurora Model. The SSUSI Aurora Forecast Model predicts the electron energy flux, mean energy, and equatorward boundary in the auroral oval for up to 1 day or 15 DMSP orbits in advance. In our presentation, we will demonstrate this newly implemented capability and its results. The future improvement plan will be discussed too.

Hsieh, S.~W.; Zhang, Y.; Schaefer, R.~K.; Romeo, G.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

Auroral phenomena; forecasting; Ionosphere/magnetosphere interactions; Modeling and forecasting


Daytime climatology of ionospheric N m F 2 and h m F 2 from COSMIC data

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017529

Ionospheric and thermospheric variations associated with prompt penetration electric fields

Lu, G.; Goncharenko, L.; Nicolls, M.; Maute, A.; Coster, A.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017769

Reply to comment by D.J. Strickland et al. on \textquotedblleftLong-term variation in the thermosphere: TIMED/GUVI observations\textquotedblright

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017594


The origin of the nonmigrating tidal structure in the column number density ratio of atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011GL049432

Longitudinal variations of nighttime electron auroral precipitation in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres from the TIMED global ultraviolet imager

Luan, Xiaoli; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stanley; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Xu, JiYao;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016051

Long-term variation in the thermosphere: TIMED/GUVI observations

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016337

Nightside polar rain aurora boundary gap and its applications for magnetotail reconnection

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, L.; Kil, Hyosub;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016884

O and N 2 disturbances in the F region during the 20 November 2003 storm seen from TIMED/GUVI

Kil, H.; Kwak, Y.-S.; Paxton, L.; Meier, R.; Zhang, Y.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016227

The O I 135.6 nm airglow observations of the midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly by TIMED/GUVI

Hsu, M.; Lin, C.; Hsu, R.; . Y. Liu, J; Paxton, L.; Su, H.; Tsai, H.; Rajesh, P.; Chen, C.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016150

Reversed two-cell convection in the Northern and Southern hemispheres during northward interplanetary magnetic field

Lu, G.; Li, W.; Raeder, J.; Deng, Y.; Rich, F.; Ober, D.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Ruohoniemi, J.; Hairston, M.; Newell, P.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017043

The source of the longitudinal asymmetry in the ionospheric tidal structure

Kil, H.; Kwak, Y.-S.; Oh, S.-J.; Talaat, E.; Paxton, L.; Zhang, Y.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016781

Space Technology 5 multipoint observations of transpolar arc\textendashrelated field-aligned currents

Cumnock, J.; Le, G.; Imber, S.; Slavin, J.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015912

A study of space shuttle plumes in the lower thermosphere

Meier, R.; Stevens, Michael; Plane, John; Emmert, J.; Crowley, G.; Azeem, I.; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016987

Temporal and spatial components in the storm-time ionospheric disturbances

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, L.; Kim, Khan-Hyuk; Park, Sarah; Zhang, Yongliang; Oh, Seung-Jun;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016750

TIMED/GUVI observation of solar illumination effect on auroral energy deposition

Liou, K.; Zhang, Y.-L.; Newell, P.; Paxton, L.; Carbary, J.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016402

Ionospheric electron content and NmF2 from nighttime OI 135.6 nm intensity

Rajesh, P.; . Y. Liu, J; Hsu, M.; Lin, C.; Oyama, K.; Paxton, L.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015686

Causal Link of Longitudinal Plasma Density Structure to Vertical Plasma Drift and Atmospheric Tides \textendash A Review

This chapter reviews recent advances in our understanding of the characteristics and driving mechanisms of the longitudinal plasma density structure in the low-latitude F region. Various ionospheric observations have shown the development of a longitudinal wave-like pattern in plasma density. Typically, the wave number-4 (wave-4) pattern is pronounced during July\textendashSeptember, and the wave-3 pattern is pronounced during December\textendashJanuary. Variation of the longitudinal plasma density pattern with l ...

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0326-1_26

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