GUVI Biblio


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Found 64 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 50


Inferring thermospheric composition from ionogram profiles: a calibration with the TIMED spacecraft

Scott, Christopher; Jones, Shannon; Barnard, Luke;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:


Response of the low- to mid-latitude ionosphere to the geomagnetic storm of September 2017

We study the impact of the geomagnetic storm of 7\textendash9\ September\ 2017 on the low- to mid-latitude ionosphere. The prominent feature of this solar event is the sequential occurrence of two SYM-H minima with values of -146 and -115 nT on 8\ September at 01:08 and 13:56 UT, respectively. The study is based on the analysis of data from the Global Positioning System (GPS) stations and magnetic observatories located at different longitudinal sectors corresponding to the Pacific, Asia, Africa and the Amer ...

Imtiaz, Nadia; Younas, Waqar; Khan, Majid;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: 03/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-38-359-2020

Dynamical Properties of Peak and Time-Integrated Geomagnetic Events Inferred From Sample Entropy

We provide a comprehensive statistical analysis of the sample entropy of peak and time-integrated geomagnetic events in 2001\textendash2017, considering different measures of event strength, different geomagnetic indices, and a simplified solar wind-magnetosphere coupling function urn:x-wiley:jgra:media:jgra55526:jgra55526-math-0001. Our investigations ...

Mourenas, D.; Artemyev, A.; Zhang, X.-J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027599

Dynamical complexity; Entropy; geomagnetic indices; Geomagnetic storms; Solar wind magnetosphere coupling

The physics of space weather/solar-terrestrial physics (STP): what we know now and what the current and future challenges are

Major geomagnetic storms are caused by un-usually intense solar wind southward magnetic fields thatimpinge upon the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere (Dungey, 1961).How can we predict the occurrence of future interplanetary events? Do we currently know enough of t ...

Tsurutani, Bruce; Lakhina, Gurbax; Hajra, Rajkumar;

Published by: Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics      Published on: 01/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.5194/npg-27-75-2020

Real-Time Thermospheric Density Estimation via Two-Line Element Data Assimilation

Inaccurate estimates of the thermospheric density are a major source of error in low Earth orbit prediction. Therefore, real-time density estimation is required to improve orbit prediction. In this work, we develop a dynamic reduced-order model for the thermospheric density that enables real-time density estimation using two-line element (TLE) data. For this, the global thermospheric density is represented by the main spatial modes of the atmosphere and a time-varying low-dimensional state and a linear ...

Gondelach, David; Linares, Richard;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 01/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002356

density estimation; reduced-order modeling; satellite drag; thermospheric density modeling; two-line element data

Dataset for Multi-scale observations of two polar cap arcs occuring on different magnetic field topologies

Reidy, Jade; Fear, Robert; Whiter, Daniel; Lanchester, Betty; Kavanagh, AJ; Price, David; Chadney, Joshua; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Multiscale observation of two polar cap arcs occurring on different magnetic field topologies

Reidy, JA; Fear, RC; Whiter, DK; Lanchester, BS; Kavanagh, AJ; Price, David; Chadney, Joshua; Zhang, Y; Paxton, LJ;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

SIHLA, a Mission of Opportunity to L1 to Map H Lyman Alpha Emissions from the Heliopause, the Interplanetary Medium, the Earth s Geocorona and Comets

Paxton, Larry; Provornikova, Elena; Roelof, Edmond; emerais, Eric; Izmodenov, Vladislav; Katushkina, Olga; Mierkiewicz, Edwin; Baliukin, Igor; Gruntman, Mike; Taguchi, Makoto; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:


Radiative cooling due to NO at 5.3

The effect of geomagnetic storms on the peak emission of NO Volume Emission Rate (NO VER) at 5.3 m, in mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region, is studied over the Asian sector during 26\textendash29 September 2011 (storm 1) and 18\textendash21 February 2014 (storm 2). The data for peak emission of NO VER is obtained from SABER instrument onboard the NASA\textquoterights TIMED satellite. The SABER retrieved data along with the neutral densities obtained from NRLMSISE-00 model have been used to study the latitudinal ...

Bharti, Gaurav; Krishna, M.V.; Singh, Vir;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 11/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.07.016

Inferring thermospheric composition from ionogram profiles: A calibration with the TIMED spacecraft

Measurements of thermospheric composition via ground-based instrumentation are challenging to make and so details about this important region of the upper atmosphere are currently sparse. We present a technique thatdeducesquantitative estimates of thermospheric composition from ionospheric data, for which there is a global network of stations. The visibility of the F1 peak in ionospheric soundings from ground-based instrumentation is a sensitive function of thermospheric composition. The ionospheric profile in the transit ...

Scott, Christopher; Jones, Shannon; Barnard, Luke;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae Discussions      Published on: 03/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-2019-4710.5194/angeo-2019-47-RC110.5194/angeo-2019-47-RC2

Space Weather Modeling Capabilities Assessment: Auroral Precipitation and High-Latitude Ionospheric Electrodynamics

As part of its International Capabilities Assessment effort, the Community Coordinated Modeling Center initiated several working teams, one of which is focused on the validation of models and methods for determining auroral electrodynamic parameters, including particle precipitation, conductivities, electric fields, neutral density and winds, currents, Joule heating, auroral boundaries, and ion outflow. Auroral electrodynamic properties are needed as input to space weather models, to test and validate the accuracy of phys ...

Robinson, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang; Garcia-Sage, Katherine; Fang, Xiaohua; Verkhoglyadova, Olga; Ngwira, Chigomezyo; Bingham, Suzy; Kosar, Burcu; Zheng, Yihua; Kaeppler, Stephen; Liemohn, Michael; Weygand, James; Crowley, Geoffrey; Merkin, Viacheslav; McGranaghan, Ryan; Mannucci, Anthony;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 01/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW002127

Critical issues in ionospheric data quality and implications for scientific studies

Araujo-Pradere, E; Weatherhead, EC; Dandenault, PB; Bilitza, D; Wilkinson, P; Coker, C; Akmaev, R; Beig, G; a, Bure\^sov\; Paxton, LJ; , others;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Trends in Digital Agriculture: Crop Sensing Technologies Toward Climate Resilient Agricultural Systems II Posters

Bambach-Ortiz, Nicolas; Kustas, William; McElrone, Andrew; Alsina, Maria;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

SIHlA-Spatial/spectral imaging of hydrogen Lyman alpha

Paxton, L; Roelof, E; Lisse, C; Vervack, R; McNutt, R; Provornikova, E; Cox, A; Dyster, J; Gruntman, M; Katushkina, O; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Advances in Auroral Studies I

Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Robinson, Robert; MacDonald, Elizabeth; Mitchell, Elizabeth;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:


Observation of equatorial plasma bubbles by the airglow imager on ISS-IMAP

Using 630 nm airglow data observed by an airglow imager on the International Space Station (ISS), the occurrence of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) is studied. In order to examine the physical mechanisms in the boundary region between the Earth and the outer space, an ionosphere, mesosphere, upper atmosphere, and plasmasphere mapping (IMAP) mission had been conducted onboard the ISS since October 2012. The visible light and infrared spectrum imager (VISI) is utilized in the ISS-IMAP mission for nadir-looking observation ...

Nakata, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Akira; Takano, Toshiaki; Saito, Akinori; Sakanoi, Takeshi;

Published by: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science      Published on: 12/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1186/s40645-018-0227-0

Space Weather Events, Hurricanes, and Earthquakes in Mexico in September 2017

In the interval of 4\textendash10 September 2017, the Sun presented multiple solar flares from active region AR 2673. There were also coronal mass ejections that interacted with the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere. This solar activity produced several space weather events. These events were observed with ground-based instruments of the Mexican Space Weather Service. The Mexican Array RadioTelescope detected highly perturbed solar transits associated with Type I radio emissions from active regions. The Compact Astronom ...

Gonzalez-Esparza, J.; Sergeeva, M.; Corona-Romero, P.; Mejia-Ambriz, J.; Gonzalez, L.; De la Luz, V.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Rodriguez, M.; andez, Romero-Hern\;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 12/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001995

The ionosphere response to severe geomagnetic storm in March 2015 on the base of the data from Eurasian high-middle latitudes ionosonde chain

Shpynev, B.G.; Zolotukhina, N.A.; Polekh, N.M.; Ratovsky, K.G.; Chernigovskaya, M.A.; Belinskaya, A.Yu.; Stepanov, A.E.; Bychkov, V.V.; Grigorieva, S.A.; Panchenko, V.A.; Korenkova, N.A.; Mielich, J.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.10.014

The pattern of ionospheric disturbances caused by complex interplanetary structure on 19\textendash22 December 2015

The pattern of the ionospheric storm that was observed during the severe two-step geomagnetic storm on 19\textendash22 December 2015 in ...

Kurkin, V.I.; Polekh, N.M.; Zolotukhina, N.A.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.07.003

A case study comparing citizen science aurora data with global auroral boundaries derived from satellite imagery and empirical models

Kosar, Burcu; MacDonald, Elizabeth; Case, Nathan; Zhang, Yongliang; Mitchell, Elizabeth; Viereck, Rodney;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 10/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.05.006

Ionospheric response to solar EUV variations: Preliminary results

We investigate the ionospheric response to solar Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) variations using different proxies, based on solar EUV spectra observed from the Solar Extreme Ultraviolet Experiment (SEE) onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite, the F10.7 index (solar irradiance at 10.7cm), and the Bremen composite Mg-II index during January 2003 to December 2016. The daily mean solar proxies are compared with global mean Total Electron Content (GTEC) values calculated from globa ...

Vaishnav, Rajesh; Jacobi, Christoph; Berdermann, Jens; Schmölter, Erik; Codrescu, Mihail;

Published by: Advances in Radio Science      Published on: 09/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.5194/ars-16-157-2018

Investigation of the Causes of the Longitudinal and Solar Cycle Variation of the Electron Density in the Bering Sea and Weddell Sea Anomalies

This paper investigates and quantifies the longitudinal, solar cyclical, and diurnal variation of the ionosphere peak electron density observed by six ionosondes located between 18 and 151\textdegreeE near 60\textdegreeN. Embedded within this region is the Bering Sea anomaly (BSA) where the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. The BSA is a region West of Alaska extending from approximately 100\textdegree to 200\textdegree east geographic longitude and 55\textdegree to 70\textd ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shihping; Dandenault, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025413

Solar activity variations of equatorial spread F occurrence and sustenance during different seasons over Indian longitudes: Empirical model and causative mechanisms

A comprehensive analysis using nearly two decades of ionosonde data is carried out on the seasonal and solar cycle variations of Equatorial Spread F (ESF) irregularities over magnetic equatorial location Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN, 77\textdegreeE). The corresponding Rayleigh Taylor (RT) instability growth rates (γ) are also estimated. A seasonal pattern of ESF occurrence and the corresponding γ is established for low solar (LSA), medium solar (MSA) and high solar (HSA) activity p ...

Haridas, M.K.; Manju, G.; Arunamani, T.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 05/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2018.02.040

Multivariable Comprehensive Analysis of Two Great Geomagnetic Storms of 2015

During the year 2015 two great geomagnetic storms (Dst\ \<\ -200\ nT) occurred on 17 March and 22 June. These two geomagnetic storms have similarities. They occurred during the same decreasing phase of the sunspot cycle 24. The interplanetary and magnetospheric environments were calm before the beginning of the storms. Both events were due to Coronal Mass Ejections and High-Speed Solar Wind. Variations of the solar wind velocity and the Bz component of the interplanetary magnetic field were also similar. ...

Kashcheyev, A.; e, Migoya-Oru\; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Fleury, R.; Nava, B.; Alazo-Cuartas, K.; Radicella, S.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA024900

Storm Time Variation of Radiative Cooling by Nitric Oxide as Observed by TIMED-SABER and GUVI

The variation of O/N2 (reference to N2 column density 1017\ cm-2) and nitric oxide radiative emission flux exiting the thermosphere have been studied over the Northern Hemisphere during the superstorm event of 7\textendash12 November 2004. The data have been obtained from Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) and Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) on board the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)\textquoterights Thermosphere, I ...

Bharti, Gaurav; Sunil~Krishna, M.; Bag, T.; Jain, Puneet;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024576


Detection of ionospheric anomalies during intense space weather over a low-latitude GNSS station

The operational availability of Global Navigation Satellite System is affected by large-scale irregularities of the ionosphere. The space weather events induce several intense irregularities and cause the non-linear distribution of ionospheric electron density. Monitoring of ionospheric responses due to extreme space weather events plays a key role in trans-ionospheric radio wave propagation. In the present analysis, a novel technique based on wavelet transform has been implemented for the analysis and detection of ionosp ...

Sivavaraprasad, G.; Ratnam, Venkata; Padmaja, Sree; Sharvani, V.; Saiteja, G.; Mounika, Y.; Harsha, Babu;

Published by: Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica      Published on: 12/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0190-4

Dynamics of ionospheric disturbances during the 17\textendash19 March 2015 geomagnetic storm over East Asia

Polekh, N.; Zolotukhina, N.; Kurkin, V.; Zherebtsov, G.; Shi, J.; Wang, G.; Wang, Z.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 12/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.09.030

Ionosphere VHF scintillations over Vaddeswaram (Geographic Latitude 16.31\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 80.30\textdegreeE, Dip 18\textdegreeN), a latitude Indian station \textendash A case study

This research reports the 250\ MHz amplitude ionosphere scintillations recorded at Vaddeswaram (Geographic Latitude 16.31\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 80.30\textdegreeE, Dip 18\textdegreeN), a low-latitude station in India. Though amplitude scintillations were recorded for four continuous days (05\textendash08 November 2011), the presence of intense and long-duration scintillations on 06 November 2011 instigated us to verify the ionosphere background conditions. This research, therefore, is also used important d ...

Brahmanandam, P.S.; Uma, G.; Pant, T.K.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.06.051

Investigation of the causes of the longitudinal variation of the electron density in the Weddell Sea Anomaly

This paper investigates and quantifies the causes of the Weddell Sea Anomaly (WSA), a region near the tip of South America extending from approximately 30\textdegree to 120\textdegreeW geographic longitude and 50\textdegree to 75\textdegreeS geographic latitude at solar minimum between 2007 and 2010. This region is unusual because the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. This study is far more quantitative than previous studies because, unlike other models, it assimilates sele ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shih-Ping; Drob, D.; Dandenault, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023565


Impacts of SABER CO 2 -based eddy diffusion coefficients in the lower thermosphere on the ionosphere/thermosphere

This work estimates global-mean Kzz using Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry/Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics monthly global-mean CO2 profiles and a one-dimensional transport model. It is then specified as a lower boundary into the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). Results first show that global-mean CO2 in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region has annual and semiannual oscillat ...

Salinas, Cornelius; Chang, Loren; Liang, Mao-Chang; Yue, Jia; Russell, James; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023161

Ionospheric effects of magnetospheric and thermospheric disturbances on March 17\textendash19, 2015

Using vertical and oblique radio-sounding data, we analyze the ionospheric and thermospheric disturbances during the magnetic storm that occurred in northeastern Russia on March 17\textendash19, 2015. We consider the heliospheric sources that induced the magnetic storm. During the main and early recovery phases, the midlatitude stations are characterized by extremely low values of electron density at the F2 layer maximum. Using oblique sounding data, we recorded signals that propagated outside the great circle ar ...

Polekh, N.; Zolotukhina, N.; Romanova, E.; Ponomarchuk, S.; Kurkin, V.; Podlesnyi, A.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: 09/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793216040174

Long-term variations in the neutral gas composition of the thermosphere over Norilsk (2003\textendash2013)

Kushnarenko, Galina; Yakovleva, O.E.; Kuznetsova, G.M.;

Published by: Solnechno-Zemnaya Fizika      Published on: 08/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.12737/issue_58e1a5fe7dc198.3567233310.12737/21465

Peculiar features of the low-latitude and midlatitude ionospheric response to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storm of 17 March 2015

The current study aims at investigating and identifying the ionospheric effects of the geomagnetic storm that occurred during 17\textendash19 March 2015. Incidentally, with SYM-H hitting a minimum of -232\ nT, this was the strongest storm of the current solar cycle 24. The study investigates how the storm has affected the equatorial, low-latitude, and midlatitude ionosphere in the American and the European sectors using available ground-based ionosonde and GPS TEC (total electron content) data. The possible ...

Nayak, Chinmaya; Tsai, L.-C.; Su, S.-Y.; Galkin, I.; Tan, Adrian; Nofri, Ed; Jamjareegulgarn, Punyawi;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022489

Middle- and low-latitude ionosphere response to 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storm

This paper presents a study of the St Patrick\textquoterights Day storm of 2015, with its ionospheric response at middle and low latitudes. The effects of the storm in each longitudinal sector (Asian, African, American, and Pacific) are characterized using global and regional electron content. At the beginning of the storm, one or two ionospheric positive storm effects are observed depending on the longitudinal zones. After the main phase of the storm, a strong decrease in ionization is observed at all longitudes, lasting ...

Nava, B.; iguez-Zuluaga, Rodr\; Alazo-Cuartas, K.; Kashcheyev, A.; e, Migoya-Oru\; Radicella, S.M.; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Fleury, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 03/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022299


Ionospheric effects of solar flares and their associated particle ejections in March 2012

Flares of March 4\textendash9, 2012 were accompanied by an intensification of solar electromagnetic and corpuscular radiations and five coronal mass ejections. Bursts of X-rays and increased solar cosmic ray fluxes caused an increase in ionospheric absorption manifesting itself in data from vertical sounding stations as enhancements of the lowest frequency of reflections up to 4\textendash6\ MHz at the daytime and as the disappearance of reflections in the ionograms of high latitude stations. Interplanetary coronal m ...

Zolotukhina, N.; Polekh, N.; Kurkin, V.; Romanova, E.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 06/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2015.03.004

Ionospheric disturbance; Magnetic storm; X-ray flare; Solar cosmic rays; Coronal mass ejection


A case study of ionospheric storm effects during long-lasting southward IMF B z -driven geomagnetic storm

Multiple instrumental observations including GPS total electron content (TEC), foF2 and hmF2 from ionosondes, vertical ion drift measurements from Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System, magnetometer data, and far ultraviolet airglow measured by Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Global Ultraviolet Imager (TIMED/GUVI) are used to investigate the profound ionospheric disturbances at midlatitude and low latitude during the 14 ...

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Nakamura, Takuji; Zhao, Biqiang; Ning, Baiqi; Yoshikawa, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 09/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.910.1002/2014JA020273

GUVI; Ionospheric storm; prompt penetration electric fields; TIMED

Attribution of interminima changes in the global thermosphere and ionosphere

We present a statistical attribution analysis of the changes in global annual average thermospheric mass density and ionospheric total electron content (TEC) between the cycle 22/23 solar minimum (which occurred at epoch 1996.4) and the prolonged cycle 23/24 minimum (2008.8). The mass density data are derived from orbital drag, and the TEC data are derived from ground-based GPS receivers. The interminima change in mass density was -36\% relative to the 1996.4 yearly average. Considering each multiplicative forcing indepen ...

Emmert, J.; McDonald, S.; Drob, D.; Meier, R.; Lean, J.; Picone, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019484

ionosphere total electron content; solar minimum; thermosphere mass density

Geomagnetic control of equatorial plasma bubble activity modeled by the TIEGCM with Kp

Describing the day-to-day variability of Equatorial Plasma Bubble (EPB) occurrence remains a significant challenge. In this study we use the Thermosphere-Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIEGCM), driven by solar (F10.7) and geomagnetic (Kp) activity indices, to study daily variations of the linear Rayleigh-Taylor (R-T) instability growth rate in relation to the measured scintillation strength at five longitudinally distributed stations. For locations characterized ...

Carter, B.; Retterer, J.; Yizengaw, E.; Groves, K.; Caton, R.; McNamara, L.; Bridgwood, C.; Francis, M.; Terkildsen, M.; Norman, R.; Zhang, K.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060953

Equatorial ionosphere; plasma bubbles; TIEGCM

GPS L1-Frequency Observations of Equatorial Scintillations and Irregularity Zonal Velocities

In this work, the climatology of ionospheric scintillations at global positioning system (GPS) L-band frequency and the zonal drift velocities of scintillation-producing irregularities were depicted for the equatorial observatory of S\~ao Luis (2.33\textdegreeS; 44.21\textdegreeW; dip latitude 1.3\textdegreeS), Brazil. This is the first time that the hourly, monthly, and seasonal variations of scintillations and irregularity zonal drifts at S\~ao Luis were characterized during periods of different solar activity levels (f ...

Muella, Marcio; de Paula, Eurico; Jonah, Olusegun;

Published by: Surveys in Geophysics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1007/s10712-013-9252-0

GPS; Ionospheric drifts; ionospheric irregularities; Ionospheric scintillation

Effects of prolonged southward interplanetary magnetic field on low-latitude ionospheric electron density

The present work describes the low-latitude ionospheric variability during an unusually prolonged (~33 h) geomagnetically disturbed condition that prevailed during 15\textendash16 July 2012. The low-latitude electron density in summer hemisphere, investigated using ground- and satellite-based observations, responded to this by generating strong negative ionospheric storm on 16 July. The maximum electron density on 16 July over Indian low latitudes was reduced by more than 50\% compared to that on a geomagnetically quiet d ...

Bagiya, Mala; Hazarika, Rumajyoti; Laskar, Fazlul; Sunda, Surendra; Gurubaran, S.; Chakrabarty, D.; Bhuyan, P.; Sridharan, R.; Veenadhari, B.; Pallamraju, D.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020156

low-latitude ionosphere; neutral winds; prolonged southward IMF Bz; thermospheric neutral composition

A study on ionospheric scintillation near the EIA crest in relation to equatorial electrodynamics

Equatorial electrojet (EEJ) data, which are considered as a proxy index of equatorial electric field, are analyzed in conjunction with equatorial ionosonde, total electron content (TEC) and scintillation data near the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crest for the equinoctial months of high solar activity years (2011\textendash2012) to identify any precursor index of postsunset evolution of equatorial electron density irregularities and subsequent occurrence of scintillation near the northern EIA crest. Only geomagneti ...

Chatterjee, S.; Chakraborty, S.; Veenadhari, B.; Banola, S.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019466

scintillations in relation to equatorial electrodynamics


Auroral Precipitation Model and its applications to ionospheric and magnetospheric studies

Based on statistical treatment of DMSP F6 and F7 spacecraft observations, an interactive Auroral Precipitation Model (APM) parameterized by magnetic activity has been created (available at For a given level of magnetic activity the model yields a global distribution of elect ...

Vorobjev, V.G.; Yagodkina, O.I.; Katkalov, Yu.V.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 09/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.05.007

AL and Dst indexes; Auroral Precipitation Model; Dayside aurorae; Magnetic storm

Ionospheric response to a geomagnetic storm during November 8\textendash10, 2004

This paper investigates the response of the equatorial, and near equatorial, ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the period November 8-10, 2004. Ionosonde data from Trivandrum (8.5\textdegreeN 77\textdegreeE and dip 0.5\textdegreeN) and SHAR (13.5\textdegreeN, 80.2\textdegreeE, dip \~5.5\textdegreeN), magnetic field data from Tirunelveli (8.7\textdegreeN, 76.9\textdegreeE, dip latitude 0.5\textdegreeS) and Alibag (18.64\textdegreeN, 72.87\textdegreeE), and GUVI O/N2 data in the Indian longitude sector ...

Simi, K.; Manju, G.; Haridas, M.; Nayar, S.; Pant, Tarun; Alex, S.;

Published by: Earth, Planets and Space      Published on: 05/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.5047/eps.2012.09.005

Equatorial Electrojet; Equatorial ionization anomaly; geomagnetic storm; O/N2 ratio

Signatures of equatorial plasma bubbles in VHF satellite scintillations and equatorial ionograms

Since their discovery in the 1970s, equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) have been invoked to explain the propagation of VHF signals on trans-equatorial circuits at night, and blamed for highly detrimental scintillation of VHF and GHz trans-ionospheric communications signals in equatorial regions. Over the last four decades, the properties of EPBs have been deduced by multiple techniques such as incoherent scatter radar, 630 nm airglow, depletions in GPS total electron content observations, VHF and GHz scintillations, and HF ...

McNamara, L.; Caton, R.; Parris, R.; Pedersen, T.; Thompson, D.; Wiens, K.; Groves, K.;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: 03/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/rds.v48.210.1002/rds.20025

Equatorial ionosphere; equatorial plasma bubbles


Spatial distribution of auroral precipitation during storms caused by magnetic clouds

Yagodkina, O.I.; Despirak, I.V.; Vorobjev, V.G.;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: Jan-03-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2011.06.009

Bright polar mesospheric clouds formed by main engine exhaust from the space shuttle\textquoterights final launch

Stevens, Michael; Lossow, Stefan; Fiedler, Jens; Baumgarten, Gerd; übken, Franz-Josef; Hallgren, Kristofer; Hartogh, Paul; Randall, Cora; Lumpe, Jerry; Bailey, Scott; Niciejewski, R.; Meier, R.; Plane, John; Kochenash, Andrew; Murtagh, Donal; Englert, Christoph;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres      Published on: Apr-10-2013

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017638

GPS-TEC variations during low solar activity period (2007\textendash2009) at Indian low latitude stations

The paper is based on the ionospheric variations in terms of vertical total electron content (VTEC) for the low solar activity period from May 2007 to April 2009 based on the analysis of dual frequency signals from the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites recorded at ground stations Varanasi (Geographic latitude 25\textd ...

Kumar, Sanjay; Priyadarshi, S.; Krishna, Gopi; Singh, A.;

Published by: Astrophysics and Space Science      Published on: 05/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1007/s10509-011-0973-6

geomagnetic storm; GPS; Ionospheric total electron contents; IRI model


Electron concentration variations in the F1-region during magnetic storms in a low solar activity period

Polekh, N.; Kushnarenko, G.; Pirog, O.; Kolpakova, O.; Kuznetsova, G.;

Published by: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy      Published on: Jan-12-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793211080251

A study of the strong linear relationship between the equatorial ionization anomaly and the prereversal E \texttimes B drift velocity at solar minimum

McDonald, Sarah; Coker, Clayton; Dymond, Kenneth; Anderson, David; Araujo-Pradere, Eduardo;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: Jan-12-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011RS004702

Latitudinal profile of UV nightglow and electron precipitations

Dmitriev, A.V.; Yeh, H.-C.; Panasyuk, M.I.; Galkin, V.I.; Garipov, G.K.; Khrenov, B.A.; Klimov, P.A.; Lazutin, L.L.; Myagkova, I.N.; Svertilov, S.I.;

Published by: Planetary and Space Science      Published on: Jan-06-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2011.02.010

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