GUVI Biblio





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Found 122 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2021

The Thermospheric Column O/N2 Ratio

More than 2 decades ago, D. J. Strickland and colleagues proposed use of the O/N2 column number density ratio as a new geophysical quantity to interpret thermospheric processes recorded in far ultraviolet (FUV) images of the Earth. This concept has enabled multiple advances in understanding the global behavior of Earth s thermosphere. Nevertheless, confusion remains about the conceptual meaning of the column density ratio, and in the application of this integral quantity. This is so even though it is now a key thermospheric ...

Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA029059

disk algorithm; far UV remote sensing; GUVI; ICON; N2 LBH bands; Oxygen 135.6 nm

First Results From the Retrieved Column O/N2 Ratio From the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON): Evidence of the Impacts of Nonmigrating Tides

In near-Earth space, variations in thermospheric composition have important implications for thermosphere-ionosphere coupling. The ratio of O to N2 is often measured using far-UV airglow observations. Taking such airglow observations from space, looking below the Earth s limb allows for the total column of O and N2 in the ionosphere to be determined. While these observations have enabled many previous studies, determining the impact of nonmigrating tides on thermospheric composition has proved difficult, owing to a small con ...

England, Scott; Meier, R.; Frey, Harald; Mende, Stephen; Stephan, Andrew; Krier, Christopher; Cullens, Chihoko; Wu, Yen-Jung; Triplett, Colin; Sirk, Martin; Korpela, Eric; Harding, Brian; Englert, Christoph; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029575

airglow; atmospheric composition; Atmospheric tides; thermosphere

The thermospheric column O/N2 ratio

Meier, RR;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

2019

Annual and Semiannual Oscillations of Thermospheric Composition in TIMED/GUVI Limb Measurements

The Global UltraViolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite provides a data set of vertical thermospheric composition (O, N2, and O2 densities) and temperature profiles from 2002\textendash2007. Even though GUVI sampling is limited by orbital constraint, we demonstrated that the GUVI data set can be used to derive the altitude profiles of the amplitudes and phases of annual oscillation (AO) and semiannual oscillation (SAO), thereby pro ...

Yue, Jia; Jian, Yongxiao; Wang, Wenbin; Meier, R.R.; Burns, Alan; Qian, Liying; Jones, M.; Wu, Dong; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026544

Annual and semiannual oscillations of thermospheric composition in TIMED/GUVI limb measurements

Yue, Jia; Jian, Yongxiao; Wang, Wenbin; Meier, RR; Burns, Alan; Qian, Liying; , Jones; Wu, Dong; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

Investigation of the Causes of the Longitudinal and Solar Cycle Variation of the Electron Density in the Bering Sea and Weddell Sea Anomalies

This paper investigates and quantifies the longitudinal, solar cyclical, and diurnal variation of the ionosphere peak electron density observed by six ionosondes located between 18 and 151\textdegreeE near 60\textdegreeN. Embedded within this region is the Bering Sea anomaly (BSA) where the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. The BSA is a region West of Alaska extending from approximately 100\textdegree to 200\textdegree east geographic longitude and 55\textdegree to 70\textd ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shihping; Dandenault, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025413

Daytime O/N2 Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Far-Ultraviolet spectrometer, ICON FUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime far-ultraviolet (FUV) OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions that are used to determine thermospheric density profiles and state parameters related to thermospheric composition; specifically the thermospheric column O/N2 ratio (symbolized as ΣO/N2). This paper describes the algorithm concept that has been adapted and updated from one previous ...

Stephan, Andrew; Meier, R.; England, Scott; Mende, Stephen; Frey, Harald; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0477-6

Investigation of the causes of the longitudinal and solar cycle variation of the electron density in the Bering Sea and Weddell Sea anomalies

Richards, PG; Meier, RR; Chen, Shihping; Dandenault, P;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Daytime O/N2 retrieval algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

Stephan, Andrew; Meier, RR; England, Scott; Mende, Stephen; Frey, Harald; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space science reviews      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

2017

Investigation of the causes of the longitudinal variation of the electron density in the Weddell Sea Anomaly

This paper investigates and quantifies the causes of the Weddell Sea Anomaly (WSA), a region near the tip of South America extending from approximately 30\textdegree to 120\textdegreeW geographic longitude and 50\textdegree to 75\textdegreeS geographic latitude at solar minimum between 2007 and 2010. This region is unusual because the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. This study is far more quantitative than previous studies because, unlike other models, it assimilates sele ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shih-Ping; Drob, D.; Dandenault, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023565

2016

Analysis of TIMED/GUVI Dayglow Utraviolet Oxygen Images

Christensen, Andrew; Crowley, Geoff; Meier, Robert;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

2015

Radiative transfer modeling of the OI 135.6~nm emission in the nighttime ionosphere

Remote sensing of the nighttime OI 135.6\ nm emissions has been a widely used method for measuring the\ F\ region ionospheric plasma densities. In this work, we first develop a comprehensive radiative transfer model from first principles to investigate the effects of different physical processes on the production and transport of the 135.6\ nm photons in the ionosphere and then propose a new approach for estimating electron densities from the nightglow. The forward modeling investigation indic ...

Qin, Jianqi; Makela, Jonathan; Kamalabadi, Farzad; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v120.1110.1002/2015JA021687

OI 135.6-nm Emission; onosphere; Radiative transfer; remote sensing

Remote Sensing of Earth\textquoterights Limb by TIMED/GUVI: Retrieval of thermospheric composition and temperature

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite senses far ultraviolet emissions from O and N2 in the thermosphere. Transformation of far ultraviolet radiances measured on the Earth limb into O, N2, and O2 number densities and temperature quantifies these responses and demonstrates the value of simultaneous altitude and geographic information. Composition and temperature variations are available from 2002 to 2007 ...

Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Drob, D.; Bishop, J.; Emmert, J.; Lean, J.; Stephan, A.; Strickland, D.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Kil, H.; Wolven, B.; Woods, Thomas; Crowley, G.; Gibson, S.;

Published by: Earth and Space Science      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014EA000035

airglow and aurora; remote sensing; thermosphere: composition and chemistry; thermosphere: energy deposition

Radiative transfer modeling of the OI 135.6 nm emission in the nighttime ionosphere

Qin, Jianqi; Makela, Jonathan; Kamalabadi, Farzad; Meier, RR;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2015     DOI:

Remote sensing of Earth s limb by TIMED/GUVI: Retrieval of thermospheric composition and temperature

Meier, RR; Picone, JM; Drob, D; Bishop, J; Emmert, JT; Lean, JL; Stephan, AW; Strickland, DJ; Christensen, AB; Paxton, LJ; , others;

Published by: Earth and Space Science      Published on:

YEAR: 2015     DOI:

2014

Attribution of interminima changes in the global thermosphere and ionosphere

We present a statistical attribution analysis of the changes in global annual average thermospheric mass density and ionospheric total electron content (TEC) between the cycle 22/23 solar minimum (which occurred at epoch 1996.4) and the prolonged cycle 23/24 minimum (2008.8). The mass density data are derived from orbital drag, and the TEC data are derived from ground-based GPS receivers. The interminima change in mass density was -36\% relative to the 1996.4 yearly average. Considering each multiplicative forcing indepen ...

Emmert, J.; McDonald, S.; Drob, D.; Meier, R.; Lean, J.; Picone, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019484

ionosphere total electron content; solar minimum; thermosphere mass density

Quasi two day wave-related variability in the background dynamics and composition of the mesosphere/thermosphere and the ionosphere

Dissipating planetary waves in the mesosphere/lower thermosphere (MLT) region may cause changes in the background dynamics of that region, subsequently driving variability throughout the broader thermosphere/ionosphere system via mixing due to the induced circulation changes. We report the results of case studies examining the possibility of such coupling during the northern winter in the context of the quasi two day wave (QTDW)\textemdasha planetary wave that recurrently grows to large amplitudes from the summer MLT duri ...

Chang, Loren; Yue, Jia; Wang, Wenbin; Wu, Qian; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2014JA019936

composition; Ionosphere; mesosphere; quasi two day wave; thermosphere

Space shuttle exhaust plumes in the lower thermosphere: Advective transport and diffusive spreading

The space shuttle main engine plume deposited between 100 and 115\ km altitude is a valuable tracer for global-scale dynamical processes. Several studies have shown that this plume can reach the Arctic or Antarctic to form bursts of polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) within a few days. The rapid transport of the shuttle plume is currently not reproduced by general circulation models and is not well understood. To help delineate the issues, we present the complete satellite datasets of shuttle plume observations by the S ...

Stevens, Michael; Lossow, Stefan; Siskind, David; Meier, R.R.; Randall, Cora; Russell, James; Urban, Jo; Murtagh, Donal;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 02/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.12.004

Atmospheric dynamics; Lower thermosphere; Polar mesospheric clouds; Space shuttle exhaust

2013

On the fast zonal transport of the STS-121 space shuttle exhaust plume in the lower thermosphere

Meier et al. (2011) reported rapid eastward transport of the STS-121 space shuttle (launch: July 4, 2006) main engine plume in the lower thermosphere, observed in hydrogen Lyman α images by the GUVI instrument onboard the TIMED satellite. In ord ...

Yue, Jia; Liu, Han-Li; Meier, R.R.; Chang, Loren; Gu, Sheng-Yang; , Russell;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: Jan-03-2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.12.017

Modeling; thermosphere; Transport; Wind jet

Theoretical tools for studies of low-frequency thermospheric variability

[1]\ This paper supports studies of low-frequency variability (LFV) within the thermosphere by deriving approximate integral and closed-form solutions of a nontrivial model of thermospheric temperature, density, and composition depending on altitude and time. We also provide a paradigm for applying dimensional analysis in such studies. The domain is the region between the mesopause and the exobase. The solutions emphasize the connectedness of the thermosphere, i.e., nonlocal influences of LFV in key physical paramete ...

Picone, J.; Meier, R.; Emmert, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 09/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v118.910.1002/jgra.50472

dimensional analysis; low frequency variation; Pi Theorem; seasonal variation; semi-annual variation; thermospheric variability

Challenges and Opportunities for Advancing Ionosphere-Thermosphere Understanding through Remote Sensing from Space

Meier, RR;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

2012

Bright polar mesospheric clouds formed by main engine exhaust from the space shuttle\textquoterights final launch

Stevens, Michael; Lossow, Stefan; Fiedler, Jens; Baumgarten, Gerd; übken, Franz-Josef; Hallgren, Kristofer; Hartogh, Paul; Randall, Cora; Lumpe, Jerry; Bailey, Scott; Niciejewski, R.; Meier, R.; Plane, John; Kochenash, Andrew; Murtagh, Donal; Englert, Christoph;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres      Published on: Apr-10-2013

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017638

Upper Atmospheric Density Retrievals from UVIS Dayglow Observations of Titan

Stevens, Michael; Evans, JS; Ajello, JM; Bradley, ET; Meier, RR; Westlake, JH; Waite, JH;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

SAMI3 Simulations of Ionospheric Variability from 1996 to 2011

McDonald, SE; Lean, J; Huba, JD; Emmert, JT; Drob, DP; Siefring, CL; Meier, RR; Picone, J;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

2011

Global and regional trends in ionospheric total electron content

Lean, J.; Emmert, J.; Picone, J.; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016378

Ionospheric total electron content: Global and hemispheric climatology

Lean, J.; Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Emmert, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016567

O and N 2 disturbances in the F region during the 20 November 2003 storm seen from TIMED/GUVI

Kil, H.; Kwak, Y.-S.; Paxton, L.; Meier, R.; Zhang, Y.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016227

The production of Titan\textquoterights ultraviolet nitrogen airglow

Stevens, Michael; Gustin, Jacques; Ajello, Joseph; Evans, Scott; Meier, R.; Kochenash, Andrew; Stephan, Andrew; Stewart, Ian; Esposito, Larry; McClintock, William; Holsclaw, Greg; Bradley, Todd; Lewis, B.; Heays, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016284

Solar extreme ultraviolet irradiance: Present, past, and future

Lean, J.; Woods, T.; Eparvier, F.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.; Correira, J.; Evans, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015901

A study of space shuttle plumes in the lower thermosphere

Meier, R.; Stevens, Michael; Plane, John; Emmert, J.; Crowley, G.; Azeem, I.; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016987

Verification of large-scale rapid transport in the lower thermosphere: Tracking the exhaust plume of STS-107 from launch to the Antarctic

Niciejewski, R.; Skinner, W.; Cooper, M.; Marshall, A.; Meier, R.; Stevens, M.; Ortland, D.; Wu, Q.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016277

Simulating Ionospheric Variability in the Descending Phase of Solar Cycle-23 using SAMI3

McDonald, SE; Lean, J; Huba, JD; Joyce, GR; Emmert, JT; Drob, DP; Stephan, AW; Siefring, CL; Meier, RR; Picone, J;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2011     DOI:

O and N2 disturbances in the F region during the 20 November 2003 storm seen from TIMED/GUVI

Kil, H; Kwak, Y-S; Paxton, LJ; Meier, RR; Zhang, Y;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2011     DOI:

2010

Can molecular diffusion explain Space Shuttle plume spreading?

Meier, R.; Plane, John; Stevens, Michael; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.; Crowley, G.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-04-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010GL042868

On the consistency of satellite measurements of thermospheric composition and solar EUV irradiance with Australian ionosonde electron density data

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Wilkinson, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015368

Effects of the Shuttle Plumes on the Chemistry and Energetics of the Lower Thermosphere

Azeem, SI; Crowley, G; Stevens, MH; Meier, RR;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

Dynamical Properties of Shuttle Plumes in the Lower Thermosphere

Meier, RR; Stevens, MH; Plane, JM; Emmert, JT; Crowley, G; Paxton, LJ; Christensen, AB; Azeem, SI;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

Correlative Observations with Space-Borne Direct Doppler Wind Instruments of the Rapid Transport of Shuttle Exhaust Plumes

Niciejewski, R; Meier, RR; Stevens, MH; Skinner, WR; Cooper, M; Marshall, A; Ortland, DA; Wu, Q;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

Integrating the Sun-Earth System for the Operational Environment (ISES-OE)

Lean, J.; Huba, J.; McDonald, S.; Slinker, S.; Drob, D.; Emmert, J.; Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Joyce, G.; Krall, J.; Stephan, A.; Roach, K.; Knight, H.; Plunkett, S.; Wu, C.-C.; Wood, B.; Wang, Y.-M.; Howard, R.; Chen, J.; Bernhardt, P.; Fedder, J.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

On and N2 disturbances in the F region during the 20 November 2003 storm seen from TIMED/GUVI

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Kwak, Young-Sil; Meier, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by: 38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly      Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

UV molecular spectroscopy from electron impact for applications to planetary atmospheres and astrophysics

Ajello, JM; Mangina, RS; Meier, RR;

Published by: Charged Particle and Photon Interactions With Matter: Recent Advances, Applications, and Interfaces      Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

Satellite Observations of Space Shuttle Main Engine Exhaust: Vertical Diffusion and Meridional Transport

Stevens, MH; Meier, RR; Plane, JM; Emmert, JT; Russell, J;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

2009

Sun-to-Earth Imaging for Operational Space Weather Monitoring

Chua, DH; Wood, BE; Slinker, SP; Meier, RR; Englert, CR; Socker, DG; Huba, J; Krall, J;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

Space Shuttle Impacts on Mesospheric Clouds and Iron Layers as Observed by Lidars and Satellites in the Antarctic and Arctic

Chu, X; Collins, RL; Stevens, MH; Plane, JM; Meier, RR; Deland, MT; Kelley, MC; Nicolls, MJ; Thurairajah, B; Varney, RH; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

The Production of Titan’s Far Ultraviolet Nitrogen Airglow

Stevens, Michael; Gustin, Jacques; Ajello, Joseph; Evans, Scott; Meier, RR; Stephan, Andrew; Stewart, Ian; Larsen, Kristopher; Esposito, Larry; McClintock, William;

Published by: Space      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

Measured and modeled ionospheric densities, temperatures, and winds during the international polar year

Richards, PG; Nicolls, MJ; Heinselman, CJ; Sojka, JJ; Holt, JM; Meier, RR;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

2008

XUV Photometer System (XPS): Improved Solar Irradiance Algorithm Using CHIANTI Spectral Models

Woods, Thomas; Chamberlin, Phillip; Peterson, W.; Meier, R.; Richards, Phil; Strickland, Douglas; Lu, Gang; Qian, Liying; Solomon, Stanley; Iijima, B.; Mannucci, A.; Tsurutani, B.;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: Jan-08-2008

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-008-9196-6

Comparison of Global Ultraviolet Imager limb and disk observations of column O/N 2 during a geomagnetic storm

Stephan, A.; Meier, R.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2008

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012599

Periodic modulations in thermospheric composition by solar wind high speed streams

Crowley, G.; Reynolds, A.; Thayer, J.; Lei, J.; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.; Zhang, Y.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-01-2008

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035745

Highlights of This Issue Space Sciences-L05101-Thermospheric global average density trends, 1967-2007, derived from orbits of 5000 near-Earth objects

Emmert, JT; Picone, IM; Meier, RR;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1029/2007GL032809



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