GUVI Biblio





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Found 39 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 39


2019

Annual and Semiannual Oscillations of Thermospheric Composition in TIMED/GUVI Limb Measurements

The Global UltraViolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite provides a data set of vertical thermospheric composition (O, N2, and O2 densities) and temperature profiles from 2002\textendash2007. Even though GUVI sampling is limited by orbital constraint, we demonstrated that the GUVI data set can be used to derive the altitude profiles of the amplitudes and phases of annual oscillation (AO) and semiannual oscillation (SAO), thereby pro ...

Yue, Jia; Jian, Yongxiao; Wang, Wenbin; Meier, R.R.; Burns, Alan; Qian, Liying; Jones, M.; Wu, Dong; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 04/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026544

Annual and semiannual oscillations of thermospheric composition in TIMED/GUVI limb measurements

Yue, Jia; Jian, Yongxiao; Wang, Wenbin; Meier, RR; Burns, Alan; Qian, Liying; , Jones; Wu, Dong; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

Investigation of the Causes of the Longitudinal and Solar Cycle Variation of the Electron Density in the Bering Sea and Weddell Sea Anomalies

This paper investigates and quantifies the longitudinal, solar cyclical, and diurnal variation of the ionosphere peak electron density observed by six ionosondes located between 18 and 151\textdegreeE near 60\textdegreeN. Embedded within this region is the Bering Sea anomaly (BSA) where the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. The BSA is a region West of Alaska extending from approximately 100\textdegree to 200\textdegree east geographic longitude and 55\textdegree to 70\textd ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shihping; Dandenault, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025413

Daytime O/N2 Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Far-Ultraviolet spectrometer, ICON FUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime far-ultraviolet (FUV) OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions that are used to determine thermospheric density profiles and state parameters related to thermospheric composition; specifically the thermospheric column O/N2 ratio (symbolized as ΣO/N2). This paper describes the algorithm concept that has been adapted and updated from one previous ...

Stephan, Andrew; Meier, R.; England, Scott; Mende, Stephen; Frey, Harald; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0477-6

2017

Investigation of the causes of the longitudinal variation of the electron density in the Weddell Sea Anomaly

This paper investigates and quantifies the causes of the Weddell Sea Anomaly (WSA), a region near the tip of South America extending from approximately 30\textdegree to 120\textdegreeW geographic longitude and 50\textdegree to 75\textdegreeS geographic latitude at solar minimum between 2007 and 2010. This region is unusual because the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. This study is far more quantitative than previous studies because, unlike other models, it assimilates sele ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shih-Ping; Drob, D.; Dandenault, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023565

2015

Radiative transfer modeling of the OI 135.6~nm emission in the nighttime ionosphere

Remote sensing of the nighttime OI 135.6\ nm emissions has been a widely used method for measuring the\ F\ region ionospheric plasma densities. In this work, we first develop a comprehensive radiative transfer model from first principles to investigate the effects of different physical processes on the production and transport of the 135.6\ nm photons in the ionosphere and then propose a new approach for estimating electron densities from the nightglow. The forward modeling investigation indic ...

Qin, Jianqi; Makela, Jonathan; Kamalabadi, Farzad; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v120.1110.1002/2015JA021687

OI 135.6-nm Emission; onosphere; Radiative transfer; remote sensing

Remote Sensing of Earth\textquoterights Limb by TIMED/GUVI: Retrieval of thermospheric composition and temperature

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite senses far ultraviolet emissions from O and N2 in the thermosphere. Transformation of far ultraviolet radiances measured on the Earth limb into O, N2, and O2 number densities and temperature quantifies these responses and demonstrates the value of simultaneous altitude and geographic information. Composition and temperature variations are available from 2002 to 2007 ...

Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Drob, D.; Bishop, J.; Emmert, J.; Lean, J.; Stephan, A.; Strickland, D.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Kil, H.; Wolven, B.; Woods, Thomas; Crowley, G.; Gibson, S.;

Published by: Earth and Space Science      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014EA000035

airglow and aurora; remote sensing; thermosphere: composition and chemistry; thermosphere: energy deposition

2014

Attribution of interminima changes in the global thermosphere and ionosphere

We present a statistical attribution analysis of the changes in global annual average thermospheric mass density and ionospheric total electron content (TEC) between the cycle 22/23 solar minimum (which occurred at epoch 1996.4) and the prolonged cycle 23/24 minimum (2008.8). The mass density data are derived from orbital drag, and the TEC data are derived from ground-based GPS receivers. The interminima change in mass density was -36\% relative to the 1996.4 yearly average. Considering each multiplicative forcing indepen ...

Emmert, J.; McDonald, S.; Drob, D.; Meier, R.; Lean, J.; Picone, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019484

ionosphere total electron content; solar minimum; thermosphere mass density

Quasi two day wave-related variability in the background dynamics and composition of the mesosphere/thermosphere and the ionosphere

Dissipating planetary waves in the mesosphere/lower thermosphere (MLT) region may cause changes in the background dynamics of that region, subsequently driving variability throughout the broader thermosphere/ionosphere system via mixing due to the induced circulation changes. We report the results of case studies examining the possibility of such coupling during the northern winter in the context of the quasi two day wave (QTDW)\textemdasha planetary wave that recurrently grows to large amplitudes from the summer MLT duri ...

Chang, Loren; Yue, Jia; Wang, Wenbin; Wu, Qian; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2014JA019936

composition; Ionosphere; mesosphere; quasi two day wave; thermosphere

Space shuttle exhaust plumes in the lower thermosphere: Advective transport and diffusive spreading

The space shuttle main engine plume deposited between 100 and 115\ km altitude is a valuable tracer for global-scale dynamical processes. Several studies have shown that this plume can reach the Arctic or Antarctic to form bursts of polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) within a few days. The rapid transport of the shuttle plume is currently not reproduced by general circulation models and is not well understood. To help delineate the issues, we present the complete satellite datasets of shuttle plume observations by the S ...

Stevens, Michael; Lossow, Stefan; Siskind, David; Meier, R.R.; Randall, Cora; Russell, James; Urban, Jo; Murtagh, Donal;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 02/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2013.12.004

Atmospheric dynamics; Lower thermosphere; Polar mesospheric clouds; Space shuttle exhaust

2013

On the fast zonal transport of the STS-121 space shuttle exhaust plume in the lower thermosphere

Meier et al. (2011) reported rapid eastward transport of the STS-121 space shuttle (launch: July 4, 2006) main engine plume in the lower thermosphere, observed in hydrogen Lyman α images by the GUVI instrument onboard the TIMED satellite. In ord ...

Yue, Jia; Liu, Han-Li; Meier, R.R.; Chang, Loren; Gu, Sheng-Yang; , Russell;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: Jan-03-2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.12.017

Modeling; thermosphere; Transport; Wind jet

Theoretical tools for studies of low-frequency thermospheric variability

[1]\ This paper supports studies of low-frequency variability (LFV) within the thermosphere by deriving approximate integral and closed-form solutions of a nontrivial model of thermospheric temperature, density, and composition depending on altitude and time. We also provide a paradigm for applying dimensional analysis in such studies. The domain is the region between the mesopause and the exobase. The solutions emphasize the connectedness of the thermosphere, i.e., nonlocal influences of LFV in key physical paramete ...

Picone, J.; Meier, R.; Emmert, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 09/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v118.910.1002/jgra.50472

dimensional analysis; low frequency variation; Pi Theorem; seasonal variation; semi-annual variation; thermospheric variability

2012

Bright polar mesospheric clouds formed by main engine exhaust from the space shuttle\textquoterights final launch

Stevens, Michael; Lossow, Stefan; Fiedler, Jens; Baumgarten, Gerd; übken, Franz-Josef; Hallgren, Kristofer; Hartogh, Paul; Randall, Cora; Lumpe, Jerry; Bailey, Scott; Niciejewski, R.; Meier, R.; Plane, John; Kochenash, Andrew; Murtagh, Donal; Englert, Christoph;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres      Published on: Apr-10-2013

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017638

2011

Global and regional trends in ionospheric total electron content

Lean, J.; Emmert, J.; Picone, J.; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016378

Ionospheric total electron content: Global and hemispheric climatology

Lean, J.; Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Emmert, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016567

O and N 2 disturbances in the F region during the 20 November 2003 storm seen from TIMED/GUVI

Kil, H.; Kwak, Y.-S.; Paxton, L.; Meier, R.; Zhang, Y.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016227

The production of Titan\textquoterights ultraviolet nitrogen airglow

Stevens, Michael; Gustin, Jacques; Ajello, Joseph; Evans, Scott; Meier, R.; Kochenash, Andrew; Stephan, Andrew; Stewart, Ian; Esposito, Larry; McClintock, William; Holsclaw, Greg; Bradley, Todd; Lewis, B.; Heays, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016284

Solar extreme ultraviolet irradiance: Present, past, and future

Lean, J.; Woods, T.; Eparvier, F.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.; Correira, J.; Evans, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015901

A study of space shuttle plumes in the lower thermosphere

Meier, R.; Stevens, Michael; Plane, John; Emmert, J.; Crowley, G.; Azeem, I.; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016987

Verification of large-scale rapid transport in the lower thermosphere: Tracking the exhaust plume of STS-107 from launch to the Antarctic

Niciejewski, R.; Skinner, W.; Cooper, M.; Marshall, A.; Meier, R.; Stevens, M.; Ortland, D.; Wu, Q.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016277

2010

Can molecular diffusion explain Space Shuttle plume spreading?

Meier, R.; Plane, John; Stevens, Michael; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.; Crowley, G.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-04-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010GL042868

On the consistency of satellite measurements of thermospheric composition and solar EUV irradiance with Australian ionosonde electron density data

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Wilkinson, P.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015368

Integrating the Sun-Earth System for the Operational Environment (ISES-OE)

Lean, J.; Huba, J.; McDonald, S.; Slinker, S.; Drob, D.; Emmert, J.; Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Joyce, G.; Krall, J.; Stephan, A.; Roach, K.; Knight, H.; Plunkett, S.; Wu, C.-C.; Wood, B.; Wang, Y.-M.; Howard, R.; Chen, J.; Bernhardt, P.; Fedder, J.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

2008

XUV Photometer System (XPS): Improved Solar Irradiance Algorithm Using CHIANTI Spectral Models

Woods, Thomas; Chamberlin, Phillip; Peterson, W.; Meier, R.; Richards, Phil; Strickland, Douglas; Lu, Gang; Qian, Liying; Solomon, Stanley; Iijima, B.; Mannucci, A.; Tsurutani, B.;

Published by: Solar Physics      Published on: Jan-08-2008

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1007/s11207-008-9196-6

Comparison of Global Ultraviolet Imager limb and disk observations of column O/N 2 during a geomagnetic storm

Stephan, A.; Meier, R.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2008

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012599

Periodic modulations in thermospheric composition by solar wind high speed streams

Crowley, G.; Reynolds, A.; Thayer, J.; Lei, J.; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.; Zhang, Y.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-01-2008

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035745

2007

Constraining and validating the Oct/Nov 2003 X-class EUV flare enhancements with observations of FUV dayglow and E -region electron densities

Strickland, D.; Lean, J.; Daniell, R.; Knight, H.; Woo, W.; Meier, R.; Straus, P.; Woods, T.; Eparvier, F.; McMullin, D.; Christensen, A.; Morrison, D.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2007

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.1029/2006JA012074

2006

Global thermosphere-ionosphere response to onset of 20 November 2003 magnetic storm

Crowley, G.; Hackert, C.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.; Paxton, L.; Pi, X.; Mannucci, A.; Christensen, A.; Morrison, D.; Bust, G.; Roble, R.; Curtis, N.; Wene, G.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2006

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011518

2005

The global ionospheric asymmetry in total electron content

Mendillo, Michael; Huang, Chia-Lin; Pi, Xiaoqing; Rishbeth, Henry; Meier, Robert;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: Jan-10-2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2005.06.021

Morphology of the equatorial anomaly and equatorial plasma bubbles using image subspace analysis of Global Ultraviolet Imager data

Rishbeth, H.; Meddillo, M.; Huang, C.-L.; Pi, X.; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research-Part A-Space Physics      Published on: 11/2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

First look at the 20 November 2003 superstorm with TIMED/GUVI: Comparisons with a thermospheric global circulation model

The NASA TIMED/GUVI experiment obtained unprecedented far ultraviolet images of thermospheric composition and temperature during the intense geomagnetic storm on 20\textendash21 November 2003. Geographic maps of the atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen column density ratio show severe depletions that extend to the equator near the peak of the storm. This ratio is a key indicator of how the thermospheric composition is disrupted at high latitudes and how the perturbed air moves globally as a result of dynamical forcing. For ...

Meier, R.; Crowley, G.; Strickland, D.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Hackert, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 09/2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010990

dayglow; geomagnetic storm; GUVI; remote sensing; thermospheric composition; TIMED

Antarctic mesospheric clouds formed from space shuttle exhaust

New satellite observations reveal lower thermospheric transport of a space shuttle exhaust plume into the southern hemisphere two days after a January, 2003 launch. A day later, ground-based lidar observations in Antarctica identify iron ablated from the shuttle\textquoterights main engines. Additional satellite observations of polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) show a burst that constitutes 10\textendash20\% of the PMC mass between 65\textendash79\textdegreeS during the 2002\textendash2003 season, comparable to previous res ...

Stevens, Michael; Meier, R.; Chu, X.; DeLand, M.; Plane, J.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 07/2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023054

The October 28, 2003 extreme EUV solar flare and resultant extreme ionospheric effects: Comparison to other Halloween events and the Bastille Day event

Some of the most intense solar flares measured in 0.1 to 0.8 nm x-rays in recent history occurred near the end of 2003. The Nov 4 event is the largest in the NOAA records (X28) and the Oct 28 flare was the fourth most intense (X17). The Oct 29 flare was class X7. These flares are compared and contrasted to the July 14, 2000 Bastille Day (X10) event using the SOHO SEM 26.0 to 34.0 nm EUV and TIMED SEE 0.1\textendash194 nm data. High time resolution, \~30s ground-base GPS data and the GUVI FUV dayglow data are used to exami ...

Tsurutani, B.; Judge, D.; Guarnieri, F.; Gangopadhyay, P.; Jones, A.; Nuttall, J.; Zambon, G.A.; Didkovsky, L.; Mannucci, A.J.; Iijima, B.; Meier, R.; Immel, T.J.; Woods, T.; Prasad, S.; Floyd, L.; Huba, J.; Solomon, S.; Straus, P.; Viereck, R.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021475

E-Layer Variations During an X-Class Flare Inferred from Far Ultraviolet Dayglow Observations

Strickland, D.; Daniell, R.; Meier, R.; Lean, J.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

E-Layer Variations During X-Class Flares Inferred from Far Ultraviolet Dayglow Observations

A study is reported that addresses dayglow and ionospheric response to X-class flares that occurred on Oct 28 and Nov 4 2003. Data of interest are 1) the dayglow observations by GUVI and solar EUV/X-ray observations by SEE (both on NASA\textquoterights TIMED satellite), 2) E-region measurements made by the EISCAT radar (on Oct 28) located at Troms\o, Norway, and 3) E-region/F-region IOX GPS occultation measurements (on Nov 4). The timing of the flares was fortunate in that TIMED was on the dayside portion of its orbit whe ...

Strickland, D.~J.; Daniell, R.~E.; Meier, R.~R.; Lean, J.~L.; Straus, P.~R.; Morrison, M.~D.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts      Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

2479 Solar radiation and cosmic ray effects; 7519 Flares; 7549 Ultraviolet emissions; 7974 Solar effects

Global Thermosphere-Ionosphere Response to Geomagnetic Storms

Crowley, G.; Hackert, C.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.; Paxton, L.; Pi, X.; Manucci, A.; Christensen, A.; Morrison, D.; Bust, G.; Roble, R.; Curtis, N.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

2004

Quiet-time seasonal behavior of the thermosphere seen in the far ultraviolet dayglow

The TIMED/GUVI instrument is a far ultraviolet spectrograph that obtains images in five spectrally resolved wavelength channels. These images yield information on the dayside composition, temperature, solar EUV flux, large-scale wave structures, and auroral processes. In this paper we present an overview analysis of Earth-disk images for four seasons (March, July, and September 2002 and January 2003). Days were selected during geomagnetically quiet periods when the Sun was nearly in the orbital plane (noon orbits). Two of ...

Strickland, D.; Meier, R.; Walterscheid, R.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Craven, J.; Crowley, G.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 01/2004

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010220

far ultraviolet; remote sensing; seasonal behavior; thermosphere

Solar EUV irradiance variability derived from terrestrial far ultraviolet dayglow observations

Remotely sensed ultraviolet emissions from the Earth's upper atmosphere are shown to mirror fluctuations in solar EUV irradiance during July 2002, including the overall increase and decrease as the Sun rotated, and episodic increases associated with multiple solar flares. The TIMED/GUVI dayglow observations are used to derive a new quantity, QEUVGUVI, which is a measure of integrated solar EUV electromagnetic energy shortward of 45 nm. Both the absolute QEUVGUVI values and their modulation by solar rotation agree well with ...

Strickland, D.J.; Lean, J.L.; Meier, R.R.; Christensen, A.B.; Paxton, L.J.; Morrison, D.; Craven, J.D.; Walterscheid, R.L.; Judge, D.L.; McMullin, D.R.;

Published by: Geophysical research letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1029/2003GL018415

2003

Initial observations with the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) in the NASA TIMED satellite mission

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) instrument carried aboard the NASA TIMED satellite measures the spectral radiance of the Earth\textquoterights far ultraviolet airglow in the spectral region from 120 to 180 nm using a cross-track scanning spectrometer design. Continuous operation of the instrument provides images of the Earth\textquoterights disk and limb in five selectable spectral bands. Also, spectra at fixed scanning mirror position can be obtained. Initial results demonstrate the quantitative functionality of the ...

Christensen, AB; Paxton, LJ; Avery, S; Craven, J; Crowley, G; Humm, DC; Kil, H; Meier, RR; Meng, C-I; Morrison, D; , others;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics (1978\textendash2012)      Published on:

YEAR: 2003     DOI: 10.1029/2003JA009918

airglow; AURORA; ultraviolet; imaging; satellite; atmosphere



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