GUVI Biblio





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Found 79 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2020

Multi-scale ionosphere responses to the May 2017 magnetic storm over the Asian sector

We investigate multi-scale ionospheric responses to the May 27, 2017, geomagnetic storm over the Asian sector by using multi-instrumental observations, including ground-based global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) network, constellation observing system for meteorology, ionosphere and climate radio occultation, the FengYun-3C (FY-3C) GNSS occultation sounder electron density profiles and in situ plasma density observations provided by both Swarm and defense meteorological satellite program missions. This geomagnetic s ...

Liu, Lei; Zou, Shasha; Yao, Yibin; Aa, Ercha;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s10291-019-0940-1

Blob structure; Positive and negative ionosphere responses; TID; Geomagnetic storms

Modeled IMF B y Effects on the Polar Ionosphere and Thermosphere Coupling

There is still an inadequate understanding of how the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) east-west component (By) affects thermospheric composition, and other ionospheric and thermospheric fields in a systematic way. Utilizing the state-of-art first-principles Coupled Magnetosphere Ionosphere Thermosphere (CMIT) modeling and TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI)-observed ΣO/N2 covering an entire solar cycle (year 2002\textendash2016), as well as a neutral parcel trajectory tracin ...

Liu, Jing; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Yongliang;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026949

2019

New Aspects of the Ionospheric Behavior Over Millstone Hill During the 30-Day Incoherent Scatter Radar Experiment in October 2002

The geomagnetic storm-driven ionospheric changes and the involved processes are interesting and challenging topics in understanding and predicting the ionosphere. In this study we investigate the response of the ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the 30-day incoherent scatter radar measurements conducted at Millstone Hill (42.6\textdegreeN, 71.5\textdegreeW) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. During geomagnetically disturbed periods, while the peak electron density of the F2 layer (NmF2) and total electron cont ...

Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Zhang, Ruilong; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026806

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

2018

Transition of Interhemispheric Asymmetry of Equatorial Ionization Anomaly During Solstices

The magnitudes of the two crests of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) vary with local time. During the solstices, EIA crest in the winter hemisphere is larger than that in the summer hemisphere before noon/early afternoon. Whereafter, the crest in the summer hemisphere becomes intensified, and the stronger EIA crest transits to the summer hemisphere. Using Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate ionospheric radio occultation data, we examine the longitudinal and altitudinal variations of ...

Huang, He; Lu, Xian; Liu, Libo; Wang, Wenbin; Li, Qiaoling;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026055

On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes

Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large neutral temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region during geomagnetic storms. Here we undertake first-principles simulations of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperature responses to storms using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to elucidate the nature and causes of these changes. Temperature variations were not uniform; instead, ni ...

Li, Jingyuan; Wang, Wenbin; Lu, Jianyong; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Liu, Xiao; Zhang, Kedeng; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Li, Zheng;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078968

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Temporal Variability of Atomic Hydrogen From the Mesopause to the Upper Thermosphere

We investigate atomic hydrogen (H) variability from the mesopause to the upper thermosphere, on time scales of solar cycle, seasonal, and diurnal, using measurements made by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, and simulations by the National Center for Atmospheric Research Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model-eXtended (WACCM-X). In the mesopause region (85 to 95\ km), the seasonal and solar c ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stan; Smith, Anne; McInerney, Joseph; Hunt, Linda; Marsh, Daniel; Liu, Hanli; Mlynczak, Martin; Vitt, Francis;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024998

2017

The Storm Time Evolution of the Ionospheric Disturbance Plasma Drifts

In this paper, we use the C/NOFS and ROCSAT-1 satellites observations to analyze the storm time evolution of the disturbance plasma drifts in a 24\ h local time scale during three magnetic storms driven by long-lasting southward IMF Bz. The disturbance plasma drifts during the three storms present some common features in the periods dominated by the disturbance dynamo. The newly formed disturbance plasma drifts are upward and westward at night, and downward and eastward during daytime. Fu ...

Zhang, Ruilong; Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Kuai, Jiawei;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024637

The non-storm time corrugated upper thermosphere: What is beyond MSIS?

Observations in the recent decade have revealed many thermospheric density corrugations/perturbations under nonstorm conditions (Kp \< 2). They are generally not captured by empirical models like Mass Spectrometer Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) but are operationally important for long-term orbital evolution of Low Earth Orbiting satellites and theoretically for coupling processes in the atmosphere-ionosphere system. We review these density corrugations by classifying them into three types which are driven ...

Liu, Huixin; Thayer, Jeff; Zhang, Yongliang; Lee, Woo;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v15.610.1002/2017SW001618

A severe negative response of the ionosphere to the intense geomagnetic storm on March 17, 2015 observed at mid- and low-latitude stations in the China zone

In this paper, the critical frequency of F2 layer of the ionosphere (foF2) and the total electron content (TEC) recorded at mid- and low-latitude observation sites near 120\textdegreeE in the China zone were used to investigate the response to a severe geomagnetic storm on March 17, 2015 (the minimum Dst -223 nT at 23 UT). The results showed that the strong geomagnetic storm caused a massive effect on the ionosphere. The characteristics of foF2 and TEC did not show obvious perturbation during the mai ...

Liu, Guoqi; Shen, Hua;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.02.021

Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm

The July 2012 geomagnetic storm is an extreme space weather event in solar cycle 24, which is characterized by a southward interplanetary geomagnetic field lasting for about 30\ h below -10\ nT. In this work, multiple instrumental observations, including electron density from ionosondes, total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System, Jason-2, and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and the topside ion concentration observed by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft are used to ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wang, Yungang; Hu, Lianhuan;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023844

Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm

The July 2012 geomagnetic storm is an extreme space weather event in solar cycle 24, which is characterized by a southward interplanetary geomagnetic field lasting for about 30\ h below -10\ nT. In this work, multiple instrumental observations, including electron density from ionosondes, total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System, Jason-2, and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and the topside ion concentration observed by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft are used to ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wang, Yungang; Hu, Lianhuan;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023844

Analysis and design of the ultraviolet warning optical system based on interference imaging

Ultraviolet warning technology is one of the important methods for missile warning. It provides a very effective way to detect the target for missile approaching alarm. With the development of modern technology, especially the development of information technology at high speed, the ultraviolet early warning system plays an increasingly important role. Compared to infrared warning, the ultraviolet warning has high efficiency and low false alarm rate. In the modern warfare, how to detect the threats earlier, prevent and re ...

Wencong, Wang; Jin, Dong-dong; Chu, Xin-bo; Shi, Yu-feng; Song, Juan; Liu, Jin-sheng; Shao, Si-pei; Hu, Hui-jun; Xiao, Ting;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1117/12.2285832

2016

Analysis of the global ionospheric disturbances of the March 2015 great storm

The global ionospheric storm in March 2015 was investigated by using data from over 3000 GPS stations worldwide. In this study, total electron content (TEC), rate of TEC (ROT), and ROT\textquoterights standard deviation rate of the TEC index, as well as the second-order difference operator TECT, were considered as main characteristic methods to distinguish ionosphereic disturbances. The results show that (1) based on the multiple methods above, we all observed that for the first time, there were three equatorward travelin ...

Yao, Yibin; Liu, Lei; Kong, Jian; Zhai, Changzhi;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023352

Long-lasting negative ionospheric storm effects in low and middle latitudes during the recovery phase of the 17 March 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this paper, an ionospheric electron density reanalysis algorithm was used to generate global optimized electron density during the 17\textendash18 March 2013 geomagnetic storm by assimilating ~10 low Earth orbit satellites based and ~450 ground global navigation satellite system receiver-based total electron content into a background ionospheric model. The reanalyzed electron density could identify the large-scale ionospheric features quite well during storm time, including the storm-enhanced density, the positive iono ...

Yue, Xinan; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Wan, Weixing; Liu, Libo; Hu, Lianhuan; Zhao, Biqiang; Schreiner, William;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022984

Variability and predictability of the space environment as related to lower atmosphere forcing

The Earth\textquoterights thermosphere and ionosphere (TI) are characterized by perpetual variability as integral parts of the atmosphere system, with intermittent disturbances from solar and geomagnetic forcing. This review examines how the TI variability is affected by processes originating from the lower atmosphere and implications for quantifying and forecasting the TI. This aspect of the TI variability has been increasingly appreciated in recent years from both observational and numerical studies, especially during t ...

Liu, H.-L.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016SW001450

The observation and simulation of ionospheric response to CIR/high-speed streams-induced geomagnetic activity on 4 April 2005

The ionospheric response to corotating interaction region (CIR)-induced geomagnetic activity on 4 April 2005 has been studied using in situ electron density measurements, ground GPS-total electron content (TEC) observations, and numerical simulations of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). The case study resulted that the ionospheric positive response occurred from high to low latitudes. The positive effect at low latitudes could continue ...

Chen, Yanhong; Wang, Wenbin; Qiu, Na; Liu, Siqing; Gong, Jiancun; Huang, Wengeng;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/rds.v51.810.1002/2015RS005937

Equatorial ionospheric plasma drifts and O + concentration enhancements associated with disturbance dynamo during the 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights Day magnetic storm

Disturbance dynamo is an important dynamic process during magnetic storms. However, very few direct observations of dynamo-induced plasma drifts and ion composition changes in the equatorial ionosphere are available. In this study, we use measurements of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites to identify the characteristics of the disturbance dynamo process in the topside equatorial ionosphere near dawn during the magnetic storm with a minimum Dst of -223 nT on 17 March 2015. Data from fou ...

Huang, Chao-Song; Wilson, Gordon; Hairston, Marc; Zhang, Yongliang; Wang, Wenbin; Liu, Jing;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023072

Ionospheric data assimilation with thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model and GPS-TEC during geomagnetic storm conditions

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of rapid assimilation-forecast cycling on the performance of ionospheric data assimilation during geomagnetic storm conditions. An ensemble Kalman filter software developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), called Data Assimilation Research Testbed, is applied to assimilate ground-based GPS total electron content (TEC) observations into a theoretical numerical model of the thermosphere and ionosphere (NCAR thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodyn ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Matsuo, T.; Chen, W.; Lee, I.; . Y. Liu, J; Lin, J.; Hsu, C.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021787

2015

The August 2011 URSI World Day campaign: Initial results

During a 10-day URSI World Day observational campaign beginning on August 1, 2011, an isolated, major geomagnetic storm occurred. On August 5,\ Kp\ reached values of 8-and\ Dst\ dropped to -113\ nT. The occurrence of this isolated storm in the middle of a 10-day URSI World Day campaign provides and unprecedented opportunity to observe the coupling of solar wind energy into the magnetosphere and to evaluate the varied effects that occur in the coupled magnetosphere\text ...

Immel, Thomas; Liu, Guiping; England, Scott; Goncharenko, Larisa; Erickson, Philip; Lyashenko, Mykhaylo; Milla, Marco; Chau, Jorge; Frey, Harald; Mende, Stephen; Zhou, Qihou; Stromme, Anja; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.09.005

Aeronomy; Ionosphere; Radar; thermosphere

Explaining solar cycle effects on composition as it relates to the winter anomaly

The solar cycle variation of\ F2\ region winter anomaly is related to solar cycle changes in the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2. Here we use the National Center for Atmospheric Research\textendashGlobal Mean Model to develop a concept of why the latitudinal winter-to-summer difference of O/N2\ varies with solar cycle. The main driver for these seasonal changes in composition is vertical advection, which is expressed most simply in pressure coordinat ...

Burns, A.; Solomon, S.; Wang, W.; Qian, L.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Yue, X.; Thayer, J.; Liu, H.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021220

composition; solar cycle; upper atmosphere

Multiday thermospheric density oscillations associated with variations in solar radiation and geomagnetic activity

Thermospheric densities observed by Challenging Minisatellite Payload and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment satellites during 2002\textendash2010 and the globally averaged thermospheric densities from 1967 to 2007 have been used to investigate latitudinal, longitudinal, and height dependences of the multiday oscillations of thermospheric densities. The data show that the main multiday oscillations in thermospheric densities are 27, 13.5, 9, and 7 day oscillations. The high-correlation coefficients between the densit ...

Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Shunrong; Liu, Xiao; Yuan, Wei;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020830

oscillation; thermospheric density

Ionospheric response to CIR-induced recurrent geomagnetic activity during the declining phase of solar cycle 23

This paper presents an epoch analysis of global ionosphere responses to recurrent geomagnetic activity during 79 corotating interaction region (CIR) events from 2004 to 2009. The data used were GPS total electron content (TEC) data from the Madrigal Database at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory and the electron density (Ne) data obtained from CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) observations. The results show that global ionosphere responses to CIR events have some common features. In hig ...

Chen, Yanhong; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Liu, Siqing; Gong, Jiancun; Yue, Xinan; Jiang, Guoying; Coster, Anthea;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020657

CIR events; epoch study; Ionospheric response; recurrent geomagnetic activity

The long-duration positive storm effects in the equatorial ionosphere over Jicamarca

The long-duration positive storm (LPS) in the equatorial regions is relatively poorly understood. In this report, we conducted a statistical analysis of the LPS effects in the equatorial ionosphere over Jicamarca (12.0\textdegreeS, 283.2\textdegreeE) in 1998\textendash2010. There are 250 geomagnetic storms (minimum Dst \< -50 nT) in 1998\textendash2010, but the ionosonde observations at Jicamarca are available only for 204 storms. A total of 46 LPSs are identified in terms of the criterion that the storm time ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020552

ionospheric long-duration positive storms

The long-duration positive storm effects in the equatorial ionosphere over Jicamarca

The long-duration positive storm (LPS) in the equatorial regions is relatively poorly understood. In this report, we conducted a statistical analysis of the LPS effects in the equatorial ionosphere over Jicamarca (12.0\textdegreeS, 283.2\textdegreeE) in 1998\textendash2010. There are 250 geomagnetic storms (minimum Dst \< -50 nT) in 1998\textendash2010, but the ionosonde observations at Jicamarca are available only for 204 storms. A total of 46 LPSs are identified in terms of the criterion that the storm time ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020552

ionospheric long-duration positive storms

Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceIntelligence Science and Big Data Engineering. Big Data and Machine Learning TechniquesAuroral Oval Boundary Modeling Based on Deep Learning Method

Research on the location of the auroral oval is important to understand the coupling processes of the Sun-Earth system. The equatorward boundary and poleward boundary of the auroral oval are significant parameters of the auroral oval location. Thus auroral oval boundary modeling is an efficient way to study the location of auroral oval. As the location of the auroral oval boundary is subject to a variety of geomagnetic factors, there are some limitations on traditional methods, which express the auroral oval boundary as a ...

Han, Bing; Gao, Xinbo; Liu, Hui; Wang, Ping;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23862-310.1007/978-3-319-23862-3_10

2014

A case study of ionospheric storm effects during long-lasting southward IMF B z -driven geomagnetic storm

Multiple instrumental observations including GPS total electron content (TEC), foF2 and hmF2 from ionosondes, vertical ion drift measurements from Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System, magnetometer data, and far ultraviolet airglow measured by Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Global Ultraviolet Imager (TIMED/GUVI) are used to investigate the profound ionospheric disturbances at midlatitude and low latitude during the 14 ...

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Nakamura, Takuji; Zhao, Biqiang; Ning, Baiqi; Yoshikawa, A.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.910.1002/2014JA020273

GUVI; Ionospheric storm; prompt penetration electric fields; TIMED

A case study of ionospheric storm effects during long-lasting southward IMF B z -driven geomagnetic storm

Multiple instrumental observations including GPS total electron content (TEC), foF2 and hmF2 from ionosondes, vertical ion drift measurements from Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System, magnetometer data, and far ultraviolet airglow measured by Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Global Ultraviolet Imager (TIMED/GUVI) are used to investigate the profound ionospheric disturbances at midlatitude and low latitude during the 14 ...

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Nakamura, Takuji; Zhao, Biqiang; Ning, Baiqi; Yoshikawa, A.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.910.1002/2014JA020273

GUVI; Ionospheric storm; prompt penetration electric fields; TIMED

Spherical cap harmonic analysis of the Arctic ionospheric TEC for one solar cycle

Precise knowledge of the Arctic ionosphere total electron content (TEC) and its variations has scientific relevance due to the unique characteristics of the polar ionosphere. Understanding the Arctic TEC is also important for precise positioning and navigation in the Arctic. This study utilized the spherical cap harmonic analysis (SCHA) method to map the Arctic TEC for the most recent solar cycle from 2000 to 2013 and analyzed the distributions and variations of the Arctic TEC at different temporal and spatial scales. Eve ...

Liu, Jingbin; Chen, Ruizhi; An, Jiachun; Wang, Zemin; Hyyppa, Juha;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019501

Arctic navigation; ionosphere mapping and prediction; polar ionosphere; regional ionosphere model; spherical cap harmonic analysis

2013

On the fast zonal transport of the STS-121 space shuttle exhaust plume in the lower thermosphere

Meier et al. (2011) reported rapid eastward transport of the STS-121 space shuttle (launch: July 4, 2006) main engine plume in the lower thermosphere, observed in hydrogen Lyman α images by the GUVI instrument onboard the TIMED satellite. In ord ...

Yue, Jia; Liu, Han-Li; Meier, R.R.; Chang, Loren; Gu, Sheng-Yang; , Russell;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.12.017

Modeling; thermosphere; Transport; Wind jet

Thermospheric tidal effects on the ionospheric midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly using SAMI3 and TIEGCM

This paper is the first study to employ a three-dimensional physics-based ionosphere model, SAMI3, coupled with the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIEGCM) and Global Scale Wave Model to simulate the mesospheric and lower thermospheric tidal effects on the development of midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly (MSNA). Using this coupled model, the diurnal variation of MSNA electron densities at 300 km altitude is simulated on both June solstice (day ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Chang, L.; Huba, J.; Lin, J.; Saito, A.; . Y. Liu, J;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50340

MSNA; SAMI3; tidal effect; TIEGCM

Ground-based GPS observation of SED-associated irregularities over CONUS

\ It has been known that steep total electron content (TEC) gradients observed at the boundary between the storm-enhanced plasma density (SED) and the low TEC region at subauroral and midlatitude regions are associated with ionospheric irregularities that impact communication and navigation systems. However, the relationship between the SED-associated irregularities and TEC gradients is still not well understood, partly because of the difficulties of resolving small-scale TEC gradients from sparsely distributed TEC o ...

Sun, Yang-Yi; Matsuo, Tomoko; Araujo-Pradere, Eduardo; Liu, Jann-Yenq;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018103

data assimilation; irregularity; nonstationary covariance; SED; TEC gradient

Large-scale ionospheric disturbances due to the dissipation of convectively-generated gravity waves over Brazil

In a companion paper, we show that large-scale secondary gravity waves and circulation cells are created by the body forces generated by the dissipation of convectively generated gravity waves over Brazil on 01 October 2005. In this paper, we show that these fluid perturbations cause large-scale perturbations of the plasma drift and plasma density in the ionosphere by changing the wind dynamo and transport. These fluid perturbations modify both the amplitude and direction of the plasma drifts. Near the geomagnetic equator ...

Liu, H.-L.; Vadas, S.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50244

atmosphere coupling; atmosphere gravity wave; ionospheric variability; tropospheric convection

Physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms

The paper studies the physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes, which are generally opposite both during the main phase (MP) and recovery phase (RP) of geomagnetic storms. The mechanisms are based on the natural tendency of physical systems to occupy minimum energy state which is most stable. The paper first illustrates the recent developments in the understanding of the mechanisms during daytime MPs when generally negative ionospheric storms (in Nmax and TEC) develop at equatorial ...

Balan, N.; Otsuka, Y.; Nishioka, M.; . Y. Liu, J; Bailey, G.;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50275

Geomagnetic storms; Ionospheric storms; physical mechanisms

Impacts of atmospheric ultrafast Kelvin waves on radio scintillations in the equatorial ionosphere

We present a statistical analysis of the amplitudes of GPS scintillations (S4 index) observed throughout 2008\textendash2010 using the satellite radio occultation measurements of the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC). Here, for the first time, periodic variability in the occurrence of S4 is investigated using these data. Significant variations of S4 with periods of 2.5\textendash4 days (quasi-3 days) are identified from the observations during postsunset hours (1900\textendas ...

Liu, Guiping; Immel, Thomas; England, Scott; Frey, Harald; Mende, Stephen; Kumar, Karanam; Ramkumar, Geetha;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50139

day-to-day variability; Equatorial ionosphere; scintillation; Ultra Fast Kelvin planetary wave

East-west differences in F -region electron density at midlatitude: Evidence from the Far East region

The global configuration of the geomagnetic field shows that the maximum east-west difference in geomagnetic declination of northern middle latitude lies in the US region (~32\textdegree), which produces the significant ionospheric east-west coast difference in terms of total electron content first revealed by Zhang et al. (2011). For verification, it is valuable to investigate this feature over the Far East area, which also shows significant geomagnetic declination east-west gradient but smaller (~15\textdegree) than tha ...

Zhao, Biqiang; Wang, Min; Wang, Yungang; Ren, Zhipeng; Yue, Xinan; Zhu, Jie; Wan, Weixing; Ning, Baiqi; Liu, Jing; Xiong, Bo;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018235

geomagnetic declination; longitudinal variation; midlatitude ionosphere

2012

A simulation study for the couplings between DE3 tide and longitudinal WN4 structure in the thermosphere and ionosphere

Wan, W.; Ren, Z.; Ding, F.; Xiong, J.; Liu, L.; Ning, B.; Zhao, B.; Li, G.; Zhang, M.-L.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.04.011

Equinoctial asymmetry in solar activity variations of NmF2 and TEC

Chen, Y.; Liu, L.; Wan, W.; Ren, Z.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-30-613-2012

High-speed stream impacts on the equatorial ionization anomaly region during the deep solar minimum year 2008

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Zhao, Biqiang; Wei, Yong; Hu, Lianhuan; Xiong, B.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018015

High-speed stream impacts on the equatorial ionization anomaly region during the deep solar minimum year 2008

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Zhao, Biqiang; Wei, Yong; Hu, Lianhuan; Xiong, B.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018015

The impact of helium on thermosphere mass density response to geomagnetic activity during the recent solar minimum

Thayer, J.; Liu, X.; Lei, J.; Pilinski, M.; Burns, A.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017832

Ionospheric and thermospheric storms at equatorial latitudes observed by CHAMP, ROCSAT, and DMSP

Balan, N.; . Y. Liu, J; Otsuka, Y.; Ram, Tulasi; ühr, H.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016903

Superposed epoch analyses of thermospheric response to CIRs: Solar cycle and seasonal dependencies

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Zhao, Biqiang; Lei, Jiuhou; Thayer, Jeffrey; McPherron, Robert;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017315

Superposed epoch analyses of thermospheric response to CIRs: Solar cycle and seasonal dependencies

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Zhao, Biqiang; Lei, Jiuhou; Thayer, Jeffrey; McPherron, Robert;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017315

Ionospheric plasma caves under the equatorial ionization anomaly

This paper reports the existence of plasma caves, minima in the electron density located at 5\textendash10\textdegree to the magnetic equator, in the bottomside ionosphere based on electron densities simulations from the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2007) and clear evidences given by plasma density and drift measurements of the Dynamic Explorer 2 (DE 2) satellite during 1981\textendash1983. The IRI simulations suggest plasma caves as daytime features (08:00\textendash19:00 LT; length of 18,158 km in the longitu ...

Lee, I.; . Y. Liu, J; Lin, C.; Oyama, K.-I.; . Y. Chen, C; Chen, C.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017868

Dynamic Explorer 2; Equatorial ionization anomaly; plasma cave

Assimilation of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC electron density profiles into a coupled thermosphere/ionosphere model using ensemble Kalman filtering

This paper presents our effort to assimilate FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (F3/C) GPS Occultation Experiment (GOX) observations into the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM) by means of ensemble Kalman filtering (EnKF). The F3/C electron density profiles (EDPs) uniformly distributed around the globe which provide an excellent opportunity to monitor the ionospheric electron density structure. The NCAR TIE-GCM simulates the Earth\textquoterights ther ...

Lee, I.; Matsuo, T.; Richmond, A.; . Y. Liu, J; Wang, W.; Lin, C.; Anderson, J.; Chen, M.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017700

data assimilation; ensemble Kalman filter; FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; Ionosphere

Influence of interplanetary solar wind sector polarity on the ionosphere

Knowledge of solar sector polarity effects on the ionosphere may provide some clues in understanding of the ionospheric day-to-day variability and \textquotedbllefthysteresis\textquotedblright effect on foF2. Ionospheric response to changes in solar sector polarity has not been fully documented previously, partly due to the limitation of observations. In this study, a solar-terrestrial connection ranging from solar sector boundary (SB) crossings, geomagnetic disturbances and ionospheric perturbations has been demonstrated ...

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Zhao, Biqiang; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017859

interplanetary magnetic field; Ionospheric disturbance; solar sector polarity

Influence of interplanetary solar wind sector polarity on the ionosphere

Knowledge of solar sector polarity effects on the ionosphere may provide some clues in understanding of the ionospheric day-to-day variability and \textquotedbllefthysteresis\textquotedblright effect on foF2. Ionospheric response to changes in solar sector polarity has not been fully documented previously, partly due to the limitation of observations. In this study, a solar-terrestrial connection ranging from solar sector boundary (SB) crossings, geomagnetic disturbances and ionospheric perturbations has been demonstrated ...

Liu, Jing; Liu, Libo; Zhao, Biqiang; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017859

interplanetary magnetic field; Ionospheric disturbance; solar sector polarity



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