GUVI Biblio





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Found 152 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

New method for Earth neutral atmospheric density retrieval based on energy spectrum fitting during occultation with LE/Insight-HXMT

We propose a new method for retrieving the atmospheric number density profile in the lower thermosphere, based on the X-ray Earth occultation of the Crab Nebula with the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (Insight-HXMT) Satellite. The absorption and scattering of X-rays by the atmosphere result in changes in the X-ray energy, and the Earth’s neutral atmospheric number density can be directly retrieved by fitting the observed spectrum and spectrum model at different altitude ranges during the occultation process. The pointing ...

Yu, Daochun; Li, Haitao; Li, Baoquan; Ge, Mingyu; Tuo, Youli; Li, Xiaobo; Xue, Wangchen; Liu, Yaning;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.02.030

Atmospheric density vertical profile; Energy spectrum fitting; X-ray occultation

Measurement of the vertical atmospheric density profile from the X-ray Earth occultation of the Crab Nebula with Insight-HXMT

\textlessp\textgreater\textlessstrong class="journal-contentHeaderColor"\textgreaterAbstract.\textless/strong\textgreater X-ray Earth occultation sounding (XEOS) is an emerging method for measuring the neutral density in the lower thermosphere. In this paper, the X-ray Earth occultation (XEO) of the Crab Nebula is investigated using the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (Insight-HXMT). The pointing observation data on the 30 September 2018 recorded by the low-energy X-ray telescope (LE) of Insight-HXMT are selected and analyse ...

Yu, Daochun; Li, Haitao; Li, Baoquan; Ge, Mingyu; Tuo, Youli; Li, Xiaobo; Xue, Wangchen; Liu, Yaning; Wang, Aoying; Zhu, Yajun; Luo, Bingxian;

Published by: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.5194/amt-15-3141-2022

Far-ultraviolet airglow remote sensing measurements on Feng Yun 3-D meteorological satellite

\textlessp\textgreater\textlessstrong class="journal-contentHeaderColor"\textgreaterAbstract.\textless/strong\textgreater The Ionospheric Photometer (IPM) is carried on the Feng Yun 3-D (FY3D) meteorological satellite, which allows for the measurement of far-ultraviolet (FUV) airglow radiation in the thermosphere. IPM is a compact and high-sensitivity nadir-viewing FUV remote sensing instrument. It monitors 135.6 nm emission in the nightside thermosphere and 135.6 nm and N\textlessspan class="inline-formula"\textgreater$_\te ...

Wang, Yungang; Fu, Liping; Jiang, Fang; Hu, Xiuqing; Liu, Chengbao; Zhang, Xiaoxin; Li, JiaWei; Ren, Zhipeng; He, Fei; Sun, Lingfeng; Sun, Ling; Yang, Zhongdong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jingsong; Mao, Tian;

Published by: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.5194/amt-15-1577-2022

Plasma-neutral gas interactions in various space environments: Assessment beyond simplified approximations as a Voyage 2050 theme

In the White Paper, submitted in response to the European Space Agency (ESA) Voyage 2050 Call, we present the importance of advancing our knowledge of plasma-neutral gas interactions, and of deepening our understanding of the partially ionized environments that are ubiquitous in the upper atmospheres of planets and moons, and elsewhere in space. In future space missions, the above task requires addressing the following fundamental questions: (A) How and by how much do plasma-neutral gas interactions influence the re-distribu ...

Yamauchi, Masatoshi; De Keyser, Johan; Parks, George; Oyama, Shin-ichiro; Wurz, Peter; Abe, Takumi; Beth, Arnaud; Daglis, Ioannis; Dandouras, Iannis; Dunlop, Malcolm; Henri, Pierre; Ivchenko, Nickolay; Kallio, Esa; Kucharek, Harald; Liu, Yong; Mann, Ingrid; Marghitu, Octav; Nicolaou, Georgios; Rong, Zhaojin; Sakanoi, Takeshi; Saur, Joachim; Shimoyama, Manabu; Taguchi, Satoshi; Tian, Feng; Tsuda, Takuo; Tsurutani, Bruce; Turner, Drew; Ulich, Thomas; Yau, Andrew; Yoshikawa, Ichiro;

Published by: Experimental Astronomy      Published on: mar

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1007/s10686-022-09846-9

Collision cross-section; Future missions; Low-energy; Neutral gas; Plasma; Voyage 2050

Contribution of the lower atmosphere to the day-to-day variation of thermospheric density

In this paper we carried out a numerical experiment using the Specified Dynamics mode of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere eXtension (SD-WACCM-X). One SD-WACCM-X run was with realistic Kp and F10.7 and the other with constant Kp and F10.7. By comparing the day-to-day variability of thermosphere mass density at 300 km (low earth orbit, LEO) and 120 km (reentry level) in these two runs, we find that the density variation at 300 km is mainly driven by geomagnetic and solar forcing ...

Yue, Jia; Yu, Wandi; Pedatella, Nick; Bruinsma, Sean; Wang, Ningchao; Liu, Huixin;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jun

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.06.011

thermosphere; Lower atmosphere; Modeling; Satelllite drag

Optomechanical design of a wide-field auroral imager on Fengyun-3D

We present the optomechanical design and development of a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) on board the satellite Fengyun-3D. The optomechanical system of the WAI features a combination of a large field of view and a single-axis scanning mechanism. The combination makes the WAI perform better than its counterparts in temporal resolution in a low Earth orbit. In-orbit tests have verified the survival of WAI in the launching vibration and space environment. It has functioned on-orbit since 2018, with a spatial resolution of ∼ ...

Guo, Quanfeng; Chen, Bo; Liu, ShiJie; Song, KeFei; He, LingPing; He, Fei; Zhao, Weiguo; Wang, Zhongsu; Chen, Liheng; Shi, Guangwei;

Published by: Applied Optics      Published on: apr

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1364/AO.453949

Satellite In Situ Electron Density Observations of the Midlatitude Storm Enhanced Density on the Noon Meridional Plane in the F Region During the 20 November 2003 Magnetic Storm

Ionospheric storm enhanced density (SED) has been extensively investigated using total electron content deduced from GPS ground and satellite-borne receivers. However, dayside in situ electron density measurements have not been analyzed in detail for SEDs yet. We report in situ electron density measurements of a SED event in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) at the noon meridian plane measured by the Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) polar-orbiting satellite at about 390 km altitude during the 20 November 2003 magnetic st ...

Lin, Chin; Sutton, Eric; Wang, Wenbin; Cai, Xuguang; Liu, Guiping; Henney, Carl; Cooke, David;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029831

in situ plasma density; ionospheric electron density; prompt penetration electric field; Storm enhanced density; tongue of ionization

Extreme Enhancements of Electron Temperature in Low Latitude Topside Ionosphere During the October 2016 Storm

We use the in-situ observations of DMSP and SWARM satellites to report the changes of the topside ionospheric electron temperature during the October 2016 storm. Electron temperature in the afternoon sector dramatically increases in low latitudes in the recovery phase of the storm. Furthermore, the temperature enhancements have an obvious dependence on longitude and are mainly centralized around 100°–150°E in different satellite observations. The temperature enhancements attain more than 2,000 K at 840 km and 1,500 K at ...

Zhang, Ruilong; Liu, Libo; Ma, Han; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Yoshikawa, Akimasa;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030278

electron temperature; equatorial topisde; Ionospheric storm; vertical drift

Geomagnetic and Solar Dependencies of Midlatitude E-Region Irregularity Occurrence Rate: A Climatology Based on Wuhan VHF Radar Observations

By using Wuhan VHF radar, we show the morphological features of E-region field-aligned irregularity (FAI) occurrence at Wuhan during 2015–2020. Statistical results present that E-region FAI occurrence reaches a maximum after sunset in summer season. According to Doppler spectrum features, type-2 irregularity is predominantly observed at Wuhan. In addition, we observed a remarkable correlation between E-region FAI occurrence and geomagnetic activity, which includes periods of positive correlation and negative correlation de ...

Liu, Yi; Zhou, Chen; Xu, Tong; Deng, Zhongxin; Du, Zhitao; Lan, Ting; Tang, Qiong; Zhu, Yunzhou; Wang, Zhuangkai; Zhao, Zhengyu;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029597

2021

The nighttime ionospheric response and occurrence of equatorial plasma irregularities during geomagnetic storms: a case study

Recent studies revealed that the long-lasting daytime ionospheric enhancements of Total Electron Content (TEC) were sometimes observed in the Asian sector during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms (e.g., Lei (J Geophys Res Space Phys 123: 3217–3232, 2018), Li (J Geophys Res Space Phys 125: e2020JA028238, 2020). However, they focused only on the dayside ionosphere, and no dedicated studies have been performed to investigate the nighttime ionospheric behavior during such kinds of storm recovery phases. In this study, w ...

Wan, Xin; Xiong, Chao; Gao, Shunzu; Huang, Fuqing; Liu, Yiwen; Aa, Ercha; Yin, Fan; Cai, Hongtao;

Published by: Satellite Navigation      Published on: nov

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1186/s43020-021-00055-x

Equatorial plasma irregularity; Geomagneitc storm; Ionospheric response; longitudinal variations; Storm recovery phase

The distribution characteristics of GPS cycle slip over the China mainland and adjacent region during the declining solar activity (2015–2018) period of solar cycle 24

The Global Positioning System (GPS) cycle slip has a marked impact on the application of communication and navigation systems and therefore is one of the main concerns of the user and designer of terminal systems. In this study, we analyzed the temporal and spatial characteristics of cycle slip events using the GPS data detected from 260 observations in the China sector during the period of the year 2015–2018. The results show that the temporal variations of cycle slips are dependent on the local time, seasons, and solar a ...

Geng, Wei; Huang, Wengeng; Liu, Guoqi; Liu, Siqing; Luo, Binxian; Chen, Yanhong;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020RS007196

Monitoring; Delays; Global positioning system; Indexes; Receivers; Satellite broadcasting; Signal to noise ratio

The distribution characteristics of GPS cycle slip over the China mainland and adjacent region during the declining solar activity (2015–2018) period of solar cycle 24

The Global Positioning System (GPS) cycle slip has a marked impact on the application of communication and navigation systems and therefore is one of the main concerns of the user and designer of terminal systems. In this study, we analyzed the temporal and spatial characteristics of cycle slip events using the GPS data detected from 260 observations in the China sector during the period of the year 2015–2018. The results show that the temporal variations of cycle slips are dependent on the local time, seasons, and solar a ...

Geng, Wei; Huang, Wengeng; Liu, Guoqi; Liu, Siqing; Luo, Binxian; Chen, Yanhong;

Published by: Radio Science      Published on: may

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020RS007196

Monitoring; Delays; Global positioning system; Indexes; Receivers; Satellite broadcasting; Signal to noise ratio

Ionospheric response to the 17 March and 22 June 2015 geomagnetic storms over Wuhan region using GNSS-based tomographic technique

By using the data of GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) observation from Crustal Movement Observation Network of China (CMONOC), ionospheric electron density (IED) distributions reconstructed by using computerized ionospheric tomography (CIT) technique are used to investigate the ionospheric storm effects over Wuhan region during 17 March and 22 June 2015 geomagnetic storm periods. F-region critical frequency (foF2) at Wuhan ionosonde station shows an obvious decrease during recovery phase of the St. Patrick’s Day g ...

Feng, Jian; Zhou, Yufeng; Zhou, Yan; Gao, Shuaihe; Zhou, Chen; Tang, Qiong; Liu, Yi;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: jan

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2020.10.008

Ionospheric electron density distributions; ionospheric storm effects; Multiplication algebraic reconstruction technique

Improved model of ionosphere variability and study for long-term statistical characteristics

Ionospheric variability is influenced by many factors, such as solar radiation, neutral atmosphere composition, and geomagnetic disturbances. Mainly characterized by the total electron content (TEC) and electron density, the climatology of the ionosphere features temporal and spatial changes. Establishing a multivariant regression model helps substantially in better understanding the ionosphere characteristics and their long-term variability. In this paper, an improvement of the existing ionosphere multivariate linear fittin ...

Bin, Xueheng; Liu, Yang;

Published by: Chinese Journal of Aeronautics      Published on: feb

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1016/j.cja.2020.03.018

total electron content; Analysis of anomalies; Long-term statistics; Regression model

Hemispheric Asymmetries in the Mid-latitude Ionosphere During the September 7–8, 2017 Storm: Multi-instrument Observations

Hemispheric asymmetries of the Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) were observed during the first recovery phase of the geomagnetic storm on September 7–8, 2017. These asymmetries occurred at the mid latitudes at two different local times simultaneously: In the European-African sector (early morning), the storm time VTEC in the southern/northern hemisphere was higher/lower than the quiet time value, suggesting the southern/northern hemisphere entered the positive/negative phase (N−S+). In the East Asian-Australian sec ...

Wang, Zihan; Zou, Shasha; Liu, Lei; Ren, Jiaen; Aa, Ercha;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028829

Wide-field aurora imager onboard Fengyun satellite: Data products and validation

New observations of auroras based on the wide-field aurora imager (WAI) onboard Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite are exhibited in this paper. Validity of the WAI data is analyzed by comparing auroral boundaries derived from WAI observations with results obtained from data collected by the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F18). Dynamic variations of the aurora with the solar wind, interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) parameters, and the SYM-H index a ...

Ding, GuangXing; Li, JiaWei; Zhang, Xiaoxin; He, Fei; He, LingPing; Song, KeFei; Sun, Liang; Dai, Shuang; Liu, ShiJie; Chen, Bo; Yu, Chao; Hu, Xiuqing; Gu, SongYan; Yang, Zhongdong; Zhang, Peng;

Published by: Earth and Planetary Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.26464/epp2021003

auroral dynamics; FY-3D; SSUSI; SW-M-I; WAI

Near Real-Time Global Plasma Irregularity Monitoring by FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2

This study presents initial results of the ionospheric scintillation in the F layer using the S4 index derived from the radio occultation experiment (RO-S4) on FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2). With the sufficiently dense RO-S4 observations at low latitudes, it is possible to construct hourly, global scintillation maps to monitor equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs). The preliminary F7/C2 RO-S4 during August 2019 to April 2020 show clear scintillation distributions around American and the Atlantic Ocean longitudes. The RO-S4 near Jic ...

Chen, Shih-Ping; Lin, Charles; Rajesh, Panthalingal; Liu, Jann-Yenq; Eastes, Richard; Chou, Min-Yang; Choi, Jong-Min;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028339

equatorial plasma bubbles; FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2; global observation of limb and disk; GNSS scintillation; radio occultation; S4 index

The Ionosphere at Middle and Low Latitudes Under Geomagnetic Quiet Time of December 2019

The ionospheric electron density shows remarkable day-to-day variability due to solar radiance, geomagnetic activity and lower atmosphere forcing. In this report, we investigated the ionospheric variations at middle and low latitudes during a period under geomagnetic quiet time (Kpmax = 1.7) from November 30 to December 8, 2019. During the quiescent period, the ionosphere is not undisturbed as expected in the Asian-Australian and the American sectors. Total electron content (TEC) has multiple prominent enhancements at middle ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Li, Qiaoling; Zhong, Jiahao; Zhou, Xu; Liu, Libo; Yoshikawa, Akimasa; Hu, Lianhuan; Xie, Haiyong; Huang, Chaoyan; Yu, Xumin; Wan, Xin; Cui, Jun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028964

low-latitude electric fields; the ionosphere variations in solar minimum; the ionospheric day-to-day variations; the ionospheric disturbance; the ionospheric variations; topside ionosphere

First Look at a Geomagnetic Storm With Santa Maria Digisonde Data: F Region Responses and Comparisons Over the American Sector

Santa Maria Digisonde data are used for the first time to investigate the F region behavior during a geomagnetic storm. The August 25, 2018 storm is considered complex due to the incidence of two Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections and a High-Speed Solar Wind Stream (HSS). The F 2 layer critical frequency (f o F 2) and its peak height (h m F 2) collected over Santa Maria, near the center of the South American Magnetic Anomaly (SAMA), are compared with data collected from Digisondes installed in the Northern (NH) and Southe ...

Moro, J.; Xu, J.; Denardini, C.; Resende, L.; Neto, P.; Da Silva, L.; Silva, R.; Chen, S.; Picanço, G.; Carmo, C.; Liu, Z.; Yan, C.; Wang, C.; Schuch, N.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028663

Digisonde; Equatorial ionization anomaly; F-region; Ionospheric storm; SAMA; space weather

Extreme Positive Ionosphere Storm Triggered by a Minor Magnetic Storm in Deep Solar Minimum Revealed by FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 and GNSS Observations

This study examines an unexpected and extreme positive ionospheric response to a minor magnetic storm on August 5, 2019 by using global ionosphere specification (GIS) 3D electron density profiles obtained by assimilating radio occultation total electron content (TEC) measurements of the recently launched FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 satellites, and ground-based global navigation satellite system (GNSS) TEC. The results reveal ∼300\% enhancement of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crests, appearing over 200–300 km altitudes, an ...

Rajesh, P.; Lin, C.; . Y. Lin, C; Chen, C.; . Y. Liu, J; Matsuo, T.; Chen, S.; Yeh, W.; . Y. Huang, C;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028261

FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2; Global Ionospheric Specification; ionospheric data assimilation; ionospheric response to magnetic storm; magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; minor magnetic storm

Modeling of Ultraviolet Aurora Intensity Associated With Interplanetary and Geomagnetic Parameters Based on Neural Networks

The spatial distribution of aurora intensity is an important manifestation of solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere energy coupling process, and it oscillates with the change of space environment parameters and geomagnetic index. It is of great significance to establish an appropriate aurora intensity model for the prediction of space weather and the study of magnetosphere dynamics. Based on Ultraviolet Imager (UVI) data of Polar satellite, we constructed two auroral models by using two different neural networks, that is, the ...

Hu, Ze-Jun; Han, Bing; Zhang, Yisheng; Lian, Huifang; Wang, Ping; Li, Guojun; Li, Bin; Chen, Xiang-Cai; Liu, Jian-Jun;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002751

conditional generation adversarial network; generalized regression neural network; interplanetary and geomagnetic parameters; neural networks; ultraviolet auroral intensity model

Wide-field aurora imager onboard Fengyun satellite: Data products and validation

Ding, GuangXing; Li, JiaWei; Zhang, Xiaoxin; He, Fei; He, LingPing; Song, KeFei; Sun, Liang; Dai, Shuang; Liu, ShiJie; Chen, Bo; , others;

Published by: Earth and Planetary Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Hemispheric Asymmetries in the Mid-latitude Ionosphere During the September 7—8, 2017 Storm: Multi-instrument Observations

Wang, Zihan; Zou, Shasha; Liu, Lei; Ren, Jiaen; Aa, Ercha;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

Near Real-Time Global Plasma Irregularity Monitoring by FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2

Chen, Shih-Ping; Lin, Charles; Rajesh, Panthalingal; Liu, Jann-Yenq; Eastes, Richard; Chou, Min-Yang; Choi, Jong-Min;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

MLT Science Enabled by Atmospheric Lidars

With the pioneering development and deployment of different types of narrowband sodium fluorescence lidars in Europe (1985) and North America (1990) along with subsequent potassium and iron lidars, temperature and wind profilers have been observed to investigate atmospheric dynamics in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) in midlatitude, polar and equatorial regions. Their achieved resolution allows investigation ranging from small-scale gravity waves to long-term global change. This chapter highlights MLT science ena ...

She, Chiao-Yao; Liu, Alan; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Li, Tao; Ban, Chao; Friedman, Jonathan;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815631.ch20

Geomagnetic storms; atmospheric stabilities; atmospheric state; climatology; clustered instrumentation; gravity wave dynamics; MLT science; resonance fluorescence lidars; sporadic metal layers; thermospheric metal layers

A Comparative Study of Ionospheric Day-To-Day Variability Over Wuhan Based on Ionosonde Measurements and Model Simulations

Ionospheric day-to-day variability is essential for understanding the space environment, while it is still challenging to properly quantify and forecast. In the present work, the day-to-day variability of F2 layer peak electron densities (NmF2) is examined from both observational and modeling perspectives. Ionosonde data over Wuhan station (30.5°N, 114.5°E; 19.3°N magnetic latitude) are compared with simulations from the specific dynamics Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere eXtension ...

Zhou, Xu; Yue, Xinan; Liu, Han-Li; Lu, Xian; Wu, Haonan; Zhao, Xiukuan; He, Jianhui;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028589

Ionosphere; day-to-day variability; ionosonde; NmF2; TIEGCM; WACCM-X

Implication of Tidal Forcing Effects on the Zonal Variation of Solstice Equatorial Plasma Bubbles

Equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) are plasma depletions that can occur in the nighttime ionospheric F region, causing scintillation in satellite navigation and communications signals. Past research has shown that EPB occurrence rates are higher during the equinoxes in most longitude zones. An exception is over the central Pacific and African sectors, where EPB activity has been found to maximize during solstice. Tsunoda et al. (2015) hypothesized that the solstice maxima in these two sectors could be driven by a zonal wavenum ...

Chang, Loren; Salinas, Cornelius; Chiu, Yi-Chung; , Jones; Rajesh, P.; Chao, Chi-Kuang; Liu, Jann-Yenq; Lin, Charles; Hsiao, Tung-Yuan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028295

Ionosphere; Atmospheric tides; equatorial plasma bubble; scintillation; vertical coupling; wind dynamo

2020

Multi-scale ionosphere responses to the May 2017 magnetic storm over the Asian sector

We investigate multi-scale ionospheric responses to the May 27, 2017, geomagnetic storm over the Asian sector by using multi-instrumental observations, including ground-based global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) network, constellation observing system for meteorology, ionosphere and climate radio occultation, the FengYun-3C (FY-3C) GNSS occultation sounder electron density profiles and in situ plasma density observations provided by both Swarm and defense meteorological satellite program missions. This geomagnetic s ...

Liu, Lei; Zou, Shasha; Yao, Yibin; Aa, Ercha;

Published by: GPS Solutions      Published on: 12/2019

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s10291-019-0940-1

Blob structure; Positive and negative ionosphere responses; TID; Geomagnetic storms

Modeled IMF B y Effects on the Polar Ionosphere and Thermosphere Coupling

There is still an inadequate understanding of how the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) east-west component (By) affects thermospheric composition, and other ionospheric and thermospheric fields in a systematic way. Utilizing the state-of-art first-principles Coupled Magnetosphere Ionosphere Thermosphere (CMIT) modeling and TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI)-observed ΣO/N2 covering an entire solar cycle (year 2002\textendash2016), as well as a neutral parcel trajectory tracin ...

Liu, Jing; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2020

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026949

Understanding the Behavior of the Ionosphere—Thermosphere—Mesosphere at Solar Minimum I

Paxton, Larry; Deng, Yue; Liu, Huixin; Fang, Tzu-Wei;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

SIHLA, a mission of opportunity to L1 to map H Lyman alpha emissions from the heliopause, the interplanetary medium, the Earth s geocorona and comets

Paxton, Larry; Provornikova, Elena; Roelof, Edmond; emerais, Eric; Izmodenov, Vladislav; Katushkina, Olga; Mierkiewicz, Edwin; Baliukin, Igor; Gruntman, Mike; Taguchi, Makoto; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Plasma depletion bays in the equatorial ionosphere observed by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC during 2007—2014

Chang, FY; Liu, JY; Fang, TW; Rajesh, PK; Lin, CH;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Persistence of the long-duration daytime TEC enhancements at different longitudinal sectors during the August 2018 geomagnetic storm

Li, Qiaoling; Huang, Fuqing; Zhong, Jiahao; Zhang, Ruilong; Kuai, Jiawei; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Libo; Ren, Dexin; Ma, Han; Yoshikawa, Akimasa; , others;

Published by: Journal of geophysical research: space physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Local Time Dependant Hemispheric Asymmetry of the Ionosphere During the September 7-8 2017 Storm: Multi-Instrument Observations

Wang, Zihan; Zou, Shasha; Ren, Jiaen; Aa, Ercha; Liu, Lei;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

SIHLA, a Mission of Opportunity to L1 to Map H Lyman Alpha Emissions from the Heliopause, the Interplanetary Medium, the Earth s Geocorona and Comets

Paxton, Larry; Provornikova, Elena; Roelof, Edmond; emerais, Eric; Izmodenov, Vladislav; Katushkina, Olga; Mierkiewicz, Edwin; Baliukin, Igor; Gruntman, Mike; Taguchi, Makoto; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Modeled IMF By effects on the polar ionosphere and thermosphere coupling

Liu, Jing; Burns, Alan; Wang, Wenbin; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

2019

New Aspects of the Ionospheric Behavior Over Millstone Hill During the 30-Day Incoherent Scatter Radar Experiment in October 2002

The geomagnetic storm-driven ionospheric changes and the involved processes are interesting and challenging topics in understanding and predicting the ionosphere. In this study we investigate the response of the ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the 30-day incoherent scatter radar measurements conducted at Millstone Hill (42.6\textdegreeN, 71.5\textdegreeW) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. During geomagnetically disturbed periods, while the peak electron density of the F2 layer (NmF2) and total electron cont ...

Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Zhang, Ruilong; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026806

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

Published by: Light: Science \& Applications      Published on: 05/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

New aspects of the ionospheric behavior over Millstone Hill during the 30-day incoherent scatter radar experiment in October 2002

Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Zhang, Ruilong; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Anomaly distribution of ionospheric total electron content responses to some solar flares

Le, Huijun; Liu, Libo; Chen, Yiding; Zhang, Hui;

Published by: Earth and Planetary Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

IMF B y Effects on the high-latitude Ionosphere and Thermosphere

Liu, Jing; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

Transition of Interhemispheric Asymmetry of Equatorial Ionization Anomaly During Solstices

The magnitudes of the two crests of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) vary with local time. During the solstices, EIA crest in the winter hemisphere is larger than that in the summer hemisphere before noon/early afternoon. Whereafter, the crest in the summer hemisphere becomes intensified, and the stronger EIA crest transits to the summer hemisphere. Using Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate ionospheric radio occultation data, we examine the longitudinal and altitudinal variations of ...

Huang, He; Lu, Xian; Liu, Libo; Wang, Wenbin; Li, Qiaoling;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA026055

On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes

Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large neutral temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region during geomagnetic storms. Here we undertake first-principles simulations of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperature responses to storms using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to elucidate the nature and causes of these changes. Temperature variations were not uniform; instead, ni ...

Li, Jingyuan; Wang, Wenbin; Lu, Jianyong; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Liu, Xiao; Zhang, Kedeng; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Li, Zheng;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078968

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

Published by: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Temporal Variability of Atomic Hydrogen From the Mesopause to the Upper Thermosphere

We investigate atomic hydrogen (H) variability from the mesopause to the upper thermosphere, on time scales of solar cycle, seasonal, and diurnal, using measurements made by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics Dynamics satellite, and simulations by the National Center for Atmospheric Research Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model-eXtended (WACCM-X). In the mesopause region (85 to 95\ km), the seasonal and solar c ...

Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Solomon, Stan; Smith, Anne; McInerney, Joseph; Hunt, Linda; Marsh, Daniel; Liu, Hanli; Mlynczak, Martin; Vitt, Francis;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024998

Interplanetary Magnetic Field By Effects on the Polar Neutral Composition

Liu, Jing; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Development and validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; , others;

Published by: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Development and validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; , others;

Published by: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Physical processes driving the thermospheric variations during the March 2015 St. Patrick s day major geomagnetic storm

Wang, Wenbin; Qian, Liying; Burns, Alan; Liu, Jing;

Published by: 42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:



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