GUVI Biblio





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Found 77 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2022

Low-latitude plasma blobs above Africa: Exploiting GOLD and multi-satellite in situ measurements

Low-latitude plasma blobs are localized density enhancements of electron density that are occasionally observed in the night-time tropical ionosphere. Two-dimensional (2D) imaging of this phenomenon has been rare and frequently restricted to Central/South America, which is densely covered with ground-based airglow imagers and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers. In Africa, on the contrary, no 2D image of a blob has been reported. Here we present two low-latitude blob events above Africa, one in the Northern s ...

Park, Jaeheung; Min, Kyoung; Eastes, Richard; Chao, Chi; Kim, Hee-Eun; Lee, Junchan; Sohn, Jongdae; Ryu, Kwangsun; Seo, Hoonkyu; Yoo, Ji-Hyeon; Lee, Seunguk; Woo, Changho; Kim, Eo-Jin;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.021

COSMIC-2; GOLD; ICON; Low-latitude blobs; NextSat-1; swarm

Low-latitude plasma blobs above Africa: Exploiting GOLD and multi-satellite in situ measurements

Low-latitude plasma blobs are localized density enhancements of electron density that are occasionally observed in the night-time tropical ionosphere. Two-dimensional (2D) imaging of this phenomenon has been rare and frequently restricted to Central/South America, which is densely covered with ground-based airglow imagers and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers. In Africa, on the contrary, no 2D image of a blob has been reported. Here we present two low-latitude blob events above Africa, one in the Northern s ...

Park, Jaeheung; Min, Kyoung; Eastes, Richard; Chao, Chi; Kim, Hee-Eun; Lee, Junchan; Sohn, Jongdae; Ryu, Kwangsun; Seo, Hoonkyu; Yoo, Ji-Hyeon; Lee, Seunguk; Woo, Changho; Kim, Eo-Jin;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: may

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.021

COSMIC-2; GOLD; ICON; Low-latitude blobs; NextSat-1; swarm

Disappearance of the Polar Cap Ionosphere During Geomagnetic Storm on 11 May 2019

Multi-instrument data from Jang Bogo Station (JBS) in Antarctica were utilized to study ionospheric responses to the 11 May 2019 moderate geomagnetic storm. These include Vertical Incident Pulsed Ionospheric Radar (VIPIR)/Dynasonde, Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI), GPS vertical total electron content (vTEC), and magnetometer. The VIPIR/Dynasonde observed long-lasting (\textgreater11 hr) severe depletion of the electron density in the F-region ionosphere over JBS. During the depletion interval, GPS TEC also correspondingly d ...

Kwon, H.-J.; Kim, K.-H.; Jee, G.; Seon, J.; Lee, C.; Ham, Y.-B.; Hong, J.; Kim, E.; Bullett, T.; Auster, H.-U.; Magnes, W.; Kraft, S.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022SW003054

The origin of midlatitude plasma depletions detected during the 12 February 2000 and 29 October 2003 geomagnetic storms

Kil, Hyosub; Chang, Hyeyeon; Lee, Woo; Paxton, Larry; Sun, Andrew; Lee, Jiyun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

The origin of midlatitude plasma depletions detected during the 12 February 2000 and 29 October 2003 geomagnetic storms

Kil, Hyosub; Chang, Hyeyeon; Lee, Woo; Paxton, Larry; Sun, Andrew; Lee, Jiyun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Two different properties of ionospheric perturbations detected in the vicinity of the Korean Peninsula after the Hunga-Tonga volcanic eruption on 15 January 2022

Hong, Junseok; Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo; Kwak, Young-Sil; Choi, Byung-Kyu; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Ionospheric Disturbances in Low- and Midlatitudes During the Geomagnetic Storm on 26 August 2018

Plasma density depletions at midlatitudes during geomagnetic storms are often understood in terms of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) due to their morphological similarity. However, our study reports the observations that reveal the generation of plasma depletions at midlatitudes by local sources. During the geomagnetic storm on 26 August 2018, the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program and Swarm satellites detected plasma depletions at midlatitudes in the Asian sector in the absence of EPBs in the equatorial region. This ...

Chang, Hyeyeon; Kil, Hyosub; Sun, Andrew; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Lee, Jiyun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029879

2021

Transpolar Arcs During a Prolonged Radial Interplanetary Magnetic Field Interval

Transpolar arcs (TPAs) are believed to predominantly occur under northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions with their hemispheric asymmetry controlled by the Sun-Earth (radial) component of the IMF. In this study, we present observations of TPAs that appear in both the northern and southern hemispheres even during a prolonged interval of radially oriented IMF. The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F16 and the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellites observed T ...

Park, Jong-Sun; Shi, Quan; Nowada, Motoharu; Shue, Jih-Hong; Kim, Khan-Hyuk; Lee, Dong-Hun; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Degeling, Alexander; Tian, An; Pitkänen, Timo; Zhang, Yongliang; Rae, Jonathan; Hairston, Marc;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029197

radial IMF; solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; transpolar arc

Global distribution of nighttime MSTIDs and its association with E region irregularities seen by CHAMP satellite

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI:

2020

Origin and distribution of daytime electron density irregularities in the low-latitude F region

Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

The Origin of Bubble-like Structures in Midlatitudes during Geomagnetic Storms

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Lee, Woo;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

2019

Aeronomy: General Contributions I Posters

Nikoukar, Romina; Lee, Christina; MacDonald, Elizabeth;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Energy Transfer in the Solar Wind-Magnetosphere-Ionosphere System Under Radial Interplanetary Magnetic Field Conditions: Implication of Transpolar Arcs

Park, Jong-Sun; Shi, Quanqi; Nowada, Motoharu; Shue, Jih-Hong; Kim, Khan-Hyuk; Lee, Dong-Hun; Zong, Qiugang; Degeling, Alexander; Tian, Anmin; Pitkänen, Timo; , others;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

Daytime evolution of equatorial plasma bubbles observed by the first Republic of China satellite

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Lee, Woo; Jee, Geonhwa;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2019     DOI:

2018

Tropical Ionization Trough in the Ionosphere Seen by Swarm-A Satellite

A new type of ionization trough, the tropical ionization trough, is identified in the tropical F region from the Swarm-A satellite observations in December 2013 to January 2017. The trough is formed around midnight near 25\textdegree magnetic latitudes in the winter hemisphere during the solstices. The trough is pronounced around 330\textdegreeE longitude in the Southern Hemisphere (negative magnetic declination) during the June solstices and around 210\textdegreeE longitude in the Northern Hemisphere (p ...

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 11/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL080286

Global distribution of medium scale traveling ionospheric disturbances seen by Swarm and CHAMP satellites

Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: 42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

The morphology and driver of the tropical ionization trough

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: 42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

Tropical ionization trough in the ionosphere seen by Swarm-A satellite

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

2017

The non-storm time corrugated upper thermosphere: What is beyond MSIS?

Observations in the recent decade have revealed many thermospheric density corrugations/perturbations under nonstorm conditions (Kp \< 2). They are generally not captured by empirical models like Mass Spectrometer Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) but are operationally important for long-term orbital evolution of Low Earth Orbiting satellites and theoretically for coupling processes in the atmosphere-ionosphere system. We review these density corrugations by classifying them into three types which are driven ...

Liu, Huixin; Thayer, Jeff; Zhang, Yongliang; Lee, Woo;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: 06/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v15.610.1002/2017SW001618

The non-storm time corrugated upper thermosphere: What is beyond MSIS?

Liu, Huixin; Thayer, Jeff; Zhang, Yongliang; Lee, Woo;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:

2016

Ionospheric data assimilation with thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model and GPS-TEC during geomagnetic storm conditions

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of rapid assimilation-forecast cycling on the performance of ionospheric data assimilation during geomagnetic storm conditions. An ensemble Kalman filter software developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), called Data Assimilation Research Testbed, is applied to assimilate ground-based GPS total electron content (TEC) observations into a theoretical numerical model of the thermosphere and ionosphere (NCAR thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodyn ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Matsuo, T.; Chen, W.; Lee, I.; Liu, J; Lin, J.; Hsu, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 05/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021787

Equatorial broad plasma depletions associated with the evening prereversal enhancement and plasma bubbles during the 17 March 2015 storm

Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo; Paxton, Larry; Hairston, Marc; Jee, Geonhwa;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2016     DOI:

2015

Morphology of the postsunset vortex in the equatorial ionospheric plasma drift

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Kwak, Young-Sil; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2015     DOI:

2014

Investigation of the Tidal Signatures in the Thermosphere Using the TIMED/GUVI Data

Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Kwak, Young-Sil; Lee, Woo;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Separation of the ribbon from globally distributed energetic neutral atom flux using the first five years of IBEX observations

Schwadron, NA; Moebius, E; Fuselier, SA; McComas, DJ; Funsten, HO; Janzen, P; Reisenfeld, D; Kucharek, H; Lee, MA; Fairchild, K; , others;

Published by: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

The role of the postsunset vortex in the creation of turbulence in the bottomside F region

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Kwak, Young-Sil; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

The zonal motion of equatorial plasma bubbles relative to the background ionosphere

Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo; Kwak, Young-Sil; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Milla, Marco;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

The zonal motion of equatorial plasma bubbles relative to the background ionosphere

Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo; Kwak, Young-Sil; Zhang, Yongliang; Paxton, Larry; Milla, Marco;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

Equatorial broad plasma depletions associated with the enhanced fountain effect

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Kwak, Young-Sil; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Galkin, Ivan; Batista, Inez;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2014     DOI:

2013

The effect of the 135.6 nm emission originated from the ionosphere on the TIMED/GUVI O/N 2 ratio

The column number density ratio of atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen (O/N2\ ratio) provided by the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite has been used as a diagnostic of the thermospheric neutral composition. However, a recent study claimed that the GUVI O/N2\ ratio is not a pure thermospheric parameter in low latitudes during periods of low geomagnetic activity. This study quantifies the O/N2 ...

Kil, H.; Lee, W.; Shim, J.; Paxton, L.J.; Zhang, Y.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: Jan-02-2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018112

The effect of geomagnetic-storm-induced enhancements to ionospheric emissions on the interpretation of the TIMED/GUVI O/N 2 ratio

[1]\ We examine the consequence of enhanced atomic oxygen (OI) 135.6 nm emissions due to the recombination of O+ with electrons on the column number density ratio of atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen (O/N2 ratio) provided by Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) on board the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite. GUVI O/N2 ratio is derived from the measurements of OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield airglow emissions. The OI 135.6 nm emissi ...

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Shim, Ja;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 12/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019132

geomagnetic storm; GUVI O/N2 ratio; ionospheric effect

Are plasma bubbles a prerequisite for the formation of broad plasma depletions in the equatorial F region?

Formation of broad plasma depletions (BPDs) at night in the equatorial F region is understood in association with plasma bubbles. However, we report BPDs that do not show a connection with bubbles. The characteristics of BPDs are investigated using the observations of the Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System (C/NOFS) satellite on 31 December 2008, 28 July 2010, and 1 February 2011. On those days, BPDs are detected in the longitude regions where C/NOFS did not detect bubbles prior to the detection of ...

Kil, Hyosub; Lee, Woo;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 07/2014

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/grl.50693

bubbles; Equatorial ionosphere; irregularities

The Study of the origin of broad plasma depletions in the equatorial F region

Oh, S; Lee, W; Kil, H; Kwak, Y; Paxton, L; Zhang, Y;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

Drivers of the hemispheric asymmetry in the low-latitude electron density distribution

Kil, H; Kwak, Y; Lee, W; Paxton, L; Zhang, Y;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

Behaviors of the ionospheric and thermospheric disturbances during geomagnetic storms

Kil, H; Lee, W; Zhang, Y; Paxton, LJ;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

The effect of the 135.6 nm emission originated from the ionosphere on the TIMED/GUVI O/N2 ratio

Kil, H; Lee, WK; Shim, J; Paxton, LJ; Zhang, Y;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

The effect of geomagnetic-storm-induced enhancements to ionospheric emissions on the interpretation of the TIMED/GUVI O/N2 ratio

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry; Zhang, Yongliang; Shim, Ja;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

2012

Day-to-day variability of equatorial anomaly in GPS-TEC during low solar activity period

Aggarwal, Malini; Joshi, H.P.; Iyer, K.N.; Kwak, Y.-S.; Lee, J.J.; Chandra, H.; Cho, K.S.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: Jan-06-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2012.03.005

Dayside and nightside segments of a polar arc: The particle characteristics

Park, J.; Min, K.; Parks, G.; Zhang, Y.; Lee, J.-J.; Baker, J.; Kim, H.; Hwang, J.; Yumoto, K.; Uozumi, T.; Lee, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017323

Dayside and nightside segments of a polar arc: The particle characteristics

Park, J.; Min, K.; Parks, G.; Zhang, Y.; Lee, J.-J.; Baker, J.; Kim, H.; Hwang, J.; Yumoto, K.; Uozumi, T.; Lee, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017323

Ionospheric plasma caves under the equatorial ionization anomaly

This paper reports the existence of plasma caves, minima in the electron density located at 5\textendash10\textdegree to the magnetic equator, in the bottomside ionosphere based on electron densities simulations from the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2007) and clear evidences given by plasma density and drift measurements of the Dynamic Explorer 2 (DE 2) satellite during 1981\textendash1983. The IRI simulations suggest plasma caves as daytime features (08:00\textendash19:00 LT; length of 18,158 km in the longitu ...

Lee, I.; Liu, J; Lin, C.; Oyama, K.-I.; Chen, C; Chen, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 11/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017868

Dynamic Explorer 2; Equatorial ionization anomaly; plasma cave

Assimilation of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC electron density profiles into a coupled thermosphere/ionosphere model using ensemble Kalman filtering

This paper presents our effort to assimilate FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (F3/C) GPS Occultation Experiment (GOX) observations into the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM) by means of ensemble Kalman filtering (EnKF). The F3/C electron density profiles (EDPs) uniformly distributed around the globe which provide an excellent opportunity to monitor the ionospheric electron density structure. The NCAR TIE-GCM simulates the Earth\textquoterights ther ...

Lee, I.; Matsuo, T.; Richmond, A.; Liu, J; Wang, W.; Lin, C.; Anderson, J.; Chen, M.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 10/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017700

data assimilation; ensemble Kalman filter; FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; Ionosphere

The source of the steep plasma density gradient in middle latitudes during the 11\textendash12 April 2001 storm

A steep plasma density gradient has been observed in the middle-latitude F region during large geomagnetic storms. This phenomenon can be understood as a special form of the middle-latitude ionization trough (hereafter trough), but its causal linkage has not yet been clarified. We investigate the association of the steep density gradient and the trough by comparing their morphologies and occurrence locations using the satellite and ground observation data during the 11\textendash12 April 2001 storm. Steep density ...

Park, S.; Kim, K.-H.; Kil, H.; Jee, G.; Lee, D.-H.; Goldstein, J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 05/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017349

geomagnetic storm; plasma trough; steep density gradient

The Source of Tidal Signatures in the TIMED/GUVI O/N2 Ratio

Kil, H; Lee, W; Shim, J; Paxton, LJ; Zhang, Y;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

Persistent longitudinal features in the low-latitude ionosphere

Kil, H; Lee, WK; Kwak, Y-S; Oh, S-J; Paxton, LJ; Zhang, Y;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2012     DOI:

2011

FUV spectrum in the polar region during slightly disturbed geomagnetic conditions

Lee, C.; Min, K.; Lee, J.-J.; Hwang, J.; Park, J.; Edelstein, J.; Han, W.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016898

FUV spectrum in the polar region during slightly disturbed geomagnetic conditions

Lee, C.; Min, K.; Lee, J.-J.; Hwang, J.; Park, J.; Edelstein, J.; Han, W.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016898

2010

Artificial plasma cave in the low-latitude ionosphere results from the radio occultation inversion of the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

Liu, J; Lin, C; Lin, C.; Tsai, H.; Solomon, S.; Sun, Y; Lee, I.; Schreiner, W.; Kuo, Y.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA015079

Is DE2 the source of the ionospheric wave number 3 longitudinal structure?

Kil, H.; Paxton, L.; Lee, W.; Ren, Z.; Oh, S.-J.; Kwak, Y.-S.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015979

Predictive ability of four auroral precipitation models as evaluated using Polar UVI global images

Newell, P.; Sotirelis, T.; Liou, K.; Lee, A.; Wing, S.; Green, J.; Redmon, R.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010SW000604



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