GUVI Biblio





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Found 218 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 50


2020

Temporal evolution of substorm-driven global Alfv\ en wave power above the auroral acceleration region

The onset of substorms is associated with bursty enhancements of Alfv\ en wave power throughout the magnetotail. While impossible to assess the total Alfv\ en wave power in the entire magnetotail, we have instead monitored waves that are funneled into the auroral acceleration region, in order to assess the temporal evolution of Alfv\ en wave power above the nightside auroral zone in relation to substorm phases. The substorms were grouped by three conditions: nonstorm periods, storm periods, and all (unc ...

Keiling, Andreas; Thaller, Scott; Dombeck, John; Wygant, John;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027444

Alfven wave; Alfvenic electron; AURORA; auroral acceleration; magnetotail; Substorm

Aurora in the Polar Cap: A Review

This paper reviews our current understanding of auroral features that appear poleward of the main auroral oval within the polar cap, especially those that are known as Sun-aligned arcs, transpolar arcs, or theta auroras. They tend to appear predominantly during periods of quiet geomagnetic activity or northwards directed interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). We also introduce polar rain aurora which has been considered as a phenomenon on open field lines. We describe the morphology of such auroras, their ...

Hosokawa, Keisuke; Kullen, Anita; Milan, Steve; Reidy, Jade; Zou, Ying; Frey, Harald; Maggiolo, Romain; Fear, Robert;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-020-0637-3

Evaluation on the Quasi-Realistic Ionospheric Prediction Using an Ensemble Kalman Filter Data Assimilation Algorithm

In this work, we evaluated the quasi-realistic ionosphere forecasting capability by an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) ionosphere and thermosphere data assimilation algorithm. The National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model is used as the background model in the system. The slant total electron contents (TECs) from global International Global Navigation Satellite Systems Service ground-based receivers and from the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, ...

He, Jianhui; Yue, Xinan; Le, Huijun; Ren, Zhipeng; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002410

Diffuse and Pulsating Aurora

This chapter reviews fundamental properties and recent advances of diffuse and pulsating aurora. Diffuse and pulsating aurora often occurs on closed field lines and involves energetic electron precipitation by wave-particle interaction. After summarizing the definition, large-scale morphology, types of pulsation, and driving processes, we review observation techniques, occurrence, duration, altitude, evolution, small-scale structures, fast modulation, relation to high-energy precipitation, the role of E ...

Nishimura, Yukitoshi; Lessard, Marc; Katoh, Yuto; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi; Grono, Eric; Partamies, Noora; Sivadas, Nithin; Hosokawa, Keisuke; Fukizawa, Mizuki; Samara, Marilia; Michell, Robert; Kataoka, Ryuho; Sakanoi, Takeshi; Whiter, Daniel; Oyama, Shin-ichiro; Ogawa, Yasunobu; Kurita, Satoshi;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-019-0629-3

2019

Dayside Aurora

Dayside aurora is related to processes in the dayside magnetosphere and especially at the dayside magnetopause. A number of dayside aurora phenomena are driven by reconnection between the solar wind interplanetary magnetic field and the Earth\textquoterights internal magnetic field at the magnetopause. We summarize the properties and origin of aurora at the cusp foot point, High Latitude Dayside Aurora (HiLDA), Poleward Moving Auroral Forms (PMAFs), aurora related to traveling convection vortices (TCV), and throat aurora. ...

Frey, Harald; Han, Desheng; Kataoka, Ryuho; Lessard, Marc; Milan, Stephen; Nishimura, Yukitoshi; Strangeway, Robert; Zou, Ying;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-019-0617-7

Understanding the global dynamics of the equatorial ionosphere in Africa for space weather capabilities: A science case for AfrequaMARN

Understanding the global dynamics of the equatorial ionosphere in Africa for space weather capabilities: A science case for AfrequaMARN

The OI-135.6~nm Nighttime Emission in ICON-FUV Images: A New Tool for the Observation of Classical Medium-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances?

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) mission will study the close relationship between the ionosphere, the atmospheric weather, and space weather using in situ and remote sensing instruments proving plasma density, temperature, ion drift velocity, and thermospheric wind velocity over the equatorial region. In particular, the far ultraviolet (FUV) instrument will image the terrestrial limb in two wavelength channels. During nighttime, only the channel characterizing the b ...

Wautelet, G.; Hubert, B.; erard, J.-C.; Immel, T.;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026930

New Aspects of the Ionospheric Behavior Over Millstone Hill During the 30-Day Incoherent Scatter Radar Experiment in October 2002

The geomagnetic storm-driven ionospheric changes and the involved processes are interesting and challenging topics in understanding and predicting the ionosphere. In this study we investigate the response of the ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the 30-day incoherent scatter radar measurements conducted at Millstone Hill (42.6\textdegreeN, 71.5\textdegreeW) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. During geomagnetically disturbed periods, while the peak electron density of the F2 layer (NmF2) and total electron cont ...

Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Zhang, Ruilong; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026806

Space Weather Modeling Capabilities Assessment: Auroral Precipitation and High-Latitude Ionospheric Electrodynamics

As part of its International Capabilities Assessment effort, the Community Coordinated Modeling Center initiated several working teams, one of which is focused on the validation of models and methods for determining auroral electrodynamic parameters, including particle precipitation, conductivities, electric fields, neutral density and winds, currents, Joule heating, auroral boundaries, and ion outflow. Auroral electrodynamic properties are needed as input to space weather models, to test and validate the accuracy of phys ...

Robinson, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang; Garcia-Sage, Katherine; Fang, Xiaohua; Verkhoglyadova, Olga; Ngwira, Chigomezyo; Bingham, Suzy; Kosar, Burcu; Zheng, Yihua; Kaeppler, Stephen; Liemohn, Michael; Weygand, James; Crowley, Geoffrey; Merkin, Viacheslav; McGranaghan, Ryan; Mannucci, Anthony;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW002127

Space Weather Modeling Capabilities Assessment: Auroral Precipitation and High-Latitude Ionospheric Electrodynamics

As part of its International Capabilities Assessment effort, the Community Coordinated Modeling Center initiated several working teams, one of which is focused on the validation of models and methods for determining auroral electrodynamic parameters, including particle precipitation, conductivities, electric fields, neutral density and winds, currents, Joule heating, auroral boundaries, and ion outflow. Auroral electrodynamic properties are needed as input to space weather models, to test and validate the accuracy of phys ...

Robinson, Robert; Zhang, Yongliang; Garcia-Sage, Katherine; Fang, Xiaohua; Verkhoglyadova, Olga; Ngwira, Chigomezyo; Bingham, Suzy; Kosar, Burcu; Zheng, Yihua; Kaeppler, Stephen; Liemohn, Michael; Weygand, James; Crowley, Geoffrey; Merkin, Viacheslav; McGranaghan, Ryan; Mannucci, Anthony;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW002127

2018

Space Weather Events, Hurricanes, and Earthquakes in Mexico in September 2017

In the interval of 4\textendash10 September 2017, the Sun presented multiple solar flares from active region AR 2673. There were also coronal mass ejections that interacted with the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere. This solar activity produced several space weather events. These events were observed with ground-based instruments of the Mexican Space Weather Service. The Mexican Array RadioTelescope detected highly perturbed solar transits associated with Type I radio emissions from active regions. The Compact Astronom ...

Gonzalez-Esparza, J.; Sergeeva, M.; Corona-Romero, P.; Mejia-Ambriz, J.; Gonzalez, L.; De la Luz, V.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Rodriguez, M.; andez, Romero-Hern\;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001995

Space Weather Events, Hurricanes, and Earthquakes in Mexico in September 2017

In the interval of 4\textendash10 September 2017, the Sun presented multiple solar flares from active region AR 2673. There were also coronal mass ejections that interacted with the Earth\textquoterights magnetosphere. This solar activity produced several space weather events. These events were observed with ground-based instruments of the Mexican Space Weather Service. The Mexican Array RadioTelescope detected highly perturbed solar transits associated with Type I radio emissions from active regions. The Compact Astronom ...

Gonzalez-Esparza, J.; Sergeeva, M.; Corona-Romero, P.; Mejia-Ambriz, J.; Gonzalez, L.; De la Luz, V.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Rodriguez, M.; andez, Romero-Hern\;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001995

The ionosphere response to severe geomagnetic storm in March 2015 on the base of the data from Eurasian high-middle latitudes ionosonde chain

The pattern of ionospheric disturbances caused by complex interplanetary structure on 19\textendash22 December 2015

The pattern of the ionospheric storm that was observed during the severe two-step geomagnetic storm on 19\textendash22 December 2015 in ...

Kurkin, V.I.; Polekh, N.M.; Zolotukhina, N.A.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.07.003

Tropical Ionization Trough in the Ionosphere Seen by Swarm-A Satellite

A new type of ionization trough, the tropical ionization trough, is identified in the tropical F region from the Swarm-A satellite observations in December 2013 to January 2017. The trough is formed around midnight near 25\textdegree magnetic latitudes in the winter hemisphere during the solstices. The trough is pronounced around 330\textdegreeE longitude in the Southern Hemisphere (negative magnetic declination) during the June solstices and around 210\textdegreeE longitude in the Northern Hemisphere (p ...

Lee, Woo; Kil, Hyosub; Paxton, Larry;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018GL080286

Comparison of the Thermospheric Nitric Oxide Emission Observations and the GITM Simulations: Sensitivity to Solar and Geomagnetic Activities

An accurate estimate of the energy budget (heating and cooling) of the ionosphere and thermosphere, especially during space weather events, has been a challenge. The abundance of Nitric Oxide (NO), a minor species in the thermosphere, is an important component of energy balance here because its production comes from energy sources able to break the strong bond of molecular nitrogen, and infrared emissions from NO play an important role in thermospheric cooling. Recent studies have significantly improved our understanding ...

Lin, Cissi; Deng, Yue; Venkataramani, Karthik; Yonker, Justin; Bailey, Scott;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025310

Changes in the middle and upper atmosphere parameters during the January 2013 sudden stratospheric warming

We present the results of complex obser-vationsof various parameters of the middle and upper atmosphere over Siberia in December 2012 \textendashJanuary 2013, during a major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event. We analyze variations in ozone concentra-tion from microwave measurements, in stratosphere and lower mesosphere temperatures from lidar and satellite measurements, in the F2-layer critical frequency (foF2), in the total electron content (TEC), as well as in the ra-tio of concentrations of atomic oxygen to mole ...

Ясюкевич, Анна; Yasyukevich, Anna; Клименко, Максим; Klimenko, Maksim; Куликов, Юрий; Kulikov, Yury; Клименко, Владимир; Klimenko, Vladimir; Бессараб, Федор; Bessarab, Fedor; Кореньков, Юрий; Korenkov, Yuriy; Маричев, Валерий; Marichev, Valery; Ратовский, Константин; Ratovsky, Konstantin; Колесник, Сергей; Kolesnik, Sergey;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.12737/issue_5c1b83b913d443.7589563310.12737/szf-44201807

IPIM Modeling of the Ionospheric F 2 Layer Depletion at High Latitudes During a High-Speed Stream Event

Our aim is to understand the effect of high-speed stream events on the high-latitude ionosphere and more specifically the decrease of the foF2 frequency during the entire day following the impact. First, we have selected one summertime event, for which a large data set was available: Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) and European Incoherent SCATter (EISCAT) radars, Troms\o and Sodankylä ionosondes, and the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) satellite. We ...

Marchaudon, A.; Blelly, P.-L.; Grandin, M.; Aikio, A.; Kozlovsky, A.; Virtanen, I.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025744

An Empirical Dayglow Model for the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield-Long Band Derived From the Polar Ultraviolet Imager Data

The Lyman-Birge-Hopfield-long band dayglow emissions near 1,700\ \r A, which were observed by the ultraviolet imager on board Polar satellite, are characterized as a cosine-like function of the solar zenith angle. These emissions are mainly excited by the solar extreme ultraviolet produced photoelectrons acting on the nitrogen molecules. The amplitude and phase factors are used to quantify the cosine-like function and subsequently develop a dayglow model. In this study, a model is developed by considering broader day ...

Wang, Lingmin; Luan, Xiaoli; Lei, Jiuhou; Dou, Xiankang;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001954

Observations of Spatial Variations in O/N 2 During an Auroral Substorm Using the Multichannel Downlooking Camera on the VISIONS Rocket

At 0821 UT on 7 February 2013, during an auroral substorm, the NASA VISIONS rocket was launched northward from Poker Flat Research Range on a flight to approximately 750-km altitude that terminated in the Arctic Ocean. A subpayload jettisoned on the up leg carried a multichannel optical imager that looked downward and observed the auroral emission through four narrow passband filters. Three of the channels had sufficiently strong signal to allow a measure of the time evolution of the horizontal extent of the electron auro ...

Hecht, J.; Clemmons, J.; Conde, M.; Hampton, D.; Michell, R.; Rowland, D.; Pfaff, R.; Walterscheid, R.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025288

Multivariable Comprehensive Analysis of Two Great Geomagnetic Storms of 2015

During the year 2015 two great geomagnetic storms (Dst\ \<\ -200\ nT) occurred on 17 March and 22 June. These two geomagnetic storms have similarities. They occurred during the same decreasing phase of the sunspot cycle 24. The interplanetary and magnetospheric environments were calm before the beginning of the storms. Both events were due to Coronal Mass Ejections and High-Speed Solar Wind. Variations of the solar wind velocity and the Bz component of the interplanetary magnetic field were also similar. ...

Kashcheyev, A.; e, Migoya-Oru\; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Fleury, R.; Nava, B.; Alazo-Cuartas, K.; Radicella, S.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA024900

Was Magnetic Storm the Only Driver of the Long-Duration Enhancements of Daytime Total Electron Content in the Asian-Australian Sector Between 7 and 12 September 2017?

In this study, multiple data sets from Beidou geostationary orbit satellites total electron contents (TECs), ionosonde, meteor radar, magnetometer, and model simulations have been used to investigate the ionospheric responses in the Asian-Australian sector during the September 2017 geomagnetic storm. It was found that long-duration daytime TEC enhancements that lasted from 7 to 12 September 2017 were observed by the Beidou geostationary orbit satellite constellation. This is a unique event as the prominent TEC enhancement ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Huang, Fuqing; Chen, Xuetao; Zhong, Jiahao; Ren, Dexin; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Luan, Xiaoli; Jia, Mingjiao; Dou, Xiankang; Hu, Lianhuan; Ning, Baiqi; Owolabi, Charles; Chen, Jinsong; Li, Guozhu; Xue, Xianghui;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA025166

Study of the Equatorial and Low-Latitude Electrodynamic and Ionospheric Disturbances During the 22\textendash23 June 2015 Geomagnetic Storm Using Ground-Based and Spaceborne Techniques

We use a set of ground-based instruments (Global Positioning System receivers, ionosondes, magnetometers) along with data of multiple satellite missions (Swarm, C/NOFS, DMSP, GUVI) to analyze the equatorial and low-latitude electrodynamic and ionospheric disturbances caused by the geomagnetic storm of 22\textendash23 June 2015, which is the second largest storm in the current solar cycle. Our results show that at the beginning of the storm, the equatorial electrojet (EEJ) and the equatorial zonal electric fields were larg ...

Astafyeva, E.; Zakharenkova, I.; Hozumi, K.; Alken, P.; isson, Co; Hairston, M.; Coley, W.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v123.310.1002/2017JA024981

Development and Validation of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model With Thermosphere and Ionosphere Extension (WACCM-X 2.0)

Key developments have been made to the NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere and ionosphere extension (WACCM-X). Among them, the most important are the self-consistent solution of global electrodynamics, and transport of O+ in the F-region. Other ionosphere developments include time-dependent solution of electron/ion temperatures, metastable O+ chemistry, and high-cadence solar EUV capability. Additional developments of the thermospheric components are improvements to the mo ...

Liu, Han-Li; Bardeen, Charles; Foster, Benjamin; Lauritzen, Peter; Liu, Jing; Lu, Gang; Marsh, Daniel; Maute, Astrid; McInerney, Joseph; Pedatella, Nicholas; Qian, Liying; Richmond, Arthur; Roble, Raymond; Solomon, Stanley; Vitt, Francis; Wang, Wenbin;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1002/jame.v10.210.1002/2017MS001232

Changes in the Stratosphere and Ionosphere Parameters During the 2013 Major Stratospheric Warming

The paper presents the results of the complex experiment (lidar and ozonometric observations), carried out during the period of the 2013 major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) in the North Asia region. The data of this experiment were supplemented by the ionospheric parameters observations. We considered variations in the critical frequency and peak height of the ionospheric F2-layer (foF2) from ionosonde measurements in Tomsk and Irkutsk, as well as the behavior of the total electron content (TEC) based on the phase du ...

Yasyukevich, Anna; Kulikov, Yury; Klimenko, Maxim; Klimenko, Vladimir; Bessarab, Fedor; Korenkov, Yury; Marichev, Valery; Ratovsky, Konstantin; Kolesnik, Sergey;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.23919/URSI-AT-RASC.2018.8471322

2017

Dynamics of ionospheric disturbances during the 17\textendash19 March 2015 geomagnetic storm over East Asia

The Storm Time Evolution of the Ionospheric Disturbance Plasma Drifts

In this paper, we use the C/NOFS and ROCSAT-1 satellites observations to analyze the storm time evolution of the disturbance plasma drifts in a 24\ h local time scale during three magnetic storms driven by long-lasting southward IMF Bz. The disturbance plasma drifts during the three storms present some common features in the periods dominated by the disturbance dynamo. The newly formed disturbance plasma drifts are upward and westward at night, and downward and eastward during daytime. Fu ...

Zhang, Ruilong; Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Kuai, Jiawei;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024637

The non-storm time corrugated upper thermosphere: What is beyond MSIS?

Observations in the recent decade have revealed many thermospheric density corrugations/perturbations under nonstorm conditions (Kp \< 2). They are generally not captured by empirical models like Mass Spectrometer Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) but are operationally important for long-term orbital evolution of Low Earth Orbiting satellites and theoretically for coupling processes in the atmosphere-ionosphere system. We review these density corrugations by classifying them into three types which are driven ...

Liu, Huixin; Thayer, Jeff; Zhang, Yongliang; Lee, Woo;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v15.610.1002/2017SW001618

The effect of ring current electron scattering rates on magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling

This simulation study investigated the electrodynamic impact of varying descriptions of the diffuse aurora on the magnetosphere-ionosphere (M-I) system. Pitch angle diffusion caused by waves in the inner magnetosphere is the primary source term for the diffuse aurora, especially during storm time. The magnetic local time (MLT) and storm-dependent electrodynamic impacts of the diffuse aurora were analyzed using a comparison between a new self-consistent version of the Hot Electron Ion Drift Integrator with varying electron ...

Perlongo, N.; Ridley, A.; Liemohn, M.; Katus, R.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023679

Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm

The July 2012 geomagnetic storm is an extreme space weather event in solar cycle 24, which is characterized by a southward interplanetary geomagnetic field lasting for about 30\ h below -10\ nT. In this work, multiple instrumental observations, including electron density from ionosondes, total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System, Jason-2, and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and the topside ion concentration observed by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft are used to ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wang, Yungang; Hu, Lianhuan;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023844

Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm

The July 2012 geomagnetic storm is an extreme space weather event in solar cycle 24, which is characterized by a southward interplanetary geomagnetic field lasting for about 30\ h below -10\ nT. In this work, multiple instrumental observations, including electron density from ionosondes, total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System, Jason-2, and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and the topside ion concentration observed by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft are used to ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wang, Yungang; Hu, Lianhuan;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023844

Multiinstrument observations of a geomagnetic storm and its effects on the Arctic ionosphere: A case study of the 19 February 2014 storm

We present a multiinstrumented approach for the analysis of the Arctic ionosphere during the 19 February 2014 highly complex, multiphase geomagnetic storm, which had the largest impact on the disturbance storm-time index that year. The geomagnetic storm was the result of two powerful Earth-directed coronal mass ejections (CMEs). It produced a strong long lasting negative storm phase over Greenland with a dominant energy input in the polar cap. We employed global navigation satellite system (GNSS) networks, geomagnetic obs ...

Durgonics, Tibor; Komjathy, Attila; Verkhoglyadova, Olga; Shume, Esayas; Benzon, Hans-Henrik; Mannucci, Anthony; Butala, Mark; H\oeg, Per; Langley, Richard;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016RS006106

The TIMED Spacecraft Mission Orbital Performance Fifteen Years in LEO

The Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) spacecraft is a NASAspacecraft designed, built and operated by The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. The spacecraft was launched on December 7, 2001 for a two-yearmission. The TIMED instruments continue to provide global coverage of the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Ionosphere(MLTI)region of the atmosphere (60 km to 180 km). The TIMED mission has observedthe effects of the sun on the MLTI region over a full solar cycle. TIMED ...

Butler, Michael;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.2514/MIECEC1710.2514/6.2017-4871

2016

Assessing ionospheric response during some strong storms in solar cycle 24 using various data sources

We present an analysis of a regional ionospheric response during six strong storms (-200\ nT\ <=Dst<=-100\ nT) that occurred in 2012 for the geographic latitudinal coverage of 10\textdegreeS\textendash40\textdegreeS within a longitude sector of 10\textdegreeE\textendash40\textdegreeE. Although these storms occurred during the same solar activity period and were all coronal mass ejection driven, their impacts and associated features on the ionosphere have been found different due t ...

Habarulema, John; Katamzi, Zama; Sibanda, Patrick; Matamba, Tshimangadzo;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.110.1002/2016JA023066

Midlatitude ionospheric changes to four great geomagnetic storms of solar cycle 23 in Southern and Northern Hemispheres

This paper presents an investigation of ionospheric response to great (Dst<=\textendash350 nT) geomagnetic storms that occurred during solar cycle 23. The storm periods analyzed are 29 March to 2 April 2001, 27\textendash31 October 2003, 18\textendash23 November 2003, and 6\textendash11 November 2004. Global Navigation Satellite System, total electron content (TEC), and ionosonde critical frequency of F 2 layer (f o F 2 ) data over Southern Hemisphere (African sector) and Northern Hemisphere (European sector) midlatitudes ...

Matamba, Tshimangadzo; Habarulema, John; a, Dalia;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v14.1210.1002/2016SW001516

Long-lasting negative ionospheric storm effects in low and middle latitudes during the recovery phase of the 17 March 2013 geomagnetic storm

In this paper, an ionospheric electron density reanalysis algorithm was used to generate global optimized electron density during the 17\textendash18 March 2013 geomagnetic storm by assimilating ~10 low Earth orbit satellites based and ~450 ground global navigation satellite system receiver-based total electron content into a background ionospheric model. The reanalyzed electron density could identify the large-scale ionospheric features quite well during storm time, including the storm-enhanced density, the positive iono ...

Yue, Xinan; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Zhang, Yongliang; Wan, Weixing; Liu, Libo; Hu, Lianhuan; Zhao, Biqiang; Schreiner, William;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v121.910.1002/2016JA022984

Conjugate hemisphere ionospheric response to the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day storms of 2013 and 2015 in the 100\textdegreeE longitude sector

The effects of the St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storms of 2013 and 2015 in the equatorial and low-latitude regions of both hemispheres in the 100\textdegreeE longitude sector is investigated and compared with the response in the Indian sector at 77\textdegreeE. The data from a chain of ionosondes and GPS/Global Navigation Satellite Systems receivers at magnetic conjugate locations in the 100\textdegreeE sector have been used. The perturbation in the equatorial zonal electric field due to the prompt penetrat ...

Kalita, Bitap; Hazarika, Rumajyoti; Kakoti, Geetashree; Bhuyan, P.; Chakrabarty, D.; Seemala, G.; Wang, K.; Sharma, S.; Yokoyama, T.; Supnithi, P.; Komolmis, T.; . Y. Yatini, C; Le Huy, M.; Roy, P.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023119

Ionospheric effects of magnetospheric and thermospheric disturbances on March 17\textendash19, 2015

Using vertical and oblique radio-sounding data, we analyze the ionospheric and thermospheric disturbances during the magnetic storm that occurred in northeastern Russia on March 17\textendash19, 2015. We consider the heliospheric sources that induced the magnetic storm. During the main and early recovery phases, the midlatitude stations are characterized by extremely low values of electron density at the F2 layer maximum. Using oblique sounding data, we recorded signals that propagated outside the great circle ar ...

Polekh, N.; Zolotukhina, N.; Romanova, E.; Ponomarchuk, S.; Kurkin, V.; Podlesnyi, A.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793216040174

Ionospheric effects of magnetospheric and thermospheric disturbances on March 17\textendash19, 2015

Using vertical and oblique radio-sounding data, we analyze the ionospheric and thermospheric disturbances during the magnetic storm that occurred in northeastern Russia on March 17\textendash19, 2015. We consider the heliospheric sources that induced the magnetic storm. During the main and early recovery phases, the midlatitude stations are characterized by extremely low values of electron density at the F2 layer maximum. Using oblique sounding data, we recorded signals that propagated outside the great circle ar ...

Polekh, N.; Zolotukhina, N.; Romanova, E.; Ponomarchuk, S.; Kurkin, V.; Podlesnyi, A.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1134/S0016793216040174

Long-term variations in the neutral gas composition of the thermosphere over Norilsk (2003\textendash2013)

Kushnarenko, Galina; Yakovleva, O.E.; Kuznetsova, G.M.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.12737/issue_58e1a5fe7dc198.3567233310.12737/21465

Ionospheric data assimilation with thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model and GPS-TEC during geomagnetic storm conditions

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of rapid assimilation-forecast cycling on the performance of ionospheric data assimilation during geomagnetic storm conditions. An ensemble Kalman filter software developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), called Data Assimilation Research Testbed, is applied to assimilate ground-based GPS total electron content (TEC) observations into a theoretical numerical model of the thermosphere and ionosphere (NCAR thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodyn ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Matsuo, T.; Chen, W.; Lee, I.; . Y. Liu, J; Lin, J.; Hsu, C.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021787

Long-duration depletion in the topside ionospheric total electron content during the recovery phase of the March 2015 strong storm

Topside ionospheric total electron content (TEC) observations from multiple low-Earth orbit (LEO) satellites have been used to investigate the local time, altitudinal, and longitudinal dependence of the topside ionospheric storm effect during both the main and recovery phases of the March 2015 geomagnetic storm. The results of this study show, for the first time, that there was a persistent topside TEC depletion that lasted for more than 3 days after the storm main phase at most longitudes, except in the Pacific Ocean reg ...

Zhong, Jiahao; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Burns, Alan; Dou, Xiankang; Lei, Jiuhou;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022469

Middle- and low-latitude ionosphere response to 2015 St. Patrick\textquoterights Day geomagnetic storm

This paper presents a study of the St Patrick\textquoterights Day storm of 2015, with its ionospheric response at middle and low latitudes. The effects of the storm in each longitudinal sector (Asian, African, American, and Pacific) are characterized using global and regional electron content. At the beginning of the storm, one or two ionospheric positive storm effects are observed depending on the longitudinal zones. After the main phase of the storm, a strong decrease in ionization is observed at all longitudes, lasting ...

Nava, B.; iguez-Zuluaga, Rodr\; Alazo-Cuartas, K.; Kashcheyev, A.; e, Migoya-Oru\; Radicella, S.M.; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Fleury, R.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022299

Ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) response to solar wind forcing during magnetic storms

During magnetic storms, there is a strong response in the ionosphere and thermosphere which occurs at polar latitudes. Energy input in the form of Poynting flux and energetic particle precipitation, and energy output in the form of heated ions and neutrals have been detected at different altitudes and all local times. We have analyzed a number of storms, using satellite data from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP), the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE), Gravity field and steady-state Ocean C ...

Huang, Cheryl; Huang, Yanshi; Su, Yi-Jiun; Sutton, Eric; Hairston, Marc; Coley, William;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2015041

Energy distribution; Ionosphere; polar cap; solar wind; thermosphere

2015

Statistical analysis of the ionospheric response during geomagnetic storm conditions over South Africa using ionosonde and GPS data

This paper presents a statistical analysis of ionospheric response over ionosonde stations Grahamstown (33.3\textdegreeS, 26.5\textdegreeE, geographic) and Madimbo (22.4\textdegreeS, 30.9\textdegreeE, geographic), South Africa, during geomagnetic storm conditions which occurred during the period 1996\textendash2011. Such a climatological study is important in establishing local ionospheric behavior trend which later forms a basis for accurate modeling and forecasting electron density and critical frequency of the\ 

Matamba, Tshimangadzo; Habarulema, John; McKinnell, Lee-Anne;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v13.910.1002/2015SW001218

Geomagnetic storms; ionospheric storm effects; midlatitude ionosphere

Ionosphere equatorial ionization anomaly observed by GPS radio occultations during 2006\textendash2014

A large number of Global Position System (GPS) radio occultation (RO) observations have been accumulated in the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Constellation Observation System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate (COSMIC) Data Analysis and Archive Center (CDAAC) especially since the launch of COSMIC mission. This study made use of these RO data to study the morphology of ionosphere equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) statistically during 2006\textendash2014. The ionospheric peak density (NmF2) a ...

Yue, Xinan; Schreiner, William; Kuo, Ying-Hwa; Lei, Jiuhou;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.04.004

Ionospheric effects of solar flares and their associated particle ejections in March 2012

Flares of March 4\textendash9, 2012 were accompanied by an intensification of solar electromagnetic and corpuscular radiations and five coronal mass ejections. Bursts of X-rays and increased solar cosmic ray fluxes caused an increase in ionospheric absorption manifesting itself in data from vertical sounding stations as enhancements of the lowest frequency of reflections up to 4\textendash6\ MHz at the daytime and as the disappearance of reflections in the ionograms of high latitude stations. Interplanetary coronal m ...

Zolotukhina, N.; Polekh, N.; Kurkin, V.; Romanova, E.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2015.03.004

Ionospheric disturbance; Magnetic storm; X-ray flare; Solar cosmic rays; Coronal mass ejection

Global ionospheric response to the 2009 sudden stratospheric warming event using Ionospheric Data Assimilation Four-Dimensional (IDA4D) algorithm

A data assimilation algorithm is used to delineate the time-dependent three-dimensional ionospheric response to the 2009 sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event. We use the Ionospheric Data Assimilation Four-Dimensional (IDA4D) algorithm to study the global ionospheric response to the 2009 SSW. This is the first study to utilize global ionospheric measurements in a data assimilation framework to unambiguously characterize atmosphere-ionosphere coupling via tidal modifications during the 2009 SSW event. Model results reve ...

Azeem, I.; Crowley, G.; Honniball, C.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA020993

Atmospheric tides; data assimilation; ionosphere/atmosphere interactions; sudden stratospheric warming

Radar observations of simultaneous traveling ionospheric disturbances and atmospheric gravity waves

Simultaneous observations of atmospheric gravity waves (AGWs) and traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs) measured by an incoherent scatter radar at high latitudes are shown. The measurements were made using a beam swing experiment of the EISCAT UHF radar. The\ F\ region TID is seen as wavefronts in electron density, whereas the\ E\ region AGW is seen in the oscillations of the neutral wind. The wave vector of the TID has a downward component indicating that energy propagates upward ...

en, Nygr\; Aikio, A.; Voiculescu, M.; Cai, L.;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020794

atmospheric gravity wave; incoherent scatter; solar terminator; traveling ionospheric disturbance



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