GUVI Biblio





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Found 37 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 37


2022

Pronounced Suppression and X-Pattern Merging of Equatorial Ionization Anomalies After the 2022 Tonga Volcano Eruption

Following the 2022 Tonga Volcano eruption, dramatic suppression and deformation of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crests occurred in the American sector ∼14,000 km away from the epicenter. The EIA crests variations and associated ionosphere-thermosphere disturbances were investigated using Global Navigation Satellite System total electron content data, Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk ultraviolet images, Ionospheric Connection Explorer wind data, and ionosonde observations. The main results are as fo ...

Aa, Ercha; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Wang, Wenbin; Erickson, Philip; Qian, Liying; Eastes, Richard; Harding, Brian; Immel, Thomas; Karan, Deepak; Daniell, Robert; Coster, Anthea; Goncharenko, Larisa; Vierinen, Juha; Cai, Xuguang; Spicher, Andres;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2022JA030527

EIA suppression and X-pattern; Equatorial ionization anomaly; GNSS TEC; GOLD UV images; ICON MIGHTI neutral wind; Tonga volcano eruption

2021

First Results From the Retrieved Column O/N2 Ratio From the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON): Evidence of the Impacts of Nonmigrating Tides

In near-Earth space, variations in thermospheric composition have important implications for thermosphere-ionosphere coupling. The ratio of O to N2 is often measured using far-UV airglow observations. Taking such airglow observations from space, looking below the Earth s limb allows for the total column of O and N2 in the ionosphere to be determined. While these observations have enabled many previous studies, determining the impact of nonmigrating tides on thermospheric composition has proved difficult, owing to a small con ...

England, Scott; Meier, R.; Frey, Harald; Mende, Stephen; Stephan, Andrew; Krier, Christopher; Cullens, Chihoko; Wu, Yen-Jung; Triplett, Colin; Sirk, Martin; Korpela, Eric; Harding, Brian; Englert, Christoph; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029575

airglow; atmospheric composition; Atmospheric tides; thermosphere

Conjugate Photoelectron Energy Spectra Derived From Coincident FUV and Radio Measurements

We present a method for estimating incident photoelectrons energy spectra as a function of altitude by combining global scale far-ultraviolet (FUV) and radio-occultation (RO) measurements. This characterization provides timely insights important for accurate interpretation of ionospheric parameters inferred from the recently launched Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) observations. Quantification of photoelectron impact is enabled by the fact that conjugate photoelectrons (CPEs) directly affect FUV airglow emissions but ...

Urco, J.; Kamalabadi, F.; Kamaci, U.; Harding, B.; Frey, H.; Mende, S.; Huba, J.; England, S.; Immel, T.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2021GL095839

airglow; conjugate photolectrons; COSMIC2; energy spectra; ICON

2020

Drivers and Prediction of Variability in Earth’s Ionosphere and Thermosphere: New Observations from Missions I

Immel, Thomas; Greer, Katelynn; Lieberman, Ruth; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

Drivers and Prediction of Variability in Earth’s Ionosphere and Thermosphere: New Observations from Missions II Posters

Immel, Thomas; Greer, Katelynn; Lieberman, Ruth; Paxton, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

A comparison of thermospheric FUV radiance and composition from TIMED, GOLD and ICON

Zhang, Y; Paxton, LJ; Schaefer, RK; Eastes, R; McClintock, WE; Immel, TJ;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:

2019

The OI-135.6~nm Nighttime Emission in ICON-FUV Images: A New Tool for the Observation of Classical Medium-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances?

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) mission will study the close relationship between the ionosphere, the atmospheric weather, and space weather using in situ and remote sensing instruments proving plasma density, temperature, ion drift velocity, and thermospheric wind velocity over the equatorial region. In particular, the far ultraviolet (FUV) instrument will image the terrestrial limb in two wavelength channels. During nighttime, only the channel characterizing the b ...

Wautelet, G.; Hubert, B.; erard, J.-C.; Immel, T.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 08/2019

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026930

2018

Daytime O/N2 Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Far-Ultraviolet spectrometer, ICON FUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime far-ultraviolet (FUV) OI 135.6 nm and N2 Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) band emissions that are used to determine thermospheric density profiles and state parameters related to thermospheric composition; specifically the thermospheric column O/N2 ratio (symbolized as ΣO/N2). This paper describes the algorithm concept that has been adapted and updated from one previous ...

Stephan, Andrew; Meier, R.; England, Scott; Mende, Stephen; Frey, Harald; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 01/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0477-6

Daytime O/N2 retrieval algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

Stephan, Andrew; Meier, RR; England, Scott; Mende, Stephen; Frey, Harald; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space science reviews      Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:

2017

Daytime Ionosphere Retrieval Algorithm for the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)

The NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer Extreme Ultraviolet spectrograph, ICON EUV, will measure altitude profiles of the daytime extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) OII emission near 83.4 and 61.7\ nm that are used to determine density profiles and state parameters of the ionosphere. This paper describes the algorithm concept and approach to inverting these measured OII emission profiles to derive the associated O+ density profile from 150\textendash450\ km as a proxy for the electron content in the F-region of the iono ...

Stephan, Andrew; Korpela, Eric; Sirk, Martin; England, Scott; Immel, Thomas;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0385-1

The Far Ultra-Violet Imager on the Icon Mission

ICON Far UltraViolet (FUV) imager contributes to the ICON science objectives by providing remote sensing measurements of the daytime and nighttime atmosphere/ionosphere. During sunlit atmospheric conditions, ICON FUV images the limb altitude profile in the shortwave (SW) band at 135.6 nm and the longwave (LW) band at 157 nm perpendicular to the satellite motion to retrieve the atmospheric O/N2 ratio. In conditions of atmospheric darkness, ICON FUV measures the 135.6 nm recombination emission of O+ ions used to ...

Mende, S.; Frey, H.; Rider, K.; Chou, C.; Harris, S.; Siegmund, O.; England, S.; Wilkins, C.; Craig, W.; Immel, T.; Turin, P.; Darling, N.; Loicq, J.; Blain, P.; Syrstad, E.; Thompson, B.; Burt, R.; Champagne, J.; Sevilla, P.; Ellis, S.;

Published by: Space Science Reviews      Published on: 10/2017

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0386-0

2015

The August 2011 URSI World Day campaign: Initial results

During a 10-day URSI World Day observational campaign beginning on August 1, 2011, an isolated, major geomagnetic storm occurred. On August 5,\ Kp\ reached values of 8-and\ Dst\ dropped to -113\ nT. The occurrence of this isolated storm in the middle of a 10-day URSI World Day campaign provides and unprecedented opportunity to observe the coupling of solar wind energy into the magnetosphere and to evaluate the varied effects that occur in the coupled magnetosphere\text ...

Immel, Thomas; Liu, Guiping; England, Scott; Goncharenko, Larisa; Erickson, Philip; Lyashenko, Mykhaylo; Milla, Marco; Chau, Jorge; Frey, Harald; Mende, Stephen; Zhou, Qihou; Stromme, Anja; Paxton, Larry;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 11/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.09.005

Aeronomy; Ionosphere; Radar; thermosphere

2013

Impacts of atmospheric ultrafast Kelvin waves on radio scintillations in the equatorial ionosphere

We present a statistical analysis of the amplitudes of GPS scintillations (S4 index) observed throughout 2008\textendash2010 using the satellite radio occultation measurements of the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC). Here, for the first time, periodic variability in the occurrence of S4 is investigated using these data. Significant variations of S4 with periods of 2.5\textendash4 days (quasi-3 days) are identified from the observations during postsunset hours (1900\textendas ...

Liu, Guiping; Immel, Thomas; England, Scott; Frey, Harald; Mende, Stephen; Kumar, Karanam; Ramkumar, Geetha;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50139

day-to-day variability; Equatorial ionosphere; scintillation; Ultra Fast Kelvin planetary wave

2012

An empirical model of the drift velocity of equatorial plasma depletions

The Far-Ultraviolet Imager on the IMAGE spacecraft (IMAGE-FUV) has been used to observe O+plasma depletions in the post-sunset equatorial ionosphere. Small-scale density irregularities associated with such depletions are believed to adversely affect trans-ionospheric radio signals such as GPS. Prediction of the motion of these plasma depletions is a necessary component of the ability to forecast the occurrence of such radio signal interference. An automated method has recently been developed to identify and tra ...

England, S.; Immel, T.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 12/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA018091

Ionosphere; plasma drift; scintillation

2010

Modeling of multiple effects of atmospheric tides on the ionosphere: An examination of possible coupling mechanisms responsible for the longitudinal structure of the equatorial ionosphere

England, S.; Immel, T.; Huba, J.; Hagan, M.; Maute, A.; DeMajistre, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014894

2009

The effect of non-migrating tides on the morphology of the equatorial ionospheric anomaly: seasonal variability

England, Scott; Zhang, Xiaoli; Immel, Thomas; Forbes, Jeffrey; DeMajistre, Robert;

Published by: Earth Planets Space      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

Upward propagating tidal effects across the E-and F-regions of the ionosphere

Immel, Thomas; England, Scott; Zhang, Xiaoli; Forbes, Jeffrey; DeMajistre, Robert;

Published by: Earth, planets and space      Published on:

YEAR: 2009     DOI:

2008

Neutral composition and density effects in the October—November 2003 Magnetic Storms

Immel, TJ; Crowley, Geoff; Forbes, JM; Nerem, RS; Sutton, EK;

Published by: Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances      Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI:

Modeling the longitudinal variation in the post-sunset far-ultraviolet OI airglow using the SAMI2 model

England, SL; Immel, TJ; Huba, JD;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI:

2007

Plausible effect of atmospheric tides on the equatorial ionosphere observed by the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC: Three-dimensional electron density structures

Lin, C.; Wang, W.; Hagan, M.; Hsiao, C.; Immel, T.; Hsu, M.; Liu, J; Paxton, L.; Fang, T.; Liu, C.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-01-2007

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.1029/2007GL029265

A method for determining the drift velocity of plasma depletions in the equatorial ionosphere using far-ultraviolet spacecraft observations

Park, SH; England, SL; Immel, TJ; Frey, HU; Mende, SB;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2007     DOI:

2006

Effect of atmospheric tides on the morphology of the quiet time, postsunset equatorial ionospheric anomaly

England, S.; Immel, T.; Sagawa, E.; Henderson, S.; Hagan, M.; Mende, S.; Frey, H.; Swenson, C.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2006

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1029/2006JA011795

Longitudinal variation of the E-region electric fields caused by atmospheric tides

England, S.; Maus, S.; Immel, T.; Mende, S.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-01-2006

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027465

Effect of IMF By on thermospheric composition at high and middle latitudes: 2. Data comparisons

Immel, Thomas; Crowley, Geoff; Hackert, Chris; Craven, John; Roble, Ray;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2006     DOI:

The importance of high latitude inputs in correctly modeling the magnitude and extend of thermospheric storms

Immel, Thomas; Crowley, Geoff; Craven, John;

Published by: Adv. Space Res      Published on:

YEAR: 2006     DOI:

2005

Storm-time enhancement of mid-latitude ultraviolet emissions due to energetic neutral atom precipitation

DeMajistre, R.; Brandt, P.; Immel, T.; Yee, J.-H.; Dalgarno, A.; Paxton, L.; Kharchenko, V.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-01-2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023059

The October 28, 2003 extreme EUV solar flare and resultant extreme ionospheric effects: Comparison to other Halloween events and the Bastille Day event

Some of the most intense solar flares measured in 0.1 to 0.8 nm x-rays in recent history occurred near the end of 2003. The Nov 4 event is the largest in the NOAA records (X28) and the Oct 28 flare was the fourth most intense (X17). The Oct 29 flare was class X7. These flares are compared and contrasted to the July 14, 2000 Bastille Day (X10) event using the SOHO SEM 26.0 to 34.0 nm EUV and TIMED SEE 0.1\textendash194 nm data. High time resolution, \~30s ground-base GPS data and the GUVI FUV dayglow data are used to exami ...

Tsurutani, B.; Judge, D.; Guarnieri, F.; Gangopadhyay, P.; Jones, A.; Nuttall, J.; Zambon, G.A.; Didkovsky, L.; Mannucci, A.J.; Iijima, B.; Meier, R.; Immel, T.J.; Woods, T.; Prasad, S.; Floyd, L.; Huba, J.; Solomon, S.; Straus, P.; Viereck, R.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 02/2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021475

Earth FUV Dayglow Response to the 20 January 2005 Solar Flare: TIMED and IMAGE Observations

Retherford, KD; Gladstone, R; Solomon, SC; Immel, TJ;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

Control of the Equatorial Ionospheric Morphology by Atmospheric Tides: TIMED GUVI and IMAGE FUV Observations

England, SL; Immel, TJ; Sagawa, E; Henderson, S; Hagan, ME; Mende, SB; Frey, HU; Swenson, C; Paxton, LJ;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

Violent Sun-Earth connection events of October-November 2003: Violent Sun-Earth connection events of October-November 2003

Tsurutani, BT; Judge, DL; Meier, RR; Immel, TJ; Woods, TN;

Published by: Geophysical research letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

2004

O/N 2 changes during 1\textendash4 October 2002 storms: IMAGE SI-13 and TIMED/GUVI observations

Thermospheric O/N2 column density ratios referenced at a N2 column density of 1017 cm-2 are obtained using the IMAGE SI-13 and TIMED/GUVI far-ultraviolet (FUV) dayglow data, AURIC simulation results, and MSIS86 model. Each of the magnetic storms occurring during a 4-day period (1\textendash4 October 2002) caused significant O/N2 depletion that was detected by both of the IMAGE SI-13 and GUVI instruments. The depletion extended down to latitudes of 10\textdegree and -5 ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Wolven, B.; Kil, H.; Meng, C.-I.; Mende, S.; Immel, T.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 10/2004

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010441

Magnetic storm; thermospheric composition change

IMAGE-FUV observations of the October-November 2003 flare and magnetic storm effects on Earth

Immel, TT; Ostgaard, N; Strickland, DJ; Frey, HU; Mende, SB; Lu, G;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2004     DOI:

The Global Ionosphere Thermosphere Model results of the April 2002 storm

Ridley, AJ; oth, G; Deng, Y; Kozyra, J; Immel, T; Paxton, L;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2004     DOI:

2003

Sudden solar wind dynamic pressure enhancements and dayside detached auroras: IMAGE and DMSP observations

Zhang, Y; Paxton, LJ; Immel, TJ; Frey, HU; Mende, SB;

Published by: Journal of geophysical research      Published on:

YEAR: 2003     DOI:

Negative ionospheric storms seen by the IMAGE FUV instrument

Data from the IMAGE SI-13 instrument are used to study depletions in the OI 135.6 nm dayglow intensity due to two magnetic storms observed on 8 June and 15 July 2000. Results show that the SI-13 instrument is sensitive to changes in the 135.6 nm dayglow caused by depletion of the O/N2\ column density ratio. It is found that depletion levels in the SI-13 images are weaker than those in the true O/N2\ values or electron density parameters, such as NmF2 (peak F2 electron density) due to the N< ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Kil, H.; Meng, C.-I.; Mende, S.~B.; Frey, H.~U.; Immel, T.~J.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)      Published on:

YEAR: 2003     DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009797

Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Airglow and aurora; Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Thermosphere-composition and chemistry; atmospheric composition change; depletion of OI 135.6 nm dayglow; Ionosphere: Ionospheric disturbances; Ionosphere: Plasma temperature and density; Magnetospheric Physics: Storms and substorms; negative ionospheric storms

2002

Sudden solar wind dynamic pressure enhancements and dayside detached auroras: IMAGE and DMSP observations

Dayside detached auroras (DDA) refer to auroras observed separate from the equatorward edge of the main oval on the dayside. They are studied here using IMAGE FUV and DMSP particle data. Occurrence of these DDA appears to be correlated with sudden solar wind dynamic pressure enhancements and northward interplanetary magnetic field, as monitored by the Wind satellite. They are usually very dynamic and short-lived with a lifetime of the order of 10 minutes. Out of the three FUV instrument channels on IMAGE, DDA are best det ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.J.; Immel, T.; Frey, H.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2002     DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009355

AURORA; dayside detached aurora; proton precipitation; solar wind pressure enhancement

1994

Variations in the FUV dayglow after intense auroral activity

Craven, JD; Nicholas, AC; Frank, LA; Strickland, DJ; Immel, TJ;

Published by: Geophysical research letters      Published on:

YEAR: 1994     DOI:



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