GUVI Biblio





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Found 32 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 32


2015

A new technique for remote sensing of O 2 density from 140 to 180 km

Observations of molecular oxygen are difficult to make in the Earth\textquoterights atmosphere between 140 and 200 km altitude. Perhaps the most accurate measurements to date have been obtained from satellite instruments that measure solar occultations of the limb. These do provide height-resolved O2 density measurements, but the nature of this technique is such that the temporal/spatial distribution of the measurements is uneven. Here a new space-based technique is described that utilizes two bright dayglow em ...

Hecht, James; Christensen, Andrew; Yee, Jeng-Hwa; Crowley, Geoff; Bishop, Rebeeca; Budzien, Scott; Stephan, Andrew; Evans, Scott;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062355

composition; technique; thermosphere

Remote Sensing of Earth\textquoterights Limb by TIMED/GUVI: Retrieval of thermospheric composition and temperature

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite senses far ultraviolet emissions from O and N2 in the thermosphere. Transformation of far ultraviolet radiances measured on the Earth limb into O, N2, and O2 number densities and temperature quantifies these responses and demonstrates the value of simultaneous altitude and geographic information. Composition and temperature variations are available from 2002 to 2007 ...

Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Drob, D.; Bishop, J.; Emmert, J.; Lean, J.; Stephan, A.; Strickland, D.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Kil, H.; Wolven, B.; Woods, Thomas; Crowley, G.; Gibson, S.;

Published by: Earth and Space Science      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014EA000035

airglow and aurora; remote sensing; thermosphere: composition and chemistry; thermosphere: energy deposition

2013

The quiet nighttime low-latitude ionosphere as observed by TIMED/GUVI

In this paper, we examine the nighttime ionosphere climatology structure in the low latitude region and discrepancies between Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) observations and the IRI model predictions using (1) the magnetic zonal mean of electron number density as a function of altitude and magnetic latitude, (2) vertical electron density profiles at various levels of F10.7 index, (3) nighttime descent and magnitude decrease of the ionosphere, (4) point-to-point comparisons of F-peak height (hmF2) and density (NmF2), and ...

Talaat, E.R.; Yee, J.-H.; Hsieh, S.-Y.; Paxton, L.J.; DeMajistre, R.; Christensen, A.B.; Bilitza, D.;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: 02/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2012.11.012

Electron density; GUVI; Ionosphere; IRI; TIMED

Rapid, highly structured meridional winds and their modulation by non migrating tides: Measurements from the Streak mission

[1]\ Measurements of the Earth\textquoterights low latitude thermosphere returned by the ionization gauge on the Streak mission are reported and discussed. The measurements are of the amount of gas rammed into the sensor by its passage through the thermospheric medium. They were obtained in the dusk sector in the altitude range 130\textendash330 km and are shown to be strongly structured by the geomagnetic field. Similarities to the structure of the equatorial ionization anomaly are discussed. The structure is interp ...

Clemmons, J.; Walterscheid, R.; Christensen, A.; Bishop, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 02/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017661

2011

A study of space shuttle plumes in the lower thermosphere

Meier, R.; Stevens, Michael; Plane, John; Emmert, J.; Crowley, G.; Azeem, I.; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2011

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016987

2010

Can molecular diffusion explain Space Shuttle plume spreading?

Meier, R.; Plane, John; Stevens, Michael; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.; Crowley, G.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-04-2010

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2010GL042868

2008

Periodic modulations in thermospheric composition by solar wind high speed streams

Crowley, G.; Reynolds, A.; Thayer, J.; Lei, J.; Paxton, L.; Christensen, A.; Zhang, Y.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-01-2008

YEAR: 2008     DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035745

Features of annual and semiannual variations derived from the global ionospheric maps of total electron content

Zhao, B; Wan, W; Liu, L; Mao, T; Ren, Z; Wang, M; Christensen, AB;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2008     DOI:

2007

Constraining and validating the Oct/Nov 2003 X-class EUV flare enhancements with observations of FUV dayglow and E -region electron densities

Strickland, D.; Lean, J.; Daniell, R.; Knight, H.; Woo, W.; Meier, R.; Straus, P.; Woods, T.; Eparvier, F.; McMullin, D.; Christensen, A.; Morrison, D.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2007

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.1029/2006JA012074

Features of annual and semiannual variations derived from the global ionospheric maps of total electron content

Zhao, B.; Wan, W.; Liu, L.; Mao, T.; Ren, Z.; Wang, M.; Christensen, A.;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: Jan-01-2007

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-25-2513-2007

2006

Global thermosphere-ionosphere response to onset of 20 November 2003 magnetic storm

Crowley, G.; Hackert, C.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.; Paxton, L.; Pi, X.; Mannucci, A.; Christensen, A.; Morrison, D.; Bust, G.; Roble, R.; Curtis, N.; Wene, G.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2006

YEAR: 2006     DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011518

2005

Morphology of the equatorial anomaly and equatorial plasma bubbles using image subspace analysis of Global Ultraviolet Imager data

Henderson, S.; Swenson, C.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: Jan-01-2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011080

First look at the 20 November 2003 superstorm with TIMED/GUVI: Comparisons with a thermospheric global circulation model

The NASA TIMED/GUVI experiment obtained unprecedented far ultraviolet images of thermospheric composition and temperature during the intense geomagnetic storm on 20\textendash21 November 2003. Geographic maps of the atomic oxygen to molecular nitrogen column density ratio show severe depletions that extend to the equator near the peak of the storm. This ratio is a key indicator of how the thermospheric composition is disrupted at high latitudes and how the perturbed air moves globally as a result of dynamical forcing. For ...

Meier, R.; Crowley, G.; Strickland, D.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Hackert, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 09/2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010990

dayglow; geomagnetic storm; GUVI; remote sensing; thermospheric composition; TIMED

Undulations on the equatorward edge of the diffuse proton aurora: TIMED/GUVI observations

Undulations on the equatorward edge of the diffuse proton aurora have been identified by using TIMED/GUVI auroral images in the far ultraviolet wavelengths. While undulations have been previously reported on the duskside (Lui et al., 1982), GUVI observations show the undulation also occurs in the dayside, nightside, and morningside. The GUVI proton auroral images provide direct optical evidence that the undulations occur in the proton aurora. It is also the first detection of the undulation in the dayside indicating stron ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; T. Y. Lui, A.; Kil, H.; Wolven, B.; Meng, C.-I.; Christensen, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 09/2005

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010668

auroral undulation; K-H instability; Magnetic storm; plasma convection

Far-ultraviolet signature of polar cusp during southward IMF Bz observed by TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager and DMSP

The coincident TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager (TIMED/GUVI) optical and DMSP particle observations have revealed new features of the optical signature of the polar cusp under a southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). We have found that cusp auroras usually take the shape of a thin arc with a width around 100\textendash200 km. This provides the first far-ultraviolet evidence of the narrow cusp under a southward IMF [

Zhang, Y; Meng, C-I; Paxton, LJ; Morrison, D; Wolven, B; Kil, H; Newell, P; Wing, S; Christensen, AB;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics (1978\textendash2012)      Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010707

cusp aurora

Global Thermosphere-Ionosphere Response to Geomagnetic Storms

Crowley, G.; Hackert, C.; Meier, R.; Strickland, D.; Paxton, L.; Pi, X.; Manucci, A.; Christensen, A.; Morrison, D.; Bust, G.; Roble, R.; Curtis, N.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2005     DOI:

2004

Double dayside detached auroras: TIMED/GUVI observations

On August 19, 2003, TIMED/GUVI detected, for the first time, two separated (double) dayside detached auroras (D-DDA) simultaneously in all the GUVI channels, 121.6 nm, 135.6 nm, LBHS, and LBHL. The D-DDA was located at magnetic latitudes around -57\textdegree and -63\textdegree (L shell 3.4 and 4.9) in the 0900\textendash1030 MLT region. The high-latitude part of the D-DDA is much brighter than the low-latitude part. DMSP particle observation indicates that the source of the D-DDA is energetic (\~10 keV) precipitating pro ...

Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Meng, C.-I.; Morrison, D.; Wolven, B.; Kil, H.; Christensen, A.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: 05/2004

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1029/2003GL018949

Retrievals of nighttime electron density from Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) mission Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) measurements

In this work we will present a method for retrieving nighttime electron density profiles from OI 135.6 nm limb emissions measured by the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) aboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) mission spacecraft. The primary mechanism for 135.6 nm radiance in the nighttime thermosphere is recombination of O+ ions, and the volume emission rate is approximately proportional to the square of the electron density. Herein we describe a two-step inversion method ...

DeMajistre, R.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Yee, J.-H.; Goncharenko, L.; Christensen, A.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 04/2004

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010296

Electron density; inversion; low-latitude ionosphere; TIMED/GUVI

Quiet-time seasonal behavior of the thermosphere seen in the far ultraviolet dayglow

The TIMED/GUVI instrument is a far ultraviolet spectrograph that obtains images in five spectrally resolved wavelength channels. These images yield information on the dayside composition, temperature, solar EUV flux, large-scale wave structures, and auroral processes. In this paper we present an overview analysis of Earth-disk images for four seasons (March, July, and September 2002 and January 2003). Days were selected during geomagnetically quiet periods when the Sun was nearly in the orbital plane (noon orbits). Two of ...

Strickland, D.; Meier, R.; Walterscheid, R.; Christensen, A.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Craven, J.; Crowley, G.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 01/2004

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010220

far ultraviolet; remote sensing; seasonal behavior; thermosphere

GUVI: a hyperspectral imager for geospace

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) is an imaging spectrometer on the NASA TIMED spacecraft which was launched on December 7, 2001. This instrument produces a far ultraviolet (FUV) data cube of spatial and spectral information at each step of a scan mirror - that scan mirror covers 140 deg in the cross track direction - a span that includes on limb. GUVI produces simultaneous monochromatic images at five "colors" (121.6 nm, 130.4 nm, 135.6 nm, and in broader bands at 140-150 nm and 165-180 nm) as its field of view is sca ...

Paxton, L.; Christensen, Andrew; Morrison, Daniel; Wolven, Brian; Kil, Hyosub; Zhang, Yongliang; Ogorzalek, Bernard; Humm, David; Goldsten, John; DeMajistre, Robert; Meng, Ching-I.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1117/12.579171

Solar EUV irradiance variability derived from terrestrial far ultraviolet dayglow observations

Remotely sensed ultraviolet emissions from the Earth's upper atmosphere are shown to mirror fluctuations in solar EUV irradiance during July 2002, including the overall increase and decrease as the Sun rotated, and episodic increases associated with multiple solar flares. The TIMED/GUVI dayglow observations are used to derive a new quantity, QEUVGUVI, which is a measure of integrated solar EUV electromagnetic energy shortward of 45 nm. Both the absolute QEUVGUVI values and their modulation by solar rotation agree well with ...

Strickland, D.J.; Lean, J.L.; Meier, R.R.; Christensen, A.B.; Paxton, L.J.; Morrison, D.; Craven, J.D.; Walterscheid, R.L.; Judge, D.L.; McMullin, D.R.;

Published by: Geophysical research letters      Published on:

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1029/2003GL018415

Thermospheric infrared radiance response to the April 2002 geomagnetic storm from SABER infrared and GUVI ultraviolet limb data

The SABER instrument on TIMED continuously measures certain infrared limb radiance profiles with unprecedented sensitivity. Among these are emissions of CO2 ν3 at 4.3 μm, routinely recorded to tangent heights of ~140-150 km, and NO at 5.3 μm, seen to above ~200 km and ~300 km, respectively. We use these infrared channels of SABER and coincident far ultraviolet (FUV) measurements from GUVI on TIMED, to study the geometric storm of April 2002. These all give a consistent measure of auroral energy in ...

Winick, Jeremy; Mlynczak, Martin; Wintersteiner, Peter; Martin-Torres, Francisco; Picard, Richard; Paxton, L.; Lopez-Puertas, Manuel; Russell, James; Christensen, Andrew; Gordley, Larry;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2004     DOI: 10.1117/12.515982

2003

The use of far ultraviolet remote sensing to monitor space weather

This paper discusses the connection between changes in Earth\textquoterights thermosphere and ionosphere induced by changes in the Earth\textquoterights local space environment (or \textquotedblleftspace weather\textquotedblright) and the phenomena observed in far ultraviolet images of the Earth. Two new experiments, the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) and the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Imager (SSUSI), will provide a new capability for monitoring changes in thermospheric composition and ionospheric density as they change ...

Paxton, L.; Morrison, Daniel; Strickland, Douglas; McHarg, M.Geoff; Zhang, Yongliang; Wolven, Brian; Kill, Hyosub; Crowley, Geoff; Christensen, Andrew; Meng, Ching-I;

Published by: Advances in Space Research      Published on: Jan-01-2003

YEAR: 2003     DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(02)00886-4

Initial observations with the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) in the NASA TIMED satellite mission

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) instrument carried aboard the NASA TIMED satellite measures the spectral radiance of the Earth\textquoterights far ultraviolet airglow in the spectral region from 120 to 180 nm using a cross-track scanning spectrometer design. Continuous operation of the instrument provides images of the Earth\textquoterights disk and limb in five selectable spectral bands. Also, spectra at fixed scanning mirror position can be obtained. Initial results demonstrate the quantitative functionality of the ...

Christensen, AB; Paxton, LJ; Avery, S; Craven, J; Crowley, G; Humm, DC; Kil, H; Meier, RR; Meng, C-I; Morrison, D; , others;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics (1978\textendash2012)      Published on:

YEAR: 2003     DOI: 10.1029/2003JA009918

airglow; AURORA; ultraviolet; imaging; satellite; atmosphere

Optical Signature of Polar Cusp During Southward IMF Bz Observed by TIMED/GUVI and DMSP

The GUVI instrument on board the TIMED satellite provides unique multi-wavelength observations of polar region emissions. In this study we focus on the identification of the polar cusp region during southward IMF conditions. Using simultaneous DMSP particle observations, the optical signatures and dynamics of the polar cusp region are investigated. We will address which of the five GUVI wavelengths can best be used for optical identification of the cusp precipitation by comparing images of various wavelengths. These new G ...

Zhang, Y.; Meng, C.~I.; Paxton, L.~J.; Morrison, D.; Wolven, B.; Kil, H.; Newell, P.; Wing, S.; Christensen, A.~B.;

Published by: AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts      Published on:

YEAR: 2003     DOI:

2455 Particle precipitation; 2704 Auroral phenomena (2407); 2724 Magnetopause; and boundary layers; cusp

TIMED instruments

Yee, Jeng-Hwa; Talaat, Elsayed; Christensen, Andrew; Killeen, Timothy; Russell, James; Woods, Thomas;

Published by: Johns Hopkins APL technical digest      Published on:

YEAR: 2003     DOI:

Analysis of the energy input and loss in the thermosphere during the April 2002 geomagnetic storm using SABER infrared limb emission and GIVI limb emission

Winick, J.; Mlynczak, M.; Wintersteiner, P.; Martin-Torres, F.-J.; Picard, R.; Paxton, L.; opez-Puertas, M.; Russell, J.; Christensen, A.; Gordley, L.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2003     DOI:

2002

The Global Ultraviolet Imager, The Aerospace Corporation Annual Report

Christensen, A.;

Published by: The Aerospace Corporation Annual Report      Published on:

YEAR: 2002     DOI:

Remote sensing of the nighttime ionosphere with the TIMED Global Ultraviolet Imager

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) aboard the TIMED spacecraft monitors ultraviolet radiation from the terrestrial atmosphere in five spectral regions. Measurements of 1356-angstrom radiation on the Earth\textquoterights limb are part of this dataset. The primary source of this 1356-angstrom radiation on the night side is the recombination of molecular oxygen ions and electrons. In this work, we present a method for inferring vertical electron density profiles and total electron content (TEC) from the GUVI night-side li ...

DeMajistre, R.; Talaat, E.; Kil, H.; Zhang, Y.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Wolven, B.; Meng, C.-I.; Christensen, A.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2002     DOI:

2000

The Use of Far Ultraviolet Remote Sensing to Monitor Space Weather

Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Strickland, D.; McHarg, M.; Zhang, Y.; Wolven, B.; Kil, H.; Crowley, G.; Christensen, A.; Meng, C.-I;

Published by: COSPAR Adv. Space Research      Published on:

YEAR: 2000     DOI:

1999

Global ultraviolet imager (GUVI): measuring composition and energy inputs for the NASA Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) mission

The Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) on the NASA Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) mission will determine the variability in thermospheric composition, and its response to auroral inputs as well as measuring those inputs. GUVI is the result of twenty years of work in designing large field of regard far ultraviolet (110 - 180 nm) imagers for spaceflight. These systems are based on the concept of a horizon-to-horizon \textquoterightmonochromatic\textquoteright imager. The field of view of a ...

Paxton, L.J.; Christensen, A.~B.; Humm, D.~C.; Ogorzalek, B.~S.; Pardoe, C.~T.; Morrison, D.; Weiss, M.~B.; Crain, W.; Lew, P.~H.; Mabry, D.~J.; Goldsten, J.~O.; Gary, S.~A.; Persons, D.~F.; Harold, M.~J.; Alvarez, E.~B.; Ercol, C.~J.; Strickland, D.~J.; Meng, C.-I.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 1999     DOI:

1998

Design and performance of the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI)

The Global UV imager (GUVI) is an imaging spectrometer on the NASA TIMED spacecraft. GUVI produces simultaneous monochromatic images at five \textquoterightcolors\textquoteright as its field of view is scanned from horizon to horizon. The instrument consists of a scan mirror feeding a parabolic telescope and Rowland circle spectrometer, with a wedge-and-strip detector at the focal plane. We describe the design, and give an overview of the environmental parameters that will be measured. GUVI is a modified version of the Sp ...

Humm, D.~C.; Paxton, L.J.; Christensen, A.~B.; Ogorzalek, B.~S.; Pardoe, C.~T.; Meng, C.-I.; Morrison, D.; Strickland, D.~J.; Evans, J.~S.; Weiss, M.~B.; Crain, W.; Lew, P.~H.; Mabry, D.~J.; Goldsten, J.~O.; Gary, S.~A.; Peacock, K.; Persons, D.~F.; Harold, M.~J.; Alvarez, E.~B.; Ercol, C.~J.;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 1998     DOI:



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