GUVI Biblio





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Found 46 entries in the Bibliography.


Showing entries from 1 through 46


2020

A method to derive global O/N2 ratios from SSUSI/DMSP based on Re-AURIC algorithm

Global thermospheric O/N2 column density ratios are obtained using the SSUSI/DMSP far-ultraviolet (FUV) dayglow data and the Re-AURIC simulation results. The Re-AURIC is derived from the AURIC algorithm after some old modules are updated. The calculation processes of O/N2 ratio are then established using the simulations of Re-AURIC to calibrate the ratios of the OI 135.6\ nm emission and N2 LBHS emission from SSUSI observations. The standard deviation (1σ) and correlation co ...

Ding, GuangXing; Chen, Bo; Zhang, Xiaoxin; He, Fei;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2020.105196

FUV dayglow; Magnetic storm; O/N2 ratio; Re-AURIC

A case study of isolated auroral spots based on DMSP data

This study employed ultraviolet images and particle data to investigate isolated auroral spots away from the Earth\textquoterights auroral oval. Data from SSUSI (Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager) and SSJ (Special Sensor J) mounted on the DMSP (Defence Meteorological Satellite Program) spacecraft were examined. The isolated auroral spots were observed by DMSP F16/SSUSI and F17/SSUSI on 29 May 2010 during the recovery phase of a moderate geomagnetic storm with a minimum SYM-H index of -70 ...

Zhou, Su; Chen, Yuqing; Zhang, Jin;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2019.105176

Isolated auroral spots; Proton aurora; Subauroral electron precipitation

Impacts of Binning Methods on High-Latitude Electrodynamic Forcing: Static Versus Boundary-Oriented Binning Methods

An outstanding issue in the general circulation model simulations for Earth\textquoterights upper atmosphere is the inaccurate estimation of Joule heating, which could be associated with the inaccuracy of empirical models for high-latitude electrodynamic forcing. The binning methods used to develop those empirical models may contribute to the inaccuracy. Traditionally, data are binned through a static binning approach by using fixed geomagnetic coordinates, in which the dynamic nature of the forcing is ...

Zhu, Qingyu; Deng, Yue; Richmond, Arthur; Maute, Astrid; Chen, Yun-Ju; Hairston, Marc; Kilcommons, Liam; Knipp, Delores; Redmon, Robert; Mitchell, Elizabeth;

YEAR: 2020     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027270

Electric field; high latitude; Joule heating; particle precipitation

2019

Ionospheric parameters in the European sector during the magnetic storm of August 25\textendash26, 2018

Variations of ionospheric parameters Total Electron Content (TEC) by GNSS, critical frequency (foF2) by vertical sounding and electron density (Ne) by low-altitude satellite were studied at high, mid and low latitudes of the European sector during the magnetic storm of August 25\textendash26, 2018. During the main phase of the storm the ionospheric F2-layer was under the positive disturbance at mid and low latitudes. Then the transition from the positive to negative ΔfoF2 values occurred at all latitudes. The recovery ph ...

Blagoveshchensky, D.V.; Sergeeva, M.A.;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.07.044

New Aspects of the Ionospheric Behavior Over Millstone Hill During the 30-Day Incoherent Scatter Radar Experiment in October 2002

The geomagnetic storm-driven ionospheric changes and the involved processes are interesting and challenging topics in understanding and predicting the ionosphere. In this study we investigate the response of the ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the 30-day incoherent scatter radar measurements conducted at Millstone Hill (42.6\textdegreeN, 71.5\textdegreeW) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. During geomagnetically disturbed periods, while the peak electron density of the F2 layer (NmF2) and total electron cont ...

Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Zhang, Ruilong; Wan, Weixing; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026806

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

Wide-field auroral imager onboard the Fengyun satellite

The newly launched Fengyun-3D (FY-3D) satellite carried a wide-field auroral imager (WAI) that was developed by Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CIOMP), which will provide a large field of view (FOV), high spatial resolution, and broadband ultraviolet images of the aurora and the ionosphere by imaging the N2 LBH bands of emissions. The WAI consists of two identical cameras, each with an FOV of 68\textdegree in the along-track direction and 10\textdegree in ...

Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo; He, Fei; Song, Ke-Fei; He, Ling-Ping; Liu, Shi-Jie; Guo, Quan-Feng; Li, Jia-Wei; Wang, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Hong-Ji; Wang, Hai-Feng; Han, Zhen-Wei; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Pei-Jie; Dai, Shuang; Ding, Guang-Xing; Chen, Li-Heng; Wang, Zhong-Su; Shi, Guang-Wei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Chao; Yang, Zhong-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Jin-Song;

YEAR: 2019     DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0157-7

2018

The ionosphere response to severe geomagnetic storm in March 2015 on the base of the data from Eurasian high-middle latitudes ionosonde chain

Investigation of the Causes of the Longitudinal and Solar Cycle Variation of the Electron Density in the Bering Sea and Weddell Sea Anomalies

This paper investigates and quantifies the longitudinal, solar cyclical, and diurnal variation of the ionosphere peak electron density observed by six ionosondes located between 18 and 151\textdegreeE near 60\textdegreeN. Embedded within this region is the Bering Sea anomaly (BSA) where the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. The BSA is a region West of Alaska extending from approximately 100\textdegree to 200\textdegree east geographic longitude and 55\textdegree to 70\textd ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shihping; Dandenault, P.;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025413

Was Magnetic Storm the Only Driver of the Long-Duration Enhancements of Daytime Total Electron Content in the Asian-Australian Sector Between 7 and 12 September 2017?

In this study, multiple data sets from Beidou geostationary orbit satellites total electron contents (TECs), ionosonde, meteor radar, magnetometer, and model simulations have been used to investigate the ionospheric responses in the Asian-Australian sector during the September 2017 geomagnetic storm. It was found that long-duration daytime TEC enhancements that lasted from 7 to 12 September 2017 were observed by the Beidou geostationary orbit satellite constellation. This is a unique event as the prominent TEC enhancement ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Huang, Fuqing; Chen, Xuetao; Zhong, Jiahao; Ren, Dexin; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Luan, Xiaoli; Jia, Mingjiao; Dou, Xiankang; Hu, Lianhuan; Ning, Baiqi; Owolabi, Charles; Chen, Jinsong; Li, Guozhu; Xue, Xianghui;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA025166

Was Magnetic Storm the Only Driver of the Long-Duration Enhancements of Daytime Total Electron Content in the Asian-Australian Sector Between 7 and 12 September 2017?

In this study, multiple data sets from Beidou geostationary orbit satellites total electron contents (TECs), ionosonde, meteor radar, magnetometer, and model simulations have been used to investigate the ionospheric responses in the Asian-Australian sector during the September 2017 geomagnetic storm. It was found that long-duration daytime TEC enhancements that lasted from 7 to 12 September 2017 were observed by the Beidou geostationary orbit satellite constellation. This is a unique event as the prominent TEC enhancement ...

Lei, Jiuhou; Huang, Fuqing; Chen, Xuetao; Zhong, Jiahao; Ren, Dexin; Wang, Wenbin; Yue, Xinan; Luan, Xiaoli; Jia, Mingjiao; Dou, Xiankang; Hu, Lianhuan; Ning, Baiqi; Owolabi, Charles; Chen, Jinsong; Li, Guozhu; Xue, Xianghui;

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1029/2017JA025166

2017

The Storm Time Evolution of the Ionospheric Disturbance Plasma Drifts

In this paper, we use the C/NOFS and ROCSAT-1 satellites observations to analyze the storm time evolution of the disturbance plasma drifts in a 24\ h local time scale during three magnetic storms driven by long-lasting southward IMF Bz. The disturbance plasma drifts during the three storms present some common features in the periods dominated by the disturbance dynamo. The newly formed disturbance plasma drifts are upward and westward at night, and downward and eastward during daytime. Fu ...

Zhang, Ruilong; Liu, Libo; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Kuai, Jiawei;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024637

Investigation of the causes of the longitudinal variation of the electron density in the Weddell Sea Anomaly

This paper investigates and quantifies the causes of the Weddell Sea Anomaly (WSA), a region near the tip of South America extending from approximately 30\textdegree to 120\textdegreeW geographic longitude and 50\textdegree to 75\textdegreeS geographic latitude at solar minimum between 2007 and 2010. This region is unusual because the midnight peak electron density exceeds the midday peak electron density in summer. This study is far more quantitative than previous studies because, unlike other models, it assimilates sele ...

Richards, P.; Meier, R.; Chen, Shih-Ping; Drob, D.; Dandenault, P.;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023565

Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm

The July 2012 geomagnetic storm is an extreme space weather event in solar cycle 24, which is characterized by a southward interplanetary geomagnetic field lasting for about 30\ h below -10\ nT. In this work, multiple instrumental observations, including electron density from ionosondes, total electron content (TEC) from Global Positioning System, Jason-2, and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and the topside ion concentration observed by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft are used to ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Lei, Jiuhou; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wang, Yungang; Hu, Lianhuan;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023844

A new auroral boundary determination algorithm based on observations from TIMED/GUVI and DMSP/SSUSI

An automatic auroral boundary determination algorithm is proposed in this study based on the partial auroral oval images from the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) aboard the Thermosphere\textendashIonosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite and the Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP F16). This algorithm based on the fuzzy local information C-means clustering segmentation can be used to extract the auroral oval poleward and equatorw ...

Ding, Guang-Xing; He, Fei; Zhang, Xiao-Xin; Chen, Bo;

YEAR: 2017     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v122.210.1002/2016JA023295

2016

The observation and simulation of ionospheric response to CIR/high-speed streams-induced geomagnetic activity on 4 April 2005

The ionospheric response to corotating interaction region (CIR)-induced geomagnetic activity on 4 April 2005 has been studied using in situ electron density measurements, ground GPS-total electron content (TEC) observations, and numerical simulations of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). The case study resulted that the ionospheric positive response occurred from high to low latitudes. The positive effect at low latitudes could continue ...

Chen, Yanhong; Wang, Wenbin; Qiu, Na; Liu, Siqing; Gong, Jiancun; Huang, Wengeng;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/rds.v51.810.1002/2015RS005937

Ionospheric data assimilation with thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model and GPS-TEC during geomagnetic storm conditions

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of rapid assimilation-forecast cycling on the performance of ionospheric data assimilation during geomagnetic storm conditions. An ensemble Kalman filter software developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), called Data Assimilation Research Testbed, is applied to assimilate ground-based GPS total electron content (TEC) observations into a theoretical numerical model of the thermosphere and ionosphere (NCAR thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodyn ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Matsuo, T.; Chen, W.; Lee, I.; . Y. Liu, J; Lin, J.; Hsu, C.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021787

Ionospheric data assimilation with thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model and GPS-TEC during geomagnetic storm conditions

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of rapid assimilation-forecast cycling on the performance of ionospheric data assimilation during geomagnetic storm conditions. An ensemble Kalman filter software developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), called Data Assimilation Research Testbed, is applied to assimilate ground-based GPS total electron content (TEC) observations into a theoretical numerical model of the thermosphere and ionosphere (NCAR thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodyn ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Matsuo, T.; Chen, W.; Lee, I.; . Y. Liu, J; Lin, J.; Hsu, C.;

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021787

2015

Characteristics and mechanisms of the annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density

In this paper, globally-averaged, thermospheric total mass density, derived from the orbits of \~5000 objects at 250, 400, and 550 km that were tracked from 1967 to 2006, has been used to quantitatively study the annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density and its mechanism(s). The results show that thermospheric mass density had a significant annual asymmetry, which changed from year to year. The annual asymmetry at the three altitudes varied synchronously and its absolute value increased with altitudes. The results s ...

Ma, RuiPing; Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Chen, GuangMing; Yuan, Wei; Lei, Jiuhou; Burns, Alan; Jiang, Guoying;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1007/s11430-014-5020-3

annual asymmetry of thermospheric mass density; solar EUV radiation; Sun-Earth distance

Ionospheric response to CIR-induced recurrent geomagnetic activity during the declining phase of solar cycle 23

This paper presents an epoch analysis of global ionosphere responses to recurrent geomagnetic activity during 79 corotating interaction region (CIR) events from 2004 to 2009. The data used were GPS total electron content (TEC) data from the Madrigal Database at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory and the electron density (Ne) data obtained from CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) observations. The results show that global ionosphere responses to CIR events have some common features. In hig ...

Chen, Yanhong; Wang, Wenbin; Burns, Alan; Liu, Siqing; Gong, Jiancun; Yue, Xinan; Jiang, Guoying; Coster, Anthea;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020657

CIR events; epoch study; Ionospheric response; recurrent geomagnetic activity

The long-duration positive storm effects in the equatorial ionosphere over Jicamarca

The long-duration positive storm (LPS) in the equatorial regions is relatively poorly understood. In this report, we conducted a statistical analysis of the LPS effects in the equatorial ionosphere over Jicamarca (12.0\textdegreeS, 283.2\textdegreeE) in 1998\textendash2010. There are 250 geomagnetic storms (minimum Dst \< -50 nT) in 1998\textendash2010, but the ionosonde observations at Jicamarca are available only for 204 storms. A total of 46 LPSs are identified in terms of the criterion that the storm time ...

Kuai, Jiawei; Liu, Libo; Liu, Jing; Zhao, Biqiang; Chen, Yiding; Le, Huijun; Wan, Weixing;

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020552

ionospheric long-duration positive storms

2014

A study of GPS ionospheric scintillations observed at Shenzhen

Ionospheric scintillation variations are studied using GPS measurements at the low latitude station of Shenzhen (22.59\textdegreeN,\ 113.97\textdegreeE), situated under the northern crest of the equatorial anomaly region, from the Chinese Meridian Project. The results are presented for data collected during the current phase of rising solar activity (low to high solar activity) from December 2010 to April 2014. The results show that GPS scintillation events were largely a nighttime phenomenon during the whole observa ...

Huang, Linfeng; Wang, Jinsong; Jiang, Yong; Chen, Zhou; Zhao, Kai;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2014.08.023

GPS; Ionospheric scintillation; Scintillation event

Meteor radar wind over Chung-Li (24.9\textdegreeN, 121\textdegreeE), Taiwan, for the period 10-25 November 2012 which includes Leonid meteor shower: Comparison with empirical model and satellite measurements

The neutral winds in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region are measured by a newly installed meteor trail detection system (or meteor radar) at Chung-Li, Taiwan, for the period 10\textendash25 November 2012, which includes the Leonid meteor shower period. In this study, we use the 3 m field-aligned plasma irregularities in the sporadic E (Es) region in combination with the International Geomagnetic Reference Field model to calibrate the system phase biases such that the true posit ...

Su, C.; Chen, H.; Chu, Y.; Chung, M.; Kuong, R.; Lin, T.; Tzeng, K.; . Y. Wang, C; Wu, K.; Yang, K.;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013RS005273

HWM07; radar meteor wind; tide

The responses of ionospheric topside diffusive fluxes to two geomagnetic storms in October 2002

O+ field-aligned ambipolar diffusive velocities Vd and fluxes Фd in the topside ionosphere have been calculated from the observed profiles of electron density, ion, and electron temperatures during a 30 day incoherent scatter radar experiment conducted at Millstone Hill (288.5\textdegreeE, 42.6\textdegreeN) from 4 October to 4 November 2002. Two geomagnetic storms took place during this period. During the negative phases (depleted electron densities) of these two storms, ...

Chen, Guang-Ming; Xu, JiYao; Wang, Wenbin; Lei, Jiuhou; Zhang, Shun-Rong;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020013

diffusion; geomagnetic storm; scale height; topside ionosphere

Correction of astigmatism and coma using analytic theory of aberrations in imaging spectrometer based on concentric off-axis dual reflector system

A specific imaging spectrometer based on a concentric off-axis dual reflector system is proposed, free of astigmatism and coma. The described imaging spectrometer consists of four spherical mirrors and a plane grating. The analytic theory of aberrations and the optical path-length concept are used to derive the astigmatism elimination and coma removal. It is shown that the astigmatism in these imaging spectrometers is eliminated by characterizing three angles, and the coma is corrected when unequal mirror radii are config ...

Chen, Ting; Tang, Yi; Zhang, Li; Chang, Yue; Zheng, Cheng;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1364/AO.53.000565

Spherical cap harmonic analysis of the Arctic ionospheric TEC for one solar cycle

Precise knowledge of the Arctic ionosphere total electron content (TEC) and its variations has scientific relevance due to the unique characteristics of the polar ionosphere. Understanding the Arctic TEC is also important for precise positioning and navigation in the Arctic. This study utilized the spherical cap harmonic analysis (SCHA) method to map the Arctic TEC for the most recent solar cycle from 2000 to 2013 and analyzed the distributions and variations of the Arctic TEC at different temporal and spatial scales. Eve ...

Liu, Jingbin; Chen, Ruizhi; An, Jiachun; Wang, Zemin; Hyyppa, Juha;

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019501

Arctic navigation; ionosphere mapping and prediction; polar ionosphere; regional ionosphere model; spherical cap harmonic analysis

2013

Ionospheric symmetry caused by geomagnetic declination over North America

We describe variations in total electron content (TEC) in the North American sector exhibiting pronounced longitudinal progression and symmetry with respect to zero magnetic declination. Patterns were uncovered by applying an empirical orthogonal function (EOF) decomposition procedure to a 12 year ground-based American longitude sector GPS TEC data set. The first EOF mode describes overall average TEC, while the strong influence of geomagnetic declination on the midlatitude ionosphere is found in the second EOF mode (or t ...

Zhang, Shun-Rong; Chen, Ziwei; Coster, Anthea; Erickson, Philip; Foster, John;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/grl.v40.2010.1002/2013GL057933

geomagnetic field; midlatitude ionosphere; thermospheric winds; total electron content

Thermospheric tidal effects on the ionospheric midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly using SAMI3 and TIEGCM

This paper is the first study to employ a three-dimensional physics-based ionosphere model, SAMI3, coupled with the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIEGCM) and Global Scale Wave Model to simulate the mesospheric and lower thermospheric tidal effects on the development of midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly (MSNA). Using this coupled model, the diurnal variation of MSNA electron densities at 300 km altitude is simulated on both June solstice (day ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Chang, L.; Huba, J.; Lin, J.; Saito, A.; . Y. Liu, J;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50340

MSNA; SAMI3; tidal effect; TIEGCM

Solar cycle dependence of the seasonal variation of auroral hemispheric power

Although much has been done on the hemispheric asymmetry (or seasonal variations) of auroral hemispheric power (HP), the dependence of HP hemispheric asymmetry on solar cycle has not yet been studied. We have analyzed data during 1979\textendash2010 and investigated the dependence of HP hemispheric asymmetry/seasonal variation for the whole solar cycle. Here we show that (1) the hemispheric asymmetry of HP is positively correlated to the value of solar F10.7 with some time delay; (2) it is closely related to the coupling ...

Zheng, Ling; Fu, SuiYan; Zong, QuiGang; Parks, George; Wang, Chi; Chen, Xi;

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1007/s11434-012-5378-6

auroral power; coupling function; hemispheric asymmetry; precipitation; solar cycle

2012

Longitudinal distribution of O2 nightglow brightness observed by TIEMD/SABER satellite

Gao, Hong; Nee, JanBai; Chen, GuangMing;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1007/s11431-012-4802-0

Equinoctial asymmetry in solar activity variations of NmF2 and TEC

Chen, Y.; Liu, L.; Wan, W.; Ren, Z.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-30-613-2012

Bright polar mesospheric clouds formed by main engine exhaust from the space shuttle\textquoterights final launch

Stevens, Michael; Lossow, Stefan; Fiedler, Jens; Baumgarten, Gerd; übken, Franz-Josef; Hallgren, Kristofer; Hartogh, Paul; Randall, Cora; Lumpe, Jerry; Bailey, Scott; Niciejewski, R.; Meier, R.; Plane, John; Kochenash, Andrew; Murtagh, Donal; Englert, Christoph;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017638

Ionospheric plasma caves under the equatorial ionization anomaly

This paper reports the existence of plasma caves, minima in the electron density located at 5\textendash10\textdegree to the magnetic equator, in the bottomside ionosphere based on electron densities simulations from the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2007) and clear evidences given by plasma density and drift measurements of the Dynamic Explorer 2 (DE 2) satellite during 1981\textendash1983. The IRI simulations suggest plasma caves as daytime features (08:00\textendash19:00 LT; length of 18,158 km in the longitu ...

Lee, I.; . Y. Liu, J; Lin, C.; Oyama, K.-I.; . Y. Chen, C; Chen, C.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017868

Dynamic Explorer 2; Equatorial ionization anomaly; plasma cave

Ionospheric plasma caves under the equatorial ionization anomaly

This paper reports the existence of plasma caves, minima in the electron density located at 5\textendash10\textdegree to the magnetic equator, in the bottomside ionosphere based on electron densities simulations from the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2007) and clear evidences given by plasma density and drift measurements of the Dynamic Explorer 2 (DE 2) satellite during 1981\textendash1983. The IRI simulations suggest plasma caves as daytime features (08:00\textendash19:00 LT; length of 18,158 km in the longitu ...

Lee, I.; . Y. Liu, J; Lin, C.; Oyama, K.-I.; . Y. Chen, C; Chen, C.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017868

Dynamic Explorer 2; Equatorial ionization anomaly; plasma cave

Assimilation of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC electron density profiles into a coupled thermosphere/ionosphere model using ensemble Kalman filtering

This paper presents our effort to assimilate FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (F3/C) GPS Occultation Experiment (GOX) observations into the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM) by means of ensemble Kalman filtering (EnKF). The F3/C electron density profiles (EDPs) uniformly distributed around the globe which provide an excellent opportunity to monitor the ionospheric electron density structure. The NCAR TIE-GCM simulates the Earth\textquoterights ther ...

Lee, I.; Matsuo, T.; Richmond, A.; . Y. Liu, J; Wang, W.; Lin, C.; Anderson, J.; Chen, M.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017700

data assimilation; ensemble Kalman filter; FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; Ionosphere

Long-term variations of the nighttime electron density enhancement during the ionospheric midlatitude summer

This study, for the first time, presented the long-term variations of Midlatitude Summer Nighttime Anomaly (MSNA) in the two hemispheres by using 66 ground-based ionosonde observations from 1957 to 2010. MSNA is characterized by the feature of higher nighttime electron density than daytime density in the midlatitude region during local summer months. Observations from 66 ionosonde stations were used to calculate the MSNA index which is defined by the difference between nighttime and noontime NmF2 values. The MSNA ...

Chen, C.; Saito, A.; Lin, C.; . Y. Liu, J;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017138

ionization-uplift effect; midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly; MSNA index

Observations of global ionospheric responses to the 2009 stratospheric sudden warming event by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

The global ionospheric response to a stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) is studied using three-dimensional electron density maps derived from radio occultation observations of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC during the 2009 SSW periods. Results show that the ionospheric electron density at EIA crests exhibit a morning/early afternoon increase followed by an afternoon decrease and an evening increase, indicative of a semidiurnal component during the SSW period, which is consistent with recent studies. The latitude-altitude electron dens ...

Lin, C.; Lin, J.; Chang, L.; . Y. Liu, J; Chen, C.; Chen, W.; Huang, H.; Liu, C.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017230

FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; ionospheric responses to stratospheric sudden warming

Observations of global ionospheric responses to the 2009 stratospheric sudden warming event by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

The global ionospheric response to a stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) is studied using three-dimensional electron density maps derived from radio occultation observations of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC during the 2009 SSW periods. Results show that the ionospheric electron density at EIA crests exhibit a morning/early afternoon increase followed by an afternoon decrease and an evening increase, indicative of a semidiurnal component during the SSW period, which is consistent with recent studies. The latitude-altitude electron dens ...

Lin, C.; Lin, J.; Chang, L.; . Y. Liu, J; Chen, C.; Chen, W.; Huang, H.; Liu, C.;

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017230

FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; ionospheric responses to stratospheric sudden warming

2011

Global distributions of OH and O2 (1.27 μm) nightglow emissions observed by TIMED satellite

Gao, Hong; Xu, JiYao; Chen, GuangMing; Yuan, Wei; Beletsky, A.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1007/s11431-010-4236-5

The O I 135.6 nm airglow observations of the midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly by TIMED/GUVI

Hsu, M.; Lin, C.; Hsu, R.; . Y. Liu, J; Paxton, L.; Su, H.; Tsai, H.; Rajesh, P.; Chen, C.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016150

The production of Titan\textquoterights ultraviolet nitrogen airglow

Stevens, Michael; Gustin, Jacques; Ajello, Joseph; Evans, Scott; Meier, R.; Kochenash, Andrew; Stephan, Andrew; Stewart, Ian; Esposito, Larry; McClintock, William; Holsclaw, Greg; Bradley, Todd; Lewis, B.; Heays, A.;

YEAR: 2011     DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016284

2010

Dayside ionospheric response to recurrent geomagnetic activity during the extreme solar minimum of 2008

Ram, Tulasi; Lei, J.; Su, S.-Y.; Liu, C.; Lin, C.; Chen, W.;

YEAR: 2010     DOI: 10.1029/2009GL041038

Integrating the Sun-Earth System for the Operational Environment (ISES-OE)

Lean, J.; Huba, J.; McDonald, S.; Slinker, S.; Drob, D.; Emmert, J.; Meier, R.; Picone, J.; Joyce, G.; Krall, J.; Stephan, A.; Roach, K.; Knight, H.; Plunkett, S.; Wu, C.-C.; Wood, B.; Wang, Y.-M.; Howard, R.; Chen, J.; Bernhardt, P.; Fedder, J.;

YEAR: 2010     DOI:

2007

Motions of the equatorial ionization anomaly crests imaged by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

Lin, C.; . Y. Liu, J; Fang, T.; . Y. Chang, P; Tsai, H.; Chen, C.; Hsiao, C.;

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.1029/2007GL030741

2005

Storm-time enhancement of mid-latitude ultraviolet emissions due to energetic neutral atom precipitation

DeMajistre, R.; Brandt, P.; Immel, T.; Yee, J.-H.; Dalgarno, A.; Paxton, L.; Kharchenko, V.;

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023059

Global patterns of Joule heating in the high-latitude ionosphere

A compiled empirical global Joule heating (CEJH) model is described in this study. This model can be used to study Joule heating patterns, Joule heating power, potential drop, and polar potential size in the high-latitude ionosphere and thermosphere, and their variations with solar wind conditions, geomagnetic activities, the solar EUV radiation, and the neutral wind. It is shown that the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) orientation and its magnitude, the solar wind speed, AL index, geomagnetic K ...

Zhang, X.; Wang, C.; Chen, T.; Wang, Y.; Tan, A.; Wu, T.; Germany, G.; Wang, W.;

YEAR: 2005     DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011222

electric fields; magnetosphere/ionosphere interaction; Modeling and forecasting; particle precipitation; polar cap ionosphere; solar radiation and cosmic ray effects



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