GUVI Biblio


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Found 19 entries in the Bibliography.

Showing entries from 1 through 19


The origin of midlatitude plasma depletions detected during the 12 February 2000 and 29 October 2003 geomagnetic storms

Kil, Hyosub; Chang, Hyeyeon; Lee, Woo; Paxton, Larry; Sun, Andrew; Lee, Jiyun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI:

Ionospheric Disturbances in Low- and Midlatitudes During the Geomagnetic Storm on 26 August 2018

Plasma density depletions at midlatitudes during geomagnetic storms are often understood in terms of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) due to their morphological similarity. However, our study reports the observations that reveal the generation of plasma depletions at midlatitudes by local sources. During the geomagnetic storm on 26 August 2018, the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program and Swarm satellites detected plasma depletions at midlatitudes in the Asian sector in the absence of EPBs in the equatorial region. This ...

Chang, Hyeyeon; Kil, Hyosub; Sun, Andrew; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Lee, Jiyun;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2022     DOI: 10.1029/2021JA029879


Implication of Tidal Forcing Effects on the Zonal Variation of Solstice Equatorial Plasma Bubbles

Equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) are plasma depletions that can occur in the nighttime ionospheric F region, causing scintillation in satellite navigation and communications signals. Past research has shown that EPB occurrence rates are higher during the equinoxes in most longitude zones. An exception is over the central Pacific and African sectors, where EPB activity has been found to maximize during solstice. Tsunoda et al. (2015) hypothesized that the solstice maxima in these two sectors could be driven by a zonal wavenum ...

Chang, Loren; Salinas, Cornelius; Chiu, Yi-Chung; , Jones; Rajesh, P.; Chao, Chi-Kuang; Liu, Jann-Yenq; Lin, Charles; Hsiao, Tung-Yuan;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1029/2020JA028295

Ionosphere; Atmospheric tides; equatorial plasma bubble; scintillation; vertical coupling; wind dynamo

Planetary Waves and Their Impact on the Mesosphere, Thermosphere, and Ionosphere

Large-scale planetary waves (also known as Rossby waves), such as the Quasi-two day wave, 5 day wave and Kelvin wave, play crucial roles in coupling the lower and middle atmosphere to the mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere. Upward propagation and global structure of planetary waves in the stratosphere and mesosphere are affected by the zonal mean winds. Baroclinic or barotropic instability of the background mesospheric winds can amplify the waves en route to the upper atmosphere. Fast traveling planetary waves with deep ...

Yue, Jia; Lieberman, Ruth; Chang, Loren;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2021     DOI: 10.1002/9781119815631.ch10

barotropic instability; E-region dynamo electric fields; F-region dynamo electric fields; Kelvin waves; mesosphere; planetary waves; plasma drift; thermosphere-ionosphere system


Plasma depletion bays in the equatorial ionosphere observed by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC during 2007—2014

Chang, FY; Liu, JY; Fang, TW; Rajesh, PK; Lin, CH;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on:

YEAR: 2020     DOI:


Modeling study of the ionospheric responses to the quasi-biennial oscillations of the sun and stratosphere

Wang, Jack; Tsai-Lin, Rong; Chang, Loren; Wu, Qian; Lin, Charles; Yue, Jia;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: 06/2018

YEAR: 2018     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.024

Reconstruction the Ionospheric Responses to the October-November 2003 Halloween Super Storm: A Data Assimilation Approach

Chang, Yu-Shan; Chen, Chia-Hung; Lin, Charles; Chu, Hung-Hsuan; Matsuo, Tomoko;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2018     DOI:


Tidal and Ionospheric Contributions in GUVI O/N2 wave-4 Signals and Implications for F-region Plasma Density Variability

Oberheide, Jens; Krier, Christopher; Gan, Quan; Nischal, Nirmal; Zhang, Yongliang; Chang, Loren;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2017     DOI:


Impacts of SABER CO 2 -based eddy diffusion coefficients in the lower thermosphere on the ionosphere/thermosphere

This work estimates global-mean Kzz using Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry/Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics monthly global-mean CO2 profiles and a one-dimensional transport model. It is then specified as a lower boundary into the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIE-GCM). Results first show that global-mean CO2 in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region has annual and semiannual oscillat ...

Salinas, Cornelius; Chang, Loren; Liang, Mao-Chang; Yue, Jia; Russell, James; Mlynczak, Martin;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 11/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023161

Coherent seasonal, annual, and quasi-biennial variations in ionospheric tidal/SPW amplitudes

In this study, we examine the coherent spatial and temporal modes dominating the variation of selected ionospheric tidal and stationary planetary wave (SPW) signatures from 2007 to 2013 FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate) total electron content observations using multidimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD) from the Hilbert-Huang Transform. We examine the DW1, SW2, DE3, and SPW4 components, which are driven by a variety of in situ and vertical coupl ...

Chang, Loren; Sun, Yan-Yi; Yue, Jia; Wang, Jack; Chien, Shih-Han;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 07/2016

YEAR: 2016     DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022249


Observations of thermosphere and ionosphere changes due to the dissipative 6.5-day wave in the lower thermosphere

In the current work, temperature and wind data from the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite during the years 2002\textendash2007 were used to describe the seasonal variations of the westward propagating 6.5-day planetary wave in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT). Thermospheric composition data from the TIMED satellite and ionospheric total electron content (TEC) from the International Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Service were then employed to carry out two ca ...

Gan, Q.; Yue, J.; Chang, L.; Wang, W.; Zhang, S.; Du, J.;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-913-2015


Quasi two day wave-related variability in the background dynamics and composition of the mesosphere/thermosphere and the ionosphere

Dissipating planetary waves in the mesosphere/lower thermosphere (MLT) region may cause changes in the background dynamics of that region, subsequently driving variability throughout the broader thermosphere/ionosphere system via mixing due to the induced circulation changes. We report the results of case studies examining the possibility of such coupling during the northern winter in the context of the quasi two day wave (QTDW)\textemdasha planetary wave that recurrently grows to large amplitudes from the summer MLT duri ...

Chang, Loren; Yue, Jia; Wang, Wenbin; Wu, Qian; Meier, R.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.v119.610.1002/2014JA019936

composition; Ionosphere; mesosphere; quasi two day wave; thermosphere

Correction of astigmatism and coma using analytic theory of aberrations in imaging spectrometer based on concentric off-axis dual reflector system

A specific imaging spectrometer based on a concentric off-axis dual reflector system is proposed, free of astigmatism and coma. The described imaging spectrometer consists of four spherical mirrors and a plane grating. The analytic theory of aberrations and the optical path-length concept are used to derive the astigmatism elimination and coma removal. It is shown that the astigmatism in these imaging spectrometers is eliminated by characterizing three angles, and the coma is corrected when unequal mirror radii are config ...

Chen, Ting; Tang, Yi; Zhang, Li; Chang, Yue; Zheng, Cheng;

Published by: Applied Optics      Published on: 01/2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1364/AO.53.000565


On the fast zonal transport of the STS-121 space shuttle exhaust plume in the lower thermosphere

Meier et al. (2011) reported rapid eastward transport of the STS-121 space shuttle (launch: July 4, 2006) main engine plume in the lower thermosphere, observed in hydrogen Lyman α images by the GUVI instrument onboard the TIMED satellite. In ord ...

Yue, Jia; Liu, Han-Li; Meier, R.R.; Chang, Loren; Gu, Sheng-Yang; , Russell;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: Jan-03-2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.12.017

Modeling; thermosphere; Transport; Wind jet

Thermospheric tidal effects on the ionospheric midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly using SAMI3 and TIEGCM

This paper is the first study to employ a three-dimensional physics-based ionosphere model, SAMI3, coupled with the National Center for Atmospheric Research Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIEGCM) and Global Scale Wave Model to simulate the mesospheric and lower thermospheric tidal effects on the development of midlatitude summer nighttime anomaly (MSNA). Using this coupled model, the diurnal variation of MSNA electron densities at 300 km altitude is simulated on both June solstice (day ...

Chen, C.; Lin, C.; Chang, L.; Huba, J.; Lin, J.; Saito, A.; Liu, J;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics      Published on: 06/2013

YEAR: 2013     DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50340

MSNA; SAMI3; tidal effect; TIEGCM

Plasma Depletion Bay in the Summer Nighttime Equatorial Ionosphere

Chang, F; Liu, JG;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:


Observations of global ionospheric responses to the 2009 stratospheric sudden warming event by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

The global ionospheric response to a stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) is studied using three-dimensional electron density maps derived from radio occultation observations of FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC during the 2009 SSW periods. Results show that the ionospheric electron density at EIA crests exhibit a morning/early afternoon increase followed by an afternoon decrease and an evening increase, indicative of a semidiurnal component during the SSW period, which is consistent with recent studies. The latitude-altitude electron dens ...

Lin, C.; Lin, J.; Chang, L.; Liu, J; Chen, C.; Chen, W.; Huang, H.; Liu, C.;

Published by: Journal of Geophysical Research      Published on: 06/2012

YEAR: 2012     DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017230

FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC; ionospheric responses to stratospheric sudden warming


First terrestrial soft X-ray auroral observation by the Chandra X-ray Observatory

Bhardwaj, Anil; Gladstone, Randall; Elsner, Ronald; Ostgaard, Nikolai; Waite, Hunter; Cravens, Thomas; Chang, Shen-Wu; Majeed, Tariq; Metzger, Albert;

Published by: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics      Published on: Jan-02-2007

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2006.07.011

Motions of the equatorial ionization anomaly crests imaged by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

Lin, C.; Liu, J; Fang, T.; Chang, P; Tsai, H.; Chen, C.; Hsiao, C.;

Published by: Geophysical Research Letters      Published on: Jan-01-2007

YEAR: 2007     DOI: 10.1029/2007GL030741