Global UltraViolet Imager

A severe negative response of the ionosphere to the intense geomagnetic storm on March 17, 2015 observed at mid- and low-latitude stations in the China zone

<p>In this paper, the critical frequency of F2 layer of the ionosphere (foF<sub>2)</sub> and the total electron content (TEC) recorded at mid- and low-latitude observation sites near 120\textdegreeE in the China zone were used to investigate the response to a severe geomagnetic storm on March 17, 2015 (the minimum Dst -223 nT at 23 UT). The results showed that the strong geomagnetic storm caused a massive effect on the ionosphere. The characteristics of foF<sub>2</sub> and TEC did not show obvious perturbation during the main phase. Severe depletion of foF<sub>2</sub> and TEC was observed at all stations during the storm recovery period. The maximum absolute discrepancy in TEC compared with the past 27-day average value was 78 TECU, and the minimum percentage deviations reached -71\% at Fuzhou (26.1\textdegreeN,\&nbsp;119.3\textdegreeE). The minimum percentage deviations of decrease in foF<sub>2</sub> reached -65\% at Sanya (18.1\textdegreeN,\&nbsp;109.3\textdegreeE) and Mohe (53.5\textdegreeN,\&nbsp;122.3\textdegreeE). This was an infrequent negative effect that foF<sub>2</sub> and TEC sustained throughout the day with extremely low level on March 18. The O/N<sub>2</sub> rate showed a distinct reduction on March 18 in the China zone, which may be mainly responsible for the severe depletion of foF<sub>2</sub> and TEC. The spread-F seemed to be developed at first but was then suppressed to some extent during the main phase. During the recovery phase, the spread-F was suppressed at Sanya, while it developed at Wuhan and Mohe. The disturbance electric fields and thermospheric circulation may contribute to this phenomenon.</p>
Year of Publication
Advances in Space Research
Number of Pages
Date Published
ISSN Number