A study of GPS ionospheric scintillations observed at Shenzhen

Abstract
<p>Ionospheric scintillation variations are studied using GPS measurements at the low latitude station of Shenzhen (22.59\textdegreeN,\&nbsp;113.97\textdegreeE), situated under the northern crest of the equatorial anomaly region, from the Chinese Meridian Project. The results are presented for data collected during the current phase of rising solar activity (low to high solar activity) from December 2010 to April 2014. The results show that GPS scintillation events were largely a nighttime phenomenon during the whole observation period. Scintillation events mainly occurred along the inner edge of the northern crest of the equatorial anomaly in China. The occurrence of scintillations in different sectors of the sky was also investigated, and the results revealed that it is more likely for the scintillations to be observed in the west sector of the sky above Shenzhen. During the present period of study, a total number of 512 total electron content (TEC) depletions and 460 lock loss events were observed. In addition, both of these events are likely to increase during periods of high solar activity, especially because the strong scintillations are often simultaneously accompanied by TEC depletions and lock losses by GPS receivers.</p>
Year of Publication
2014
Journal
Advances in Space Research
Volume
54
Number of Pages
2208-2217
Date Published
12/2014
ISSN Number
02731177
URL
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273117714005353
DOI
10.1016/j.asr.2014.08.023