Vertical Thermospheric Density Profiles From EUV Solar Occultations Made by PROBA2 LYRA for Solar Cycle 24

Abstract
<p>A new data set of summed neutral N<sub>2</sub> and O number density profiles, spanning altitudes between 150 and 400\&nbsp;km, and observed during Northern Winter from 2010 to 2016 is presented. The neutral density profiles are derived from solar occultation measurements made by the 0.1\textendash20\&nbsp;nm Zr channel on the Large Yield Radiometer (LYRA) instrument on board Project for Onboard Autonomy 2 (PROBA2). The climatology derived from the vertical profiles is consistent with that predicted by the NRLMSISE-00 model, and the systematic error and random uncertainty of the measurements are less than 13\% and 6\%, respectively. The density profiles are used to characterize the response of thermospheric density to solar EUV irradiance variability. Peak correlation coefficients between neutral density and EUV irradiance occur near 300\&nbsp;km at the dusk terminator and 220\&nbsp;km at the dawn terminator. Density variability is higher at dawn than it is at dusk, and temperature variability increases with increasing altitude at both terminators.</p>
Year of Publication
2017
Journal
Space Weather
Volume
15
Number of Pages
1649-1660
Date Published
12/2017
URL
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2017SW001719
DOI
10.1002/2017SW001719