Ionosphere VHF scintillations over Vaddeswaram (Geographic Latitude 16.31\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 80.30\textdegreeE, Dip 18\textdegreeN), a latitude Indian station \textendash A case study

Abstract
<p>This research reports the 250\&nbsp;MHz amplitude ionosphere scintillations recorded at Vaddeswaram (Geographic Latitude 16.31\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 80.30\textdegreeE, Dip 18\textdegreeN), a low-latitude station in India. Though amplitude scintillations were recorded for four continuous days (05\textendash08 November 2011), the presence of intense and long-duration scintillations on 06 November 2011 instigated us to verify the ionosphere background conditions. This research, therefore, is also used important databases including, diurnal variations of h F (virtual height of the F-layer) and the vertical drifts as measured by an advanced digital ionosonde radar located at an Indian equatorial station i.e. Trivandrum (Geographic Latitude 8.5\textdegreeN, Geographic Longitude 77\textdegreeE, Dip 0.5\textdegreeN), equatorial Electrojet (EEJ) ground strength measured using magnetometers and the total electron content (TEC) maps provided by the International GPS Service (IGS) to study the background ionosphere conditions. The interesting observations are higher E\&nbsp;\texttimes\&nbsp;B drifts, the occurrence of long-duration range-type spread F signatures at Trivandrum and, thereafter, intense scintillations over Vaddeswaram. It was found a secondary peak at around 1600 LT in EEJ strength followed by a higher upward drift velocity (more than 60\&nbsp;m/s) with a significant raise of the F region up to 470\&nbsp;km over the magnetic equator on 06 November 2011. The possible physical mechanisms of these important observational results are discussed in the light of available literature.</p>
Year of Publication
2017
Journal
Advances in Space Research
Volume
60
Number of Pages
1688-1697
Date Published
10/2017
ISSN Number
02731177
URL
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0273117717304891
DOI
10.1016/j.asr.2017.06.051