Statistical Relations Between Field-Aligned Currents and Precipitating Electron Energy Flux

Abstract
<p>Measurements of field-aligned currents from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment are combined with measurements of far ultraviolet emissions from the Global Ultraviolet Imager on the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite to examine the correlation between parallel currents and auroral electron energy flux. The energy flux is derived from the far ultraviolet emissions in the N<sub>2</sub> Lyman-Birge-Hopfield bands. We find that energy flux correlates with field-aligned currents in both upward and downward current regions. The correlations vary with magnetic local time with the strongest dependences near magnetic midnight. The data are binned and averaged to construct a model of precipitating particle energy flux as a function of field-aligned current and magnetic local time. With Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment data as input, the model yields accurate estimates of the hemispheric power input from precipitating particles.</p>
Year of Publication
2018
Journal
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume
45
Number of Pages
8738-8745
Date Published
08/2018
URL
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1029/2018GL078718
DOI
10.1029/2018GL078718