Annual and Semiannual Oscillations of Thermospheric Composition in TIMED/GUVI Limb Measurements

Abstract
<p>The Global UltraViolet Imager (GUVI) onboard the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite provides a data set of vertical thermospheric composition (O, N<sub>2</sub>, and O<sub>2</sub> densities) and temperature profiles from 2002\textendash2007. Even though GUVI sampling is limited by orbital constraint, we demonstrated that the GUVI data set can be used to derive the altitude profiles of the amplitudes and phases of annual oscillation (AO) and semiannual oscillation (SAO), thereby providing important constraints on models seeking to explain these features. We performed a seasonal and interannual analysis of GUVI limb O, O<sub>2</sub>, and N<sub>2</sub> densities and volume number density ratio O/N<sub>2</sub> at constant pressure levels. These daytime observations of O and O/N<sub>2</sub> in the lower thermosphere show a strong AO at midlatitudes and a clear SAO at lower latitudes. The global mean GUVI O/N<sub>2</sub> number density ratio shows the AO, with slightly larger values in January than in July and a SAO with O/N<sub>2</sub> greater during equinoxes than at the solstices. O and N<sub>2</sub> densities on fixed pressure levels in the upper thermosphere are anticorrelated with solar extreme ultraviolet flux. On the other hand, O/N<sub>2</sub> is smaller during solar minimum and larger during solar maximum. The thermospheric AO and SAO in composition have a constant phase with altitude throughout the thermosphere.</p>
Year of Publication
2019
Journal
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Date Published
04/2019
ISSN Number
2169-9380
URL
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2019JA026544
DOI
10.1029/2019JA026544