Investigation of the negative ionospheric response of the 8 September 2017 geomagnetic storm over the European sector

Abstract
In this study, we investigate the negative ionospheric response over the European sector during two storms that took place on 8 September 2017, primarily, by exploiting observations over ten European locations. The spatial and temporal variations of TEC, foF2 and hmF2 ionospheric characteristics are examined with the aim to explain the physical mechanisms underlying the strong negative ionospheric response. We detected very sharp electron density (in terms of foF2 and TEC) decrease during the main phases of the two storms and we attributed this phenomenon to the large displacement of the Midlatitude Ionospheric Trough (MIT). Our study also revealed that the two storms show different features caused by different processes. In addition, Large Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances (LSTIDs) were observed during both storms, followed by enhanced Spread F conditions over Digisonde stations. The regional dependence of ionospheric storm effects was demonstrated, as the behavior of ionospheric effects over the northern part of Europe differed from that over the southern part.
Year of Publication
2022
Journal
Advances in Space Research
Volume
70
Number of Pages
1104-1120
Date Published
aug
ISSN Number
0273-1177
URL
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273117722004148
DOI
10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.035